27.01.1945 Russian soldiers liberating German Nazi death camp Auschwitz Birkenau in Poland. Russians installed their hospitals for survivors. Main victims of the death camp: Jews, Poles and Soviet prisoners of war. Camp (1940-1945) was place of torture and murder of innocent victims in occupied Poland. Poles sentenced to death and killed commander of the camp in 1947. First person alert the world about the Hitlers holocaust genocide against Jews and Poles in occupied Poland was Pole, Jan Karski. Karski alerted British and American authorities in 1942.