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10-07-2005, 08:39 PM
Hitler's Third Reich in the News


Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Hitler, Third Reich and Second World War related news and articles.

10-08-2005, 08:33 AM
Nice find, an interesting little site. Welcome aboard by the way, pleased to meet you.

Hanz Lutz
10-08-2005, 01:12 PM
Nice find, an interesting little site. Welcome aboard by the way, pleased to meet you.

Really , :P hello Firefly nice to see you agian. :wink: ,and cool site alephh.

10-08-2005, 01:26 PM
Clausse, I thought you had gone. Welcome back mate..... I missed you... Good to have you back as well...

Hanz Lutz
10-08-2005, 02:20 PM
Clausse, I thought you had gone. Welcome back mate..... I missed you... Good to have you back as well...

I am must come back to see,whats doing my old friends. :wink:

10-08-2005, 03:37 PM
Hallo Clauss! Wilkommen!

PzKpfw VI Tiger
10-09-2005, 07:37 AM
Hallo Clauss! Wilkommen!

Took the words right out of my mouth! Welcome back old buddy! And nice site Adelph! :D

10-19-2005, 11:51 AM
Some of the recent additions:

The continuing search for Raoul Wallenberg
[2005-10-19] [Jerusalem Post]
By the spring of 1944 the Nazis had succeeded in wiping out every sizable Jewish community in Europe except for the 700,000 remaining in Budapest. By late June, Adolf Eichmann had deported some 400,000 to death camps in Poland, and was planning to liquidate the rest. Swedish Raoul Wallenberg managed to save some 100,000. The Russians, who seized Budapest from the Germans on January 13, 1945, arrested Wallenberg four days later for reasons unknown. Wallenberg's fate has remained a mystery to the present, kept alive over the years by testimonies from former prisoners about rumors or sightings of Wallenberg in the Russian Gulag.

Second former Nazi guard from St. Louis area loses his US citizenship
[2005-10-18] [St Louis Today]
A former Nazi death camp guard living in St. Louis lost his bid to remain a U.S. citizen. It was a key step toward a deportation that faces a big hitch: His native Romania has a law against taking him. Adam Friedrich, 83, served as a guard in Hitler's Waffen SS during World War II. A second former Nazi guard from the area, Michael Negele, 85, who lives in St. Peters, lost his final deportation appeal last year but is still here because his home country also is Romania.

Nazi war criminal escapes Costa Brava police search
[2005-10-17] [Guardian]
One of the most wanted Nazi war criminals Aribert Heim may have fled the Costa Brava for another area of Spain or Denmark to escape an intense search by Spanish police. Recently, police have focused their investigations on two artists living in Palafrugell. The artists, a couple originally from France and Italy, allegedly received German bank transfers of €300,000 from one of Dr Heim's sons, El Mundo said. Police are trying to determine whether they helped hide Dr Heim and acted as a front to sustain him economically - or simply sold their works of art.

When did Hitler decide on the Final Solution?
[2005-10-13] [Holocaust-History]
One of the most interesting, and hotly debated, aspects of the Holocaust is when Hitler ordered it to begin. The thinking to now has been that the decision was made in early to mid 1941, and that it got into full gear in early 1942. That thinking is now challenged by the recent discovery of hitherto unavailable documents, recently uncovered by German historian Christian Gerlach. The new documents include a diary entry by Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels of December 12, 1941 and a portion of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler's diary entry of December 18, 1941.

Germans suffered from Allied "total war" strategy during World War II
[2005-10-10] [The Nation]
Are the former Allied nations willing to acknowledge German suffering and loss during World War II? Are they willing to question the morality of the means by which they won the war, even the firebombing that laid waste to 131 German cities and towns, and killed more than half a million people (most of them women, children and the elderly)?

Program highlights search for Nazi scientists during second world war
[2005-10-10] [JTA]
Driven by the fear that the Nazis might come up with a last-minute super weapon, and foreshadowing the beginning of the Cold War, competing Anglo-American and Soviet intelligence teams scoured underground tunnels and mountain hideaways for the best brains in Germany - as documented in "Secrets of the Dead: The Hunt for Nazi Scientists".

10-20-2005, 12:15 PM
alephh,Great Site! :D ,it is like reading the newspaper of the sundays but about the WW2,it has a comfortable design,i enjoyed it very much!.


10-26-2005, 06:57 AM

40-Year Manhunt Is Zeroing In on Nazi Concentration Camp Doctor
[2005-10-26] [NYTimes]
After more than 40 years of searching, an international manhunt for Aribert Heim, a notorious doctor from the Nazi concentration camps and one of the most wanted Nazi war criminals, has zeroed in on a stretch of the Mediterranean coast of Spain, according to Spanish police officials. There has always been reason to believe Mr. Heim is still alive, because his million-euro bank account in Berlin has yet to be tapped by his children, who are free to do so if they can prove he is dead.

Secrets of Nazi terror - an underground labour camp and vanished treasures
[2005-10-25] [Guardian]
Trawl through Stasi archives stumbles across records of hidden horrors and hidden treasures. A retired pit foreman Horst Bringezu stumbled on evidence while researching a local history of the mining industry. Documents revealed that some 1,500 prisoners worked among its vaults; many died. They also revealed that the SS had used the secret tunnels linking two mine shafts to store rare books, priceless paintings and letters by Goethe - all now vanished.

No place for Nazis in medicine
[2005-10-24] [New Scientist]
A Nazi war criminal's contribution to medicine is being slowly written out of the medical record. Until a few decades ago, "Reiter's syndrome" was the term used to describe a certain disorder. It was named after German doctor Hans Reiter, who ran Hitler's Reich Health Office, and during the second world war designed typhoid inoculation experiments that killed more than 250 people. He was also implicated in enforced sterilisations and euthanasia.

Germany plans Holocaust museum at firm that made crematoriums
[2005-10-23] [Haaretz]
A factory where the crematoriums for Auschwitz and other Nazi concentration camps were built, is to be turned into a Holocaust museum. It will provide a permanent home for an exhibition that began at the Jewish Museum in Berlin. The "Technicians of the Final Solution" exhibition describes how an ordinary German engineering company built the crematoriums. Company did not have to take orders from the SS. It pursued the business and took the initiative in "improving" the devices.

Springtime for Hitler - The Third Reich in Power
[2005-10-23] [Globe and Mail]
Nazi Germany represents the epitome of political evil: the very model of how democracies can go wrong. Nazism is slipping beyond living memory. It's therefore important to guard against mistaken analogies, faulty analyses or slipshod comparisons: in short, to get the history right. Cambridge University historian Richard Evans's projected three-volume history of the regime created by Adolf Hitler and his followers is a major achievement. This book takes the story from the Nazis' 1933 seizure of power in Germany, to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939.

School art from Nazi era shows children's view of Third Reich
[2005-10-22] [Independent]
The exhibition is the first in post-war German history to illustrate in detail what adolescent school pupils chose or were ordered to draw in the Third Reich while they attended art classes at Munich grammar schools during the 1930s and early 1940s.

Repost: Love Letters to Hitler
[2005-10-22] [New York Times]
Of all the books about the Third Reich that have flooded Germany as it marks the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, few are as bizarre and provacative as one called Love Letter to Adolf Hitler. "Sweetest love, favorite of my heart, my one and only, my dearest, my truest and hottest beloved," one of the letters begins. "I could kiss you a thousand times and still not be satisfied. My love for you is endless, so tender, so hot and so complete." All the letters are genuine. They were discovered strewn about the destroyed Chancellery from which Hitler had directed his campaign of war.

Hitler's Legacy in the Balkans and The Batschka Division
[2005-10-20] [Serbianna]
During World War II, the Bachka region of Vojvodina was annexed to a Greater Hungary by Nazi Germany. Hitler sought to dismember Serbia by creating a Greater Hungary, a Greater Albania, a Greater Bulgaria, and a Greater Croatia. Pursuant to this policy, the Bachka region was made a part of Hungary. The Batschka Nazi SS Division of Vojvodina emerged after the breakup of the Bosnian Muslim Kama Division, which had been formed and trained in Vojvodina. The Kama Division had been the second Bosnian Muslim Nazi SS Division formed by Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler.

Nazi photos reveal war's lost treasures
[2005-10-20] [Times Online]
Thousands of colour photographs commissioned by Adolf Hitler are to be released on the internet at www.zi.fotothek.org, bringing back to life many of Germany’s lost art treasures. Hitler, worried about damage being wrought by Allied bombers, ordered photographers to make records of frescoes in churches and palaces across Germany and occupied Europe. The decision, made after the defeat at Stalingrad in the winter of 1942-43, suggests that Hitler sensed that the war could no longer be won.

'German war' nearly broke out in Prague in 1944
[2005-10-20] [Expatica]
A Czech historian has found evidence that pro- and anti-Hitler factions within the German military were poised to battle each other in Prague after the attempted assassination of Adolf Hitler in mid-1944. Anti-Hitler factions in the Wehrmacht were ready to fight in the streets against pro-Hitler soldiers with the Waffen-SS in what was then Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia. Other historians confirmed that Uhlir had discovered several lost pieces of a historical puzzle about plans for a "German war" toward the end of World War II.

11-07-2005, 06:03 AM
MI5 file reveals a plot to set up a puppet Nazi government in Scotland
[2005-11-07] [Yahoo]
The former SNP leader Arthur Donaldson plotted to set up a puppet Nazi government in Scotland, according to a recently released wartime spy report. An MI5 file on Mr Donaldson, who led the SNP from 1961 to 1969, claims that he conspired to set up a Vichy-style regime with himself as a "Scottish Quisling" in the wake of Hitler's widely-anticipated invasion.

German loner's bomb had shot at killing Hitler
[2005-11-07] [OregonLive]
George Elser taught himself bomb making, stealing explosives from the armaments factory where he worked, and doing repeated tests of a crude exploding mechanism that he designed himself. Finally satisfied with his handiwork, he traveled back to Munich. For more than a month, he spent his evenings surreptitiously carving a hole in a pillar next to the dais for his makeshift bomb. On Nov. 6 he hid the bomb in the pillar and after checking it the next day, even pressing his ear to the pillar to hear the bomb ticking, he left for Switzerland...

Team to restore japanese WWII spy plane
[2005-11-07] [Yomiuri]
A group of Japanese aviation fans wants to recover and restore a Saiun reconnaissance plane that has been lying rusting in the Truk Islands. With a maximum speed of 630 kph and a maximum range of 5,000 kilometers, the Saiun was among the finest World War II carrier-based spy aircraft. The aircraft was immortalized through a pilot's Morse code message that read: "No enemy planes can catch me."

The only nazi war criminal convicted in Britain dies
[2005-11-07] [BBC]
The only man to have been convicted in Britain of Nazi war crimes has died in Norwich prison. Anthony Sawoniuk, 84, was serving two life sentences after being found guilty of murdering 18 persons in the UK's first war crimes trial. The former British Rail ticket collector was found guilty in 1999 of crimes committed in his home town of Domachevo, Belarus.

60th anniversary of the beginning of the Nuremberg Trials
[2005-11-06] [TracyPress]
Bill Miller and Ken Fulkerson were U.S. Army guards at the Nuremberg prison where the top Nazis were housed, and on a daily basis they looked directly into the eyes of Hermann Göring, Joaquim von Ribbentrop, Rudolf Hess, Gen. Wilhelm Keitel and 18 other indicted World War II war criminals. “Göring was the most open and friendly of the bunch,” Miller recalled. “He would talk to you about a lot of things, but he never talked much about himself or about politics.” Fulkerson also guarded Göring’s cell on occasion and gained the same impression of the No. 2 man in the Nazi hierarchy. “I remember Göring most of all,” he said. “He was very natural and friendly.”

Nazi items and relics: repugnant or historic?
[2005-11-06] [PE]
Nazi memorabilia are becoming more accessible because World War II veterans and others who lived in the era are dying, leaving the artifacts behind, experts said. The market is so lucrative, counterfeiters are forging copies. From secret police squad helmets to Hitler Youth daggers, the market for such memorabilia is in high demand, experts say. Restrictions on how much of it can be sold overseas and via online auction house eBay mean sellers must rely on traditional swap meets and curio shops.

The Secret City of World War II
[2005-11-05] [DixieWeb]
In 1942, with World War II raging, a team of scientists visited the quiet farming communities in Bear Creek Valley. They found a 60,000-acre tract of land that met military requirements of isolation, water and rail access and abundant electric power. The landowners were ordered to move off their lands quickly and the building of plants for the top secret wartime project began. The creation of the secret city of Oak Ridge began in 1942 as a major site of the ¡§Manhattan Project,¡¨ which was the massive wartime effort that produced the world¡¦s first atomic weapons.

Watercolour by Adolf Hitler has been sold at auction for 7,700 euros
[2005-11-04] [BBC]
The picture of a German postman, 7in by 6in drawing from sketch book painted by the future Nazi dictator in 1924, was sold for 7,700 euros. Manager said the rare signed example of Hitler's early artistic career went to a private buyer. Drawing came from a friend of Otto Gunsche, Hitler's personal adjutant.

Aboriginal Second World War veterans honoured in Normandy
[2005-11-03] [Sask]
Twenty aboriginal veterans of the Second World War were honoured at the Bény-sur-Mer Canadian War Cemetery in France, near where the troops stormed ashore at Juno Beach on D-Day. The ceremony marked one stop to a Canadian aboriginal delegation commemorating the contributions of Indian, Inuit and Métis soldiers. At least 33 aboriginal soldiers are buried amid the pines and maples of the Bény-sur-Mer cemetery. They're a small fraction of the estimated 4,000 aboriginals who joined the Canadian military in the Second World War.

Post-war years exhibition in Berlin: German women and American soldiers
[2005-11-03] [Expatica]
The exhibition at Berlin's Allied Museum offers a fascinating insight into life in the German capital when it lay in ruins, and Allied soldiers were banned from fraternizing with local women. An order of this kind never gets obeyed for long. Berlin was teeming at the time with lonely war widows and pretty young women, some of whom were in desperate need of food and shelter after their homes had been bombed and their loved ones killed.

Hitler and Socialism - Why the Nazi party was not particularly socialist
[2005-11-02] [About.com]
Many conservatives insist that the Nazis were an example of a 'socialist' government as part of their effort to discredit socialism and leftist policies in general. During his drive to power, Hitler exploited social unrest by promising workers to strengthen their labor unions and increase their standard of living. But these were empty promises; privately, he was reassuring wealthy German businessmen that he would crack down on labor once he achieved power.

Latvian government grants bigger tax breaks to former Nazi collaborators
[2005-11-02] [Ria Novosti]
The Latvian Cabinet has approved tax law amendments granting bigger tax breaks to surviving members of the Forest Brothers guerilla movement, which collaborated with the Nazi regime during World War II. The Nazi collaborators will also be paid a monthly bonus of $100 by the Latvian Defense Ministry.

Pilot who saved Buckingham Palace during World War II to be honored
[2005-11-02] [Nola]
A Royal Air Force fighter pilot who rammed a German bomber to prevent it attacking Buckingham Palace during World War II is to be posthumously honored for his valor. Sergeant Ray Holmes, who died earlier this year at the age of 90, used his Hurricane to bring down the German Dornier before it reached the palace, London home of the British monarch.

Cathedral hit by RAF is rebuilt
[2005-11-01] [Guardian]
It was regarded as the finest baroque building north of the Alps. But on the night of February 13 1945, the RAF reduced Dresden's 18th-century cathedral to rubble in an air raid that killed at least 35,000 people. For the next 45 years, Dresden residents knew the church as a huge mound of rubble flanked by two jagged walls. It was only with the fall of the Berlin Wall that locals began a campaign to get it reconstructed culminating, after a decade of building, in a ceremony yesterday to mark its reopening.

12in Silver cup - The Nazi war relic is locked in a vault
[2005-11-01] [DailyRecord]
A valuable chalice once owned by one of Hitler's henchmen is hidden in a safe in Scotland. The Nazi war relic is locked in a vault at the Royal Bank of Scotland's HQ in Edinburgh. The antique's owner, Derick Smith, was given the chalice by a British soldier who found it in Hermann Goering's home after WWII. Now he is planning to sell the relic - which experts believe could fetch £2million - if he can find a buyer.

How West End `good-time girls` put Allied war effort at risk
[2005-11-01] [Independent]
Secret documents published November at the National Archives in Kew, west London, show that senior British officials and American officers became concerned in 1942 that the streets of London had become a hunting ground for women seeking to seduce, swindle or simply enjoy an influx of US troops. ... "They congregate around Piccadilly Circus and Coventry Street, many of them the worse for drink and quarrelsome, until the early hours of the morning. They are easy prey for the innumerable prostitutes that frequent the neighbourhood."

East German Stasi offered Nazis a second career
[2005-10-31] [AFP]
The former East Germany's feared Stasi secret police set Nazi officers to work as spies and shielded them from prosecution for war crimes, according to a new book that belies the official anti-fascist stance of the communist regime. Historian Henry Leide drew on Stasi files that have not been opened to the general public since the fall of the communist regime in 1989 to trace the often well-paid careers of 35 of Hitler's men who found a reprieve in the secret police.

U.S. gave tips on Holocaust low priority in '42 Hitler's plan kept quiet for months
[2005-10-31] [Usa Today]
U.S. intelligence officials learned within months of the U.S. entry into World War II that Nazi Germany planned mass killings, scholars reviewing newly declassified reports said Thursday. But the U.S. government gave the information low priority in August 1942, the scholars concluded, not acknowledging that Germany had a plan to exterminate Jews until six months later.

Repost: Female Pilot Pitches Suicide Squad to Hitler
[2005-10-29] [News of the Odd]
Hanna Reitsch, Nazi Germany's celebrated female test pilot, suggested that Adolph Hitler should create a suicide squadron of glider pilots. Hitler was skeptical of the idea, believing that such a squadron would not be an effective use of Germany's limited resources. The delicate blonde's enthusiasm finally won him over; he agreed to investigate the possibility of adapting the V-1, which was designed to be a pilotless robotic bomb, to a kamikaze vehicle. Reitsch promptly formed a Suicide Group, and was herself the first person to take the pledge: "I hereby...voluntarily apply to be enrolled in the suicide group as a pilot of a human glider-bomb. I fully understand that employment in this capacity will entail my own death."

MIS - Secret WWII Army Intelligence Unit
[2005-10-29] [American Chronicle]
It’s time to revisit the exploits, knowledge, experiences and intelligence of the World War Two veterans of the U.S. Army’s Military Intelligence Service (MIS). The missions of the MIS were highly classified and still are not widely known. Information about MIS activities was not made public until over 30 years after the war. The MIS consisted of Americans of Japanese ancestry who performed a very wide range of important and often dangerous activities.

Movie: Sophie Scholl: The Final Days - White Rose resistance group
[2005-10-28] [Guardian]
Sophie Scholl was the name invoked by Hitler's secretary, Traudl Junge, when she said how ashamed she felt as an old woman on realising that not everyone her age in Germany went along with the evil craziness of nazism. Scholl was the 21-year-old student in Munich who in 1943 was executed as a member of the White Rose resistance group, engaged in distributing anti-Hitler leaflets on the university campus. This film portrays Scholl's last days before her death by guillotine.

The Eagle's Nest: Nazism, Totalitarianism, Tourism
[2005-10-28] [VersusMag]
Perched high atop an alpine peak, near the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden, is one of the most famous, and infamous, houses in the world. The Eagle's Nest-Adolf Hitler's personal mountain retreat-sits amid swirling clouds and affords a breathtaking view of the picturesque countryside and the Königsee, a pristine alpine lake that is famous for its incredibly placid surface. It was here that the Führer contemplated many of the Third Reich's most heinous crimes; it was here that he intimidated foreign heads of state to accede to his megalomaniacal whims, and it is here that thousands of tourists flock every year, anxious to experience natural grandeur and to contemplate the history of the place.

11-13-2005, 08:08 AM
Katrin's choice: how do I tell my son about great-uncle Heinrich
[2005-11-13] [TimesOnline]
Frau Himmler, a political scientist, is the great-niece of Heinrich Himmler, head of Hitler’s SS and mastermind of the concentration camp system. She is married to an Israeli whose family was confined to the Warsaw ghetto, which was burned to the ground by troopers acting on her great-uncle’s orders. Sometime soon her son will have to be told of the 20th-century tragedy that is part of his heritage.

Book will bring WWII veteran attention he doesn't want
[2005-11-13] [mlive]
The young American colonel asked the old Prussian general: Did he know where Adolf Hitler was hiding? Tired and worn down by war, Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, did not hide his disdain for Hitler when he answered Col. Ralph Hauenstein. "No," he said, "but I imagine he's up in the mountains herding sheep, where he belongs." For von Rundstedt, the war was over. For Hauenstein, it had begun five years earlier.

Israel to protest Hitler praise in Gujarat’s school textbooks
[2005-11-13] [KhaleejTimes]
Israel is planning to protest Gujarat’s move to include references in school books that glorify Adolf Hitler. The controversy concerns a Class X text book that is silent on the holocaust and glorifies Hitler. In a section on ‘Internal achievements of Nazism’, the school book states; “Hitler adopted a new economic policy and brought prosperity to Germany. He made untiring efforts to make Germany self reliant within one decade”.

Treatment of Italian Canadians - dark chapter in Canadian history
[2005-11-13] [NewsFromRussia]
Prime Minister Paul Martin is trying to make amends to the country's Italian community for interning hundreds of Italian Canadians during World War II by funding education projects to commemorate the incident. Martin called it a dark chapter in Canadian history. Italian Canadians were "treated in a manner we know to be offensive," Martin told. He said those actions "were motivated by fear and suspicion."

Hitler's dosshouse saved as warning to future generations
[2005-11-13] [Telegraph]
Austria has vetoed moves to turn the Vienna dosshouse where Hitler once lived into a hotel as part of a new drive to preserve Nazi-era buildings as cultural monuments. Until now such landmarks as the Meldemann Strasse homeless hostel, where Hitler stayed as a penniless painter, were deliberately exempted from conservation orders. But heritage chiefs now want them retained as sombre warnings to future generations.

British government operated a secret torture centre during WWII
[2005-11-12] [Guardian]
The British government operated a secret torture centre during the second world war to extract information and confessions from German prisoners, according to official papers which have been unearthed by the Guardian. More than 3,000 prisoners passed through the centre, where many were systematically beaten, deprived of sleep, forced to stand still for more than 24 hours at a time and threatened with execution or unnecessary surgery.

The Nazi Expeditions- Himmler's search for the remnants of the original master race
[2005-11-12] [SMH]
Himmler founded the Ahnenerbe, the ancestral heritage research foundation, whose specific purpose was to furnish a scientific underpinning for the Nazi doctrine of racial superiority. The Ahnenerbe was a vast organisation with thousands of staff: 100 researchers were employed simply to look at the role of the forest in German culture. Soon, sycophant scholars were falling over themselves to find proof of the Nazis' Aryan superiority.

Rarest of the Rare- First US special forces served with distinction in WWII
[2005-11-12] [LockHaven]
The force was a rare partnership, consisting of 1,600 specially trained Canadian and U.S. volunteers. Hill was one of the originals, a member of “the Devil’s Brigade.” They came by the nickname in a brutally honest way. The soldiers were trained extensively in hand-to-hand combat. It was the paper sticker they left behind on the bodies of their victims that really earned them the sobriquet. The cards read “ Das ****e Ende Kommt Noch” meaning “the worst is yet to come.” An entry from a diary found on the body of a German officer read, “The Black Devils are all around us every time we come into line, and we never hear them.”

WW II veteran remembers Dachau and Hitler's easy chair
[2005-11-12] [TimesLeaderOnline]
After Adolf Hitler had abandoned his house in Austria, soldiers gave themselves tours, including Heckman in May 1945. He took a coffee cup, stamped with Bauschu Weiden on the bottom, from the SS mess hall at Hitler's house, known as the Eagle's Nest in Salzburg. "I actually sat in (Hitler's) easy chair and enjoyed the view of the Alps." At one point, Heckman was based near the Dachau concentration camp, one of the many camps used by the Nazis to starve, gas and cremate people. When his outfit arrived, there still were people inside the camp. Although some were nursed back to health, he said others were so ill that attempting to eat did them more harm than good.

Family ties: The Tojo legacy - interview
[2005-11-12] [atimes]
Yuko Tojo, 66, clearly idolizes her grandfather General Hideki Tojo, who was executed as Japan's top war criminal in 1948. she insists the man who ordered the Pearl Harbor attack led a "war of freedom" in Asia. "Essentially he was a kind man who loved peace," she said. "He was defending his country against foreign aggressors. His greatest crime was that he loved his country."

The Goebbels Experiment: Enthralling film of excerpts from Goebbels's diaries
[2005-11-11] [Boston]
Entries are spoken over montages of archival footage that span Goebbels's miserable childhood at the start of the 20th century to his ghastly family suicide in 1945. He loved Germany to death, and he remained a defiant nationalist even as the Allies invaded Berlin. The diary entries the film culls present a man teeming with schadenfreude for all things non-German.

The failure of the Red Cross to uncover the horrors of the camp
[2005-11-11] [Telegraph]
Production that helped young Jews cope with horrors of concentration camp is performed on the big stage. The musical was used by the Nazis in 1943 to present Theresienstadt as a model camp, "paradise ghetto", to international inspectors. Red Cross officials were persuaded after visits to the camp that living conditions there were comfortable and that the inmates were happy. A performance of the musical featured in the Nazi propaganda film The Führer Gives the Jews a Town. The cast was murdered after the film's release.

Soviet Genocide - Russian WWII veteran convicted of war crimes dies
[2005-11-11] [UPI]
A Russian World War II veteran convicted of war crimes in Latvia has died while awaiting word on how he would serve his sentence. Larionov was found guilty of participating in massacres and mutilations of Latvians in the 1940s, an era the Baltic States refer to as the "Soviet Genocide."

Battle for Budapest - One hundred days of solitude
[2005-11-10] [BudapestSun]
The WWII battle for Budapest took 108 days. The Soviet Army lost 80,026 killed and 240,056 wounded. Estimated Hungarian and German casualties were 48,000 dead, 26,000 wounded. By comparison, the Leningrad siege lasted 900 days, but the fighting was not in the city, as it was in Budapest. Among capital cities, only Warsaw had a more tragic time than Budapest. Budapest was not prepared. Despite its bloodiness, the Budapest siege was virtually unnoticed in western Allied nations.

As a British counter-intelligence officer in WWII
[2005-11-10] [Burnabynewsleader]
Edwards returned to France right after D-Day. By this time he was a warrant officer in field security in the intelligence corps and in charge of 11 sergeants. After WWII, Edwards was one of 20 men interrogating 5,000 Gestapo and 15,000 SS members - there were 305 concentration camps he says so there were lots to go through - trying to determine which ones to send to prison camp and military tribunals and which ones to let go. "The German population gave them up. They realized we were there to help them."

A new translation of Hitler's Mein Kampf Stirs Anger in Azerbaijan
[2005-11-09] [FJC]
An attempt to get a new translation of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf into bookshops in Azerbaijan has infuriated several groups and triggered the detention of the book's publisher. Anti-mafia police briefly arrested the editor-in-chief of Xural newspaper, Avaz Zeynalli, for getting the book translated into Azeri and publishing a few hundred copies.

The Carpenter Elser Versus the Fuhrer Hitler
[2005-11-08] [Spiegel]
Many consider Nov. 9 to be a fateful date for Germany. But it was 13 minutes on Nov. 8, 1939 that really changed the course of 20th century history. A carpenter from southern Germany, Johann Georg Elser, almost managed to assassinate Hitler before Wold War II had engulfed the continent and the world. For decades after the war, though, he remained largely forgotten.

11-20-2005, 06:31 AM
Eyewitness: Nazis 'no longer glamour boys' at tribunal
[2005-11-20] [washingtontimes]
An eyewitness account by Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Louis P. Lochner: They were no longer glamour boys strutting across the European stage, these 20 Nazi leaders who filed into the Nuremberg courtroom. Hermann Goering, without his medals dangling on his chest and the bejeweled marshal's wand which he flashed at adulating crowds, didn't seem to be Goering. Joachim von Ribbentrop, unattended by the retinue of flunkies in SS uniforms who handed him state papers before his theatrical speeches as foreign minister, looked again like the champagne merchant he once was.

Ban blocks Nazi military souvenirs
[2005-11-20] [stuff]
Internet auction site TradeMe's refusal to allow members to sell Nazi memorabilia has prompted one of its biggest sellers to switch to a new auction site so he can keep dealing in Nazi bayonets, military badges, helmets and caps. "We get a number of people who are unhappy with that decision, but if you have a Waffen SS insignia for sale to pin on your shirt we just do not want that on our site," O'Donnell said.

A WWII Memorial for 12 million German refugees Rankles Some
[2005-11-20] [npr]
A controversy has grown over plans for a memorial center dedicated to the 12 million Germans who became refugees after World War II. Many were forced to flee the Soviet army or were expelled from homes in Eastern Europe. The planned center has raised questions about whether it's appropriate for Germans to remember their own victims of the war, given the atrocities inflicted by the Nazis on other nations.

For a Nazi Outpost, An Ethical Retrofit
[2005-11-20] [Washingtonpost]
Vidkun Quisling was the head of Norway's collaborationist government during the 1940-45 Nazi occupation, and the imposing Villa Grande was his home and headquarters. "This is a house that has a strong aura of power and an authoritarian style." In spring of 1945, Norwegian resistance fighters entered Oslo. They made their way to the wooded peninsula on the fjord and surrounded the villa. Quisling had planned to fight, but his supporters deserted him and he surrendered without a shot fired. Within months, he was tried by a Norwegian court, branded a traitor and executed.

Nuremberg praised for confronting Nazi past
[2005-11-20] [AFP]
Few cities are saddled with a historical legacy as painful as that of Nuremberg. This southern city is linked like hardly any other to the Nazis' delusions of grandeur, their poisonous mix of nationalism, historical manipulation and virulent anti-Semitism, and their calamitous downfall. It hosted the giant Nazi party rallies from 1927, even before Hitler rose to power five years later, in which hundreds of thousands swore allegiance to him and staged bizarre displays of purported racial superiority.

German pics take fresh look at Nazi era
[2005-11-19] [HR]
Until recently, most filmmakers have steered clear of any attempts to humanize the Nazi reign period's everyday German, especially the myriad Nazi followers. Now, a new generation of Teutonic storytellers - led by Marc Rothemund, Dennis Gansel and Oliver Hirschbiegel - has eschewed caricature and provided a more nuanced glimpse into the Nazi psyche. Hirschbiegel garnered kudos, controversy and $87 million for his Oscar-nominated Hitler biopic "Downfall". Gansel's "Before the Fall" (Napola) engages the verboten with an evocative coming-of-age story told against the backdrop of an elite yet barbaric Nazi academy.

Interview With Nuremberg Prosecutor Whitney Harris
[2005-11-18] [Spiegel]
Harris: The whole court case was a huge challenge. I was assigned to the case of Ernst Kaltenbrunner, meaning I had to investigate the murder of millions of Jews. Kaltenbrunner took over from Reinhard Heydrich as the head of Reich security and was in charge of tens of thousands of Gestapo agents, police and security forces. I did not have the slightest idea of the scale of genocide that had taken place in Germany.

Funds to preserve WWII internment camps in US
[2005-11-18] [sfgate]
The House adopted legislation aimed at ensuring the country never forgets the bitter lessons of the World War II internment of tens of thousands of Japanese Americans, many of whom were from California. The bill authorized up to $38 million in federal funds to preserve and restore 10 internment camps, and preservation of 17 assembly centers. "A great people can make mistakes. What you need to do is admit it and don't make it again," said Rep. Bill Thomas.

Austria: Police arrest historian David Irving for Holocaust denial
[2005-11-18] [BBC]
British revisionist historian David Irving is being held in Austria under laws against denying the Holocaust. Mr Irving was on his way to give a lecture in the capital, Vienna. In his books, Mr Irving has argued that the scale of the extermination of the Jews by the Nazis in World War II has been exaggerated. He also claimed that Nazi leader Adolf Hitler knew nothing of the Holocaust.

Latvian parlt refuses benefits to Anti-Hitler coalition veterans
[2005-11-18] [Itar-tass]
The Latvian parliament has repeatedly rejected a bill on the status of soldiers of the Anti-Hitler coalition in World War II. The Opposition demanded benefits for Latvian citizens and non-citizens who fought in the anti-Hitler coalition during the 1941-1945 war, including guerilla forces. Currently this group have no benefits at all and opposition feels that Soviet veterans should have at least the same status as national resistance participants, including the veterans of the Waffen SS.

Threat to stables where czechs planned assassination of Reinhard Heydrich
[2005-11-17] [Herald]
The future of an historic South Warwickshire site where Czech agents hatched a plot to assassinate the Nazi behind Hitler’s Final Solution looks set to be decided on Tuesday. The idyllic estate was used as an allied training camp. It was there that agents launched a covert operation to assassinate mass murderer Reinhard Heydrich.

Barry Atkins, commander in historic WWII sea battle, dead
[2005-11-17] [NYNewsDay]
Retired Adm. Barry K. Atkins, received the Navy Cross for "extraordinary heroism" as commanding officer of the USS Melvin during the Battle of Surigao Strait in the Philippines. Military historians believe the sinking of the Japanese Fuso was the only instance in the war of a destroyer sinking a battleship.

The Nazi Scientists of America - Including 118 German rocket scientists at Fort Bliss
[2005-11-17] [AmericanHeritage]
The front page of The New York Times on November 17, 1945, bore a curiously vague headline: “88 German Scientists Reach Here, Reputedly With Top War Secrets.” The paper speculated that the group’s arrival was the result of a program announced weeks earlier by the War Department to bring German scientists to America. Men who just seven months earlier had been at war with the United States were being ushered onto our shores by the government. The purpose: to jump-start American high-tech industry.

Diaries of Daily life during the Third Reich
[2005-11-17] [MaineToday]
German journalist Victor Klemperer risked his life when he secretly recorded how the Nazis controlled their own people through a campaign of fear and the silencing of dissent. Those who read his clandestine diaries, first-hand observations that chronicle the daily life of a Jew living outside of the concentration camps during the Third Reich, say they are as relevant today as they were 60 years ago when the Holocaust began.

Nazis and medical ethics: Deadly Medicine - Creating the Master Race
[2005-11-16] [AMA]
The practice of medicine in Nazi Germany still profoundly affects modern-day medical ethics codes, according to Alan Wells, PhD. During the 1930s, the German medical establishment was admired as a world leader in innovative public health and medical research. The question we are asking is: How could science be co-opted so that doctors as healers evolved into killers and medical research became torture?

Repost: The Perfect Spy - Fritz Kolbe
[2005-11-16] [Boston]
He was a civil servant in an uncivilized society, an underling assigned to incinerate the secret messages that circulated among his sinister superiors. 1943, Fritz Kolbe stuck a stack of papers into a pouch and took a train to the Swiss capital. He met Allen Dulles, a Wall Street lawyer hired to build an American espionage network. Kolbe's information was staggering: A spy who penetrated the British embassy in Turkey was feeding the Nazis details about the planned landing at Normandy.

Uncensored memoirs of the Churchill's bodyguard found
[2005-11-15] [Guardian]
The uncensored memoirs of the PM's bodyguard were found in a farm loft. Detective Inspector Walter Thompson was Churchill's personal bodyguard for 18 years. He accompanied him over 200,000 miles and witnessed some of the defining moments of the 20th century from the outbreak of war in 1939 until May 1945. Churchill had 20 brushes with death, seven of which were direct attempts on his life where Walter personally intervened. Among the threats to his life were from an Indian nationalist who tried to kill him in America, a German sniper team in Antibes, a loner with a loaded revolver as Churchill was about to board a flying boat, a sewer bomb in Athens planted by Greek communists...

16 neo-Nazis on trial on charges of seeking new Nazi state
[2005-11-15] [People]
Prosecutors put 16 neo-Nazis on trial on Monday in Germany's western city of Koblenz, where they were being accused of seeking a new Nazi state and forming a criminal group for that purpose. The defendants were facing a trial that would last till the end of January on charges of forming a right-wing "Kameradschaft Westerwald" organization. Its purpose is to create a new Nazi state in Germany without foreigners.

The USA: A Birthplace of Nazi Genocide
[2005-11-15] [Archive]
On Monday I had the honor of giving the opening talk for Holocaust Remembrance week. It was titled "American Complacency and the Holocaust", I though my preferred title might have been, "The USA: Birthplace of Nazi Genocide." Essentially, in it, I explore American ideological culpability for the Holocaust vis-à-vis eugenics and scientific racism. I assert that Hitler looked towards America as the model for enacting his Aryan master race plan, and I thoroughly substantiate the same.

WWII war children take Norway to court
[2005-11-15] [UPI]
More than 100 Children born to Norwegian mothers and German fathers during WWII are suing the government for allegedly failing to protect their rights. Claiming they had been physically and mentally abused in Norwegian schools, molested in orphanages, mistreated by public health personnel and even committed to psychiatric institutions. Called "krigsbarna" or, more derogatorily, "tyskerungene" in Norway, the children generally were the otherwise innocent products of relationships between Norwegian women and German soldiers in Norway during the Nazi occupation.

Nuremberg aide who put Goering in his place
[2005-11-14] [Telegraph]
The chief translator at the Nuremberg Trials has described how he forced Hermann Goering to pay him more respect. Richard Sonnenfeldt is one of the few surviving witnesses to the trials and played a central role in translating interrogations of senior Nazis such as Goering, Rudolf Hess and the Auschwitz camp commander, Rudolf Höss.

Book: In Command of History - How Churchill Revised World War II
[2005-11-14] [NYTimes]
"In Command of History" describes how Churchill produced the six volumes of "The Second World War," which appeared between 1948 and 1954. That Churchill had the freedom to write was due to one of the bitterest blows of his life - the loss of the 1945 general election. During his "second wilderness years," he turned to the pen, as he had before, to redeem his reputation, and also to pad his bank account. But he faced considerable obstacles before he could present his version of events.

11-29-2005, 08:07 AM
Some of the updates

Napoleon the inspiration for Hitler, says historian
[2005-11-29] [Guardian]
Napoleon massacred more than 100,000 Caribbean slaves and should be remembered as a genocidal dictator and inspiration for Hitler rather than a military genius and founder of modern France, a French historian said. Book, Napoleon's Crime, is published this week, on the bicentenary of the emperor's great triumph at the battle of Austerlitz this Friday.

The genocide of the Gypsies at the hands of Nazi Germany
[2005-11-29] [Haaretz]
About one million Gypsies lived in those parts of Europe that were occupied by Germany. To the Nazis, the Gypsies were a marginal nuisance that they did not know how to handle, since the Gypsies were actually the only Aryans in Europe, as their ancestors are from northwest India. In a letter to Martin Bormann dated December 6, 1942, Heinrich Himmler concluded that the "mixed-blood Gypsies" had to be eliminated, while purebred Gypsies should be allowed to live a nomadic life outside of Germany.

Deaths of many of his trainees in WWII still haunt him
[2005-11-29] [News Journal]
The memory of the young men Herbert Krichbaum trained to fight in World War II still has devastating force. When we first started training men to fight, we had 21 weeks to get them ready. But as the war went on and replacements were needed, the training time went down to just 11 weeks. It wasn't enough time. Those men...they were just...cannon fodder. Many young recruits were killed during advance training as they crept and crawled under live fire. The grenades were real and dynamite sticks were liable to go off in a man's hand.

Mao more lethal than Hitler, Stalin
[2005-11-29] [wnd]
A noted expert in calculating the number of deaths caused by authoritarian regimes says the late Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-tung's actions led to the deaths of nearly 77 million of his countrymen, surpassing those killed by Nazi Party founder Adolf Hitler and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin. R. J. Rummel, professor and a Nobel Peace Prize finalist who has published dozens of books chronicling so-called "democide," or death by government, said the new Chinese figure was based on what he believes was Mao's duplicity in China's great famine of 1958 to 1961.

Trial of ex-Nazi SS officer in final phase
[2005-11-28] [AP]
A former Nazi SS commander was actively involved in wartime atrocities that included the massacre of civilians at the end of Second World War. Capt. Ladislav Niznansky faces a possible life in prison if convicted of 164 counts of murder in three massacres in early 1945 after a failed uprising against Slovakia's Nazi puppet government. The captives included members of the US Office of Strategic Services, on the run during a secret mission to Slovak partisans fighting the Nazi occupation, and AP correspondent Joseph Morton, who was the only war correspondent known to have been executed by any side during Second World War.

Frozen airman not believed to be Idaho soldier
[2005-11-27] [AP]
Experts have been able to read a name on a faded badge on the body of a World War Two airman found encased in ice on a California mountain. But they won't reveal the name until they confirm the identity through DNA, which could take several weeks. The discovery of the well-preserved body raised the hopes of four families whose loved ones disappeared on a training flight in the Sierra Nevada on November 18th, 1942. The body apparently isn't that of John Mortenson of Moscow, Idaho because his badge was found by ice climbers five years after the accident.

Ex Nazi officer jailed for life
[2005-11-26] [AFP]
A former Nazi officer has been sentenced to life imprisonment over the 1944 massacre of 60 people in an Italian monastery. Hermann Langer, 86, a former SS lieutenant, was tried in his absence and found guilty of leading a group of soldiers who carried out the massacre on September 2, 1944. A Venezuelan bishop and several monks were among those killed, who included French, German, Spanish and Swiss nationals. Langer is the last survivor of the SS unit that was commanded by General Max Simon.

Historian David Irving acknowledges Nazi gas chambers
[2005-11-25] [dtf]
British historian David Irving now acknowledges that Nazi gas chambers existed but admits that some of his past statements could be interpreted as denying people were gassed. Attorney, Elmar Kresbach said Irving is now "correcting himself," adding the historian now "sees himself as somebody who can influence marginal groups who have difficulty believing in the Third Reich."

Book: The Mussolini syndrome
[2005-11-25] [Times-of-Malta]
Luigi Barzini: Mussolini was constantly shielded from anything negative by those around him so that he became the victim of make believe and illusion. The cities (Mussolini) visited had been carefully prepared a long time before his arrival: he was shown only the things and the people that would please and comfort him. He did not know that some of the new buildings he opened were abandoned and began decaying the following day, that some of the aqueducts never carried water. The technique was so smooth that it even deceived Hitler. Preparations for his visit in 1938 went on for six months.

The Nuremberg Interviews: Psychiatrist’s Conversations with the Defendants
[2005-11-24] [jsf]
Goldensohn was a prison psychiatrist at the Nuremberg in 1946. While there, he interviewed 33 high-ranking Nazi war criminals. He asked Rudolf Hoess to tell him how many people were executed at Auschwitz. “Hoess: ‘About 2.5 million.’ Goldensohn: ‘What do you think of it?’ Hoess (looking blank and apathetic): ‘I had my personal orders from Heinrich Himmler.’ ‘Did you ever protest?’ ‘I couldn’t do that.’ ‘Don’t you have a mind or opinion of your own?’ ‘Yes, but when Himmler told us something, it was so correct and so natural we just blindly obeyed it.’

Irving faces 20 years' jail in Austria for 'Holocaust denial'
[2005-11-23] [Independent]
The British historian David Irving has been charged by prosecutors in Austria of denying the existence of the Holocaust, an offence that carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in jail. Mr Irving's website claimed last week that he had been detained while on his way to address a group of "courageous students" on the subject of a deal reached between the Gestapo chief Adolf Eichmann and Hungarian Jewish leaders during the Second World War.

Kon-Tiki adventurer cooperated with Nazi scientist
[2005-11-23] [AFP]
Celebrated Norwegian adventurer Thor Heyerdahl, best known for his daring expedition to Polynesia on the Kon-Tiki raft, briefly cooperated with a Nazi scientist, according to a new biography. In February 1938, the acclaimed anthropologist traveled to Germany to visit Nazi racial scientist Hans Guenther and honor him with the skull of a native of the Marquesas Islands. -- "We (Guenther and Heyerdahl) both hold everything French in real contempt. One cannot find a people more fake, more impolite and more uncultured," Heyerdahl said.

Missing WWII submarine found
[2005-11-23] [HeraldSun]
An Australian filmmaker is confident he has solved the 63-year-old mystery of the location of the third Japanese midget submarine used in the attack on Sydney Harbour during World War II. The missing sub is believed to have escaped through Sydney Heads but never made it to a rendezvous with five mother ships waiting 9km off Port Hacking. Mr Lay said divers had conducted numerous visual inspections of the site where the sub is thought to be lying.

Czech war heroes executed by the Nazis still serve as instruction material
[2005-11-23] [ceskenoviny]
The mortal remains of Czech war heroes executed by the Nazis during WW2 probably still serve as instruction material in medicine lessons at German and Austrian universities. Among these samples may even be the corpses of Czech paratroops Jozef Gabcik and Jan Kubis who assassinated Nazi Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia and the third most powerful man in the Third Reich, in Prague in 1942.

George Drew, serial World War II escaper, dies
[2005-11-23] [AP]
A man who made a habit of escaping from German prison camps during World War Two has died. Drew was captured in Belgium and was taken first to a camp in Bavaria, where he took up wood carving. He was eventually moved to Warburg, where he built a tunnel and escaped. Recaptured and transferred to another camp, Drew worked on a tunnel which helped more than 60 fellow prisoners to escape. He was again recaptured.

Project Paperclip: Dark side of the Moon
[2005-11-22] [BBC]
Sixty years ago the US hired Nazi scientists to lead pioneering projects, such as the race to conquer space. These men provided the US with cutting-edge technology which still leads the way today, but at a cost. The end of World War II saw an intense scramble for Nazi Germany's many technological secrets. The Allies vied to plunder as much equipment and expertise as possible from the rubble of the Thousand Year Reich for themselves, while preventing others from doing the same.

Where Nazi Storm Troopers are Heroes
[2005-11-22] [strategypage]
Why are all those monuments going up in eastern Europe, honoring dead SS (elite Nazi combat troops) soldiers. What’s going on here? It's not World War II being rewritten, just remembered. Russians are gone from Eastern Europe, and most Eastern Europeans are glad to see them go. And in many of these countries, the guys who joined the SS during World War II, to fight the Russians, were always considered national heroes. So in countries like Croatia, Bosnia, and the Baltic States, memorials are going up to the men who died fighting for the SS against the hated Russians.

The Hitler Book - Secret Dossier Prepared for Stalin
[2005-11-21] [TimesOnline]
The former Soviet archives continue to yield a regular quantity of gold nuggets. Nobody has yet found a Beria diary but now Henrik Eberle and Matthias Uhl, two historians, have edited a fascinating document. The Hitler Book is “file no. 1-G-23 on Hitler and his entourage”. The authors were Moscow intelligence officers. In 1948-49 they were ordered to write up everything learnt about Adolf Hitler through interrogations of his captured intimates. The men who gave most information were Otto Günsche, his adjutant, Heinz Linge, his valet, and Hans Baur, his pilot.

Beast of Belsen and his lover in Nuremberg exhibit
[2005-11-21] [Guardian]
The faces of two lovers who did terrible things to others in a terrible place were shown to a mass online audience for the first time. The couple, Josef Kramer, nicknamed the Beast of Belsen, and Irma Grese, 25, in charge of death cells at the Nazi concentration camp, were seen in photographs digitised by the Imperial War Museum. They were hanged after being convicted of mass atrocities at the Nuremberg trials. Kramer was camp commandant. Grese was so steeped in blood that a legend persists of her ghost haunting a building on the site of Belsen in the former east Germany.

Allied prosecutors recall the horror
[2005-11-21] [Independent]
Markus Wolf, the former head of Communist East Germany's intelligence service, covered the Nuremberg trials for a German radio station in 1945. "Perhaps I was naive, but I had seen the photographs of all these Nazi leaders in all their pomp and glory. Then in Nuremberg, I saw normal people sitting in the dock. They seemed like staff in a railway station." Mr Wolf recalled how Goering and Speer turned their heads away as the court was shown documentary evidence of the death camps. "In just the same way, many Germans did not want to hear anything about the concentration camps.".

1938 oil portrait of Hitler unveiled at WWII museum
[2005-11-21] [fortwayne]
Visitors to the World War II Victory Museum will be looked down upon by a larger-than-life portrait of Adolf Hitler to remind patrons of the horrific crimes the dictator committed. The painting, believed to be the only portrait made of Hitler while he was alive, was unveiled Sunday as part of the “Rising Tyrants” exhibit at the museum. It was painted in 1938 by Heinrich Knirr, who was considered the premiere artist in Germany during that time.

12-04-2005, 07:35 AM
The Medical Casebook of Adolf Hitler
[2005-12-04] [newcriminologist]
The Medical Casebook of Adolf Hitler, by Leonard L. Heston, M. D., and Renate Heston, R. N., with an introduction by Albert Speer, published in 1979. Available used, unfortunately out of print. Adolf Hitler was variously diagnosed as bipolar, schizophrenic and paranoid schizophrenic. He was also diagnosed as having had Parkinson's disease, which Yasir Arafat reportedly suffered from. Yet Hitler had none of these disorders: he was an amphetamine and barbiturate addict.

Georges Guingouin - A Communist maquisard
[2005-12-04] [guardian]
Georges Guingouin was a legendary figure of the French Resistance who was awarded the title of Compagnon de la Liberation by General de Gaulle in 1944. Of 1,053 recipients Guingouin was one of only 12 Communists. -- Because Hitler and Stalin had signed a non-aggression pact, the Communist party refused to take sides in the imperialist war. After the fall of France in 1940, this meant that the party did not directly condemn the German occupation. Guingouin drafted a manifesto in August 1940, denouncing the occupation. Later his activities became more ambitious: sabotaging a railway and blowing up a rubber factory near Limoges.

Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany: Christian Nationalism, Anti-Semitism
[2005-12-03] [about.com]
The Nazis and Adolf Hitler are commonly thought of as representing the antithesis of Christianity and Christian values. If that's true, why did tens of millions of German Christians adore Hitler, join the Nazis, and participate in the Holocaust (among other atrocities)? Hitler and the Nazis promoted a Christian nationalism, anti-communism, anti-Semitism, and return to traditional values which most Christians appreciated. The Nazi party platform specifically endorsed 'positive' Christianity.

Remember Pearl Harbor? They Do, and More
[2005-12-03] [greenwichcitizen]
A neatly folded Nazi flag with faded signatures of American troops who landed at Normandy Beach in 1944 catches attention in a World War II memorabilia display in two huge windowed cases embedded in walls on the first floor of Town Hall. That landing started turning the war tide against the Nazis eventually leading to victory over wayward governments.

World War Two Hero Forced To Sell His Medals
[2005-12-03] [lse]
A legendary World War Two fighter ace who broke the world air speed record is being forced to sell off his medals after 65 years of flying. Hero pilot Neville Duke, D.S.O, O.B.E., D.F.C. (and Two Bars), A.F.C, has one of the longest and most distinguished records in British aviation history. Duke was credited with 28 air combat victories during his 485 operational sorties after joining the RAF in the summer of 1940 at the height of the Battle Of Britain.

Family on way to receiving compensation for Nazi theft
[2005-12-03] [AP]
A German retailer's announcement that it will drop claims to three properties stolen during the Nazi era clears the way for an Illinois man and his family to receive more than $100 million in compensation. The Wertheim family lost the property during the Nazi era, and Hitler used some of the Berlin land for his chancellory and downtown bunker complex. After World War II, the company was sold and eventually became one of Germany's most successful retailers. German retailing giant KarstadtQuelle acquired the company in 1993.

Profile: David Irving
[2005-12-02] [bbc]
David Irving was once seen as the brightest new star in the historical firmament: an extraordinarily competent researcher, a brilliant linguist and a first class writer. First book, The Destruction of Dresden, described the 1945 air raid on the city as "the worst single massacre in European history". He followed it with a series of bestsellers, including The Mare's Nest and The Virus House, about the Nazis' atomic research programme. In 1977, he produced the work for which he is best known - Hitler's War. The book looked at the conduct of World War II from Hitler's perspective, "from behind the Fuhrer's desk".

Story of a Norwegian Resistance group member during WWII
[2005-12-02] [cnc]
He was only 18 when he was taken from his parents’ home in Oslo, Norway by the Norwegian Nazi police. Arne Brun Lie was in the Special Forces for the Norwegian government and was part of a Resistance group working against the Nazis during World War II. He was captured and taken under Hitler’s Nacht und Nebel, the Night and Fog Decree. Lie spent weeks in a Nazi prison on death row. Above his cell, a red-lettered sign read, "very dangerous prisoner." Three of his friends were executed at the prison. Lie’s military papers were lost and the Gestapo could not execute him, instead they sent him to Dachau.

Japanese vet sees more friendship than hate at Pearl Harbor
[2005-12-02] [Kyodo]
To Zenji Abe, a former Japanese dive-bomber pilot, Pearl Harbor was a place where he headed to risk his life to defend his country. But more than 60 years later, it has turned into a place where he can nurture his ties with his American friends. Taking off from the deck of the Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier Akagi, Abe contributed to the raid that crippled the U.S. Pacific Fleet by sinking or severely damaging eight battleships including the Arizona -- a symbolic figure of the largest U.S. naval loss in history.

Nazi apologist finds his works in Austrian prison
[2005-12-02] [Guardian]
Austria's authorities were facing embarrassment yesterday after it emerged that the controversial historian David Irving had discovered two of his books inside the prison where he was held. Irving stumbled across copies of Hitler's War and Schlacht im Eismeer (Battle in the Arctic Sea) while browsing through the 6,400-volume library of Graz's prison. A delighted Irving asked warders if he could sign his own works. They agreed.

How did the development of the "atom bomb" fare in Hitler's Germany?
[2005-12-01] [worldtribune]
In 1939, Erich Schumann, head of the Berlin weapons research office of the German Army Ordnance, had a nuclear team including Otto Hahn and Heisenberg. It seemed that Hitler's Nazi Germany would develop the "atom bomb" ahead of the US. The man who prevented it was Hitler, not that he underestimated the it's geostrategic importance - he compared the advent of nuclear weapons to that of gunpowder. If Hitler had been given a promise that the nuclear weapons could be expected not later than, say 1943, Hitler probably would not have launched a conventional war, but concentrated the resources on the nuclear project.

Death of Pierre Seel, Gay Concentration Camp Survivor
[2005-12-01] [gaywired]
Of some 200 men from the annexed French region of Alsace-Lorraine deported to Nazi concentration camps as homosexuals, Mr. Seel was the sole survivor who had spoken out publicly. In 1941, he was seized by the Nazis because his name appeared on a list of suspected homosexuals - complied by the local French police. He was tortured by the SS, then sent to the camp of Schirmeck-Vorbruck. He was forced to witness the murder of his partner, who was torn to shreds by guard dogs. After six months of severe brutality, Mr. Seel was released from the camp, only to be drafted against his will into the German army and sent to the Russian Front.

Switzerland's hidden labyrinth of fortresses and camouflaged bunkers
[2005-11-30] [AFP]
Villa Rose is a camouflaged bunker from World War II with 7-foot (2.5 meters) concrete walls. False garage doors open to reveal cannon emplacements and heavy-duty machine guns. The fortress is part of a vast, little-known system of fortifications built during WWII to repel an invasion by Nazi Germany. Villa Rose was positioned to protect against a German attack over the Jura Mountains from Nazi-occupied France, or over the Alps from fascist Italy.

Behind bars, but liberals defend David Irving
[2005-11-30] [guardian]
Behind the neo-gothic town hall in the heart of Vienna sits the Josefstadt jail, where David Irving will be confined to a cell over Christmas and the New Year, pending trial on charges deriving from his discredited views on the second world war. The Guardian has a copy of the indictment which cites copiously from the speeches in 1989: "There were no extermination camps in the Third Reich." Austrian liberals, while despising Irving for his views, defend the 67-year-old's right to express them.

Chief Immigration Judge to Hear Nazi Guard Case
[2005-11-30] [AP]
A man accused of being a Nazi concentration camp guard during World War II says he should not be deported because he could face torture in his native Ukraine. The US first tried to deport Demjanjuk in 1977, accusing him of being a notorious guard known as Ivan the Terrible at the Treblinka. Demjanjuk was extradited to Israel, convicted and sentenced to hang. But Court found that someone else was that guard. Demjanjuk returned home and his citizenship was restored. The current case, which led courts to again strip his citizenship, is based on evidence alleging he was a different guard.

12-04-2005, 09:15 AM
Thanks for keeping us updated.

12-10-2005, 05:23 AM
Some updates. Thanks for all the positive feedback :-)

Himmler's ring part of Nazi memorabilia stolen from museum
[2005-12-10] [scotsman]
The silver death's head ring - signed inside by Himmler - that once belonged to the SS leader, Heinrich Himmler, has been stolen from a museum in Adolf Hitler's holiday town of Berchtesgaden. Also seized was a 1938 medallion commemorating Hitler's visit to the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini. The two items are worth thousands to Nazi memorabilia collectors. The Documentation Centre has proved one of the biggest tourist draws in Bavaria since it was opened up. Last month Hitler's gold Nazi party badge was stolen from a Moscow archive.

The Wannsee meeting is the subject of the film
[2005-12-10] [jn]
The Nazis' "Final Solution" began with a top-secret meeting at a magnificent mansion in Wannsee, on the outskirts of Berlin on Jan. 20, 1942. The conferees — 15 men around a large table — agreed to it over a buffet lunch. The meeting is the subject of the HBO film, "Conspiracy," which starred Kenneth Branagh as Reinhard Heydrich and Stanley Tucci as Adolf Eichmann, the man who organized the conference.

Gallery traces anti-Semitism in political cartoons
[2005-12-10] [reuters]
Is criticism of Israel anti-Semitic if it uses the same kinds of images as those long used to attack Jews? That question will be posed by an exhibition appearing in London early next year. Certain themes persist in anti-Semitic imagery and can be found in the Middle Ages, 19th century Europe, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union and contemporary Arab media. Cohen has images of Jews portrayed as hairy apes, bloodsucking spiders and greedy merchants. His collection includes a 15th century German print that shows Jews taking a child's blood, and another from France about the same time that shows a Jewish serpent with children's legs hanging from its jaws.

Brazil probing if Eichmann aide is hiding in country
[2005-12-09] [haaretz]
The Brazilian police are investigating whether a suspect living in the country under an assumed name is the most-wanted Nazi criminal, Alois Brunner. The Austrian-born Brunner is believed to have spent the past 40 years in Syria under the assumed name of Dr. Georg Fischer before moving to South America. During World War II, Brunner was Adolf Eichmann's assistant.

Raiders of the lost art
[2005-12-09] [praguepost]
Prague: Sixty years after the end of World War II, thousands of Nazi-confiscated artifacts remain unclaimed and unidentified in state and private museums throughout the country. In a dark, decrepit building is an office called the Documentation Center of Property Transfers of Cultural Assets of WWII Victims. 15 people spend their days doing laborious research, scouring computerized archives and paper records in an effort to track down artwork that was confiscated during WWII. Since its founding four years ago, workers have placed about 7,000 objects in an Internet database.

Hitler's Ghost - Russia Becomes Fertile Ground for Neo-Nazis
[2005-12-09] [pacificnews]
Are Russians destined to be the successor to Adolph Hitler's Germans? Hitler died by his own hand in April 1945, but now his spirit has come back in the form of young Russian neo-Nazis, who could number 50,000 or more. When he was only minutes away from death, Hitler said, "The German people were not worthy of me." The 50,000 Russian Nazis who salute the swastika and intone the "Hail Hitler," on the other hand, might be. They ignore their grandfathers and grandmothers, who sacrificed their lives to destroy Hitler's hordes.

Exhibit captures day that pushed US into WWII
[2005-12-08] [JD]
It was 64 years ago today when Japanese bombers attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, killing 2,403 and destroying or damaging 21 American vessels and more than 300 planes. What President Franklin D. Roosevelt called "a date which will live in infamy" catapulted a heretofore reluctant American nation into World War II. "The whole front portion of the exhibit is dedicated to Pearl Harbor, the attack on Pearl Harbor and the 'day of infamy' speech," said public affairs specialist at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum.

The men, women, and children who took on Hitler’s elite soldiers... and won
[2005-12-08] [hellenicnews]
The 11th Day film chronicles the story of the men, women, and children of the Cretan civilian resistance movement and their battle against Nazi occupation forces. Stories are told first hand, and on-location, through exclusive interviews with the resistance fighters themselves. Some were just child recruits at the time, boys and girls; others were seasoned veterans, and still others were the Allied soldiers and British intelligence operatives who fought alongside them. Together, they would inflict upon Germany its first major defeat of the war, decimating half of Hitler's 8,000 elite airborne assault troops in the first 48 hours.

Oklahoma Pearl Harbor Survivors Remember Attack
[2005-12-08] [kotv]
It was 64 years ago Wednesday that the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War Two. Quartermaster striker Arles Cole of Porum was relaxing on board the USS West Virginia when the attack began and noticed that the American flag had not yet been raised on board the ship. So Cole grabbed the biggest US flag he could find, shimmied to the end of the flag pole and tied off the flag. When the attack ended after two hours there were 21 US ships sunk or damaged and about 2,400 Americans were dead.

Germany faces neo-Nazi culture upbeat
[2005-12-08] [pravda]
The Neo-Nazi music scene in Germany is heating up, as reflected by an increase in both the number of concerts held and recordings made, German authorities report. Through the end of October, in Brandenburg alone, authorities have registered 729 violations of German anti-propaganda laws - which bar the distribution of hate speech in all forms, including music CDs - up 160 from the same period last year.

Niznansky denies WW2 massacres in Slovakia
[2005-12-07] [Expatica]
Ladislav Niznansky, one of the last people in the world to go on trial for World War II atrocities, deplored Tuesday the deaths of Slovak civilians but insisted he had not killed them. Niznansky was an officer in a Nazi-run, anti-partisan militia known as Edelweiss. He denies leading three massacres in January 1945. His lawyer, Steffen Ufer told the court the massacres were conducted by Germans from the Waffen SS, the SS and the homeland security service.

FBI Recovers Three Paintings Stolen During WWII
[2005-12-07] [kyw]
Federal investigators say they have have recovered three paintings stolen from a German museum at the conclusion of World War Two. The FBI says the paintings, by Heinrich Burkel, are valued at 125,000 dollars and are among a group of about four dozen stolen on March 22nd, 1945, as Allied forces swept through Germany. In September 1945, the Pirmasens City Museum said about 50 paintings had “been lost during the arrival of the American troops” six months earlier.

Hitler's affection gives headaches to Mercedes Benz
[2005-12-07] [newkerala]
Hitler's love affair with his Mercedes is giving headaches to the top brass at Daimler Benz - they don't like to be associated with him even though it's a historical fact that the Fuhrer used a Mercedes. Gary Zimet has come in possession of two contracts Hitler entered with the automobile giant, one recording his purchase of a car in 1930 and the other turning over the car to the Nazi Party. The documents however, does not include footage of the Third Reich, though Nazi leaders including Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering, who was captured in a bulletproof Mercedes at the end of World War II by US forces used Benzes.

Weaponeer on Nagasaki A-bomb dies at age 94
[2005-12-07] [ap]
**** Ashworth, the weaponeer in charge of the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, at the end of World War Two, has died. He was assigned to the Los Alamos-based Manhattan Project that developed the world's first atomic bomb. Ashworth was a member of the B-29 bomber crew that dropped the second atomic bomb on Japan on August Ninth, 1945. He was assigned as the weaponeer, the person in charge of the bomb.

Veterans tell emotional World War II story
[2005-12-06] [glenwoodindependent]
Moving. Powerful. Emotional. Those are the words being used to describe the documentary "Lest They Be Forgotten," which captures the real-life memories of WWII veterans. This volume focuses on D-Day and the invasion of Omaha Beach in Normandy. "Looking around in that situation, it was impossible to really describe the chaos, the debris, the wrecked equipment and the wounded ... and the dead," said Leo Kiggins, with the 336th Engineer Battalion. Al Young, a World War II Navy veteran of Omaha Beach, breaks down during his interview.

The Swastika and the Star of David
[2005-12-06] [phxnews]
In early 1933, Baron Leopold Itz Edler von Mildenstein, a man who a few years later was to become chief of the Jewish section of the SD (the Sicherheitsdienst, the SS intelligence branch headed by Reinhard Heydrich), was invited to tour Palestine and to write a series of articles for Goebbels´s Der Angriff. And so it was that the Mildensteins accompanied by Kurt Tuchler, a leading member of the Berlin Zionist Organisation, visited settlements in Eretz Israel. The highly positive articles, “A Nazi Visits Palestine,” were duly published, and a special medallion cast, with a swastika on one side and a Star of David on the other.

WWII internment of Aleuts recounted in documentary
[2005-12-05] [usatoday]
A new documentary film, Aleut Story, includes this testimony from Bourdukofsky and other Aleuts in chronicling the little-known internment of 881 Alaska Natives from the Pribilof and Aleutian Islands during World War II. Many in the film are speaking publicly for the first time about their experiences in the camps, where they were sent after troops from Japan invaded Alaska's western outposts in June 1942.

Salvaged letters a record of Hitler's Germany
[2005-12-05] [abc]
In 1938, as Hitler's Germany was generating fear around the world, Australia's Lutheran Church offered the option of passage to Australia. An article published in the London Times prompted a flood a desperate letters. Some of the letters and the stories of what happened to their writers are part of an exhibition which is opening today at Adelaide's Migration Museum. LETTER EXCERPT 1: In this utmost distress, I beg to ask you to enable me to land in Australia. LETTER EXCERPT 2: My only hope is that you may help me, to save first my existence.

Russian war exhibit on display
[2005-12-05] [baytownsun]
An exhibition of Russian photos - all taken by Russian photographers - from World War II called “People Who Won the War” to be shown at Lee College’s McNulty-Had**** Complex Art Gallery. The Nazis completely destroyed 1,710 Soviet cities and towns and 70,000 villages, which left 25 million people homeless. Among the armed forces in WWII, Russia suffered the most casualties, with 6.1 million deaths. The next largest number of casualties were born by Germany with 3.3 million; China with 1.3 million; Japan with 1.3 million; US with 407,000; UK with 357,000; and Italy with 136,000.

Hitler's holiday camp to become a resort
[2005-12-05] [Mirror]
A Holiday camp built by Hitler as the biggest in the world is finally to open... nearly 70 years on. The complex - four miles long, six storeys high with 10,000 rooms - was finished in 1936 to provide seaside breaks for 20,000 families. It never opened because of the start of the Second World War. Later, the East German government used it as a training barracks for officers. After the Berlin Wall fell, it was a giant memorial with museums.

Genocide - Hitler, Napoleon and Jacobins
[2005-12-05] [scotlandonsunday]
Genocide was invented by the French Jacobins. As long ago as 1840 the historian Crétineau-Joly published correspondence between the republican commander Santerre and the Minister of War, advocating "des fumées soporifiques" (poison gas) for mass extermination of the Catholic and royalist populations of the Vendée and Britanny. Herding them into mines was considered and scientists were told to find chemical means of large-scale killing.

Nominees for a Nobel Peace Prize: Adolf Hitler, Josef Stalin, Benito Mussolini
[2005-12-05] [latimes]
Past nominees for Nobel Peace Prize include Adolf Hitler, Josef Stalin, Benito Mussolini and Fidel Castro. According to Nobel Prize nominating rules, any "professor of social sciences, history, philosophy, law and theology" and any judge or national legislator in any country, among others, can nominate anyone for a Nobel Peace Prize.

David Irving - Newcriminologist - Readers Responses
[2005-12-04] [newcriminologist]
Revisionists claim that laws are a threat to their freedom of speech. They are not. They are stopping the spread of hysterical hate propaganda. Would these same people think it would be justified to allow an open debate encouraging pro-extremist opinions, such as those shared by al-Qaeda, to impressionable students? If anyone doubts how deniers could potentially skew the historical record, I urge them to compare the commonly held perception of the bombing of Dresden with the historical reality. (1) Dresden had military significance. There were numerous factories in the city which made equipment for the German army and airforce. (4) The death toll was, according to the Nazi era Dresden Police, between 25-30,000.

12-18-2005, 07:30 AM
A dossier on Hitler prepared for Stalin’s eyes only
[2005-12-18] [indianexpress]
The book’s authorship—the two German historians are editors—is unique. Soviet secret service agents “wrote” the book. Stalin ordered two of Hitler’s aides, his adjutant, Otto Gunsche, and his personal valet, Heinz Linge, be interrogated — whatever that term means in the context of NKVD (Soviet secret police) methods — and the results were to be given to Stalin. A dossier on Hitler prepared for Stalin’s eyes only—there’s enough drama in that to make blurb writers employed by publishers drool. But for critics, that poses the danger of missing the wood of new insights for the trees of details.

City offered option to bid for WWII battleship Iowa
[2005-12-18] [sfgate]
Pressure increased on San Francisco officials Friday to decide whether they want the World War II battleship Iowa after two key federal lawmakers agreed to let any California community bid for the vessel. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, and Rep. Richard Pombo, who had been offering dueling proposals on the Iowa's future, agreed that the ship should be transferred to California for permanent donation status and that any city in the state could bid for it.

Chinese memorial to 'the good Nazi' opens war wounds
[2005-12-18] [telegraph]
A plan by China to honour "the good Nazi", a German who helped to save hundreds of thousands of civilians from Japanese troops, has reopened a dispute with Tokyo over its lack of atonement for the Second World War. The Chinese authorities are drawing up plans for a museum dedicated to the memory of John Rabe, who defied the "Rape of Nanking" - a six-week massacre during which an estimated 300,000 Chinese were slaughtered by Japanese soldiers.

Britain ran torture camp in Germany after World War Two
[2005-12-17] [Reuters]
Britain ran a secret prison in Germany for two years after the end of World War Two where inmates including Nazi party members were tortured and starved to death. Based on Foreign Office files which were opened after a request under the Freedom of Information act, the newspaper said Britain had held men and woman at a prison in Bad Nenndorf until July 1947. Locals at the time said you could hear prisoners scream at night.

Schröder Exchanges Berlin for Kremlin
[2005-12-17] [canadafreepress]
France, Germany and Russia. What a lovely place Europe would be without them. Throughout history they have constantly been bullying their neighbours. When the big ones team up, the little nations of continental Europe better beware or they will be gang raped, like Poland in 1939. This explains why it is imperative that Europe be Atlanticist. If it turns continental the three big ones will extort the little ones. The latest proof of this has just been provided in a new German-Russian deal that resembles the pact between Adolf Hitler and Joe Stalin to squeeze Eastern Europe.

Writer shone light on Goering, participated in espionage efforts
[2005-12-16] [charlotte]
Kurt Singer, an anti-Nazi activist and spy during WWII, has died. His books include works on espionage and biographies (i.e. Hitler henchman Hermann Goering). The Vienna-born writer grew up in Berlin, where he became worried about the rise of Adolf Hitler. He began publishing an anti-Nazi underground weekly in 1933. The Nazis soon put a price on his head, and he fled to Sweden. With Kurt Grossman, he wrote a biography of Von Ossietzky that helped win the Nobel Peace Prize for the humanitarian. The writer worked as a spy, providing information about Russian and Nazi activities in Scandinavia.

Austria Comes to Terms With Its Past - Stuart Eizenstat
[2005-12-16] [forward]
After a federal judge in New York dismissed the last major Holocaust restitution case against the government of Austria and several private Austrian corporations, Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel told President Bush that he was declaring "legal peace." Austria would now be able to immediately pay $210 million into the General Settlement Fund, the last remaining part of a nearly $1 billion Austrian-American agreement. -- Stuart Eizenstat was President Clinton's special representative on Holocaust-era issues. He negotiated the Holocaust restitution agreement between Austria and the US in 2001.

'Nazi Treatment' for Communist Regimes Underway
[2005-12-16] [zaman]
Europe is preparing to investigate and to judge communist regimes as it did with Nazi administrations. The Committee on Political Affairs of the Council of Europe Parliamentarians Assembly in Paris adopted the report, which condemns communist regimes just as the Nazi administration was once handled. The report, accusing the communist regimes of many Central and Eastern European countries of "violating human rights, conducting torture, and organizing mass murder in concentration camps" last year, suggests the criminals be found and punished just as the Nazi administrators were punished.

Hitler salute greets concentration camp visitors
[2005-12-16] [reuters]
Two German women have been arrested for giving a Hitler salute and singing a neo-Nazi song to foreign tourists on their way to Germany's Sachsenhausen concentration camp museum. The tour group was joined on a commuter train platform by two women, 18- and 19-year-old, who marched alongside them, sang the song 'White Aryan resistance' and gave them the Hitler salute.

Analyze this: $165K to Sigmund Freud's heirs in Nazi-era settlement
[2005-12-16] [nynewsday]
Relatives of Sigmund Freud are entitled to nearly $165,000 of his money that disappeared from his bank accounts when the Nazis took over Austria, a Brooklyn federal judge has ruled. Freud, who lived in Vienna until he fled to London under the threat of Nazi persecution in 1938, left a number of bank accounts in his native country. It turned out that the Nazi commissar in Austria who managed the Freuds' departure during the takeover of the country actually was a friend of the doctor's and concealed the fact that Freud had assets overseas.

Working to ensure Italian campaign isn't forgotten
[2005-12-15] [chathamthisweek]
The Italian campaign, which lasted from July 10, 1943 to June 9, 1944, is a forgotten battle in the Second World War. “It seems that after D-Day people forget all about the Italian campaign.” 92,000 Canadians served in Italy. 20,000 Canadians were wounded and 6,000 were killed in Italy. the invasion of Italy accomplished several goals: It defeated the enemy Italian army, turned that army over to the Allies, made the Mediterranean Sea safe, and caused the Nazis to pull troops away from the Eastern Front.

Body Identified As Missing Oklahoma Serviceman From WWII
[2005-12-15] [channeloklahoma]
Human remains found on Kiska Island off Alaska have been identified as that of a Navy seaman from Oklahoma who went missing in action in World War II. Seaman 2nd Class Dee Hall was one of seven crewmen aboard a PBY-5 Catalina flying boat that left Kodiak Island, Alaska, on June 14, 1942, to attack Japanese targets in Kiska Harbor in the Aleutians. The plane crashed on the side of Kiska Volcano in bad weather and under heavy Japanese anti-aircraft fire.

Korean WW2 forced laborers lose Japan court fight
[2005-12-15] [Reuters]
Relatives of four deceased South Koreans who were forced laborers at a steel mill in northern Japan during World War Two failed on Wednesday to overturn a Japanese court decision refusing compensation for unpaid wages. Japan says the issue of wartime compensation claims with South Korea was settled in the 1965 treaty, which required Japan to pay $500 million in economic aid to South Korea.

Documentary explores Iraq-Nazi link
[2005-12-15] [reuters]
A documentary exploring the Iraq-Nazi connection will air on a U.S. cable station. “Saddam and the Third Reich,” which will first be broadcast on the History Channel. The documentary includes rare footage of the mufti of Jerusalem as the nexus between the Nazis and Iraqi fascists and the Ba’ath Party. Production sources say similar documentaries are in the offing due to the wealth of information now being obtained about the connection between Arab regimes and the Nazis.

He survived a Japanese concentration camp in Dutch East Indies
[2005-12-15] [sun-herald]
When Japanese Imperial Army soldiers marched on the island of Java, in what was then the Dutch East Indies, Robert Rienstra was almost 10 years old. It was March 1942, and the Emperor's forces were in their zenith, sweeping everything in the Far East before them. The Japanese began to radically change how the Java government operated. Robert and Hans were sent to a concentration camp for boys and young men. Some 2,000 male prisoners from age 10-20 were crammed into this very small enclosure. Food, or the lack of it, was an all-consuming concern on a daily basis in the camp.

The Origins of the II World War - Taylor
[2005-12-15] [newstodaynet]
Taylor wrote in his The Origins of the II World War: I want to offer a story without heroes and perhaps even without villians. Central to Taylor's thesis is a revised view of Adolf Hitler: He was an extraordinary man and that his policy is capable of rational explanation. Hitler did not cause the war because he did not intend it. Like many leaders, Hitler rarely made distant plans. He did have some general aims, such as wanting to free Germany from the burden of the Versailles Settlement. He was also happy to exploit situations in order to realize those aims. For Taylor, Hitler's pronouncement in 'Mein Kampf' were no more than dreams.

101st Airborne Division's battle at Bastogne display
[2005-12-14] [The Leaf-Chronicle ]
A public display depicting the 101st Airborne Division's battle at Bastogne, Belgium during World War II will be 10am-4pm, Saturday, at the Fort Campbell Don F. Pratt Museum. The display will include collections covering the history of Fort Campbell and the 101st Airborne Division and personal collections of World War II weapons, equipment, and restored vehicles. Re-enactors also will be present donning authentic style uniforms representing American and German soldiers during WWII.

Early color photos vivify WWII era
[2005-12-14] [abqtrib]
For those too young to have lived through them, it can feel like the Depression and World War II happened in black and white. The Library of Congress holds 1,600 color images covering both periods, and it's exhibiting 70 of them as digital prints at the Thomas Jefferson Building, through Jan. 21. All of the color photos - as well as more than 160,000 black-and-white images - can be viewed on the library's Web site, at memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html.

Halifax Bomber LW170 plane to be recovered in 2006
[2005-12-14] [fortsaskatchewan]
Halifax 57 Rescue Canada plans to raise a Halifax Bomber LW170 beginning May, 2006. During the Second World War, Lloyd Patten flew two missions in this plane. The plane has become one of a kind, and no other Halifax Bomber exists. Originally, there were 1,200 of these planes made. All 1,199 have been turned into scrap. Except for this one, which lies at the bottom of the ocean by Scotland.

Polish Party Wants Tally of WWII Damage
[2005-12-13] [AP]
A far-right party called for the government to calculate the damage Poland suffered under Nazi occupation in World War II. The League of Polish Families filed a draft resolution calling for the government to have "experts come up with an estimate" of material losses that Poland sustained between 1939-45. Intention is to "settle accounts between Polish and German governments and close that chapter in history." In October, Warsaw city officials released a report estimating the capital's wartime damages at US$54 billion.

Comments on: One hundred days of solitude
[2005-12-13] [budapestsun]
With his book review Bruner brought down the wrath of Russians who have WWII memories. During the siege of Leningrad 1.5 million Russians died - that figure exceeded all the military casualties of the USA and British Commonwealth combined. Josef Stalin was a tyrannical monster who nearly killed more of his own countrymen than the Germans did. And after pushing back Hitler's Wehrmacht, he decided to go one better than the Treaty of Trianon as regards Hungary. But in the hell of war, the Russian army did not annihilate the Hungarians of Budapest. Under the circumstances of a murderous war, that was a liberation.

Many U.S. Academic Leaders Helped Enhance Hitler's Image in The West
[2005-12-13] [WI]
Prof. Norwood who made international headlines by revealing ties between Harvard University and the Hitler regime, will present new research on the U.S. academic community's response to the Nazis next week. He will present new research indicating that despite ample evidence of the antisemitic outrages taking place under Hitler, the leaders of American higher education were largely indifferent. He will also show how, at critical moments, many of America's leading institutions of higher learning actually engaged in actions that helped enhance the Hitler regime's image in the West.

Book: The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism - Haj Amin al-Husseini
[2005-12-13] [infoisrael]
Haj Amin al-Husseini fought in the Ottoman Turkish Army against the British during the WWI. In 1919, he established a secret Muslim Youth Group, which organized violence against the British, Jews and moderate Muslims. In 1922, He organized a reign of terror after the British appointed him Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. After Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, al-Husseini set up a Arab Youth Group, known as the Nazi Scouts. In 1937, he met with Adolf Eichmann in a cordial meeting that would cement the alliance. Eichmann reported of the ‘national and racial conscience’ among the Arabs who hung swastikas and portraits of Hitler.

Woman who executed 1,500 people in WWII
[2005-12-12] [pravda]
Many years after WWII, the Soviet Interior Ministry and the KGB were still disclosing war crimes and exposed those who assisted the Fascist army. In 1978, the KGB found traces of a Soviet woman who executed partisans and their families by shooting by order of Fascist commanders. Within 1941-1943, Antonina Makarova worked as a machine gunner on the occupied Soviet territory. At that time she was just 20, too young and wishing to stay alive, so she chose to work for Nazis and carried out death sentences, instead of dying when defending the motherland from enemies.

WWII exerted a lasting effect on Florida
[2005-12-12] [miamiherald]
Florida's climate and flat terrain made the state a major training ground during World War II, and that left a legacy of dramatic growth. During WWII, an estimated 500,000 military personnel went through training in Miami. Along the fashionable shore, more than 200 hotels were converted to barracks, and PT boats plied the waterfront. Florida's flat terrain and sunny climate made it ideal for flying, while the coastal setting allowed practice for amphibious assaults, including the D-Day invasion of German-occupied France.

Holocaust child, lifeline doll star of documentary
[2005-12-12] [palmbeachpost]
When he heard about the little girl who refused to be separated from her doll, even through three years in a Nazi concentration camp, Filmmaker Giora Gerzon knew he had the story he needed. He was looking for a documentary subject that would appeal to young children and teach them the lesson of tolerance. Every child has a beloved toy, he reasoned. Documentary, The Olympic Doll, tells the story of Inge Auerbacher, who took her doll Marlene to the Czech concentration camp Terezin during the Nazi occupation of Europe during World War II.

Witnesses of War - Book
[2005-12-12] [monstersandcritics]
An absorbing study of Nazi-era childhood, drawing on diaries, interviews and other primary sources. The Third Reich was founded on the premise that the German 'race' could and would be purged of putatively unhealthy elements—the mentally and physically disabled, the antinomian, the 'mongrel.' From the start, as Stargardt notes, the regime executed children defined as unfit, though it took pains to disguise its program of medical murder. Fascinating and often unsettling; an illuminating companion to firsthand accounts such as Irmgard Hunt`s On Hitler`s Mountain and The Diary of Anne Frank.

France unveils memorial to victims of Nazi doctor
[2005-12-12] [haaretzdaily]
A memorial to the victims of a Nazi doctor who collected the skeletons of Jews killed in World War II gas chambers was unveiled at a cemetery in eastern France on Sunday. The memorial near Strasbourg in the Alsace region, is an austere dark stone engraved with the names of 86 victims of Dr. August Hirt. The Nazi anatomy professor, based in Strasbourg during the war, preserved his victims' bodies in formalin and used them for experiments.

High-ranking german officers knew of Holocaust
[2005-12-11] [scotsman]
High-ranking German officers knew much more about Adolf Hitler's plans than previously thought. During the Second World War, British intelligence secretly bugged the cells occupied by captured german commanders. The transcripts have recently been made available and show that: • Senior Luftwaffe officers mused together at the end of 1943 that millions of Jews had already been killed. • General Dietrich von Choltitz admitted that he had been involved in killing Jews; • Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had been fully briefed about the 1944 attempt to kill the Nazi leader, and refused to betray the plotters.

Mel Gibson to produce TV series based on Holocaust
[2005-12-11] [guardian]
Mel Gibson, whose controversial film The Passion of the Christ was condemned in some quarters as being anti-semitic and whose father has been accused of being a Holocaust denier, is working on a mini-series set against the backdrop of the Holocaust.

Brazil: Probe into identity of suspected Nazi closed
[2005-12-11] [haaretzdaily]
An investigation into whether Alois Brunner is residing in Brazil was closed 4 months ago. The Israel Police tried to track down Brunner's fingerprints. It failed in this effort, but informed that Brunner had lost 3 fingers in a letter bomb attack. Brunner was born in Austria in 1912 and served as Adolf Eichmann's deputy. After the Nazis were defeated, Brunner cooperated with the American and West German intelligence services and thereby managed to evade trial. Later he moved to Damascus, where he lived under the name of Georg Fischer, but the Mossad located him and tried to kill him with a letter bomb.

Baupolizei - Nazi architectural police force
[2005-12-11] [townonline]
Research by Kevin Sprague focuses on 15 houses in the Berlin area designed and built by the renowned architects Hans Scharoun and Hugo H?ng between 1933-1939. The project explores the clash between the architects' modern design philosophies and the conservative Nazi architectural ideology and why the architects chose to remain in the Third Reich during a period when most of their colleagues fled the country. A central point of research is also the various interactions between the two architects and the Nazi architectural police force known as the Baupolizei.

12-24-2005, 07:01 AM
Jewish death squads recall revenge on SS officers
[2005-12-24] [AP]
A group of elderly Holocaust survivors came forward with accounts of a death squad they formed after World War II to take revenge on their Nazi persecutors, recounting a brazen operation in which they poisoned hundreds of SS officers. Reports of Jewish death squads have surfaced over the years, and several books have been written. Earlier this year, Israel's government refused a request from Poland to extradite a suspected death squad member.

A rare German gun that may have belonged to Adolf Hitler
[2005-12-22] [pantagraph]
A rare German gun that may have belonged to Adolf Hitler and ended up in Central Illinois will be sold next month during an auction by a local pawnshop. Engraved with the initials A.H., the Krieghoff Drilling shotgun/rifle likely was given to Hitler as a gift by the Krieghoff company in the years leading up to World War II, said Wes Lane, owner of Midwest Exchange, the pawn shop hosting the auction.

Tajikistan: Where the Swastika Is Welcome
[2005-12-24] [RFE/RL]
Like other post-Soviet countries, Tajikistan has taken a fresh look its history following independence in 1991. The result is a state campaign to promote the notion that the Tajiks as a Aryan nation – and the widespread use of the swastika. Indeed, the revival of Aryan culture is now official policy of Dushanbe: 2006 will be celebrated in Tajikistan as the year of Aryan civilization.

Villagers reunited by Slovak-Ukraine border crossing
[2005-12-24] [reuters]
The ethnic Hungarian village, now split between Ukraine and Slovakia, had been divided since 1945 when a wall marking the new Soviet-Czechoslovak border sliced through its main street, breaking families apart and cutting off the school and cemetery from half the residents. After Nazi Germany occupation, the Soviet Army conquered the area in 1944, and the WW2 peace treaty resulted in a new boundary cutting right through the village. The Soviet Union fortified the border with dramatic speed, bisecting the village in a single day with the 5-6 meter high wall with electric sensors and watchtowers.

I’m fascist not a racist: Di Canio
[2005-12-24] [gulf-times]
Lazio striker Paolo Di Canio is to appeal against a ban and a fine imposed following a recent straight-arm salute, claiming that while the gesture is fascist it not of a racist character. “I give the straight arm salute because it is a salute from a ‘camerata’ to ‘camerati’,” he said using the Italian words for members of the dictator Benito Mussolini’s fascist movement. “The salute is aimed at my people. With the straight arm I don’t want to incite violence and certainly not racial hatred,” he said.

New Military Heritage and Aviation Museum in Punta Gorda
[2005-12-24] [sun-herald]
During the Battle of the Bulge, 84 unarmed US infantrymen were marched into a snowy field in the Ardennes Forest and mowed down by Waffen-SS machine guns allegedly under the command of Lt. Col. Jochen Peiper. After the war, Peiper was sentenced to death, but in 1949 the sentence was commuted to life. WWII veterans were outraged when Peiper was released. Peiper was set free in 1956 but murdered in 1976 when his home was firebombed. "Lt. Howard Mosher's eyewitness account of Peiper's prosecution is an example of what makes our museum different, often very personal" - museum board member said.

A treasure from the toughest Christmas: WWII's The Happiness Box
[2005-12-24] [abc-au]
The days leading up to Christmas in 1942 were particularly difficult for wartime Australians, especially for the prisoners of war locked up in Singapore jails. To try to boost morale, some Australian POWs decided to make some presents for the imprisoned women and children. The little illustrated book, The Happiness Box, didn't make it to the children in Changi that Christmas. It was buried in a secret place by inmates after the Japanese General suspected it contained coded messages. But the book survived the war, and today it's still put under Christmas trees for children around the world.

Doc accused of Nazi clinic atrocities dies
[2005-12-23] [AP]
Dr. Heinrich Gross who was implicated in nine deaths as part of a Nazi plot to eliminate "worthless lives", had escaped trial after a court ruled he suffered from severe dementia. Gross was a leading doctor in Vienna's infamous Am Spiegelgrund clinic. Historians and survivors of the clinic had accused him of killing or taking part in the clinic's experiments on thousands of children deemed by the Nazis to be physically, mentally or otherwise unfit for Adolf Hitler's vision of a perfect world.

Polish female resistance fighter received a high British distinction
[2005-12-23] [Radio Polonia]
One of the bravest Polish female resistance fighters in World War Two, El¿bieta Zawacka, has received a high British distinction for her remarkable war-time record. One of the most spectacular chapters of the allied effort in WW2 was the action of Polish paratroops, the so-called ‘Nightmares’, who were trained in Britain and dropped from British planes over Poland in 1943 to organize anti-Nazi resistance on Polish territory.

British counter-intelligence interrogator and SS paratrooper meet
[2005-12-23] [burnabynews]
Edwards was a British counter-intelligence interrogator when World War II ended while Parchmann was a pimply-faced paratrooper of 18. Edwards interrogated captured Germans as well as the SS Troops and Gestapo after it was over to determine who should be put up for war crimes trials. When Parchmann was drafted by the Nazis at the age of 16 his friend was drafted too, but he became a member of the infamous SS. Both agreed if the Germans had been treated with respect after World War I, Adolph Hitler would never have come to power.

Holocaust-Deniers Gained in Arab & Muslim World in 2005, But Lost Ground in U.S. and Europe
[2005-12-23] [Wyman Institute]
Holocaust-deniers suffered setbacks in the United States and Europe 2005, but made gains in Arab and Muslim countries, according to 2005 annual report on Holocaust-denial activity around the world. The report found that in many Arab and Muslim countries, Holocaust-denial continued to enjoy official sponsorship in 2005. The regimes in Egypt, Iran, the Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Syria promoted Holocaust-denial or defended Holocaust-deniers.

Belgian holocaust survivor to sue Monaco
[2005-12-23] [ejpress]
Jean Geismar has been fighting for the past 10 years for Monaco to recognize its involvement in the deportation of Jews. His relatives left Belgium after the German invasion in 1941. In March 1944, after three years of residency in Monaco, they were arrested and sent to Drancy, the French transit camp. From there, they were sent to Auschwitz and never came back. An official document shows that the couple was in possession of various valuable objects and receipts from a Monaco bank. "However, neither the authorities nor the bankers want to recognize these official documents," Geismar said.

WWII nurse won acclaim for book about her experiences
[2005-12-23] [mlive]
Bedpan Commando: The Story of a Combat Nurse During World War II. A first lieutenant in the Army Nurse Corps, June Wandrey Mann cared for the wounded on battlefields in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France and Germany and saw firsthand the atrocities that had been committed by the Nazis when the concentration camps at Allach and Dachau were liberated. She corresponded with former Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev and chatted with President Clinton on the site of a famous WWII battlefield.

Hitler message lands Austrian in trouble
[2005-12-23] [AP]
A man who used an oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler as the greeting on his cellphone answering service went on trial in Austria, where such statements are a crime. Message said: "I swear unswerving loyalty to Adolf Hitler! I swear absolute obedience! Sieg Heil! Sieg Heil! Sieg Heil!" He faces a fine if convicted under a law that makes Nazi propaganda a crime in Austria.

Resistance fighter General Pernicky dies
[2005-12-22] [ceskenoviny]
Famous World War Two resistance fighter General Rudolf Pernicky died this afternoon. Pernicky, a former paratrooper, was among the most outstanding Czech fighters against the Nazi rule. President Vaclav Klaus bestowed upon him the Order of White Lion this year, on the national holiday on October 28. Pernicky left Czechoslovakia abroad to struggle for its independence in 1939.

Sweden to probe dark eugenics history
[2005-12-22] [reuters]
Sweden launched a probe to understand how eugenics, a theory on improving the human race used by Nazi Germany to justify the Holocaust, became broadly accepted in the Nordic state in the early 20th century. Sweden is now known for its strong social welfare system and outspoken advocacy for human rights, but in the past it has experimented with social engineering. This led to abuses such as the forcible sterilization of around 60,000 women in 1936-76.

Hitler paintings sold on Austrian eBay
[2005-12-22] [sify]
Original watercolor paintings by Adolf Hitler are going for a few thousand euros (dollars) on the Austrian page of the auction website eBay. A painting titled "Muenchen," (Munich) bearing the signature of the former Nazi dictator and described by the seller as a "rarity", was put up for auction at an asking price of 2,100 euros (2,495 dollars). Another watercolor by Hitler, titled "Bad Gastein," received at least 25 bids before selling for more than 4,500 euros (5,340 dollars).

Too much Hitler in UK history
[2005-12-22] [reuters]
English children are taught too much about Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany in school history lessons, the country's education watchdog said. The Qualifications and Curriculum Authority said the teaching of the subject for teenage pupils was dominated by 20th Century dictatorships and other topics such as England's Tudor monarchs like Henry VIII who ruled during the 16th century. Britons' fascination with Hitler and World War Two was part of the reason for teachers choosing the topic.

Russian documentary on WWII angers politicians
[2005-12-22] [baltictimes]
Local politicians have pilloried a new documentary film, “Baltic Nazism,” covering the Nazi period in the Baltic states. They have gone so far as to appeal to the Russian Embassy and the local prosecutor in an effort to stop the film’s premiere in January. It includes a march to the Freedom Monument by members of All For Latvia and some veterans of the Latvian legion on the day honoring the legion.

Spanish Manhunt for Nazi Doctor Aribert Heim Continues
[2005-12-21] [Deutsche Welle]
One of the most sadistic Nazi doctors during the Third Reich who is suspected of hundreds of murders is still on the run in Spain. Police said they were combing the eastern region of Valencia for Aribert Heim, claimed to be the world's second most wanted Nazi war criminal, amid reports the hunt has been narrowed to a small coastal town. Heim is suspected of having tortured and killed hundreds of prisoners at the Mauthausen concentration camp, and has been compared to Josef Mengele, the so-called "angel of death" who was a doctor at Auschwitz.

U.S. Journalism Schools & Publishers Snubbed Refugees from Hitler
[2005-12-21] [national desk]
Conference in Washington: America's journalism schools and newspaper publishers refused to aid Jewish refugee journalists who were fleeing Hitler. Another speaker at the conference described how the leaders of elite American universities not only ignored the plight of Jews under Hitler in the 1930s, but actually engaged in actions that helped enhance the Hitler regime's image in the West.

A secret Stalinist plan to create a master race of super apemen
[2005-12-21] [bostonherald]
According to declassified documents, the late dictator Josef Stalin in the mid-1920s ordered Russia’s top animal breeding scientist, Ilya Ivanov, to invent a mutant simian warrior. Stalin told the scientist: “I want a new invincible human being, insensitive to pain, resistant and indifferent about the quality of food they eat.“ Ivanov was sent in 1926 to West Africa with $200,000 to conduct his experiments in impregnating chimpanzees. The effort, unsurprisingly, was a total failure.

Ex-Nazi Officer Niznansky Acquitted of WWII Charges
[2005-12-20] [ap]
A former Nazi commander was acquitted of murder in three massacres in Slovakia after a court said there was no reliable evidence he was involved in the killings. Ladislav Niznansky sat stone-faced as his acquittal on 164 counts of murder was announced. Niznansky, a former Slovak army captain who at first supported the 1944 revolt, changed sides after he was captured and took charge of the Slovak section of a Nazi unit, code-named Edelweiss, that hunted resistance fighters.

Egyptian Newspaper: 'There Were No Nazi Gas Chambers'
[2005-12-20] [inn]
The newspaper Al-Masaa printed a column which claimed that Hitler actually was for the Jews and encouraged immigration to Israel, which then was under the British Mandate. "These massacres, which Israel alleges that the Nazis perpetrated against the Jews, never happened. The famous execution chambers were no more than rooms for disinfecting clothing."

Kaptur searches for information on her spy uncle
[2005-12-20] [ap]
When it comes to learning about the shadowy life of a spy, even a member of Congress can be kept in the dark. Rep. Marcy Kaptur has spent more than 23 years in Congress trying to find data on her uncle, the late Army Cpl. Anthony Rogowski. Kaptur wrote a letter and requested information from the OSS Society (Office of Strategic Services), the forerunner to the Central Intelligence Agency. Using what little information she knew, Kaptur eulogized Rogowski from the House floor last year as a prelude to the unveiling of the World War II Memorial in Washington. That's when she discovered he was an OSS spy.

Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge gather for a reunion
[2005-12-19] [sun-sentinel]
Infantryman Sy Reitman was part of a small U.S. ground unit that had broken free of its division and gotten behind German lines. For six days the unit was without communication, carrying only as little food and ammunition as they could carry on their backs. Miles away infantryman John Morse was with the 106th Division that was among the first units to confront German forces on Dec. 16, 1944, the start of a massive German offensive that would later be called "the Battle of the Bulge." Over the next month and a half, more than 80,000 U.S. soldiers would be injured and 19,000 killed in this encounter, the largest land battle the U.S. fought in the war.

My Grandfather, the Nazi
[2005-12-19] [Deutsche Welle]
What did grandfather do during the war? Jens Schanze deals with the question in his documentary "Winterkinder" (Winter's Children), a journey into his family's past. He was one of the Nazis highest functionaries in Lower Silesia, which now forms part of Poland. He was a member of the SA, Hitler's private storm troopers and a fervent anti-Semite. And he followed Hitler faithfully to the end.

Slovakia publishes list of WWII confiscations
[2005-12-19] [ejpress]
Slovakia published details of around 10,000 companies confiscated by the Slovak fascist regime during World War II, the first step towards listing all expropriated Jewish property. Details of the companies have been made available on the Internet site of the Nation's Memory Institute (www.upn.gov.sk) responsible for making public the confidential documents of the Slovak fascist regime of 1939-1945, a satellite state of Hitler's Germany.

Govt fails to find wrecked WWII sub
[2005-12-19] [theaustralian]
THE NSW Heritage Office has almost certainly discredited claims by a TV documentary team to have found the resting place of a Japanese midget submarine that raided Sydney Harbour during World War II. The sub, known as M24, was one of three Japanese midget submarines that entered the harbour on May 31, 1942. The other two subs were both recovered from the bottom of Sydney Harbour, but mystery has surrounded the whereabouts of M24 after it was tracked leaving the harbour but failed to reach the mother sub.

12-25-2005, 11:38 AM
Hitler's Third Reich in the News


Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Hitler, Third Reich and Second World War related news and articles.

i like hitler he's the leader who conqure most of the world if u have any information about i wanna ask something someone told me he's killed by the russian army he not suicided i donno if this right or wrongt

SS Tiger
12-25-2005, 06:47 PM
Hitler's Third Reich in the News


Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Hitler, Third Reich and Second World War related news and articles.

i like hitler he's the leader who conqure most of the world if u have any information about i wanna ask something someone told me he's killed by the russian army he not suicided i donno if this right or wrongt

I'm sure if the Russians killed Hitler they would have been lots of communist propaganda using images of his corps. Also why would eye witnesses lie and say he killed himself instead of fighting to the end like the hero they portrade him as? Most of the evidence points to suicide and that's what I belive he did.

SS Tiger
12-25-2005, 11:52 PM
I came across this site http://www.alienobserver.com/files/text/omega18.htm

The source is a bit suspect but its a good read. It claims that Hitler may not have died and may have escaped. Certainly worth considoration.

12-26-2005, 05:44 AM
I think that hitler escaped on an UFO and he colonized jupiter and made the plancton the inferior race.

12-26-2005, 02:55 PM
Hitler's Third Reich in the News


Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Hitler, Third Reich and Second World War related news and articles.

i like hitler he's the leader who conqure most of the world if u have any information about i wanna ask something someone told me he's killed by the russian army he not suicided i donno if this right or wrongt

Why you like Hitler?

12-26-2005, 02:56 PM
Hitler's Third Reich in the News


Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Hitler, Third Reich and Second World War related news and articles.

i like hitler he's the leader who conqure most of the world if u have any information about i wanna ask something someone told me he's killed by the russian army he not suicided i donno if this right or wrongt

Why you like Hitler?

because he conquered most of the world :shock:

12-26-2005, 03:08 PM
Er, no, he Mastered a lot of Europe, thats a small part of the world mate.

12-26-2005, 03:11 PM
Er, no, he Mastered a lot of Europe, thats a small part of the world mate.

sir,he said:

Hitler's Third Reich in the News


Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Hitler, Third Reich and Second World War related news and articles.

i like hitler he's the leader who conqure most of the world if u have any information about i wanna ask something someone told me he's killed by the russian army he not suicided i donno if this right or wrongt

and im afraid he is right,the world (Occident) is europe,usa and israel.
Argentina and nations in development are the future world.

12-26-2005, 03:13 PM
Nope the world is the whole thing mate.

If I were to apply this to History, then Ghengis Khan conquered all of the world.

12-26-2005, 03:15 PM
Nope the world is the whole thing mate.

If I were to apply this to History, then Ghengis Khan conquered all of the world.

Well i was talking in importance,who would care to conquer chile or the martin garcia island???

12-26-2005, 03:18 PM
The Spanish I suppose!

12-26-2005, 03:22 PM
The Spanish I suppose!

Lol!!! :lol: ,you beat me this time!.

but a country like britain,or usa,or nazi germany or rusia or china,why would them care to conquer such kind of thinks?

spain conquered this when this lands were rich and without defence,but now....

12-26-2005, 03:24 PM
Different times my friend. Today I suppose the US can conquer any nation on the Earth and there is not too much we could do about it.

12-26-2005, 03:33 PM
Different times my friend. Today I suppose the US can conquer any nation on the Earth and there is not too much we could do about it.

Sir, It's pretty imposible for us to conquer,the UK,France,Russia,China,Commonwealth countries,Argentina and Brasil,Irak and Iran,and India together!,don't you think?

12-26-2005, 03:36 PM
OK, let strategical discussion to be posted in Off-topic Militaria and let alephh to do his good work here.

12-26-2005, 03:36 PM
OK, let strategical discussion to be posted in Off-topic Militaria and let alephh to do his good work here.
lol,sorry,delete the off topic posts then.

12-29-2005, 07:01 AM
Mystery surrounds crashed WWII bomber
[2005-12-29] [thecouriermail]
It's one of the largest aircraft to crash in Australia and up to 10 lives could have been lost when it hit the waters off Cape York during World War II. But no one knows the identity or country of origin of the massive bomber, discovered in 6m of water off the northern tip of Australia. "It would be easily the biggest aircraft, or as big as the biggest aircraft, ever to have crashed in Australia."

850-page collection of excerpts from the Nazi leader's speeches and proclamations
[2005-12-29] [chicagotribune]
Publishers are putting the finishing touches on their manuscript for a one-volume, 850-page collection of excerpts from the Nazi leader's speeches and proclamations. The work, which will be marketed to the general public, is a distillation of a four-volume, 3,400-page collection of Hitler speeches that the firm has published in installments since 1990. At $39.95, the single book will be nearly $700 less expensive than the full scholarly set.

US judge orders Nazi death camp guard to be deported to native Ukraine
[2005-12-29] [guardian]
Three decades of attempts to deliver justice to a man accused of being a guard in Nazi concentration camps took a new twist yesterday when a US judge ordered the deportation of John Demjanjuk, an 85-year-old retired car factory worker. The judge ordered Mr Demjanjuk sent back to his native Ukraine, rejecting defence claims that he would face torture there. Mr Demjanjuk was stripped of his US citizenship in 2002 after a court accepted documentary evidence that he had been a guard at several death or forced labour camps.

Professor on Hitler's hit-list dies aged 106
[2005-12-29] [icnorthwales]
A leading North Wales academic, thought to be the last surviving Allied soldier captured on the Western Front during World War I, has died aged 106. In World War II he became a target of Adolf Hitler - who wanted him dead. Secret papers captured in France showed his name was on a Nazi "hit list" of intellectuals - basically a death sentence if the Germans ever invaded. By the time World War II broke out, was asked to speak to troops and spies about France. It was for this work his name found its way onto Hitler's 'hit list'.

POWs recall bizarre journey
[2005-12-29] [theadvocate]
In early 1945, Allied prisoners of Stalag Luft IV knew something big was about to happen. The Soviet army was closing in. "We knew we were going to get overrun, and we thought we'd be liberated." Their German captors had other plans. After shipping out the weakest on train cars, the remaining 6,000 prisoners -- the vast majority US airmen -- were marched out of the camp. The temperature was 10 below zero. In a bizarre journey the prisoners were forced on foot for hundreds of miles through a crumbling Third Reich before finally being liberated by American forces in late April and early May. "I thought I'd died and went to hell," Moreland said.

Allied forces held off the Nazis in the Battle of the Bulge
[2005-12-28] [chicagotribune]
Retired Lt. Gen. Harry W.O. Kinnard remembers a place called Bastogne in Belgium, in the winter of 1944, the winter the boys would not come home for Christmas. "It was bitterly, bitterly cold," Kinnard says. "The snow came up to our belly." Paris was liberated. Berlin was on the horizon. Victory over Adolf Hitler and Germany's Third Reich was only a matter of time. But Hitler gambled, launched a surprise offensive on Dec. 16, 1944, a fight that would be known as the Battle of the Bulge. The Germans punched west with 200,000 troops and 600 tanks, creating a "bulge" in the American lines.

WWII: Creation of Synthetic Rubber Plant Was Exciting
[2005-12-28] [redorbit]
Nearly 65 years ago I was practicing a little chemical engineering to help start a large rubber plant in early 1943. Few of us at the time realized how important this plant was for the American economy and the war effort. The program created a huge industry in an unbelievably short period. It was the outstanding chemical engineering project in WWII. Without its success, the war would not have been won. When Singapore fell to the Japanese in 1942, the US and its allies lost 95% of their source of natural rubber.

Germany's Population Problems No Longer Taboo
[2005-12-28] [Deutsche Welle ]
The German government wants to combat the falling birth rate with better family policies. Tainted by controversial associations during the Nazi era, the issue was all but taboo until a few years ago. What remains indisputable is that pursuing an active population policy in Germany was frowned upon after WWII and the end of the Nazi regime. Nazi past had loaded the topic with terms like race research, race ideology and that's why there was a great reluctance to even deal with the issue after World War II.

German held over 'Chile torture'
[2005-12-28] [bbc]
A German doctor is in custody after allegedly admitting she tortured a number of children at Colonia Dignidad, a secretive religious colony in Chile. She was ordered to do so by the group's ex-leader, Paul Schaefer, who said they were possessed. Mr Schaefer, a former Nazi and Baptist preacher, he established the 13,000-hectare (32,000-acre) colony in southern Chile in 1961, after fleeing Germany to escape child abuse charges.

No Smokers Need Apply
[2005-12-28] [charleston]
The World Health Organization wants to help tobacco users quit. It just doesn't want to hire them until they do. Under WHO's policy, if Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Albert Einstein and Adolf Hitler applied for a job, only Hitler, the sole nonsmoker in the group (and someone who would not allow anyone to smoke near him), would be eligible for consideration.

Churchill wanted to sent Hitler to the electric chair
[2005-12-27] [thesun]
Churchill would have sent German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler to the electric chair if he was captured, and senior Nazis should be shot without trial. The documents consist of notes taken by Deputy Cabinet Secretary Sir Norman Brook. At one meeting in Dec 1942, Churchill said: "Contemplate that if Hitler falls into our hands we shall certainly put him to death." and "This man is the mainspring of evil." In April 1945, Home Secretary Herbert Morrison said that a "mock trial" for Nazi leaders would be "objectionable". He said: "Better to declare that we shall put them to death." Churchill agreed that a trial for Hitler would be "a farce".

Dissecting Hitler - The Hitler Book
[2005-12-27] [moscowtimes]
Stalin felt betrayed by Hitler, but the German dictator also fascinated him. Why else would Stalin have commissioned a detailed study of the man who was his greatest enemy? The Hitler Book, officially titled "Affair No. 1-G-23: Concerning Hitler and his Associates", purports to be a special study of Adolf Hitler prepared by security-police researchers at the behest of Josef Stalin, who sought to better understand the mind of his defeated foe. Based largely on information obtained from Hitler's associates.

Repost: The man who succeeded Hitler
[2005-12-27] [bbc]
The man took over the Third Reich after Hitler committed suicide on 30 April, was not Field Marshal Hermann Goering, or SS chief Heinrich Himmler, but the head of the navy, Karl Doenitz. He did not last long in the job. He authorised the German surrender one week later, and was arrested by British forces on 23 May. Hitler and Doenitz became particularly close from the beginning of 1945. This was partly because Doenitz promised Hitler a "revolution at sea" to be achieved by new U-boats capable of remaining submerged for long periods.

Inside Hitler’s bunker - “I had to get something”
[2005-12-26] [zanesvilletimes]
When Lester Hurst was stationed in Berlin after WWII, he took the opportunity to visit Hitler’s bunker, the place where Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide. It was in the Russian occupation zone and they had strict rules for the visitors: No photographs, no souvenirs. “I had to get something,” Hurst said. “We were wearing these big overcoats, so I sort of ‘stumbled’ and grabbed a rock I had spotted.” Hurst was selected to be one of the honor guard at the Allied commanders meetings, including Gens. Eisenhower and Omar Bradley, Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery and Russian and French generals - “I couldn’t pronounce their names,” Hurst chuckled.

Man recalls his teen years among the Nazis - not a typical war story
[2005-12-26] [heraldnet]
It begins simply: "Jan Makkreel spent his teen years in the Netherlands during the Nazi invasion and occupation of WWII." A couple of pages later he drops a bomb: "I was labeled a teenage Nazi collaborator." His uncle joined the Waffen SS, the combat arm of Adolf Hitler's Nazi party, to fight the Russians. His uncle had a friend who became part of the Gestapo, the secret police in Nazi Germany. Although his uncle asked him to join the Youth Storm in Holland, a group similar to Hitler Youth, "that military stuff was not for me," Makkreel said... In spring 1945, even after his uncle had been shot and killed by a Dutch farmer, Makkreel remained a target of scorn, as he was labeled "Nazi lover".

Couple relives bombing of Pearl Harbor
[2005-12-26] [6NEWS]
They remember exactly where they were when the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor put the U.S. in the Second World War. But they remember better than others because they were living in Honolulu near Allen's duty station at Pearl Harbor. The start of the war coincided almost exactly with the start of their marriage. The Japanese sneak attack lasted nearly two hours, coming in two waves. When it was over, 2,400 Americans were dead, the U.S. Pacific fleet was crippled and the world had changed forever. Allen left immediately for his ship and arrived before the bombing was over. He came under fire at the gate to the harbor and later while taking a launch to his ship.

Nazis tried to steal Christmas as a part of re-paganize program
[2005-12-25] [Tribune-Herald writer]
The plan to take Christ out of Christmas was part of an overall program to re-paganize the German people during the rise of the Third Reich, in keeping with notions of Nazi "racial purity." The religion of Hitler's state was a "kind of murky pantheism," a thinly veiled attempt to overlay paganized, nationalistic fervor over Christianity. Traditional Christianity was seen as "foreign" and suspect to the sovereignty of the Third Reich. Propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels said he wished to do away with celebrations of Weinachten (Christmas) altogether.

Israel to seek cash for pre-WWII investments in Palestine
[2005-12-25] [afp]
Israel has passed a law to compensate relatives of Holocaust victims who bought property in British-mandated Palestine before World War II. Many European and American Jews bought property in British-mandated Palestine in the first half of the 20th century in keeping with their Zionist ideology aimed at setting up a permanent state in Biblical Israel. Thousands of Palestinians were forced or chose to flee their homes ahead of the creation of the state of Israel in 1948.

How would today's media cover WWII?
[2005-12-25] [sun-sentinel]
In 1944, FDR's official war aim of unconditional Nazi surrender was opposed by some who instead wanted to end the war with a negotiated surrender. The German goal was to capture Antwerp and split the Allied lines in half, a move that would have prolonged it for America, cost more lives, and increased the pressure for a negotiated peace that would have left the Third Reich in charge of Germany. Would our modern press have emphasized the failure of intelligence (missing the offensive), harped on the casualties, and declared unconditional surrender to be unachievable?

Hitler's Third Reich in the News
Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles.

12-29-2005, 07:12 PM
Mystery surrounds crashed WWII bomber
[2005-12-29] [thecouriermail]
It's one of the largest aircraft to crash in Australia and up to 10 lives could have been lost when it hit the waters off Cape York during World War II. But no one knows the identity or country of origin of the massive bomber, discovered in 6m of water off the northern tip of Australia. "It would be easily the biggest aircraft, or as big as the biggest aircraft, ever to have crashed in Australia."

this is interesting can you tell me where did you found this source?

12-30-2005, 03:53 AM
Mystery surrounds crashed WWII bomber
[2005-12-29] [thecouriermail]
It's one of the largest aircraft to crash in Australia and up to 10 lives could have been lost when it hit the waters off Cape York during World War II. But no one knows the identity or country of origin of the massive bomber, discovered in 6m of water off the northern tip of Australia. "It would be easily the biggest aircraft, or as big as the biggest aircraft, ever to have crashed in Australia."

this is interesting can you tell me where did you found this source?

Try this for full article, its not that mysterious after all.


12-30-2005, 01:02 PM
But we still don't know what kind of aircraft it is , the Mr.Cropp said three kinds of aircraft,B-17, B-24 liberator or a jap emily flying boat.

01-01-2006, 06:22 PM
Secret documents reveal Stalin was poisoned
[2006-01-01] [pravda]
Historian and publicist Nikolay Dobryukha says the Kremlin archives contain documented evidence proving that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was poisoned. The discovered documents absolutely disprove all affirmations saying that Stalin died of cerebral hemorrhage caused by his poor health. These documents are the records of Stalin's medical examination within the period of over 30 years. These documents also demonstrate that Stalin was not at all apprehensive of medical examinations and was not afraid of receiving treatment of doctors as it was rumored.

Irish president consoled Nazis over Hitler's death
[2006-01-01] [suntimes]
Ireland's president during World War II offered condolences to Nazi Germany over the 1945 death of Adolf Hitler, newly declassified government records show. Historians had believed that Ireland's prime minister at the time, Eamon de Valera, was the only government leader to convey official condolences to Eduard Hempel, director of the German diplomatic corps in Ireland. De Valera's gesture -- unique among leaders of neutral nations in the final weeks of WWII -- was criticized worldwide.

Churchill favored letting India's Mohandas Gandhi die
[2006-01-01] [ap]
British World War II troops were told to show respect for the U.S. Army's racial segregation practices, according to government documents. Other documents released for the first time show that British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was determined to have Adolf Hitler executed if captured, and that he favored letting India's Mohandas Gandhi die if he went on a hunger strike while interned during the war.

Waynesboro man on secret WWII atomic bomb mission
[2006-01-01] [Staff wri]
David Brown received orders to report to Wendover Army Air Field in Utah. This isolated desert base had been chosen by Col. Paul Tibbets as the training field for his new command — the 509th Composite Group. This highly classified unit was created to assemble and deliver the yet-untested atomic bomb. David Brown was approached by two men in civilian clothes. They had two questions for him: Had he ever heard of Operation Silverplate, or the Manhattan Project? He answered "No, he had not." Then they asked him, "Would you be willing to take part in something that could greatly shorten the war and possibly mean the end of war for all time?"

Arctic convoy heroes attack brothel movie as 'sick fantasy'
[2006-01-01] [guardian]
A renowned Russian director is planning a film claiming that British sailors on the wartime Arctic convoys to Murmansk were provided with sex from KGB-trained women. Furious survivors of the voyages say the 'brothels' are mythical. For four years, they survived some of the harshest conditions of the Second World War to get crucial supplies through to their besieged Russian allies, facing ceaseless bombardment, repeated U-boat attacks and some of the bitterest temperatures on earth.

Kiev to study file on ex-Nazi Demjanjuk before accepting US extradition
[2006-01-01] [afp]
Kiev will study the US decision to extradite convicted ex-Nazi death camp guard John Demjanjuk to Ukraine before deciding whether to let him return, a process which could take years, Ukrainian officials told. Demjanjuk a convicted former Nazi concentration camp guard whose legal battles with the American and Israeli governments have dragged on for 28 years, was ordered to be deported to his native Ukraine.

Anti-Semitic exhibit is uneasy reminder
[2006-01-01] [ap]
The exhibit in the basement of the Jewish museum has the feel of a cozy antique shop or an old-fashioned apartment. But a closer look at the paintings, paperweights, pipes and other knickknacks reveals something chilling: They are all anti- Semitic, featuring large, crooked noses and other unflattering caricatures of Jews. "In the 80 years before Hitler, people in Germany, in Austria, in France, lived with anti-Semitism in their everyday lives," Finkelstein says.

The war in East Yorkshire
[2006-01-01] [bridlingtontoday]
Paul Bright has published a book on the war years in East Yorkshire which included some coverage of the 158 Squadron at Lissett, with photographs of some of the crew who survived and some who did not. For those of you with an interest in the history of our county during this period this book is a must. He has spent the last eight years researching the affects of WW2 on East Yorkshire and, after much fact-finding, has written and had published Air War Over East Yorkshire in WWII.

Tales of the other war
[2006-01-01] [jpost]
In April and May of 1945, when the British newsreels showing thousands of bodies being bulldozed into mass graves at Bergen-Belsen reached western movie houses, the world was suddenly introduced to the horrors of the Third Reich. "This is what we were fighting against," trumpeted the British, who had earlier refused to take in adult Jewish refugees.

A leading authority on Rudolf Hess died recently in Berlin
[2006-01-01] [dailyinterlake]
A former Kalispell man who became a leading authority on Nazi war criminal Rudolf Hess died recently in Berlin. Lt. Col. Eugene Bird, who was 79 when he died Oct. 28, was best known for his research on Hess, the "deputy Fuehrer" to Adolf Hitler, and the resulting book, "Prisoner No. 7: Rudolf Hess." 17 years later Bird was named commandant at Spandau Prison, and served in that post 1964-1972, when he was forced to resign his job when the Soviets learned he was writing a book about Hess in violation of prison regulations.

The Disputation: Our Role in Promoting Holocaust Denial
[2006-01-01] [Forward Forum]
When British historian David Irving goes on trial, facing up to a decade in prison, he could become a martyr for antisemitic kooks. A couple of weeks ago, Ahmadinejad commented that, in Western nations, "if someone were to deny the existence of God... they would not bother him. However, if someone were to deny the myth of the Jews' massacre, all the Zionist mouthpieces and the governments subservient to the Zionists tear their larynxes and scream against the person as much as they can."

A Jewish renaissance takes root in Germany: new generation reclaims its heritage
[2006-01-01] [boston]
Before the 1989 collapse of the Berlin Wall, Germany's Jewish population stood at barely 25,000, mostly survivors of the World War II era and their offspring. Since then, encouraged by liberal immigration laws, the number has swelled to more than 200,000, according to estimates by the government and Jewish groups. Last year, twice as many Jews -- 20,000 -- settled in Germany as in Israel.

On the warpath - The Third Reich in Power: 1933-1939
[2006-01-01] [guardian]
Elisabeth Gebensleben was the wife of the council planning officer in Braunschweig. She found the Nazis thrilling. 'This readiness to make sacrifices, this burning patriotism and this idealism!' she wrote to her daughter. A few months later, in March 1933, SS men burst into the town hall where her husband worked, forced the mayor to resign, stripped him, beat him unconscious, revived him with a bucket of cold water and paraded him through the streets to the town jail.

Europe must embrace true free speech
[2006-01-01] [Brendan ONeill]
In Europe, five years into the 21st century, two writers face trial and imprisonment for something they said or wrote. Both could be incarcerated for uttering words that European states deem offensive. The writers are a Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk and a British historian David Irving. They could not be more different. Pamuk's words are worth hearing; Irving's are not. And yet, if we truly believe in freedom of speech, then we must defend Irving as vigorously as we defend Pamuk.

01-08-2006, 10:22 AM
Mountaineer ex-Nazi Heinrich Harrer - From Hitler's SS guard to years with Dalai Lama
[2006-01-08] [afp]
Austrian explorer Heinrich Harrer's long and rocky life, from officer in Hitler's elite SS guard to his friendship with the Dalai Lama, drew peacefully to an end in eastern Austria. Harrer joined a disastrous expedition by a German Nazi team to the 8,114 metre Nanga Parbat mountain in Kashmir. But it was not until nearly 60 years later that Harrer confirmed that he had been a member of the Nazi Party and was made an officer in the feared Schutzstaffel regiment after meeting Hitler. The legend was forged in April 1944 when the mountaineer escaped from a British internment camp with Peter Aufschnaiter and they spent 2 years crossing the Himalayas by foot.

Repost: Oil Baron Getty Revealed as Hitler Fan
[2006-01-07] [Deutsche Welle]
Newly released documents have revealed that oil billionaire and museum founder J. Paul Getty was a friend and admirer of Adolf Hitler and even lent his support to Nazi Germany in the early days of World War II. Getty appears to have been at the center of a shadowy group of financiers that provided support to Nazi Germany in the early days of WWII. The dossier says Getty sold one million barrels of oil to Germany. The fuel had to be delivered via Russia, a German ally at the time, because a British blockade was in place.

Munch collection banned by Nazis goes on sale
[2006-01-06] [telegraph]
A collection of paintings by the tormented Norwegian artist Edvard Munch, which was classified as degenerate by the Nazis and narrowly avoided destruction, has been put up for sale in London. The most important and valuable piece, Summer Day, was consigned by the Nazis to a depot for banned art to await disposal. However, Hermann Goering, the head of the Luftwaffe, took a shine to it and in 1937 had it quietly removed. It was only in 1939 that, possibly under pressure from Hitler, Goering agreed to get rid of the picture.

A Navajo warrior who earned 28 medals dies
[2006-01-06] [Star-Tribune]
Samuel N. Blatchford, great-great-grandson of Navajo war chief Manuelito and decorated war hero with service in World War II, Korea and Vietnam, died. To say that he qualified for that military honor is an understatement. His military service included: # Working with the French Resistance until his capture by the Gestapo. # Serving as a radio operator and gunner on a B17 Flying Fortress in Europe and getting shot down four times. # Numerous escape attempts from Stalag 17-B. Blatchford earned 28 medals, including the Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross with one oak leaf cluster, four Purple Hearts, six Air Medals and the Prisoner of War Medal.

British Muslim body to boycott Holocaust Day again
[2006-01-06] [afp]
Britain's main Muslim umbrella group is to boycott National Holocaust Day for the second year in succession. The MCB stayed away from last year's 60th anniversary events to mark the liberation of the biggest Nazi death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, because they said it failed to mention other atrocities. Although insistent their position was not intended to diminish or question the Holocaust, the MCB argues a Europe-wide genocide memorial day should be held instead to recall all victims of crimes against humanity.

Man who captured Mussolini dies
[2006-01-05] [sundaymail]
The World War II resistance fighter who captured Italy's fascist dictator Benito Mussolini as he tried to escape Allied forces died overnight. Urbano Lazzaro stormed into Italy's history books on April 27, 1945, when he halted a Nazi truck in the village of Dongo and discovered Il Duce disguised as a Nazi soldier inside. Lazzaro then found Mussolini's mistress, Clara Petacci, and high officials of his rump fascist republic hidden in the retreating column of Nazi troops headed for Switzerland.

Heroes of the Arctic convoys are to receive recognition of their bravery
[2006-01-05] [iwcp]
Heroism of servicemen who ran the gauntlet of German U-boats in the freezing Arctic waters — what Winston Churchill described as the worst journey in the world — will be recognised with an Arctic Star. Made of white enamel with a red dot to represent Russia, the star will be pinned to veterans' existing campaign medals — the Atlantic Star or the 1939-1945 Star.

Irving? Let the guy go home
[2006-01-05] [bbc]
David Irving, the infamous British war historian, is today sitting in an Austrian jail, accused of denying the Nazi Holocaust. So why is an American Jewish academic who dramatically crushed Irving in the British courts saying he should be released? Five years after she famously defended her own reputation in the High Court, and in doing so shredded Irving's, she is arguing that the Austrian authorities should probably let him go, saying the far-right will find a martyr if he goes to jail.

Wartime and poster-art
[2006-01-05] [mumbaimirror]
See Germany from World Wars I to II through an exhibition of its film posters... Reliving that era of bullets and blood-shed, cinema and propaganda, is a collection of posters from the Austrian National Library ranging from 1917 (WWI) to 1930s, the rise of the Nazi regime. UFA was the most famous producer of the classical film of the Weinmar Republican era, and when taken over by the Nazi Regime it served as an instrument of propaganda for the Third Reich.

Major world historians support Ahmadinejad's holocaust outlook
[2006-01-05] [irna]
A number of prominent world historians and scholars supported the recent remarks of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Holocaust. Dana I. Alvi from a Polish- American committee said, "I have personally experienced World War II in Warsaw, Poland. Certainly, the experiences of the Jews under the German occupation have now been propagandized."

Photo display features WWII fighter squadron
[2006-01-05] [-galvnews]
A series of black-and-white photographs of a WWII fighter squadron will soon be on display at a museum in League City. People will be able to peruse 34 photos of the 94th Fighter Squadron, First Fighter Group, 15th Air Force. The photographs were taken in Italy between May 1944 and December 1945. Squadron photographer Sgt. Jim Bertoglio is the artist responsible for the images that record the sleek, twin-engine Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft.

Fire breaks out aboard World War Two ship
[2006-01-05] [ap]
Fire crews are at the scene of a blaze that broke out aboard a World War Two ship docked near the Port of Albany. Officials say the fire started this morning on the U-S-S Slater when a welding crew working below deck caught a tarp on fire. The Slater is a destroyer escort built during the 1940s. It now serves as a dockside museum at the Port of Albany. Each fall, the ship is towed across to the Rensselaer County side of the Hudson River and docked for the winter.

The Search for World War II Planes Continues
[2006-01-04] [spiegel]
World War II may have ended six decades ago, but leftovers from the conflict can be found everywhere -- if you're looking. One German group does just that. As head of the Search Group for the Missing (Arbeitsgruppe Vermisstenforschung), Uwe Benkel and his team of volunteers scour the country to find and excavate the thousands of fighter planes which crashed in Germany during WWII. They recover the remains of the pilots and provide them a proper funeral. In the process, Benkel has healed many a scar -- both within families and across continents.

Marek Edelman — one of the leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising
[2006-01-04] [socialistworker]
These words are taken from The Ghetto Fights, Marek Edelman’s stunning memoir of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising in 1943 against the Nazi Holocaust in Poland. "All night we walked through the sewers, sometimes crawling, passageways booby-trapped with hand grenades let gas into the mains, in a sewer where water reached our lips, we waited 48 hours to get out." They describe the truly amazing escape for the lucky few from the Ghetto’s burning remnants. Edelman is the sole survivor of the five-man command group which led the uprising.

New Book Details Nazi Treatment of POWs in WWII
[2006-01-04] [ap]
The mayor of Cheboygan says a lot has been written about the Holocaust, but little about the inhumane treatment of World War Two prisoners of war. James Muschell was a prisoner at a Nazi slave labor camp and has written a book about his experiences. It's called "From Bloody Herrlisheim to a Slave Labor Camp" and gives a first-person account of Muschell's captivity. Muschell says prisoners endured torture and inhumane conditions, and some men starved or were worked to death.

Vogelsang Castle: In the Shadow of the Third Reich
[2006-01-03] [Deutsche Welle]
Since the US Army occupied Burg Vogelsang, one of the Nazi's four elite schools, in 1945 hardly a civilian has had a chance to see it. Young men were molded into Nazi leaders of the future at Vogelsang Castle in the Rhineland. The complex is the best maintained example of Third Reich architecture in Germany, and since Jan. 1 it's open to the public. For now though, security guards patrol the grounds to prevent former Nazis and neo-Nazis from making "pilgrimages" to the Third Reich's old school.

Nazi hunters decry trial whitewash
[2006-01-03] [theaustralian]
A jewish organisation that tracks down Nazi war criminals slammed Estonia's judiciary as inept and corrupt after the Baltic state's prosecutor dropped a case against an Estonian businessman accused of murdering Jews in WWII. The Wiesenthal Centre has accused Mannil, now resident in Venezuela, of murdering 100 civilians between 1941 and 1942 when he worked in the Estonian and German security forces during the Nazi occupation of the Baltic state.

Albert Speer Jr emerges from Nazi father's shadow
[2006-01-03] [reuters]
As the son of one of Hitler's closest aides who spent much of his childhood at the dictator's mountain retreat, Albert Speer knows more than most Germans what it is like to live in the shadow of the country's Nazi past. Named after his father who was Hitler's chief planner and favourite architect, Albert Speer Jr. was so traumatised by the war years that he developed a stutter so strong that he could barely communicate.

Man uses Navy past for book on WWII seaplanes
[2006-01-03] [insidebayarea]
Chet Smith still fits into his World War II naval uniform as easily as he recalls piloting a new and extraordinary seaplane through the dangerous skies and equally treacherous waters of the central Pacific Ocean. From August 1942 to May 1945 aboard the PB2Y Coronado, crew delivered cargo and mail to isolated Allied bases. The young crew also ferried the Navy's top brass, such as Adms. Chester Nimitz and William "Bull" Halsey, on the massive four-engine seaplane from Hawaii to smaller islands in flights often lasting 25 hours.

On Hitler's Mountain - A Picturesque Alpine Village In Bavaria
[2006-01-02] [scotsman]
Irmgard Hunt spent her early years in Berchtesgaden. In 1934, Hunt's parents, who "praised Hitler for saving Germany", settled in the area. As a very young child, Hunt was taken to see the summit, the Obersalzberg, where Hitler had reconstructed a modest summer cottage into a massive luxury residence named "The Berghof". On that day she posed upon Hitler's knee for a photograph. Her childhood was played out against the backdrop of Nazi headquarters, separated only by a fence from the house where she lived. From the windows of their school, the children could glance up to the top of the mountain and view the Eagle's Nest, a 'fantasy building'.

A Mighty Fortress: A New History Of The German People
[2006-01-02] [independent]
Steven Ozment notes: "Even today a tour of German history can be a circular journey around a magnetic Nazi pole, mesmerizing the general public and distracting historians and politicians." Thus the pre-20th-century German past has become "a hunting ground for fascist forerunners and defeated democratic alternatives". Yet Ozment seems, despite himself, to remain in thrall to the mesmerizing power of the Third Reich. The author who insists we should look past the Third Reich refers to it constantly.

Submariner - George Tomlin’s WWII diaries discovered
[2006-01-02] [lincolncourier]
While going through her husband’s personal effects after his death, Helen Tomlin came across two pocket-sized black leather notebooks she never known existed. The books were journals of ship’s engagements with the Japanese fleet, with entries from Nov. 9, 1943 through June 26, 1945. In one of the first entries, the Crevalle came upon 10 ships and three destroyer escorts near Balabak Strait in the South China Sea. The water was only 150 feet deep. A 20,000-ton tanker was "staring them in the face." They knew an attack in shallow water would be rough.

Hitler's Third Reich in the News
Hitler's Third Reich in the News is a daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles.

01-15-2006, 07:31 AM
Mines in the sky and other wartime oddities - A Summer Bright And Terrible
[2006-01-15] [palmbeachpost]
Hitler's Luftwaffe was supposed to reduce Britain to rubble that summer. Everyone knew it could. The German bombers were too fast, too high and too strong for the English fighters' puny machine guns. But by 1940, Air Marshall Hugh Dowding could see them coming, thanks to radar. During the Battle of Britain, Dowding began having encounters with the ghosts of the pilots he lost. Eventually, he went the whole psychic route, worked with a medium, made contact with pilots who had passed beyond and passed along their messages to their widows. The science adviser Lindemann got the idea of seeding the sky with aerial mines on parachutes in front of the German bomber formations.

Woman shares tale of youth in Nazi-plagued Europe
[2006-01-15] [Montgomery Advertiser]
By the time Gerda Weissmann Klein was 21, she had spent six years living under Nazi rule, three of them in concentration camps. Wiped out in the Holocaust were 67 of her family members, including her mother, father and brother. Klein was only 15 when the Nazis invaded her hometown of Bielsko, Poland, in the fall of 1939. She had just returned from summer vacation with her family and was getting ready for school to begin. 1945, she would be among 2,000 girls forced to set out on a death march, one of many near the end of the war as the collapsing Third Reich evacuated its concentration, slave labor and POW camps.

WWII hero's statue gets new home in veterans park
[2006-01-15] [ap]
A statue of oldest living Hispanic Medal of Honor recipient Jose M. Lopez will have a new home when the Brownsville Veterans Park is opened later. Lopez won the nation's highest military honor for his heroics during the Battle of the Bulge. On Dec. 17, 1944, Lopez was a sergeant in the 2nd Infantry Division when a superior force of German infantry and armor advanced on his company's position. Lopez jumped into a shallow hole with his heavy machine gun and killed 10 German soldiers. In the face of enemy tank fire he held his position and shot 25 more German infantrymen trying to get around his flank. He later took another position and continued firing to slow down enemy forces while his comrades retreated.

A political arena - Olympic stadium in Berlin
[2006-01-14] [sf]
The beautifully renovated Olympic stadium in Berlin will be seen by millions when it hosts the World Cup final. But the newly revamped stadium also houses a controversial history; it was the venue for the Nazi Olympics of 1936. Beyond the new roof, the derelict Nazi structures are visible. Filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl used stadium as a prop for her documentary about the 1936 games, Olympia. Germany has never quite known what to do with the architectural legacy of Nazism. The epicentre of evil, the SS quarter was bulldozed. The Olympic site is the largest and most perfectly preserved example of Nazi monumental architecture in the city.

Mother of Mine delivers vivid child's view of WWII
[2006-01-14] [Hollywood Reporter]
Finland's evacuation of more than 70,000 children to Sweden, Denmark and Norway during World War II, the world's largest such undertaking, receives affecting treatment in "Mother of Mine," the official Finnish submission to the Academy Awards.

WWII Victories of the Army Air Force
[2006-01-14] [prweb]
WWII Victories of the Army Air Force is the most complete work ever done on WWII fighter pilots. It lists 7,299 pilots, by assigned group and individually, who achieved aerial victories. It lists all 80 Fighter Groups, a total of 7,299 pilots, who had pilots that achieved aerial victories. The pilots within each group are listed in alphabetical order listing their rank, serial number, squadron and the number of victories earned while assigned to that squadron. The book is fully indexed for ease of use.

Memories of the Normandy campaign - the good, the bad and the ugly
[2006-01-14] [herts-essex-news]
Memories of the Normandy campaign are being compiled for a book of moving memoirs by Scott Parker, who is determined to finish the work he started in 1999 with his grandfather Peter, a Royal Artillery gunner who was one of the first ashore during the D-Day landings on June 6, 1944. Scott's grandfather was imprisoned in a Russian concentration camp for 6 months after the war because he was found on the wrong side of enemy lines. He recalls some harrowing moments he experienced after landing in Normandy and fighting his way through to Germany with the 47Commando, liberating Belsen concentration camp on the way.

Swiss party investigated over Nazi diary
[2006-01-13] [ejpress]
Swiss police have vowed to take action against an extreme-right party which has published a diary featuring personalities and sympathizers of the Third Reich. The calendar includes biographies of Nazis such as Hans Ulrich Rudel, famous for being the most highly decorated German during WWII, and Alfred Rosenberg, the main author of key Nazi ideological creeds without mentioning any negative actions.

Yahoo loses Nazi memorabilia case
[2006-01-13] [iafrica]
A US appeals court threw out a bid by Yahoo to win immunity from paying fines imposed by a French court over the firm's online sales of Nazi memorabilia. Yahoo had sought to bar two Paris-based rights groups from seeking to enforce two earlier French court orders imposing fines on the internet firm in the US over sales of Nazi items. The groups wanted to stop Yahoo from allowing the sale of Nazi memorabilia, at least to French internet users, which breaks a French law banning the circulation of Nazi symbols.

Catholics suffer at the hands of Nazis in World War II
[2006-01-13] [catholicexplorer]
Ever since the publication of the anti-Catholic play “The Deputy,” both the papacy and German Catholics have received severe criticism for lack of efforts to oppose Hitler. The German playwright depicted Pope Pius XII as a weakling whose indecision cost the lives of many Jews. And this in spite of the fact that the Israeli government has actually listed the pope as one of the “righteous”, especially in German-occupied Italy. But the strain of anti-Catholicism throughout much of the world is so strong that many will believe virtually anything that is said against the Catholic Church.

Iran to Host Holocaust Deniers Conference
[2006-01-13] [CNSNews]
Iran reportedly plans to host a conference of Holocaust deniers in the coming weeks, much to the concern of some Israelis. The Association of Islamic Journalists in Iran has been tasked with putting together an international conference to offer a platform "to examine in-depth this myth" of the Holocaust. Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes Remembrance Authority, said it was concerned that Iran was attempting to "paint its radical agenda with a scholarly brush."

UK Muslim cleric: Hitler sent because Jews were blasphemous, dirty
[2006-01-13] [haaretzdaily]
Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri wanted a caliph sitting in the White House and said Hitler was sent into the world because Jews were blasphemous and dirty, a London court heard. Hamza is the most high-profile figure to go on trial in Britain on charges of incitement to murder and stirring up racial hatred since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks. Interest in the case has increased since suicide bombings on London's transport system last July killed 52 people. Prosecutor said the Egyptian-born cleric used public meetings at the Finsbury Park mosque in north London and private meetings to incite his followers to kill non-Muslims.

Former neo-Nazi now leads primarily black work force
[2006-01-13] [kansascity.]
Ten months ago director of Aryan Nations, Charles J. Juba, quit the group, which proclaims that Jews are “the children of Satan” and blacks are “beasts of the field.” Juba took a job with a 63-year-old Kansas City die cutting business. More than 80% of the plant’s 87 employees are black. And Juba’s immediate supervisor, besides being black, is gay. Owners say they didn’t know anything about the brouhaha until plant employees learned of it on the Internet. At that point they left it up to his supervisor, Jackson, to determine what to do about it. And because Jackson regarded Juba as an exemplary employee they decided to keep him on the payroll.

Cardiff’s War: 1939-1945 - wartime spirit remembered
[2006-01-13] [newswales]
The wartime spirit returns to Cardiff over the next six weeks in a new free exhibition at the Old Library telling the dramatic story of the impact the Second World War had on the city and its people. Cardiff’s War: 1939-1945 is told in local people’s own words and illustrated with archive photos, film and memorabilia. Hands-on exhibits such as a wartime shop, ration books and evacuees’ suitcases will help to bring the experience alive for all ages. Among the stories that feature in the exhibition are vivid recollections of the air raids that flattened many parts of the city.

Fans' Nazi Alert
[2006-01-13] [dailyrecord]
Fans who do the goosestep walk or Hitler salute in Germany at this year's World Cup could face jail, as using Nazi actions is illegal in the country, officials warned yesterday.

Hitler's adoring henchman in his own words
[2006-01-12] [azstarnet]
You could call it "The Prince of Darkness Diaries." Documentarian Lutz Hachmeister uses journals to form a chilling and often illuminating portrait of Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels. Film has nearly continuous narration of the diaries that Goebbels kept 1924-1945, illustrated by archive footage. Goebbels committed suicide in 1945 at age 47. In effect, Goebbels tells his own story in "The Goebbels Experiment." What emerges is an intimate look at the rise and fall of the Third Reich through the eyes of the pretentious, driven figure in charge of Nazi propaganda.

The RAF Museum recorded their best ever year in 2005
[2006-01-12] [nwemail]
Millom tourist sites enjoyed record visitor numbers last year — and prospects are bright for the future. The RAF Millom Museum at Haverigg recorded their best ever year in 2005. The RAF museum hosted hundreds more visitors than in previous years — not counting the hordes that descended for VJ Day celebrations in August. Operation Bombard, a World War Two battle reenactment at Haverigg Airfield, raised the profile of the museum in August, with 1,500 people through its doors in a single weekend.

Segregrated Memorials Will Stay
[2006-01-12] [ap]
A pair of plaques that separately list blacks and whites from a middle Georgia county who served in World War Two will stay up in the courthouse. The Taylor County Commission voted 5-0 yesterday to keep the plaques up, but they also agreed to add a third plaque that lists everyone from the county who served in the war.

Row over Mussolini's Nazi army opens old wounds
[2006-01-11] [guardian]
The soldiers of Benito Mussolini's Nazi puppet republic should be accorded the same status as wartime resistance fighters and regular combatants. The bill would recognise the 200,000 soldiers of the Italian Social Republic as "military combatants", but would make no difference to the state benefits enjoyed. But the controversial move by Silvio Berlusconi's government will reopen old wounds, raising painful questions about the Italians' view of their past and which side they feel they were really on in the second world war.

Dutch Company Selling Nazi Helmets As Joke
[2006-01-11] [abcnews]
A Dutch company is selling replica Nazi helmets bearing pro-Dutch slogans in an early attempt to cash in on German-Dutch rivalry going into this summer's World Cup in Germany. The orange plastic helmets, which cost euro5 (US$6), have small Dutch flags printed on the side and bear slogans such as "Attack!" and "Go, Netherlands Go" in Dutch. The Nazi occupation of the Netherlands during WWII is still a sensitive subject 60 years later.

Nazi salute scandal hits Hitler's birthplace
[2006-01-10] [expatica]
A scandal rocked Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler's birthplace Braunau with a picture of local football fans making Nazi salutes during a visit to a nearby concentration camp memorial site. Reports said the picture had until recently been on the homepage of the Braunau football fan club. It showed club members stretching their right arms in the Hitler salute. The picture had been taken at the memorial site of the notorious Nazi concentration camp at Mauthausen, where more than 100,000 people were murdered up till the camp's liberation by the U.S. Army in 1945.

WWII veteran recalls 6 months in Japanese prison
[2006-01-10] [stargazettenews]
Charles Reddon, trained in the use of airborne radar, was assigned to Patrol Bombing Squadron 106. The B-24s of the squadron were used to patrol the ocean, seek out Japanese ships. Reddon said they found the ships exactly where the the intelligence officers predicted. That’s when the mission fell apart. "When we finally did see the fleet, they shot everything they had at us,” he said, "No. 3 engine was on fire." From that day he was a prisoner. Except they didn’t have prisoners, really. Because American bombers had killed civilians in Japanese cities, captured airmen were treated like criminals. Reddon was taken to Ofuna, where he was questioned and tortured for months.

Berlin relives assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in Prague
[2006-01-09] [reuters]
More than 60 years ago, a group of Czech and Slovak exiles parachuted into their Nazi-occupied homeland and assassinated SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Reinhard Heydrich, the man known as the "Butcher of Prague". For the first time since the end of the World War Two, a German museum is offering a close look at "Operation Anthropoid", the codename for the only successful assassination of a member of Adolf Hitler's inner circle.

Heinrich Harrer - mountaineer and explorer
[2006-01-09] [The Times]
A Mountaineer and explorer whose youthful idealism coincided with the rise to power of Adolf Hitler and Nazism, Heinrich Harrer became a controversial figure, dogged into old age by his membership of the SS. Harrer made no secret of his sympathy for National Socialism, and when in the same year Austria was absorbed into the Third Reich he was photographed with Hitler and, before cheering crowds, was congratulated by him on the successful climb. As well as Seven Years in Tibet, Harrer wrote The White Spider, a history of the north face of the Eiger, and Tibet is My Country.

Restoring WWII combat glider - a tribute to community
[2006-01-09] [wausaudailyherald]
The WWII-era glider is just a wood and metal skeleton now, not even a shell of what it once was. But when you look at it, you almost can see young soldiers wearing steel helmets and combat gear, carrying M-1 semiautomatic rifles and packs, huddled in the fuselage on wooden benches, keyed up for combat. You shake your head in wonder at the outright bravery. Who would fly in such a thing -- especially into war?

01-22-2006, 07:29 AM
Gun that may have been Hitler's headed for auction
[2006-01-22] [ap]
A gun that may have belonged to Adolf Hitler is expected to fetch thousands of dollars when it's auctioned off. The bidding on the German-made shotgun with the initials "A.H." begins January 30th in an online auction. Shop owner Wes Lane says he didn't believe it when he was first told the weapon once belonged to Hitler. But he changed his mind after hearing the story about how it was taken from one of Hitler's secret hideaways in May 1945. The gun found its way into the hands of a soldier who kept it under his bed. The man died more than a decade ago and his family no longer wants the gun.

Author defuses atomic bomb theory
[2006-01-22] [Palm Beach Post ]
Every day, about a thousand WWII vets die, and most of them leave believing that the atomic bombs dropped on Japan saved their lives as young men. When the Japanese government saw the devastation at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the conventional wisdom goes, it agreed to an unconditional surrender. Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, a professor of history, isn't so sure. Americans failed to realize that different cultures have different values. To the Japanese government, preserving the imperial system was more important than the lives of ordinary citizens. Hasegawa concludes that the Soviet Union's declaration of war against Japan was the factor that finally made the Japanese bow to Allied demands for unconditional surrender.

Americans caught the bug for Hitler's car
[2006-01-22] [wausaudailyherald]
The first Volkswagen "Beetles" arrived on American shores from Germany during 1949, and before long they had revolutionized the relationship many Americans had with their cars. A nation that had always "thought big" began to "think small." The Volkswagen was the brainchild of Adolf Hitler, who had long dreamed of a "volks wagen" - a "people's car" - that Germans could drive along the autobahns he was building across the Fatherland. Hitler envisioned an automobile that was simple to drive and maintain, affordable (100 Reich Marks), got good gas mileage, sat five people and could get up to 60 mph.

Book: Mussolini`s Italy
[2006-01-22] [monstersandcritics]
Pride of place for fascism`s great leader is usually reserved for Adolf Hitler, yet Hitler was inspired by the Blackshirts` march on Rome in 1922 to make his own putsch. Though Mussolini sometimes came off as a buffoon, it is frequently forgotten that the word `totalitarian` originated in Italy, and was first extensively applied there, just as 'ethnic cleansing' became an Italian specialty in the Italian-occupied Balkans before Hitler`s forces ever arrived.

Bergen-Belsen - From nightmare to haven
[2006-01-22] [Palm Beach Post]
Rucela Wisznic remembers Bergen-Belsen well. Not the nightmarish Nazi concentration camp, but the displaced-persons camp that replaced it at the end of WWII. Organized by Jews, Bergen-Belsen was the largest displaced-persons camp in post-war Germany, providing food, shelter, schooling, worship and a many-layered social structure for 250,000 Jews displaced by war, who lived there until 1950. The Bergen-Belsen community also forged a fierce and determined group of pioneers, most of whom helped shape the new state of Israel.

Three Precious Leni Riefenstahl Alpine Fantasies Released
[2006-01-22] [villagevoice]
Kino has released 3 Alpine fantasies, all of them directed by Dr. Arnold Fanck and starring Leni Riefenstahl, a robust leading lady from the silents who became the Third Reich's most notorious propagandist. S.O.S. Iceberg (1933) was her final acting job, before she filmed Triumph of the Will. What we have with the mountaineering epic is a formula of calamity and tireless rescue, with Riefenstahl's heroine tromping up real glaciers herself. The stories may be stock, but the real-time grappling between actors and genuine icebergs, crevices and polar bears can be astonishing. The White Hell of Pitz Palu (1929) and Storm Over Mont Blanc (1930) fill out the mold as well. Supplements include a rare Fanck-directed short and a 2002 interview with Riefenstahl.

WWII 'Memorial' Roster Growing
[2006-01-22] [tylerpaper]
Memories of the final shots of WWII are dimmed by the passage of more than 60 years, and many groups that have held annual commemorative events relating to those wartime years now have trouble finding active members to attend. Now there are indications that new generations are stepping up to make sure that the events of those wartime years, and those who fought in them, are not forgotten. An example is the Association of Sons and Daughters of WWII Veterans.

Billings memorial planned for WWII Iwo Jima veteran
[2006-01-21] [helenair]
Grady Dyce was a member of the famous 3rd platoon, Company E, 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines that scaled Mount Suribachi and raised the American flag. Dyce started and ended the battle to take the Japanese island of Iwo Jima. Like many WWII vets, Dyce was silent about his service for decades. It wasn’t until after his company’s 49th anniversary reunion that Dyce began to open up about his experiences. In the 36 days they were on Iwo Jima, Dyce’s company suffered 85% casualties, meaning Marines killed or seriously wounded. Dyce’s rifle and canteen were hit, and he carried scars from bullets and shrapnel that hit his left arm and the bridge of his nose.

New edition of Wiesel's Night revives debate
[2006-01-21] [rockymountainnews]
The publisher of a new English-language edition of Night, Elie Wiesel's harrowing account of life in the Nazi death camps, said this week that the new edition corrects several small factual errors in the previous translation. But it also revived questions about Night, one of the first autobiographical accounts of the death camps and a book that changed modern American understanding of the Holocaust. At times over the past 45 years it has been classified as a novel. Wiesel said this week that the book was factual and that they had never portrayed it as a novel.

Life Behind Enemy Lines - POW camps
[2006-01-21] [wcco]
Many WWII veterans returned with stories of escaping death, but what about those captured by the enemy? The Traces Museum is keeping those memories alive, documenting life in the POW camps, where American GIs were put to work and given little to eat. -- Greenberg enlisted in the Air Corps. One week after D-Day, he was the navigator on a bombing run when his plane was hit. He landed deep in enemy territory. "They threatened me, because I was Jewish: 'Tell us what we want to know, or we'll turn you over to the SS or the Gestapo.'" Greenberg was liberated after 10 months and knows his experience was infinitely better than those in concentration camps.

Cornelia ten Boom - a leading figure in the Dutch resistance
[2006-01-21] [yahoo]
Like most Dutch, she watched nervously as the Nazi war machine geared up, but she remained hopeful that her country could remain neutral in any conflict. When the Nazis invaded and occupied the Netherlands in May 1940, the ten Boom family soon felt the pressure of the Gestapo. Cornelia ten Boom (1892-1983) became a leading figure in the Dutch resistance. Scores of Jews were spirited out of the country through an underground network she maintained. She never hesitated despite the danger and never gave in to despair even after the Nazis uncovered her network and threw her and her family into concentration camps.

Unlike most American soldiers in the WWII, war came to him
[2006-01-20] [uniondemocrat]
On Dec. 7, 1941, he was on his way home from morning Mass when smoke and planes filled the Oahu sky. "Things didn't look right," Miranda said. Both scared and curious, the then-15-year-old climbed a tree to witness the Japanese attack that would bring America into WWII. -- Three years later Paul Miranda stood on the battered deck of the USS Hoel, he expected to die. Four Japanese battleships had attacked just after dawn, lobbing shell after shell at the Hoel until dead men and twisted metal covered her deck. He needed to get off the ship — now. "That is when the fear hit me. I can't swim."

No-one in this world has a monopoly on victimhood
[2006-01-20] [icnorthwales]
Even though European Jewry bore the brunt of the Third Reich's crazed blood-lust, and the word "holocaust" has become synonymous with the premeditated extermination of their millions of innocents. Holocaust Memorial Day is an annual service to honour the victims of the holocaust "and other genocides" - of which there are tragically all to many. The European Holocaust alone included, apart from some six million Jews, hundreds of thousands of Roma and Sinti (Gypsies), Russians and other Slavic peoples, Poles, Communists and political dissidents, the mentally or physically disabled, random intelligenzia, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutherians and even Catholic clergy.

Former German Parliamentarian Accused of War Crime
[2006-01-19] [spiegel]
A former German member of parliament, and advisor to late Chancellor Willy Brandt, faces charges in an Italian court of taking part in the 1944 torture and execution of at least 54 people by German troops during WWII. Italian prosecutors say Klaus Konrad, a lieutenant in the 274th grenadier regiment, was in charge of a unit ordered to free 19 German soldiers who had been captured by partisans. His unit was engaged in a heavy firefight near the village of Pietramala. The villagers were taken to the nearby village of San Polo where six suspected partisans were shot instantly. After several hours of interrogation and torture, 48 men were killed. Several of them were buried alive.

The Swastika Wielding Provocateur - David Irving
[2006-01-19] [spiegel]
British historian David Irving, arrested in Austria where his views are illegal, is busy preparing his trial in a Vienna prison. Could this be the eccentric Hitler admirer's final act of provocation? Irving is writing his memoirs, 20 pages a day. There is little else to do for a writer behind bars, and there's a tradition about writing while incarcerated. "Perhaps I should call it Mein Krieg" says grinning Irving. His daughter finds it "cool that Daddy is in prison", and one has the impression that Daddy himself still sees the whole thing as part of an adventure. David Irving is a man marooned on the fringes of society, but adventure is part of his business.

Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement
[2006-01-19] [csmonitor]
For many if not most people, the term "eugenics" gives rise to one of two images; Nazi Germany's attempts at "purification" and creating an Aryan master race. Fewer are aware that there was a powerful eugenics movement in the US during the first half of the 20th century. Given the ongoing genetics revolution, the Dolan DNA Learning Center has decided it is time we were reminded of that history, and has gathered an impressive - and sobering - look at this lamentable crusade, at the Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement.

Nazis and medical ethics: Deadly Medicine - Creating the Master Race
[2006-01-19] [ama-assn]
The practice of medicine in Nazi Germany still profoundly affects modern-day medical ethics codes. "During the 1930s, the German medical establishment was admired as a world leader in innovative public health and medical research," Dr. Wells said. "How could science be co-opted so that doctors as healers evolved into killers and medical research became torture?" The story of medicine under Nazism is instructive and an important theme in understanding the evolution of the Holocaust.

WWII relic Te Awaiti Station radar tower destroyed
[2006-01-19] [times-age]
Mother nature has dealt a death blow to a historic Wairarapa landmark. The Te Awaiti Station radar tower in coastal South Wairarapa, which played a pivotal role in the protection of the coastline from possible Japanese attack in WWII, fell victim to north-westerly gales and is now just a crumpled mass of well-weathered timber. Unit number 8 was one of 16 radar stations around the New Zealand coast set up to track approaching aircraft and ships. It started business in early 1943 but in January 1944 it was put on a "care and maintenance basis", because of the lessening of the Japanese threat.

End of an era as Winchester rifle plant prepares to close
[2006-01-19] [ap]
City officials in New Haven, Connecticut, are joining union leaders in trying to keep the Winchester firearms factory open. More than 19,000 people worked there during World War Two, but the plant employs fewer than 200 now. Winchester rifles were once called "The Gun that Won the West." They were made even more popular because of their use in western movies.

The House of the Wannsee Conference to unveil archive materials
[2006-01-18] [ap]
The Wannsee conference was once thought to be the point at which the Nazis decided to stop randomly killing Jews and instead to industrialize their murder. However, the decision had already been made months earlier. Reinhard Heydrich called the meeting to ensure everyone knew what Adolf Hitler wanted done and to establish SS oversight of the process. -- The exhibit: With the opening of the eastern European archives, the role of the police battalions and the Gestapo has become much clearer. The centerpiece is the minutes of the meeting taken by Adolf Eichmann, which spells out the Nazi's plans in bureaucratic language.

Lawsuit: The Vatican Bank profited from looting, funded Nazi escape to South America
[2006-01-18] [Reuters]
The US Supreme Court allowed Holocaust survivors to proceed with a lawsuit claiming that the Vatican Bank and a Franciscan religious order profited from property stolen by Croatia's pro-Nazi WWII government. The suit claimed the Order of Friars Minor conspired with the Vatican Bank to facilitate the transfer of gold and other looted valuable assets - property stolen from victims of Croatia's brutal Ustasha regime from 1941 to 1945. The lawsuit claimed that the stolen property was used after the war to help Nazi war criminals escape from Europe to South America.

Extremists requests police protection for their monument in Lety
[2006-01-18] [ctk]
The Czech nationalist extra-parliamentary National Party (NS) has requested police protection for its yet-to-be-unveiled monument in Lety, located opposite a planned memorial commemorating the local WWII-era internment camp for Romanies. The Party fears that its monument might be damaged or towed away ahead of the unveiling. According to its original plan, the NS wanted its stone monument to include an inscription saying that the Romany internment camp was merely a labour camp, that the Romanies that died there died of as a result of ordinary sicknesses and that the whole facility was German-run, rather than Czech-run.

Rabbi Says Pius XII Deserves "Righteous" Title
[2006-01-18] [Zenit]
A U.S. rabbi David Dalin says that the title "Righteous among the Nations" should be conferred on Pope Pius XII for his efforts to defend the Jews during WWII. Rabbi, a professor of history and political science, makes his case in his book "The Myth of Hitler's Pope". It recounts many incidents which show how Pius XII saved Jews from Nazi persecution.

Japan PM marks WW2 defeat with apology to Asia
[2006-01-18] [Reuters]
Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi marked the 60th anniversary of Japan’s defeat in WW2 with an apology for suffering caused by Japanese military aggression, and pledged that Tokyo would never again go to war. 60 years after Emperor Hirohito exhorted his subjects to "bear the unbearable" and accept defeat, memories of the war that killed millions in Asia still bedevil relations between Japan and its neighbours. "Japan caused huge damage and suffering to many countries, especially the people of Asia, with its colonisation and aggression," Koizumi said in a statement.

Austria to return looted art worth at least $150 million to heir
[2006-01-17] [ap]
Maria Altmann was still in bed when she got the news she's waited to hear for 7 long years: Five precious Gustav Klimt paintings stolen from her family by the Nazis will likely be returned to her. The Klimt paintings have been estimated to be worth at least $150 million and are considered national treasures by Austria, which considers them part of its national heritage. Their return would represent the costliest concession since Austria began returning valuable art objects looted by the Nazis. One of the disputed paintings – the oil and gold-encrusted portrait "Adele Bloch-Bauer I" – is priceless.

The shady world of Western intelligence services
[2006-01-17] [mathaba]
A little history may be appropriate to understand the shady world of Western intelligence services. The German intelligence service, the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) has an pedigree to the days of the Third Reich. Its own website admits that the “Organisation Gehlen” was its predecessor, but wisely gives no information about them. Reinhard Gehlen was Hitler's senior intelligence officer on the Eastern Front and he transferred his expertise to the US as WWII ended. Gehlen's network of agents in Europe - including many with Nazi backgrounds who were bailed out of POW camps by U.S. intelligence officers - received millions of dollars in funding from the US until 1956.

German film awards pile up for Sophie
[2006-01-17] [Hollywood Reporter]
The Nazi-resistance drama "Sophie Scholl -- The Final Days," already a front-runner for nomination in this year's foreign-film Oscar race, has added another German award to its long list of honors, winning the Bavarian Film Prize for best film. Sophie Scholl, which recounts the grim demise of a college student who dared to speak out against the Nazis, already piled up multiple honors at last year's Berlin International Film Festival as well as at the German and European Film Awards.

A man who cheated death and Nazi capture during the war
[2006-01-17] [sunderlandtoday]
The night Leslie Hood's Lancaster bomber was shot down over France is a night he will never forget. A German night-fighter crept underneath plane and shot into the wing. It caught fire straight away and we had to parachute out. He escaped uninjured, as did three others, but the wireless operator and a gunner were not so lucky. Flight Sergeant Hood knew nothing of the tragic deaths as he searched the area without success for any of his colleagues. He eventually set off towards Paris alone, plotting his course by the stars, on what would become a three-month adventure on the run from the Germans.

B-17 Flying Fortress and B-25 Mitchell bomber coming - Wings of Freedom Tour
[2006-01-16] [sun-herald]
The Wings of Freedom Tour visits over 120 cities nationwide over a tour season spanning 10 months. The tour was established as a living history exhibit to promote awareness of WWII history and honor the veterans who fought for freedom during it. The four-engine B-17 was one of the primary bombers used by the U. S. Air Force in Europe to reduce Hitler's Third Reich to rubble during WWII. The two-engine, B-25 medium bomber was the airplane Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle flew off the carrier Hornet to bomb Tokyo in April 1942.

The bone collectors: The search for lost heroes of WWII
[2006-01-16] [independent]
The bodies of some of the thousands of allied airmen shot down in Germany during the Second World War have been recovered thanks to the extraordinary work of Uwe Benkel and his team. Since 1989, he and the 14 other voluntary and unpaid members of his Research Group for the Missing have recovered the remains of 80 British, American and German wartime aircraft shot down during the Second World War and recovered the bodies of 28 pilots listed as missing. The fate of US Air Force Lieutentant Ronald Potter is typical of the estimated 15,000 to 20,000 pilots shot down over Germany.

01-26-2006, 12:04 PM
Plans for Nazi secret police museum at former SS HQ in Berlin
[2006-01-26] [expatica]
A museum documenting crimes of the Nazi SS will be built at the ruins of the Third Reich's secret police headquarters in Berlin based on designs of local architects. Located in central Berlin, the bombed-out ruins of the former SS buildings have been excavated and preserved as a grim reminder of Third Reich crimes. From 1933 to 1945 the SS leadership set up headquarters and based a notorious Gestapo prison at the Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse site. SS leader Heinrich Himmler worked from the complex and this was where key decisions were made on persecuting political opponents. It was also used to assemble the notorious Special Police Units (Einsatzgruppen).

Grim relic of Nazi barbarity handed over to museum
[2006-01-26] [whtimes]
Iolo Lewis acquired the ring in the wake of the WW2. He said: "I was one of a team involved in seeking out SS personnel mingling in anonymously with ordinary German soldiers. I disarmed a man, taking his pistol, which I kept, and I also took a ring. It was what we did in those days." He later discovered that as well as having SS and Nazi engravings on the outside, ring had two names and a date on the inside: "H WAGNER.21.6.42.H.HIMMLER". The ring was only given to the elite of the SS and those close to Himmler himself. Hurst Wagner had been at the notorious Wannsee meeting. Knowing the ring's history, Mr Lewis decided the only home for it would be the museum.

A right royal rescue
[2006-01-26] [bbc]
In January 1945, Air Gunner Norman Richardson and his pilot were shot down by a Japanese fighter plane, to be rescued by the young naval officer who would become HRH Prince Philip. Some 60 years after he was plucked from the sea off Sumatra by a Royal Navy destroyer, Norman "****ie" Richardson meets his rescuer at Buckingham Palace. The men are older, but their memories are fresh and vivid as they launch into wartime reminiscences.

$25K reward offered in killing of WWII vet
[2006-01-26] [The Salt Lake Tribune ]
The family and friends of a WWII veteran, who was murdered in his Holladay home, are offering a $25,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the killer. Steven Poulos who stormed Omaha Beach on D-Day and later survived German machine-gun fire, was shot to death in his home during a robbery on Jan. 14.

Veteran retraces WWII route that led to a brutal concentration camp
[2006-01-25] [herald-sun]
For WWII veteran Bob Patton, it was a voyage of rediscovery, commemorating the 60th anniversary of V-E Day - the end of hostilities in Europe. Chapel Hill resident Patton and four other veterans retraced the route of the Army's 65th Division through Germany and Austria in the final, chaotic days of WWII. The journey ended at a ceremony inside one of the Third Reich's most brutal concentration camps -- Mauthausen.

The Art of Propaganda - How can good films do bad things?
[2006-01-25] [clnlb]
When Leni Riefenstahl died a few years back, at the ripe old age of 101, her legacy was still up for grabs. She did a lot of big things in her life: Rose to fame as a movie star in 1920s Germany and finished out the century photographing vanishing African tribes and exotic deep-sea creatures. But what Riefenstahl will be forever remembered for is something more profound and far more troublesome. In the early 1930s, she was enlisted by Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels. Riefenstahl crafted two enormously poetic works of art, albeit works of art that just happen to have a moral underpinning that's dubious at best (Olympia), pure evil at worst (Triumph of the Will).

Restitution uncovers family's pre-WWII prosperous legacy
[2006-01-25] [New York Times]
Within the next few weeks, Barbara Principe, a 73-year-old New Jersey woman who still lives near the chicken farm where she grew up, will begin receiving payments from millions of dollars in real estate in the former East Berlin. Last month, Germany's restitution court, set up after WWII to provide restitution for property seized during the Nazi regime, validated the claim of the Wertheim heirs, Principe and about 24 others, to a number of properties owned by her father's department store chain. Those properties are now valued at about $350 million, making her family's restitution award one of the largest since the Holocaust.

Exhibition relates Holocaust history to contemporary headlines
[2006-01-25] [the times]
Anne Frank’s diary has touched millions around the world. Translated into 67 languages, with more than 18 million copies printed, the diary has become one of the most widely read personal journals of all time. Spertus Museum will present Anne Frank: A History For Today, an exhibition developed by the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam. Photographs, documents and personal narratives illustrate the historical events that impacted Anne Frank and her family - from their emigration to the Netherlands in an attempt to escape Nazi persecution to the years they spent in hiding to the postwar story of Otto Frank, Anne’s father and the family’s only survivor.

Nazi dagger sale angers Jewish council
[2006-01-25] [rnz]
The sale of two Nazi daggers at an auction in Christchurch has angered the New Zealand Jewish Council. Watson's Specialist Auctions has the two knives, which are embossed with swastikas. Auctioneer Barry Watson says the daggers are historcially significant and are works of art. But the head of the Council Stephen Goodman says the sale of Nazi memorabilia is an insult to Holocaust survivors and their families and should be outlawed. Goodman says auction houses need to make their own moral decision whether to sell the memorabilia and says he supports Trade Me's move to ban Nazi items from its website.

Bonhoeffer was wrong
[2006-01-25] [ncronline]
Dietrich Bonhoeffer was the German Lutheran theologian who was author of The Cost of Discipleship, Ethics and Letters and Papers from Prison. He studied briefly at New York’s Union Theological Seminary in 1930, and developed a theory of “religionless Christianity.” He taught that we should not use the concept of God to “fill in the gaps” in our understanding of the world, helped rescue some Jews and, along with several members of his large family, participated in a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, was arrested and hanged in 1945. With the help of liberal Protestant theologians like Harvey Cox, Bonhoeffer’s ideas were rediscovered and became influential in the 1960s.

Man sues seeking compensation for helping alleged Nazi guard
[2006-01-25] [ap]
A man has sued the family of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi concentration camp guard. Jerome Brentar’s lawsuit alleges that he was denied promised compensation for his role in Demjanjuk’s efforts to clear his name. Brentar, a retired travel agent from Cleveland, says he has spent $2 million of his own money interviewing former Nazi guards and concentration camp survivors in the 28-year effort to clear Demjanjuk. "Had it not been for the efforts of Brentar, the historical consensus is that John Demjanjuk Sr. would have ended his life on the gallows," the lawsuit says.

Hidden for 60 years: the Nazi beach bunker found by Briton
[2006-01-24] [guardian]
A secret underground military complex abandoned by the Nazis as allied forces stormed Normandy after D-day has been found by an English amateur historian. He came across the series of bunkers that had lain untouched for more than 60 years after buying a second world war map from an old American soldier. Armed with his map he visited the area near the Normandy beaches of Utah and Omaha, where he found the entrance to the military complex hidden under bramble bushes. He was astonished to discover a labyrinth of bunkers, control rooms and equipment abandoned by the Germans.

Online Registry to Help Restore Art Looted by the Nazis
[2006-01-24] [PR Newswire]
Swift-Find, an online registry of valuables, announced a new online initiative to help victims of the Holocaust and others robbed by the Nazis reclaim stolen valuables. There are still well over 100,000 works of art that were looted by the Nazis unclaimed. At launch, it is one of the largest online databases of Nazi era looted art, with over 20,000 items. It has been estimated that the Nazis systematically looted about 20% of all Western art. There were specific teams in the Gestapo and other Nazi intelligence services tasked with systematically identifying and seizing all major works of art - whether for Hitler's museum or private Nazi collections.

Race science makes a comeback
[2006-01-24] [mail-guardian]
Racial science has discovered the power of flattery. Three scholars published a paper, Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence, in which they argued that Ashkenazi Jews were considerably more intelligent than other Europeans. The principle at stake was essentially the same as the one underlying The Bell Curve, which suggested that black people might be innately less intelligent than white people, that race is biologically real and that some races are intellectually superior to others. But the public reaction was strikingly different. There was none of the outrage that followed The Bell Curve’s appearance. Instead, there were thoughtful commentaries on the paper’s arguments.

New links between Dresdner Bank and Nazis
[2006-01-24] [expatica]
A historical study of Dresdner Bank's involvement in the Holocaust has turned up previously unknown links between the German bank, now a subsidiary of the Allianz insurance group, and the Nazis. Led by historian Klaus-Dietmar Henke, the team discovered that Dresdner was a major shareholder in Huta, a construction company that helped build the Auschwitz death camp. Dresdner opened its archives to the historians from 1997 for the research, which also gave more contour to Dresdner's provision of banking services to the SS, the Nazi Party's separate armed force. The SS mainly banked at Dresdner and its top leaders obtained accounts with Dresdner on favourable terms.

Sudeten Germans mark 60th anniversary of post-WW2 transfer
[2006-01-24] [praguemonitor]
The post-war transfer of Sudeten Germans from Czechoslovakia was a crime and a horrible fate of millions of people, but bitterness must not be a reaction to it, Sudeten German Landsmannschaft (SL) chairman said at a meeting marking the 60th anniversary of the transfer. The first train with 1,200 Germans transferred from Ceske Budejovice, south Bohemia, arrived in Furth im Wald on January 25, 1946. By 1952, Furth saw the arrival of more than 706,000 Czechoslovak Germans. A total of 2.5 million Germans were transferred from Czechoslovakia, mainly its border areas (Sudetenland).

WWII internment victim shares story, hope for temperance
[2006-01-24] [azcentral]
After more than 25 years of speaking at schools and gatherings, Masajai Inoshita still finds it difficult to share his story. During WWII, Inoshita and his family were rounded up, forced to sell their belongings and sent to an internment camp because, as Japanese-Americans, they looked like the enemy. "Sometimes I wonder if we've accomplished anything in the last 60 years," he said of the United States' treatment of Muslims today.

Alleged Nazi fights deportation order
[2006-01-24] [ap]
An ailing, 85-year-old retired autoworker who lost his U.S. citizenship based on evidence he was a Nazi death camp guard asked an immigration board to reverse a judge's order that he be deported. Chief Immigration Judge Michael Creppy ruled Dec. 28 that there was no evidence to document John Demjanjuk's claim that he would be tortured if deported to Ukraine. Creppy ruled that Demjanjuk should be deported to Germany or Poland if Ukraine does not accept him.

Nuremberg Sheds Dark Past to Host World Cup
[2006-01-24] [internews]
The name of Nuremberg is an evocative one. 500,000 Nurembergers are hoping that after the World Cup is held this June, the watching billions will see another side to Bavaria's second city. It was Hitler's decision to 'Nazify' Nuremberg, one that was taken partly for practical convenience and partly due to its relevance in German history. A major trading city in medieval times, it became the unofficial capital of the Holy Roman Empire and was the seat of German Kings, a place deemed perfect by the fascists to build a showcase city, famed throughout Europe.

Hitler wanted a bit of the Vatican in Berlin - Documents from a secret room
[2006-01-23] [smh]
Adolf Hitler intended to recreate the Vatican's St Peter's Square in Berlin to honour his ally Benito Mussolini, newly discovered documents have revealed. Albert Speer, the Nazi leader's chief architect, was commissioned to draw up the plans, which have been discovered by historians examining his papers. They had been stored in a secret room inside Moscow's Museum of Architecture after being taken to Russia at the end of WWII. There were more than 200 boxes of files belonging to Speer, whose grand designs for the rebuilding of Nazi Berlin were already well known. But the plans for a new, Germanic version of St Peter's Square, complete with a giant statue of Mussolini, have astonished historians.

Rare Photo Album of SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler up for Auction
[2006-01-23] [infoZine]
Manion's International Auction House has recently listed a rare photo album assembled by a witness to one of SS leader Heinrich Himmler's official wartime meetings with the command staff of the feared 2nd SS Panzer Division (Das Reich). The album provides a candid glimpse 'behind the scenes' at one of the Third Reich's most infamous personalities. It includes 38 original black and white photos chronicling the meeting. Himmler is clearly visible in about 90% of the shots. The album even includes a shot of him in a strange and rather jaunty pose, the caption detailing his 'good mood.'

Hitler? He was good in parts - David Irving
[2006-01-23] [guardian]
The discredited right-wing historian David Irving was arrested in Austria last year for denying the Holocaust and faces trial next month. From his Viennese prison, he gives his first interview to German author and academic Malte Herwig, who asks if arrogance is at the heart of Irving's desire for outrage - or something more sinister. -- His lawyer, Elmar Kresbach, shakes his head at the incoherent and confused hate mail that has clogged his letterbox since he took over Irving's mandate.

Neslony was injured 4 times in 1 day in WWII battle
[2006-01-23] [mysanantonio]
Neslony was a private when his platoon landed on Namur on Feb. 1, 1944, as part of the U.S. campaign to wrest control of the Marshall Islands from the Japanese. Part of a group that went ashore in the first wave, Neslony didn't face fire in the first 3 hours. "Then, I was hit in the shoulder, head and arm by shrapnel from an explosion." The young Marine was wiping blood off his face when he saw a Japanese soldier aim his rifle and fire. "He put two bullets between my ribs — that was the toughest thing I've ever come across, just sitting there waiting for him to shoot me." Neslony passed out on the beach, and when he came to, he was shot in the right leg by a sniper.

01-26-2006, 01:18 PM
:D Once again thanks alephh for keeping us updated!

01-26-2006, 01:31 PM
:D Once again thanks alephh for keeping us updated!

Glad to be at service :-)

02-04-2006, 10:39 AM
Frozen WWII airman identified - Air Corps cadet Leo Mustonen
The U.S. military has identified the body of a WWII airman that climbers found in October at the bottom of a glacier in the Sierra Nevada mountain range. Family members said they learned this week that the man was 22-year-old Army Air Corps cadet Leo Mustonen, who died in a 1942 plane crash. Mustonen joined the Army during his senior year in high school in Brainerd, Minnesota, and was in training to become a navigator when he was reported missing on November 18, 1942. Mustonen was son of Finnish immigrants. He was one of four cadets aboard a training flight that crashed in the Sierra Nevada mountains.

Yard reopens inquiry into former Nazi soldiers still alive in Britain
Scotland Yard has relaunched its search for war criminals almost seven years after its specialist Nazi-hunting unit was disbanded. The team is focusing on former members of a division of the Waffen SS which was recruited by the Nazis in the Ukraine and brought to Britain en masse to provide farm labour after the war. Home Office officials believe several hundred former members of the unit may still be living in the UK. The Guardian has identified and located more than a dozen survivors of the Galizien division. Most still live in small clusters in the East Midlands, Yorkshire and East Anglia, a short distance from the PoW camps where they arrived almost six decades ago.

U.S. to return three paintings looted from Germany at end of WWII
The United States is returning to Germany three paintings that were stolen at the end of WWII after they turned up in an auction last year. U.S. Ambassador William Timken will hand over the 19th-century works by Heinrich Buerkel to the mayor of the southwestern city of Pirmasens on Feb. 10. The three paintings, now valued at US$125,000, disappeared from an air-raid shelter at a school where they had been stored to protect them from Allied bombing. The Pirmasens Museums reported at the time that they were "lost during the arrival of the American troops" in March 1945.

Last surviving child of Benito Mussolini dies
Romano Mussolini, the last surviving child of Italy's Fascist wartime dictator Benito Mussolini, died in a Rome hospital following recent heart surgery. The youngest of Benito and Rachele Mussolini's five children, he was considered one of Italy's best jazz musicians. In 2004 he published a memoir, "Il Duce, my father," using the Italian word for 'leader' which his followers called the dictator for 20 years until he was killed by partisans at the end of WW2. In the book, Mussolini painted an affectionate portrait of his father and his mistress Clara Petacci, who was executed with him in 1945. "For me, 90% of what my father did as a man and as a politician was positive.".

Why does Russia love Stalin now?
His appalling crimes are on a scale so vast as to defy comprehension. Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin is blamed for the deaths of anywhere between 11 and 43 million of his own subjects. Yet today - just 50 years since his successor Nikita Khrushchev denounced him as a bloodthirsty tyrant - many Russians look back at his iron-fisted rule with nostalgia. The then Soviet Union was a superpower, and Uncle Joe was their great leader. Today once-mighty Russia is in chaos - riven by crime, corruption, unemployment and desperate poverty and reduced to having to play second fiddle to the despised United States. Suddenly the Red Tsar's cruel reign doesn't look so bad after all.

WWII POW Honored Posthumously For Escape
During WWII, historians said less than one out of 100 prisoners of war managed to escape from their captors. In 1943, Weaver was piloting his plane over Naples when it was hit by enemy fire. "They were in the life raft for 48 hours until they were picked up by Italians," said family friend Val Periman. Weaver said he was on a train being transferred to a POW camp when he used a pick handle to pry the bars off the boxcar. "They didn't know how far it was down to the bottom, but they jumped and they were expecting rifles to get them," said Periman. Weaver said that for 34 days he and another survivor walked the hills and rejoined their troop.

S. Idaho tourism boosters hail new vintage aircraft museum
A new aircraft museum opens in Rexburg. The 18-thousand-square-foot Legacy Flight Museum has nine vintage planes from World War Two and the Korean War. It also includes a Russian jet from the Cold War and a replica World War One plane. All are still flightworthy. One of the planes, a P-51 Mustang fighter owned by John Bagley, is one of only 150 in the world that can still fly. Bagley built the hangar with his brother Terry to house the planes. They plan to have an air show in June to showcase the planes.

The hundreds of letters Roosevelt and Stalin exchanged
What was said, and what wasn't said, in the hundreds of letters Roosevelt and Stalin exchanged during WWII would chart the course of postwar history. In 1939, Franklin Delano Roosevelt warned Josef Stalin that if he signed with Adolf Hitler rather than with the Western Powers, Germany would likely win in the West and then turn against both the Soviet Union and the US. After Stalin disregarded this warning, and Hitler made preparations to invade the Soviet Union, Roosevelt had a copy of the German plan of attack transmitted to the Soviet leader. Although the latter had, received similar information from his own intelligence service, he once again disregarded the warning.

Prince Harry's Nazi gaffe sparked anti-Semitism: report
Prince Harry's much-criticized gaffe of wearing a Nazi uniform to a costume party helped to trigger 10 anti-Semitic attacks on Britain's Jews, according to a report. The Community Security Trust (CST) also said comments by London mayor Ken Livingstone had contributed to anti-Semitic incidents. In January, Prince Harry, sparked international outrage when he was pictured wearing a Nazi uniform at a costume party two weeks before Holocaust memorial celebrations. Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana, later apologized. "This revelation and the ensuing furor were the trigger for 10 anti-Semitic incidents in which the perpetrators made direct reference to Prince Harry," the report said.

The horror of the Holocaust, occupation never fades
As a witness to the Holocaust of WWII, I have used every opportunity to inform this generation about "the horror" of it. For years we had our friendly neighbors, "the Jewish family next door." In 1943, a very foggy October night, my mother and I stepped over to our neighbors with the information we had just received, the gathering of the Jewish people to "the death camps" and the gassing of them. We didn't believe it — nobody could do such a thing. Inside our neighbors' house, a hysteric commotion was taking place, and we were unable to deliver our message. With rage they told us that the German officer in charge was a very friendly, charming man, promising them safe harbor.

Obviously democracy does not always give us the results we want
Adolf Hitler was elected in the 1930s. Twice. Many would say under suspicious circumstances in a country that wasn't really democratic at the time. But elected he was and we know the murderous devastation that occurred as a result. Democracy in all its forms - ones we approve of and ones we don't - is messy, but it's the best we've got. Does this mean we should have accepted the election of Hitler? Of course not. Hindsight, which is always perfect, tells us we should have made him an instant outlaw without access to a single penny. Obviously democracy does not always give us the results we want - in Europe, in Asia, in the Middle East and for some, in Canada. But when democracy kicks sand in our faces, it is expediency that often works.

Nazi hunter brands Austria a "paradise" for Nazis
Austria's legal system and its insufficient zeal in investigating alleged crimes committed under Hitler's Third Reich make it a "paradise for Nazi war criminals," a top Nazi hunter said. Frustrated at slow progress in finding suspected war criminals in Austria and bringing them to court, Simon Wiesenthal Center director Efraim Zuroff came to Vienna for talks with ministers aimed at accelerating the process. "The law in this country does more to protect Nazis than to bring them to justice," Zuroff told. "There is a system here that makes Austria a paradise for Nazi war criminals, plain and simple."

No proof of teenage suicide bombers' WWII camp - FSB
The Federal Security Service's archives contain no documents suggesting that orphaned children were trained as suicide bombers at a Russian secret police special camp in the Alatau Mountains outside Almaty during WWII. Mass media and veterans' organizations inquired about this after a feature film with the same name was released in Russia. However, "The FSB has materials describing a German school which trained teenage saboteurs, organized by Abwehrkommand-203 in Hemfurth near Kassel, Germany, in July 1943. The children were taken from orphanages in Orsh and Smolensk, in occupied Russian territory."

German authorities investigate nazi execution of african soldiers
German judicial officials have opened an inquiry into the 1940 killings by German troops of at least 1,500 African soldiers serving in the French army, said a German official in charge of investigating Nazi war crimes Tuesday. Writing in a German publication, German historian Raffael Scheck confirmed that the Wehrmacht, or German ground forces, executed at least 1,500 soldiers from French overseas colonies who were fighting alongside French troops when the Germans entered France in 1940.

Forgotten History: Christians and the Holocaust
One salient example is the critically important fact that Christians bravely and vigorously fought Nazism. At one time, everyone knew this. John Heinberg in 1937 textbook, Comparative European Governments, informed college students that the first mass organized opposition group to the Nazis when the Nazis gained power, the Pastors Emergency Committee, doubled its membership when the Nazis tried to keep Jews out of churches. Ernest Hambloch in his 1939 book, Germany Rampant, wrote “It is not mere accidence that an anti-Christian movement should have coincided with brutal anti-Jewish persecution. Not by the most ingenious sophisms could persecution be justified by Christian tenets and the Nazis have not attempted it.”

Turin's Alpine residents recall bloody past
Like the thousands of athletes and visitors streaming to next month's Winter Olympics in the Alps near Turin, Felice Burdino loves the mountains. Unlike them, he looks at the peaks and valleys with a feeling of sadness as well as pleasure. As a young man, the Italian fought German occupiers on the slopes where skiers will be battling for gold medals in February. He saw soldiers burn down parts of the villages that will provide a picturesque backdrop to the Olympic races, and ambushed German troops on the winding roads that connect the venues for the Turin Games. Despite the horrors of World War Two, he still feels deep affection for the mountains and sometimes retraces the hidden paths he used as a partisan.

German Film Nominated for an Oscar
"Sophie Scholl -- The Last Days," a story of a young anti-Nazi resistance fighter which has won numerous European accolades, has been nominated for an Oscar. German director Marc Rothemund's film about the last days of a young anti-Nazi German has been nominated for the prestigious Oscar awards in the category "best foreign language film." The film starring popular German actress Julia Jentsch tells the story of Sophie Scholl and her brother who were members of the White Rose student movement in Munich, which printed and distributed flyers inciting Germans to "passive resistance" against Hitler and the Nazis.

Austrian Survivors Gain Closure
The expulsion and extermination of 182,000 Austrian Jews during the Nazi era is a wound that will never heal completely, but two important decisions during recent weeks at least point to a symbolic closure for the dwindling number of survivors and the Austrian government. In a high-profile case, Maria Altmann won her seven-year battle to recover from Austria five famous paintings looted by the Nazis from her uncle, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. Meanwhile, after an even longer period of legal and diplomatic wrangling, a court decision has cleared the final hurdle for payment of restitution money to survivors or the heirs of victims.

First payouts distributed in WWII 'Gold Train' case
The first payouts have been distributed from a $25 million settlement with Holocaust survivors who lost jewelry, artwork and other treasures when a Nazi "Gold Train" was commandeered by the U.S. Army during WWII. The train was loaded with gold, jewels, silver, china, 3,000 Oriental rugs and 1,200 paintings that had been stolen from Hungarian Jews. It was captured by U.S. soldiers from pro-Nazi Hungarian forces in May 1945. A U.S. investigation found in 1999 that some Army soldiers failed to return items initially "requisitioned" from the train.

Hangman Waits: Nuremberg TV Special
Saddam Hussein's trial is a twopenny farce compared with Nuremberg, where the Third Reich's major criminals played their final performances to a disgusted audience. "The Nuremberg Trial," chilling one-hour PBS special, focuses on the battle between chief prosecutor Robert Jackson and Hermann Goering, commander of the Luftwaffe and the highest ranking Nazi to survive the war. Goering, a malignant blowfish of a man with a ready smile, was a shrewd opponent. When he surrendered May 6, 1945, he brought along 17 truckloads of personal necessities and the expectation of being treated like royalty.

Roma Holocaust in Slovakia
WWII ended more than 60 years ago, but the Roma Holocaust in Slovakia is only now being recognized. Tens of thousands of Roma in Europe were among the victims of the Holocaust, but many Slovaks still don’t know that people other than Jews were victims of persecution during WWII. Only recently, moving stories of Roma survivors have begun to emerge. Those survivors are finally seeing their pain acknowledged in memorials, and some have even received compensation. The Roma Holocaust is called Baro Porrajmos in the Roma language, which literally means large losses of human lives or “the Devouring.”

Resident recalls his role in the Nuremberg trial
The Nazi was ranting again. Isolated in a dark cell at Nuremberg, Julius Streicher easily became enraged. The founder of the anti-Semitic newspaper Der Stürmer launched into another tirade as soon as Howard Triest entered the cell. As an interpreter helping psychiatrists interview the prisoners, Triest had the run of the prison, and had become accustomed to Streicher's outbursts. Streicher had some very important personal papers and would entrust them only to a "good German," like the blond-haired, blue-eyed interpreter. He reached past the psychiatrist and handed the papers to Triest. He never learned that the interpreter was Jewish.

German postwar suffering in Terezin is Communist crime -senator
The Terezin camp where Germans were interned after WW2 was operated by the Communist interior ministry, Christian Democrat (KDU-CSL) senator Zdenek Barta said in explanation of his recent statement that the suffering of Jews and Germans in Terezin, north Bohemia, was similar. "I don't understand why we are still afraid to call things their right names and why we so ardently defend the crimes of [Czech] Communists committed already before [the Communist coup in February] 1948," Barta said. Terezin was a place of "unspeakable suffering of members of the Jewish nation but also of similar unspeakable suffering of members of the German nation."

Professor finds success with second book
Professor Ronald Rychlak thought his second book on religion and World War Two would sell about 50 copies, with his mother buying half. But the book, "Righteous Gentiles: How Pope Pius XII (the twelfth) and the Catholic Church Saved Half a Million Jews from the Nazis," has attracted worldwide attention. The book examines the role of the church during World War II, gaining attention because it creates a more positive picture of the church's role than most other accounts.

War plane debris washed ashore
Beachcombers at Felixstowe are finding more than shells, coins, and odd bits of wood - and are recovering parts of a crashed world war two fighter plane. A number of pieces of the aircraft have been washed ashore as winter's fierce tides have stirred up the seabed off the coast, moving items which have been buried for years. While it is very difficult with so little evidence to identify the plane, it is thought to be an American fighter because there are some flush-riveted parts which were found on US planes. This could mean it was a P-38 Lightning, a P-47 Thunderbolt, or the powerful P-51 Mustang. Mr Tod said: “It is a bit of a mystery and we would love to solve it.”

Timeline: Latvia - A chronology of key events
1940 - Soviet troops invade Latvia following Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939. Latvia incorporated into the Soviet Union along with the other two Baltic republics. 1941 - Nazi forces invade; some 77,000 Latvian Jews murdered by Nazis and Latvian police. 1944 - Red Army returns, presaging deportations of Latvians and repression of resistance to sovietisation. 1986 - First anti-Soviet demonstrations held by nationalist and environmental activists.

21 unknown Hitler paintings for sale
21 watercolours and sketches by Adolf Hitler are to be auctioned in Britain after 70 years in a suitcase in a Belgian attic. The collection was apparently produced between 1916 and 1918 when the young Hitler was a corporal during the Great War. The works are to be auctioned at Jefferys in Lostwithiel, and are expected to fetch up to £100,000 ($A238,000). Among the watercolour landscapes are one of a church on the edge of town and another a hastily-erected barracks in pastel shades. They show little trace of the war raging around the scenes. They carry the hallmarks of Hitler's previously seen art work and some carry a distinctive signature. They were kept in an attic close to where Hitler served near the French border.

British Schindler: all holocausts should be remembered
A man who saved the lives of hundreds of Jewish children destined for the Nazi death camps has waded into the debate over whether other victims of persecution should be remembered on Holocaust Memorial Day. Sir Nicholas Winton says the word 'Holocaust' should be replaced by 'Holocausts' to remind people that there have been other genocides. The 96-year-old, often referred to as the 'British Schindler,' spoke to the Express prior to his appearance at a Holocaust memorial event at Reading Town Hall.

The Great Terror - A massive new history of Hitler's tyranny
Looking at the enormous tide of books written about Hitler and the Third Reich, we may note an interesting discrepancy. The majority of non-German historians have devoted their main interests to Hitler's war and crimes, 1939-45. The majority of German historians have devoted their main interests to topics about the first six years, 1933-39. This is understandable. In 1939 Hitler chose war, with the results of total defeat. But what led up to that? The Third Reich in Power is Richard J. Evans's attempt to answer many of those questions through historical synthesis. The second part of this British historian's planned 3-volume history of Nazi Germany, it is crammed with information, sustained by the author's knowledge of German and his acquaintance with all kinds of German sources, many of them relatively recent ones.

Survivors mourn at Auschwitz, ponder Pope visit
Survivors of the most infamous Nazi death camp, Auschwitz, on Friday marked the 61th anniversary of its liberation and looked to a May visit there by German-born Pope Benedict as a sign of healing. Benedict served briefly in the Hitler Youth during the war when membership of the Nazi paramilitary organization was compulsory. But he was never a member of the Nazi party and his family opposed Hitler's rule.

On Holocaust Exploiters, Deniers, & Heroes
Six decades on since the slaughter of WWII and the Nazi holocaust, we hear extremist voices alternately exploiting or denying the Holocaust for political gain. Several Muslims have since been honored by Yad Vashem and other Holocaust memorial groups as Righteous Gentiles. They include: the Bosnian Dervis Korkut, who harbored a young Jewish woman resistance fighter named Mira Papo and saved the Sarajevo Haggadah, one of the most valuable Hebrew manuscripts in the world; the Turk Selahattin Ulkumen, whose rescue of fifty Jews from the ovens of Auschwitz led to the death of his wife Mihrinissa; the Albanian Refik Vesili who - as a 16-year-old - saved eight Jews by hiding them in his family's mountain home.

WWII bombs still found in Berlin
WWII ended 60 years ago, but it doesn't always feel that way to the people of Berlin, whose lives are disrupted regularly by bombs left over from that conflict. Allied bombs first crashed into Berlin in 1941. But it wasn't until the autumn of 1943 that they started falling like rain, after Nazi forces had overextended themselves by fighting in North Africa, Europe and the Soviet Union. The allies dropped about 50,000 tons of bombs on Berlin during that time; Wegener says that averages more than 1,000 a day for about 18 months. Many of the bombs -- German estimates say 10% -- didn't explode. At the end of the war, Germans guessed that there were 50,000 large, unexploded bombs in Berlin.

Berlin to Build Memorial to Gays Persecuted by Nazis
[2006-01-28][DW staff]
The Berlin government has given the go-ahead for a memorial designed by a Scandinavian artist-duo in central Berlin commemorating thousands of homosexuals persecuted by Nazi Germany. The structure, which appears cool and distant at first glance actually conceals an intimate aspect -- it will have an oblique window featuring a black and white video of "an endless kiss between two men."

Accused Holocaust Denier Gets Fan Mail
Right-wing British historian David Irving, who has been jailed in Austria pending trial next month on charges of denying the Holocaust occurred, has been writing his memoirs and receiving fan mail, his lawyer said. Irving had begun writing his memoirs and receiving 200 to 300 pieces of fan mail a week from Australia, Canada, China, New Zealand and many European countries, Kresbach said.

I survived horrors of the Holocaust
"You stinking Jew!" shouted an SS soldier, pointing his rifle at Jack Kagan. Jack, just 13 at the time, was among the 1,500 Jews held in a Polish ghetto by German troops under Hitler's reign during the Second World War. "My knees were shivering," he says. "I was lined up with about 50 others and a machine gun was assembled. I thought that was the end of it.

Revealing WWII Sub's Secrets
Three safes aboard as World War Two-era submarine docked in Hackensack have yielded more trove than treasure. It took world champion safecracker Jeff Sitar about 24 minutes to crack the safes aboard the U-S-S Ling. Inside were three training manuals, two .45-caliber bullets, carbon paper and pennies. Two safes still need to be unlocked.

02-11-2006, 05:15 PM
Bronze eagle retrieved from sunken WWII battleship Admiral Graf Spee
[2006-02-11] [pravda]
Divers working in the muddy River Plate have unbolted and scooped up a heavy bronze eagle from the Admiral Graf Spee, a famed German WWII battleship. The eagle stands some 2 meters (6 feet) tall and weighs more than 300 kilograms (660 pounds). The Graf Spee, a pocket battleship, was considered one of the most sophisticated vessels of its time. It prowled the South Atlantic, sinking as many as 9 allied merchant ships before warships from Britain and New Zealand tracked it down and damaged it during the "Battle of the River Plate".

Japanese court refuses to rule in WWII press freedom case
[2006-02-11] [afp]
A court refused a verdict to clear the names of five late journalists convicted of promoting communism in Japan's most notorious violation of freedom of expression during WWII. 1942-1945 some 60 journalists, editors and other publishing workers were arrested, and taken to police stations and a jail in Yokohama, with 7 of them allegedly dying from torture. The district court in Yokohama, declined to hand down a ruling in a retrial, saying the law had changed since the defeat of imperial Japan in World War II.

Red Cross, His Way to Serve in WWII
[2006-02-11] [redcross]
Sixty years ago Joseph Cappiello drove his Army jeep into a cactus patch while trying to avoid a German Fighter plane in Italy. He may have been able to laugh about it now, but at the time he and his assigned driver were not amused. Cappiello tried to enlist, but because he was born without fingers on his right hand, he was not considered. He heard that the Red Cross was looking for men to work as field directors, who would be assigned to U.S. military units and provide the soldiers with messages from home. In April 1943, he was shipped overseas and assigned to the 15th Infantry Regiment in North Africa. Most of the time, Cappiello served with the soldiers that were engaged in combat.

Military museum in Germany seeks model U.S. aircraft for exhibits
[2006-02-11] [Stars and Stripes]
Wanted: well-crafted model U.S. military aircraft — especially a B-17 bomber — for display at the Grafenwöhr Museum. The museum opened a display of 150 model military aircraft in January. However, German aircraft dominate the display. And with U.S. visitors making up more than 30% of the museum’s business, curator Meiler said he would like to see more US airplanes. Not that the German aircraft are not worthy of attention. The exhibit includes several variations of Messerschmitt fighters and the Heinkel bombers from the Battle of Britain as well as the deadly Stuka dive bombers that tormented Allied troops at Dunkirk.

Gun Hitler May Have Owned Fetches $140,000
[2006-02-10] [ap]
With a link to Adolf Hitler driving up the price, a WWII - era German gun sold for $140,025 in an online auction. Bidding began Jan. 30 and stalled for days at $13,000 before rising as deadline loomed. At least 60 bids were put in for the weapon; the name of Thursday's winning bidder was not released. Randall Gibson, author of "The Krieghoff Parabellum," a reference book on the gunmaker, has said he believes Hitler did own the gun. He said the company gave engraved guns to Hitler and other high-ranking German officials as it sought military contracts before WWII.

Russia returns Sarospatak library to Hungary
[2006-02-10] [ria novosti]
The State Duma has decided to hand over to Hungary antique books from the Sarospatak Library, which consists of 134 volumes. Before WWII it belonged to the Sarospatak Calvinist College of the Tisza Diocese of the Hungarian Reformed Church in Budapest. Although Hungary was a German ally in WWII (but was occupied by the Nazis later on), the Library was confiscated and transported from Budapest to the Third Reich. It was there that it fell into the hands of the 49th Army. Eventually, the books landed in the U.S.S.R., where the trophy collection became part of the Nizhny Novgorod research library.

Neo-Nazi revisionist on trial - applauded loudly
[2006-02-10] [news.com.au]
Neo-nazi historian Ernst Zuendel, one of the leading figures in the Holocaust denial movement, went on trial in Germany on several counts of inciting racial hatred. He was applauded loudly by supporters as he entered the packed court in Mannheim. His trial was suspended in November after the court ordered the replacement of his lawyer, who was being advised by Horst Mahler. Mr Mahler has praised the September 2001 attacks on the US and has accused Jews of seeking "world domination". Today, the trial was immediately dominated by a new row over his defence, as three lawyers chosen by Mr Zuendel complained about another three the court had appointed.

History Channel honors black WWII soldiers
[2006-02-09] [Hollywood Reporter]
If classroom history books are not telling the story of the 761st Tank Battalion of WWII, they are doing a disservice to school children. Thankfully, there is the History Channel, which documents the tale of hundreds of black men who enlisted and fought during WWII despite racist barriers. "Honor Deferred" brilliantly chronicles the group's gallant efforts against Nazi Germany. Stock footage of combat and archive photos of soldiers in crisply ironed uniforms heighten the storytelling, as do interviews with 761st veterans and historians.

Body of Brainerd airman lost during World War II returning home
[2006-02-09] [ap]
The airman whose body was found on a California mountainside more than 60 years will be buried in Minnesota, where he grew up. Leo Mustonen died in an airplane accident while preparing to join the World War Two effort. His remains will be interred in Evergreen Cemetery, where his Finnish immigrant parents are buried. Mustonen's well-preserved body was found in October in the cold Sierra Nevada mountain range.

Nazi chasers target torturers
[2006-02-09] [miami]
After decades of chasing Nazi-era war criminals, the Justice Department has shifted its focus to accused torturers in more recent conflicts who eventually became U.S. citizens. Until recently, OSI targeted only Nazi-era war criminals. But many of those suspects are dead or dying. Now OSI is empowered to go after other foreign-born torture suspects using the same methods it applied to Nazi-era suspects -- stripping them of citizenship and then having immigration authorities put them in deportation proceedings.

Finally Filling a Vacant Lot Ravaged by Tides of Terror
[2006-02-08] [nytimes]
During the Nazi era the site was the headquarters of the Gestapo, perhaps the most dreaded of Hitler's secret police. Berlin took a long while to figure out what to do with the spot where top Nazis like Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich had their offices. It has always been a worrisome task for the Germans to construct places dedicated to portraying the Nazis, in part because of the fear that they could turn into pilgrimage sites for neo-Nazis. The places most closely identified with Hitler, his chancellery on Wilhelmstrasse and the famous underground bunker, are destroyed and unmarked. Most Berliners do not even know where they were.

Site of British surrender in WW2 to be preserved as national monument
[2006-02-08] [CNA/ch]
The old Ford Motor Factory in Upper Bukit Timah Road will be gazetted as a national monument from February 15th. It would then be exactly 64 years since the historic surrender of the British at the site to the Japanese during WWII. It was there that the meeting between General Percival and General Yamashita was held and the surrender document signed on 15th February 1942. Britain's wartime leader Winston Churchill called it the "worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history" and it was widely seen as a turning point for anti-colonialism by destroying the myth of European superiority.

Infamous neo-Nazi literature found in killer’s room
[2006-02-08] [bostonherald]
Jacob D. Robida wallowed in symbols and words of hate, including the infamous neo-Nazi “diary” that inspired Oklahoma City terrorist Timothy J. McVeigh, according to a police inventory of property seized from the gay-hatcheting cop killer’s bedroom. Investigators confiscated more than two dozen items, among them Aryan pins and a small collection of books about Hitler’s Third Reich and the Holocaust. “The Turner Diaries” was written in 1978 under a pseudonym by William Pierce, founder of the neo-Nazi group National Alliance. It’s a hard-core, neo-Nazi, racist, fictional account of white revolution in America. It’s inspired people who have committed very violent acts, including Timothy McVeigh.

Auction on for possible Hitler gun - Already $13,000
[2006-02-07] [pantagraph]
A rare German gun that may have belonged to Adolf Hitler already is worth $13,000. The auction ends Thursday night. Engraved with the initials A.H., the Drilling likely was given to Hitler as a gift by the Krieghoff gun company. Wes Lane, owner of Midwest Exchange, expects the gun to be sold for more than $50,000. There's no official proof the gun was Hitler's, but a family has tried to document how it made its journey to the US after being seized from one of Hitler's palaces in the Bavarian mountains. A man from the U.S. Army's 506th parachute regiment supposedly sold the gun to an Army lieutenant, who settled in Central Illinois and kept the gun under his bed for decades, taking it out only occasionally to hunt.

Dutch return 267 artworks stolen by Nazis
[2006-02-07] [telegraph]
The Dutch cabinet has shocked museum directors by agreeing to hand over a multi-million-pound art collection stolen by the Nazis in 1940 to the family of its original owners. Some 267 paintings will be returned to the family of the Jewish art dealer Jacques Goudstikker. They include works by the Dutch masters Rembrandt, Steen, Van Goyen, Ruysdael and Van Dyck. Goudstikker was the biggest art dealer in the Netherlands. He fled with his wife and son at the start of the WW2, leaving behind an estimated 1,300 works. About 800 were seized by Field Marshal Hermann Goering and 300 were returned to the government after the war.

Repost - The Nazis: A lucrative industry
[2006-02-07] [cnn]
The trade in Nazi memorabilia is an international, multi-million dollar business involving dealers and collectors from countries across the world. Although three European countries (France, Germany and Austria) have banned the sale or display of such material, the appetite for it remains as strong as it has ever been. One U.S.-based site is offering a full Nazi concentration camp Jewish prisoner's uniform, at $1,275. While site based in Britain, has a catalogue containing a Nazi battle flag ($333) and a Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross ($5,449). Prices for truly rare items -- an SS Honour dagger -- can sell for tens, and in some cases hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The pacifist who plotted to kill Hitler
[2006-02-07] [chicagotribune]
A very different kind of hero is the subject of "Bonhoeffer", a brief but fascinating documentary about a pacifist German theologian whose Christian faith inspired him to plot to kill Adolf Hitler. Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a pleasant-looking, owlish, bespectacled German pastor who, as a young man during the 1930s, recoiled at just about every element of the Nazis' rise. He renounced Hitler's anti-Semitism and saw his dictatorial mania as the god complex of a false idol.

Jewish group warns Nazi ideas alive in world
[2006-02-07] [IranMania]
Plans by an Iranian newspaper to publish cartoons making light of the Holocaust showed that Adolf Hitler's ideas remained alive in Islamic societies, the Simon Wiesenthal Center said. "They're following the classic formula of Adolf Hitler, which says if there's a problem, it's the fault of the Jews," Rabbi Marvin Hier, founder of the Wiesenthal Center. Hier spoke after Iran's largest selling newspaper, Hamshahri, announced it was holding a contest of cartoons about the Holocaust. The competition was a response to cartoons of the Islamic Prophet Mohammed printed in Danish newspapers that have sparked angry and violent protests across the Islamic world.

Neo-Nazi violence increases in Germany: report
[2006-02-07] [dpa]
German state security agencies are reporting an increase to neo-Nazi violence. The state Offices for the Protection of the Constitution reported that Germany witnessed an average of 2.5 extreme-right offences daily. Radical groups find most of their recruits at concerts where skinhead music is played. While violent attacks increased, the far-right movement in Germany was stable at about 40,000 members. The agencies believed the far-right Nationalist Democratic Party (NPD) might surpass the minimum 5 per cent of votes needed to win seats in state elections in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania in September.

Thousands line up to view Klimt paintings ordered returned
[2006-02-06] [ap]
Thousands lined up outside a Vienna, Austria, museum this weekend for a final glimpse of five Gustav Klimt paintings _ treasured works that a court has ordered to be returned to a California woman who says the Nazis stole them from her family. Officials say a record number of people are expected to view the paintings at the prestigious Belvedere Galley before they are pulled down and packed up tomorrow. The paintings are considered part of Austria's national heritage. Last week, Austria's government said it could not afford to buy back the works, which were valued collectively at 300 (m) million dollars.

New drive to deport ex-SS men and Auschwitz guards
[2006-02-05] [independent]
Hundreds of alleged Nazi war criminals living in Britain face deportation under tough new immigration laws. An eight-strong team from Scotland Yard's anti-terrorist branch is examining files containing the names of more than 200 suspects understood to be in hiding or living under false names. They include at least 75 Auschwitz guards and former members of the 14th Waffen-SS Galician division, which has been blamed for atrocities. 6,000 of them were allowed to settle as contract labour in Britain at the end of the war and many emigrated, mostly to North America. Only one man, Anthony Sawoniuk, has been prosecuted here for Nazi war crimes.

Book: The Master Plan -The use of pseudoscience in the Third Reich
[2006-02-05] [monstersandcritics]
A tale of scholarly detection illuminating a little-explored corner of Third Reich history: the use of pseudoscience in the service of ideology. Heinrich Himmler seemed an unlikely choice to command the elite praetorian guard called the SS. He had a knack for shoring up fragments of Nazi ideology with fragments of half-learning that seemed self-evident to true believers. Thus, Himmler established a think tank that he called the Ahnenerbe. In time, the institute would employ more than 130 historians, linguists, geographers, agronomists, folklorists and classicists with an eye to producing evidence that the so-called Aryan peoples were the font of civilization.

Japan close to giving up on WW2 "stragglers"
[2006-02-05] [reuters]
Diplomats and journalists were losing hope of meeting two Japanese soldiers left over from WWII as suspicion mounted that the story was false. Media have named the pair as Yoshio Yamakawa, 87, and Tsuzuki Nakauchi, 85. The last known Japanese straggler from the war was found in 1975 in Indonesia. Officials have said the mediator admitted he had not met the men himself and had only heard about them from Filipino contacts. On a roster of Imperial Japanese Army members, the two men were registered as dead. General Santos residents said it was well known that some Japanese soldiers had avoided surrendering to allied forces and had settled down with tribal communities in the nearby mountains.

Dutch state poised to return art looted by Nazis to Jewish heirs
[2006-02-05] [ap]
Two Connecticut residents are in Amsterdam waiting to find out if they'll get back a major art collection taken by the Nazis. Jacques Goudstikker was the biggest art dealer in the Netherlands before WW2. When he fled at the start of the war, he lost an estimated 1300 artworks. About 800 were seized by Hitler's right hand man and 300 others were returned to the Dutch government after the war. Now the Dutch cabinet is deciding whether to return 267 artworks to Goudstikker's descendants. The artworks are worth tens of millions of dollars.

Rewriting history in The Blue Light
[2006-02-05] [calgary sun]
In the 1930s, Leni Riefenstahl was arguably the most important and accomplished female filmmaker of her generation. But, since her primary backer was Adolf Hitler, and her best-known work was a documentary on the Nazi party’s 1934 Nuremberg rally, an unending debate on whether Riefenstahl was a fascist propagandist or a talented artist, whose only crime was doing a job too well, still rages. The play Blue Light does not attempt to end the argument. Instead, through an intelligent and thought-provoking script, she presents the audience with just enough information about Riefenstahl’s life to ensure many quality after-theatre discussions.

Antique collectors find thrill in the hunt
[2006-02-05] [bradenton]
Most antiques vendors start as collectors, says Craig Tallman, manager of Magnolia Antique Mall. Part of it's the hunt, finding something rare and unusual you've been looking for. It also has to do with nostalgia - old toys are popular - and history, looking at a piece and wondering where it's been and who owned it. A vendor at the Palmetto mall used to display a spoon that supposedly was part of Adolf Hitler's silver service, Tallman says. Priced at $750, it had a swastika and the initials "AH" printed on it. The same vendor collects American coins and Third Reich stamps. Some of the items may be controversial, Tallman says, but they're all a part of history.

02-19-2006, 06:38 AM
Hitler's Willing Bankers
[2006-02-19] [spiegel]
Like many German firms, Dresdner Bank hoped after WWII its unsavory activities during the Third Reich would be forgotten. But an unparalleled company-sponsored research effort shows Germany's second largest bank supported the Nazi regime much more actively than had been previously thought. Perhaps one of the most damning associations for Dresdner is its close ties to Heinrich Himmler's SS. The bank was the most important private lender for the Nazi organization and played a key role for its operations in occupied Europe, essentially acting as the bank of the SS in Poland.

My Father Mr Spitfire
[2006-02-19] [mirror]
On an early spring afternoon a group of men watch a unique plane howl across the English countryside. In its maiden flight test pilot Mutt Summers will slam the experimental all-metal craft up to 370mph. For the first time ever the legendary Spitfire, scourge of Luftwaffe, has taken to the air. As it lands, creator RJ Mitchell rushes over to ask the flier his impression. "Don't change a thing," says Summers breathlessly. Satisfied, Mitchell turns towards his colleagues. It is 1936. A little over 12 months later the designer will be dead, killed by cancer. He will never see his creation fire a shot in anger. As the 70th anniversary of the Spitfire's first flight approaches, his son Gordon reveals his father's story.

Japan apologizes for destroying Manila in WW II
[2006-02-19] [tribune]
Japanese ambassador to the Philippines apologized for the destruction of Manila toward the closing stages of WWII. In ceremony which marked the 61st anniversary of the Battle for Manila that left over 100,000 Filipinos dead and destroyed the city once known as the Pearl of the Orient. But matter the Japanese government would not apologize for is that of the so-called comfort women. These young women were rounded off and turned into prostitutes in brothels where the imperial troops went for “rest and recreation.” The Battle for Manila began on Feb. 3, 1945 and lasted 28 days. It is said to have made the city the second most devastated city during the last war after Warsaw.

Japanese internment camp named historical landmark
[2006-02-19] [ap]
An internment camp that housed thousands of Japanese Americans during WWII is now a national historical landmark. Federal officials designated the Tule Lake Segregation Center to recognize former Japanese prisoners. The decision comes a day before the anniversary of a 19-42 executive order to evict and intern 120,000 Japanese people. The designation will ensure that aging survivors of the camp will be honored before they die. Congress has authorized up to 38 (m) million dollars to restore ten internment camps.

The Graf Spee eagle is landed
[2006-02-18] [telegraph]
A bronze eagle salvaged from the Admiral Graf Spee, the German pocket battleship scuttled after the Battle of the River Plate, could fetch more than £15 million at auction. It said a collector in south-east Asia had offered $15 million (£8.6 million) and the owner of an American hotel chain had topped that with $26 million (£15 million). Capt Hans Langsdorff scuttled the Graf Spee on Dec 17, 1939, to prevent it from falling into British hands.

Hitler's SS collaborators in Latvia preparing for street marches
[2006-02-18] [Itartass]
Public tensions are mounting in Latvia over the plans of local nationalists and radicals to hold street marches in the capital Riga and the Baltic port city of Liepaja March 16 in commemoration of the Latvian Waffen SS legion, which fought in Hitler’s side of the frontline during WWII. Nationalistic public association All To Latvia promises to set up a live corridor around this country’s main monument, the Freedom Memorial in Riga so that former SS veterans could walk up to it unabated. The Latvian authorities have not issued permits for the SS marches or counter-marches so far.

Torture files uncovered
[2006-02-18] [thecouriermail]
Court papers detailing torture, rape and murder at the headquarters of a Nazi-aligned regime allegedly commanded by a Melbourne pensioner have been uncovered in Holocaust archives in Jerusalem. The testimonies of Holocaust survivors tortured in the basement of the Budapest headquarters of the fascist Hungarian Arrow Cross party back up the new evidence revealed this week. Included in the evidence sent to Budapest by the Nazi-hunting Simon Wiesenthal Centre are several additional testimonies of survivors who gave evidence in the post-war trials of Arrow Cross officials.

Wiesenthal docu in works
[2006-02-18] [Hollywood Reporter]
Nicole Kidman will narrate a feature-length documentary examining the life of Holocaust survivor and Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal, who died in September at 96. Simon Wiesenthal Center dean and founder Rabbi Marvin Hier and director Richard Trank have started production on the film, produced by the center's documentary films division, Moriah Films, which is eyeing a fall 2006 release.

Di Canio meets Holocaust survivors
[2006-02-18] [cnn]
Lazio's Paolo Di Canio has defended his political views after meeting with Jewish survivors of Nazi death camps. Di Canio has always insisted his salutes had no racist overtones, although he has never hidden his admiration for former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. After Thursday's meeting, however, he admitted that Mussolini's laws prohibiting Jews from holding public office, going to public schools and universities had been wrong and unjust.

Soil tests reveal no evidence of Hitler's Bomb, but radioactive material was found
[2006-02-18] [dpa]
Soil tests have revealed no evidence that Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler tested a nuclear weapon just two months before losing the WWII, government scientists said. A Berlin historian, Rainer Karlsch, brought out a book last year on Nazi nuclear research and offered circumstantial evidence that the Germans may have tested a bomb on March 3, 1945 at the Ohrdruf army training camp. A statement said radioactive material was found at the site, but this could be explained by the fallout from the 1986 explosion at Chernobyl. The PTB stressed that it found no evidence to disprove the Karlsch hypothesis either.

Hitler's raid to burn London recalled in PBS special
[2006-02-18] [oregonlive]
Hundreds of air raids made nights hell for the people under the planes in WWII, but a few were major events that stood out from the others. One was Adolf Hitler's attempt to burn out the heart of London on Dec. 29, 1940. The raid is the subject of Louise Osmond's dramatized PBS documentary, "The Blitz: London's Longest Night," which shows the big picture and fills it in with details of individuals. By the later standards of the war, the raid was medium-sized. Only 136 planes spent five hours bombing London, dropping 24,000 incendiaries, followed by 120 tons of high-explosive bombs. Amazingly, only 163 Londoners were killed.

Polish director Wajda makes film on Katyn atrocity
[2006-02-18] [reuters]
Polish director Andrzej Wajda said he aims to finish a film close to his heart this year about the 1940 Soviet massacre of 15,000 Polish soldiers, including his own father, in the Katyn forest. Wajda said most Poles always knew it was a Soviet atrocity even though propaganda during WW2 and afterwards wrongly tried to pin the blame on Germany.

Invasion of Norway - For 5 years no outside connection to the world
[2006-02-18] [auburnpub]
Henry Aadahl stood on a dock in a Norwegian shipping town as 1,500 soldiers from Germany unloaded from a troop transporter. Adolf Hitler had ordered the invasion of Norway and Denmark for the spring of 1940. The invasion cut off Norway from the rest of the world. In the first year of the German occupation, the Aadahl family was lucky to salvage some potatoes or salted herring. A Norwegian neighbor had “turned Nazi” and reported Aadahl. On his 16th birthday the neighbor and a Gestapo officer came to their home. Aadahl was not the only American citizen who had been rounded up 10 months after Germany declared war on the US. 85 men and 129 women were sent to a concentration camp.

Irving says he has no choice but to admit charges of Holocaust denial
[2006-02-18] [telegraph]
David Irving revealed that he would plead guilty to charges of Holocaust denial. Irving said he did not consider himself to be a Holocaust denier but had no choice but plead "guilty as charged". Irving said he had been labelled a Holocaust denier by Austrian and German journalists and deliberately misunderstood. "It means they've not read anything I've written since the actual offence was committed, which is 1989 - 17 years ago," he said. "If they read that, they'll see I describe in great detail what Hitler and his troops were doing to the Jews behind the Eastern front … I'm very angry indeed about it."

Brady Oliver Bryson, 90, lawyer at Nuremberg trials
[2006-02-17] [sun]
Brady Oliver Bryson, a lawyer who had been a member of the prosecution team at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, died. He joined the Navy in 1944 and was assigned to an intelligence unit that specialized in breaking Russian codes. At the end of the war, he was sent to Nuremberg to serve as liaison between US and Soviet legal staffs. Later Mr. Bryson was put in charge of a small team assembling documentary material and preparing a trial brief on the persecution of Jews. When that job was completed, he joined the trial team that prepared the case against Hjalmar Schacht, the former Reich minister of economics and president of the Reichsbank.

France honors Franco-Russian WWII Squadron
[2006-02-15] [afp]
France awarded its legion of honor to the surviving members of a Franco-Russian fighter plane squadron on Tuesday in a Moscow ceremony steeping in symbolism and sentiment. If only a handful of the Free French volunteer pilots and Russian mechanics from the Normandie-Niemen squadron that flew more than 5,000 missions were on hand, it was not so much because they have fallen victim to age but because so many died in action.

What Russia's soldiers suffered
[2006-02-15] [csmonitor]
Fresh research shapes a fascinating yet also devastating portrait of Russian infantrymen in World War II. Josef Stalin and his successors made sure the story of Soviet history in the war was crafted and protected in a way that served their political purposes. Great monuments were built, but documents were sealed. Pensioned soldiers and their families were honored as "heroes," but they were kept from telling of experiences that might have deviated from the official line - especially anything traumatic. Historians, Russian and foreign, were prevented from working independently.

Japan veteran seeks UN status for 'death railway'
[2006-02-15] [reuters]
A Japanese war veteran who helped interrogate prisoners of war building the Thai-Burma railway during WW2 is seeking to preserve the "death railway" as a reminder of the horrors of war. Takashi Nagase was once an interpreter for the military police, but he has devoted much of his life since the war to trying to atone for the actions of the Japanese military. Allied prisoners, mostly British, Dutch and Australian, were forced to work on the railway in such harsh conditions that 16,000 of them died of starvation and disease. Many times that many local laborers also lost their lives.

Nazi mosquitoes drew blood on Italian front
[2006-02-15] [smh]
The Nazis tried to halt the advance of British and American troops through Italy during World War II by unleashing malaria-carrying mosquitoes in what is believed to be the only biological warfare attack carried out in Europe, according to new research. It was meant to hinder the Allied push from the south and to punish the Italian people for what the Germans saw as treachery after Italy switched sides.

Former Nazi SS major Engel dies at 97
[2006-02-15] [fortwayne]
Friedrich Engel, a former Nazi SS officer involved in the massacre of Italian prisoners in World War II, has died. He was 97. Engel died overnight into Feb. 5, said his wife, Else. She did not give a cause of death or say where he had died. In 2002, a German court convicted Engel of 59 counts of murder and handed him a suspended seven-year term for the 1944 shootings in a mountain pass near the Italian city of Genoa.

First German fictional film on Dresden bombing confronts taboos
[2006-02-15] [afp]
Germany's first fictional film about the Allied bombing of Dresden was screened on the 61st anniversary of the firestorm, in a fresh sign the country is finally confronting its own wartime suffering. "Dresden -- The Inferno" tells the story of how the architectural jewel in eastern Germany known as Florence on the Elbe was reduced to rubble within hours in the British and US bombing of February 13-14, 1945. At least 35,000 people perished, including hundreds of refugees who had fled the horrors of the Eastern front.

Japanese Bomb the West Coast
[2006-02-14] [about]
Most Americans probably believe that continental United States has never been bombed. A floatplane launched from an Imperial Japanese Navy submarine dropped its bombs in September 1942--the first time the continental United States was bombed from the air. The IJN began experimenting with aircraft-carrying submarines in 1925. By the time of Pearl Harbor, 11 of its submarines were equipped to carry, launch, and recover one specially configured floatplane. Most of those early boats were classified as scouting submarines, B1 Type, of the I-15 class.

Are Waffen SS Killers Still Living in Britain?
[2006-02-13] [mirror]
They were Hitler's elite - soldiers of the dreaded Waffen SS. And now they are living out their last days anonymously in Britain. Around 8,500 members of the Ukranian 14th Waffen SS Galizien Division were given refuge in 1947. Among them were men who had perpetrated appalling crimes against humanity, including the massacre of civilians. Defence chiefs at the time wanted to use the Nazi-trained troops as a possible fighting force against Communism. MI6 also saw them as rabid anti-Soviets and a resource to recruit spies to send into the USSR.

WWII pilot to share perspective on history
[2006-02-13] [mailtribune]
After flying dangerous missions in a P-51 Mustang over Italy, 1st Lt. Bill Holloman was ready to return home at the end of WWII. "But when I got off the boat in New York, I realized I was black again," said the former fighter pilot. "That was the thanks America gave us for putting our lives on the line." Holloman was a member of the elite all-black fighter pilot group known as the Tuskegee Airmen. The 332nd Fighter Group that trained in Tuskegee Army Air Field flew more than 700 missions and, as escorts for bombers, never lost a bomber to enemy aircraft.

War brides not considered Canadian
[2006-02-13] [global national]
It was a common sight 60 years ago. War brides and their children boarding trains heading overseas to Canada. When WW2 ended, 64,000 women, mosty from great britain and many with children in tow followed the Canadian soldiers they had married to Canada. They came thinking they were citizens, but changes in immigration law in 1977 meant, even though they married Canadians, they were forced to officially apply for Canadian citizenship. It's a change that still taints ceremonies like across the country that honour war brides and their families.

Newly donated papers shed light on Murrow war broadcasts
[2006-02-13] [ap]
The WWII radio broadcasts of Edward R. Murrow are now regarded as high points in the history of journalism, vivid examples of how the spoken word can bring home events of infinite horror and complexity from thousands of miles away. But when it came to preserving Murrow's scripts from that time, few people had the foresight or the luck to think of history. Some materials were lost when the Germans bombed CBS offices in London. When war came, he immortalized himself for his detailed, emotional radio broadcasts from London during the German air raids, with bombs often exploding in the background.

New book on Noor Inayat Khan - British agent who defied Germans
[2006-02-13] [newkerala]
The life of Noor Inayat Khan - a descendant of Tipu Sultan and the only Asian secret agent to work for the Allied forces during WWII - have been captured in a new book: "Spy Princess: The Life of Noor Inayat Khan". It is based on extensive research and interviews with Noor's relatives, descendants and friends, the book presents a graphic account of her life till Sep 13, 1944, when she was shot dead by German forces at Dachau. She was 30. Born in Moscow, and raised in the Sufi style of Islam and joined Britain's Special Operations Executive (SOE) during the war. She was one of three women in the SOE to be awarded the George Cross and the Croix de Guerre.

The Sinking of the Lancastria - Book tells dramatic story
[2006-02-13] [ap]
On June 17, 1940, the 17,000-ton British liner Lancastria was attacked by German bombers. The ship caught fire, capsized and sank rapidly off the French port of St-Nazaire, where it had called to take on members of the British Expeditionary Force routed by the Nazi blitzkrieg in northern France. About 4,000 of 6,000 passengers were lost. Jonathan Fenby has done a superb job of research to document the sinking. He also tells the story of that segment of the BEF that had remained after a large contingent had been evacuated from Dunkirk only days earlier. It is a story of disorganized retreat ahead of the advancing Panzer forces.

The all-black crews escorted all-white crews on bombers — and never lost a bomber
[2006-02-13] [insidebayarea]
As a fighter pilot and later a bomber pilot during WWII, Leslie Williams flew scores of missions, but when Williams and his comrades returned to their U.S. bases, they were refused admittance to officers' clubs, assigned separate tables in the mess and housed in buildings isolated from the other men. Their officer status was ignored. They were outcasts. Why? Williams and his comrades were black. They were members of the Tuskegee Airmen, a group of almost 1,000 black airmen who had graduated from pilot training. During the war, 450 Tuskegee Airmen flew as fighter pilots in North Africa, Sicily and Italy. 150 died. The all-black crews escorted all-white crews on bombers — and never lost a bomber they escorted.

Expert speaks on Nazi Intelligence
[2006-02-12] [horizon]
WWII expert Dr. Richard Breitman presented two lectures: First lecture covered the American 1933-1939 policy toward Germany. Second lecture consisted of U.S. Intelligence and the Nazis. Breitman was given special clearance to review 240,000 pages of documents at the National Archives that are related to the Nazis. One of the more shocking discoveries was that the CIA recruited some 23 intelligence sources that committed war crimes, while the FBI and CIA put pressure on the Immigration and Naturalization Service to allow war criminals to live in the US. Breitman has written 5 books, including The Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution; and Official Secrets: What the Nazis Planned, What the British and Americans Knew.

Chemical Wars of all time
[2006-02-12] [nytimes]
As early as 1675, France and Germany outlawed poison bullets. In the 1899 Hague Convention, major countries swore not to use "poison or poisoned weapons". But these efforts were dashed by the battlefield necessities of WWI. In April 1915, Germany launched the war's first major chemical attack. The diplomats tried again in 1925, with the Geneva Protocol. And even though Italy had ratified it, Mussolini used mustard agent during the 1935-36 conquest of Ethiopia. Nazi Germany pioneered a new generation of quick-killing nerve agents like sarin. IG Farben's report for Hermann Göring, boasted that chemical weapons were "the weapon of superior intelligence." But Hitler was cautious on the battlefield: fearing Allied retaliation, he planned to use chemical weapons only if the Allies did first.

Righting a WWII wrong
[2006-02-12] [nydailynews]
The new History Channel documentary, "Honor Deferred," about African-American soldiers during WWII, includes two very compelling elements: one astounding fact and one riveting interview. The fact is that, of 432 soldiers awarded the Medal of Honor for their service in WWII, not one was black - even though African-Americans had been given the country's highest honor after previous wars. The interview is with Vernon Baker - who is the one man left alive to tell his own story. It's an account told so matter-of-factly, and yet about such racism, boldness and bravery, that it makes this one-hour documentary worthwhile all by itself.

Deal lets gallery keep painting looted by Nazis
[2006-02-12] [scotsman]
One of Scotland's most important art galleries has paid £10,000 in compensation to keep a painting looted by the Nazis. It researched claims by the descendents of the owners of the Munich-based AS Drey Gallery that the painting was the subject of a forced sale in Berlin in 1936 to meet an unjust Nazi tax demand. The resolution comes on the back of another case involving art looted by the Nazis. Four drawings were confiscated from Dr Arthur Feldmann's collection of 750 at his home in Brno by the Gestapo on March 15, 1939, when the Germans invaded Czechoslovakia.

Air legends of WWII to return
[2006-02-12] [sun-sentinel]
Three warplanes, heavy hitters in the skies during WWII, will be in South Florida through the end of the month. Visitors may walk through the aircraft, restored to their 1944 condition, and for a few hundred dollars fly ersatz missions over South Florida. A B-17 Flying Fortress, B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell will be in the skies and on display as part of the Wings of Freedom Tour. "I get a chill in my spine every time I see them," said Howard Collins, 80, of Coconut Creek. In WWII, Collins served as flight engineer in a B-24, risking attack in seven sorties over the southwest Pacific.

02-26-2006, 05:17 AM

In charge of assembling gliders for the invasion of Europe
[2006-02-26] [kltv]
Gliders are described in the dictionary as "aircraft similiar to an airplane but without an engine". However, to Jack Welborn of Tyler, gliders are the silent heroes of the sky. During WW II, Welborn was in charge of assembling gliders at Crookham Commons, England, for the invasion of Europe. Eisenhower ordered 600 gliders for the Normandy invasion. Although the glider missions were successful, mortality among the pilots were high and the majority of gliders were lost. Welborn has been able to locate the frame of a WWII glider and is restoring it.

Former SS guard loses appeal
[2006-02-26] [journaltimes]
A man who served as a guard at Nazi concentration camps during WWII has lost his appeal, clearing the way for his deportation. Kumpf admitted that he had stood guard at the perimeter of the Trawniki Training Camp in Nazi-occupied Poland, and the Sachsenhausen near Berlin. Kumpf said he was forced to enter the Waffen SS, and he never hurt or killed anyone. The government claimed that Kumpf was a guard at Trawniki in Nov 1943, when German soldiers shot 7,000 prisoners. Trucks with speakers played loud music to drown out the victims' screams. Kumpf said he arrived at Trawniki after the massacre.

The first american soldier to set foot on German soil in WWII
[2006-02-26] [whotv]
Veterans from WW2 and other foreign wars are getting older. In Iowa about 6,000 veterans die each year. Jack McKay was awarded one of his two Bronze Stars during D-Day on the beaches of Normandy in 1944. He also received two Silver Stars, the Distinguished Service Cross, and five Purple Hearts. He was field commissioned to Lieutenant after his superiors saw his leadership and bravery. According to McKay's son, a district court judge, McKay was believed to be the first american soldier to set foot on German soil in World War Two.

WWII ace Claude Kinsey dies
[2006-02-25] [kentucky]
Claude R. Kinsey Jr., a "flying sergeant" who became one of the earliest U.S. aces of WWII, died Feb 4. Kinsey was credited with shooting down 7 enemy planes over North Africa between Jan. 29 and April 5, 1943, when he was shot down by his own inexperienced wing man. After recovering from severe burns, he ended up in a large POW camp near Chieti, Italy. Later the young pilot slipped out, evaded machine gun fire and began his 30-day escape down the Apennine Mountains toward Bari, according to a 40-page excerpt of his unpublished biography.

Debate On Holocaust Denier's Sentence
[2006-02-25] [jt]
Holocaust scholar Deborah Lipstadt was once sued by David Irving, but that doesn't mean she supports the jail sentence given to the Holocaust denier this week. "I'm in principle against laws that promote censorship. I'm in principle against laws on Holocaust denial." Lipstadt, a professor of Jewish and Holocaust studies, told a day after an Austrian court sentenced Irving to 3 years. "We don't need laws to fight Holocaust deniers. We've got history on our side," Lipstadt said. Irving's lawyer, Elmar Kresbach, lodged an immediate appeal after the sentenced was announced.

Was the Allied Bombing of Civilians in WWII a Necessity or a Crime?
[2006-02-25] [ft]
Was the deliberate targeting of German cities by the Royal Air Force in the last three years of the second world war justified by the threat to Britain and its allies, and by the moral depravity of the Nazi regime? From the start, the Third Reich had unleashed terror and repression upon most European states not allied with it. And all this came before the tally of the Holocaust - little was known about it or admitted until the end of the war, so it cannot stand as an a priori justification for the bombing strategy.

Decorated WWII aviator looks back on career
[2006-02-25] [-jg-tc]
Talbott found his squadron of P-47 Thunderbolt fighter planes outnumbered 3 to 1 by German fighters. The Luftwaffe fighters were flying at 20,000 feet and had positioned themselves to block the return to the base of the Thunderbolts, which were low on fuel and ammunition. Talbott ended up alone at 15,000 feet after losing his element leader and wingman, but he still downed two German fighters before his plane was shot down. As Talbott parachuted to the ground, he see the 4 Luftwaffe pilots salute him before flying away. The courageous action that impressed German warriors was later recognized with a Purple Heart and the Distinguished Service Cross.

Hitler and Stalin were greatly interested in the magic of ancient runes
[2006-02-24] [pravda]
Germany was the first European country that started to restore the knowledge of the runes back in the 19th century. A number of secret societies emerged. Hitler and Himmler were the members of the Thule Brotherhood. Later Nazi leaders set up a network of research institutions called Ananerbe. Swastika, a runic symbol of the Sun became the emblem of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich. Every military unit had a magus of its own. The SS structure was originally formed as a magic order. Up until 1940, every SS commissioned officer was to take a special course in the runic magic. The emblem “SS” is a double rune Sigel which is well known as a victory symbol.

Witness of Nazi Defeat - and a letter from Hitler
[2006-02-24] [decaturdaily]
WWII robbed Ursula Howard of any childhood boredom. She was born a decade before the world exploded. By 1943, the German war machine began buckling before Allied troops. Her mother wrote Adolf Hitler: "I have sent three sons to fight for you. I no longer believe the effort is worth our sacrifices." Hitler sent her a bronze bust of himself with a letter explaining his position. In 1945 the family sped westward in a horse-drawn buggy as the Red Army approached. Her mother said, "Don't lose that schwein (pig)," referring to the Hitler bust. They were on a months-long journey into hell. One morning, Howard saw a member of the Hitler Youth, about her age, hanging from a tree. Howard said she left the Hitler letter and bust at one of the many stops she made during those hectic months.

Friendships forged in war soldier on
[2006-02-24] [eveningstar]
There was considerable confusion on the evacuation of children from Ipswich. At first children were brought from London to Ipswich. This was thought to be a mistake, as Ipswich with its dock engineering works and airport was a target. Many went to Leicester only to find it was just as dangerous there. Hundreds returned home, others were unable to return as their families could not afford the fare home. A friendship spanning over 60 years was formed when a little girl was evacuated from Ilford to Ipswich. That 67 years later we are still in contact with our evacuees who have become our life-long friends.

Roma, victims of the Holocaust
[2006-02-24] [nineoclock]
Bucharest - Senators agreed with the request of President Traian Basescu to acknowledge the Roma as victims of the Holocaust from WW II. In the initial variant of the law, the Holocaust was defined as the systematic persecution, supported by the state, and the annihilation of the European Jews by Nazi Germany, and its allies and collaborators in the period 1933-1945. Answering the request of the President, the Senators established that the Roma population formed partially the object of oppression and annihilation during WW II.

Seoul to compensate WWII forced laborers
[2006-02-24] [up]
South Korea has decided to compensate citizens who were forced to work in Japan during Tokyo's 1910-45 colonization of the Korean Peninsula. Up to 100,000 South Koreans will be eligible for the individual compensation. If workers have died, their families will receive the payments. The government estimates that unpaid wages owed by Japanese companies to Korean forced laborers totaled $1.95 million. The decision could affect lawsuits filed against Japan and Japanese companies by wartime forced laborers, which have increased since the 1990s.

The February strike in the occupied Netherlands
[2006-02-24] [expatica]
Every year a gathering is held at the statue of a dockworker in Amsterdam's Jonas Daniel Meijerplein to commemorate the general strike of 25 February 1941. Unlike other strikes, this one was not for higher pay or world revolution. Instead for the first time in the occupied Netherlands, a city revolted against the Nazis' treatment of the Jews.

WWII relived as vintage planes visit - photo of a B-24 bomber falling
[2006-02-24] [palmbeachpost]
Inside Irwin Stovroff's wallet is a small grainy photo of a WWII B-24 bomber falling from the sky. A wingman captured the image before all 10 soldiers on board, including Stovroff, bailed out of the plane. The Americans were hit during a bombing run in France in 1944. The image has done nothing in 62 years to dampen his love of flying. The former bombardier shouted with glee while buckling his seat belt as the B-24 Liberator nicknamed Witchcraft left the Airpark bound for Boca Raton.

Russian WWII poster features US ship
[2006-02-24] [aap]
Authorities in Moscow removed posters put up to mark Russia's war veterans day after a newspaper noticed that a WWII ship depicted in the artwork was America's USS Missouri. The posters were taken down just hours before Defender of the Motherland Day celebrations. The defence ministry blamed civilian poster designers who did not know the difference between a Russian and American ship. The Missouri was the last battleship built by America and was the venue for Japan's surrender in Tokyo Bay. The vessel last saw action in the first Gulf War in 1991. It is now retired and is a major tourist attraction at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii.

Tuskegee Univ. to honor famed W.W. Two airmen
[2006-02-24] [ap]
72 heroes of WW2 will be honored in a familiar Alabama town. Members of the legendary Tuskegee Airmen will receive honorary degrees in public service as part of the sixth annual Tuskegee Airmen convocation. The Tuskegee Airmen, created in 1940 by the U.S. Army Air Corps, flew raids and protected bombers on missions, never lost a bomber to enemy fighters in more than 200 combat missions during the war. The record has been unmatched by any other fighter group. Their achievements include 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses, 744 Air Medals and 14 Bronze Stars.

Latvians debate history and archive of the Latvian 15th Waffen-SS Division
[2006-02-23] [baltictimes]
The Latvian government announced that it wants schoolchildren to study the country’s history as a separate subject. But in a country whose history is still under debate, the reforms are proving to be controversial. Latvia’s independence is based on the claim that the country’s annexation by the Soviet Union was an occupation. Moscow claims that Latvia volunteered to join the U.S.S.R. The most awaited event of the year will be the opening of the regimental archive of the Latvian 15th Waffen-SS Division, recently returned from Holland and already the subject of intense debate both in Riga and Moscow.

I won't be silenced - says David Irving
[2006-02-23] [Reuters]
Historian David Irving refused to apologise for offending victims of the Nazi death camps and said he would not be silenced. Asked whether he regretted the offence he had caused to Holocaust survivors and their families, Irving replied: "Freedom of speech means freedom to say things to other people that they don't want to hear. And if that causes offence to them then that's partly their problem and partially mine. "Freedom of speech is the right to be wrong, basically. Sometimes I'm wrong," he added.

Genocide at the Jews concentration camps - Red Cross factual appraisal
[2006-02-23] [aljazeera]
A three-volume Report of the International Committee of the Red Cross during the WW2 includes a survey of the Jewish question in Europe and the conditions of Germany's concentration camps. According to the report authors, the ICRC successfully applied the 1929 Geneva military convention in order to gain access to civilian internees held in Central and Western Europe by the Germany authorities. But they were denied access to the Soviet Union, which had failed to ratify the Convention. But what makes the Red Cross Report unique is that it is the first to confirm the legitimate circumstances under which Jews were detained in concentration camps.

German Director Performs Penance Through Film
[2006-02-23] [forward]
In the 1940s, director Marc Rothemund's grandmother pledged her allegiance to Hitler and to Nazi Germany. Sixty years later, in what might be seen as an act of penance, Rothemund is offering audiences the story of a German girl who took a very different path from the director's own ancestor. And recognition has come fast: "Sophie Scholl: The Final Days," a tribute to the famed anti-Nazi resistance fighter, was nominated for the Oscar for best foreign language film. Scholl was a member of a group of college students who mounted an underground resistance movement in Munich, calling themselves The White Rose.

European press split over David Irving
[2006-02-22] [bbc]
The 3-year prison sentence handed down by an Austrian court to British historian David Irving for denying the Holocaust divides opinion in Europe's press. In Austria, a commentator on a leading daily has no doubts that the sentence was fully justified, notwithstanding that the country is a democracy. But elsewhere, commentators worry that the sentence has undermined the fundamental democratic right of freedom of speech, and argue the principle should be upheld however abhorrent the views expressed.

When Scientific Ideology Was a Mask for Racism
[2006-02-22] [nysun]
When Americans talk about racism, we are mostly referring to white discrimination against blacks. But racism, in its early-20th-century heyday, was about more than simple hatred. As the word itself suggests, racism, like communism, originally purported to be a science. Facts, as they emerged in the writings of 19th-century racial theorists, seemed to fit perfectly into the world picture advanced by Charles Darwin, who revealed the merciless truth about the survival of the fittest. As with species, so too with human races, thought the founder of eugenics, Darwin's cousin Francis Galton, and the head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler.

David Irving: An anti-Semitic racist who has suffered financial ruin
[2006-02-22] [independent]
In 2000 David Irving was in court to sue the historian Deborah Lipstadt, whose book singled him out as a Holocaust denier. The unsuccessful 32-day libel action brought financial ruin and professional disgrace. Most damning were the words of Mr Justice Gray, presiding at the High Court, who branded the Third Reich historian "an active Holocaust denier ... anti-Semitic and racist". The author of more than 30 books on the WW2, Irving contends that most of those who died at concentration camps were not executed but succumbed to diseases such as typhus. His career has been characterised by a savage intellect and a consuming self-confidence.

Flying the swastika is to stay legal
[2006-02-22] [thesundaymail]
It is not an offence to burn the Australian flag. Neither is it an offence to fly the Nazi swastika and the Government has no plans to make it one. But Prime Minister John Howard did say today that there were occasions when displaying a swastika flag could result in prosecution. The swastika issue surfaced when a couple displayed a Nazi flag for a week in their backyard, only removing it after intense pressure. Jenni Duncombe told the media she did not know what the flag signified. Mr Howard said many people would be offended by display of the swastika, the symbol of the Nazi regime responsible for about 35 million dead during WWII.

Journalists Urge NA to Acknowledge Failure to Aid Journalists Fleeing Hitler
[2006-02-22] [Newswire]
More than 70 leading journalists have signed a letter urging the Newspaper Association of America to acknowledge the failure of American journalists to aid German Jewish refugee journalists who were trying to flee Hitler in the 1930s. The letter comes in response to new research by Laurel Leff, who found that U.S. journalism schools refused to aid German Jewish refugee journalists in the 1930s. She also revealed that the American Newspaper Publishers Association would not agree even to a ten-minute discussion of the refugee issue at its 1939 convention.

He nearly started World War III in the newly-divided Germany
[2006-02-21] [News Journal]
Staff Sgt. Dwight Tooker was too late to fight in WWII but just the right age to start WWIII when he shot the slats out of a Russian guard tower on the other side of the divided Germany. There were two Russians soldiers stationed in it and he has no idea how they fared. Tooker was letting off some steam after one of his men had been shot in the shoulder by a Russian soldier. After the man was taken to a hospital, a Russian lieutenant motioned him over to the fence. "He asked me if anyone had been hurt," Tooker said. "I told him one of my guys got shot in the shoulder. So this officer goes over to see the soldier that fired those shots. And he shot the man to death."

U.S.-German Flare-Up Over Vast Nazi Camp Archives
[2006-02-21] [nytimes]
Tempers are flaring over a US demand to open a huge repository of information about the Holocaust contained in the files of the International Tracing Service. Based in part on documents gathered by Allied forces as they liberated camps, the stock of files holds information on 17.5 million people. The collection is unique in its intimate personal detailing of a catastrophe, which is what makes the question of open access so delicate. The papers may reveal who was treated for lice at which camp, what medical experiment was conducted on which prisoner and why, who was accused of homosexuality or murder, which Jews collaborated and how they were induced to do so.

Latvia regrest Holocaust role
[2006-02-21] [afp]
Latvian President Vaira Vike-Freiberga expressed regrets during a visit to Israel for her country's role in the Nazi Holocaust during which around 75,000 Jews were killed in the Baltic state. Only around 6,000 of Latvia's pre-war Jewish community survived the genocide. Latvia was incorporated into the Soviet Union after the end of the Nazi occupation in 1945 before gaining its independence in 1991.

Jehovah's Witnesses and the Third Reich
[2006-02-21] [evangelical-times]
The book addresses the relations of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Germany with the Nazi regime. Penton challenges some long-standing assertions by JW leaders relating to this period — particularly the claim that the Witnesses were politically neutral in early 1933. The author provides evidence that there was an attempted compromise with Hitler when he came to power in 1933. Long before Hitler came to power, Judge Rutherford had made them hated by the majority of Germans. During the summer of 1933, Watch Tower leaders at all levels attempted to ingratiate their movement with the Nazis by attacking Great Britain, the US, the churches, and the Jews.

Fascists versus Nazis
[2006-02-21] [americandaily]
Very early in the history of Fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany, Anton Drexler, the founder of the National Socialist German Workers Party wrote that Mussolini was “probably a Jew” and that Fascism was a “Jewish movement.” When Hitler was in Landsberg Prison, Nazi racial theoretician Alfred Rosenberg and Drexler published articles and books condemning Mussolini for his ties to wealthy Italian Jews. They stopped only when Hitler himself ordered it.

The Speech of the Century
[2006-02-21] [themoscowtimes.]
It was 50 years ago that Nikita Khrushchev delivered his "secret speech" denouncing Josef Stalin. Khrushchev spoke for nearly four hours on Feb. 25, 1956, the last day of the 20th Party Congress. The session was unscheduled and restricted to keep the speech secret. It was not a secret very long. A translation made for the comrades in Poland reached the CIA via Israeli intelligence. In May, the U.S. State Department released a copy to The New York Times, which published it on June 4.

Austria sentences Irving to jail for Holocaust denial
[2006-02-21] [reuters]
An Austrian court sentenced David Irving to 3 years in prison for denying the Holocaust during a 1989 stopover in Austria, dismissing his argument that he had changed his views. Irving pleaded guilty, but the Vienna criminal court concluded he was only making a pretence of acknowledging Nazi Germany's genocide against Jews in order to escape a jail term. Irving said he was shocked by the sentence and lodged an immediate appeal. His lawyer said that even if Irving lost the appeal, he was likely to serve a maximum 1-1/2 to two years because of his age and status as a first-time offender.

Eichmann papers convinced Irving Holocaust happened
[2006-02-21] [reuters]
British historian David Irving pleaded guilty to charges of denying the Holocaust 17 years ago, but told an Austrian court that the personal files of Nazi mastermind Adolf Eichmann had changed his views. Asked whether he had denied in speeches in 1989 that Nazi Germany had killed millions of Jews, Irving said he had until he had seen the personal files of Adolf Eichmann, the chief organizer of the Holocaust.

Black tank corps member battled Germans, bigotry
[2006-02-20] [phillyburbs]
The motto of the 761st Tank Battalion was “Come Out Fighting,” and Mark Henderson Jr. said that was appropriate for the all-black unit he fought with during WWII. Henderson was a supply officer in the battalion. He said he faced plenty of prejudice from white soldiers, but some of that ebbed once the 761st joined up with Gen. George S. Patton's 3rd Army, fighting in campaigns like the Battle of the Bulge. The unit fought for 183 days, meeting up with the Russian army by the end of the war.

Battle to save last U-boat
[2006-02-20] [iccheshireonline]
A campaign have been launched to keep one of the last surviving German U-boats in Merseyside. The warships are being forced to move from their current location in Birkenhead because of development plans. Mersey Docks and Harbour Company (MDHC) have offered a temporary home for the warships, but the site is not big enough for the U-boat. The collection also includes Falklands War veteran HMS Plymouth, a Rothesay-class frigate, and HMS Onyx, one of the last British diesel-electric submarines. The U534 is the only German U-boat to have been raised from the sea-bed.

Noor Anayat Khan: The princess who became a spy
[2006-02-20] [independent]
This is the story of a young Indian Muslim woman who joined a secret organisation dedicated to acts of sabotage and terrorism across Europe. She was the first female radio operator sent into Nazi-occupied France by the Special Operations Executive (SOE). Through the terrifying summer of 1943, the untried spy found herself virtually in charge of Resistance communications in the Paris area as the Gestapo arrested cell after cell around her. Captured, she proved impenitent and uncontrollable. She died a horrific death in custody, kicked into a "bloody mess" on the stone floors of Dachau concentration camp, and then shot.

Internee who filmed WW II camps dies at 92
[2006-02-20] [seattletimes]
Dave Tatsuno used a smuggled Bell and Howell camera to film secret movies of the WWII internment camp where he spent three of his 92 years. He wasn't trying to spy, he said decades later, but document everyday life in the early 1940s at the Topaz Relocation Center in the Utah desert. In 1996, his 48 minutes of silent footage, called "Topaz," became the second home movie placed on the list of historically significant films kept by the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress. The first was Abraham Zapruder's film of the assassination of President Kennedy.

Exhibit shows Nazi effort to kill gays
[2006-02-20] [stargazettenews]
"Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945" exhibition examines the rationale, means and impact of the Nazi regime's attempt to eradicate homosexuality. Curator Ted Phillips said finding that information was difficult because the experiences of homosexuals in Nazi Germany weren't documented because of fear of persecution. Dubbed "paragraph 175," German criminal law section 175 declared "unnatural indecency" between men to be "punishable by imprisonment" for up to two years.

Japanese-Americans remember sorrows of WWII internment
[2006-02-20] [denverpost]
Even though Ruth Yamauchi, 90, is an American citizen, she was forced from her home in San Francisco to live in a horse stall and then an internment camp in arid Topaz, Utah, for three years during WWII. The camps, including one near Granada in eastern Colorado, housed people forced to leave their homes on the West Coast between 1942 and 1946. Two-thirds of those detained were U.S. citizens, and half were children.

Rommel: The End Of A Legend by Ralf Georg Reuth
[2006-02-19] [independent]
The legend of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, the Desert Fox, is threefold: he was a simple soldier who did his duty and knew nothing of Nazism; he was a commander of superlative talent in North Africa in 1941-2; he was a leader of resistance to Hitler who gave his life after the failure of the July 1944 plot. Reuth shows that all of these assumptions are false. Rommel was a officer whose ambitions were in perfect harmony with the aims of the Nazis. He colluded in the marketing of his persona by Goebbels, whose newsreels built him up like a movie star. He was mindlessly loyal to the Reich and Führer.

03-04-2006, 05:57 AM

Alaska's Bloodiest Battle - The History Channel
[2006-03-04] [PRNewswire]
In 1942 and 1943, the Aleutian Islands in Alaska played host to the only armed conflict fought on American soil since the War of 1812. In an effort to draw resources away from the Battle of Midway, Japanese forces bombed Alaska's Dutch Harbor, setting up a year-long occupation of the islands of Kiska and Attu with 3,000 soldiers. In May of 1943, a force of 11,000 Americans landed on Attu. They were met with the bone-chilling cold of the Alaskan winter and found themselves battling the unforgiving tundra as much as the Japanese themselves. The 3-week battle was one of the bloodiest in all of WWII.

Japanese-American served as paratrooper in the 11th Airborne Division
[2006-03-04] [azcentral]
Clarence Ohta served as a paratrooper and linguist in WWII with the Army's 11th Airborne Division, nicknamed "the Angels." The 11th fought to liberate Leyte and Luzon in the Philippines in 1944 and 1945. The Angels were the first of the occupation forces in Japan. Ohta said the servicemen who occupied Japan after VJ Day, were permitted to bring home a sword or pistol as a souvenir. "I brought home a long sword myself." He had his sword's history researched. The sword was 350 years old and worth $3,500.

D-Day paratrooper veteran to leave his house and demolish it
[2006-03-04] [columbian]
Paratrooper Llewellyn "Luke" Plunkett rode with 24 comrades from the 82nd Airborne's 325th Battalion in a glider that crash-landed at St. Mere Eglise in France when they flew in to fight the Germans on D-Day. He suffered a serious head injury in the rough landing on June 6, 1944, then had an operation to have his appendix removed. He could no longer carry a rifle, but still he rallied to cook pancakes for troops at the Battle of the Bulge. In recent days, the 82-year-old soldier has fallen on the hardest of times. He faced the prospect of becoming homeless, of losing the dilapidated house where he has lived.

Remains of two second world war tanks found on the beach
[2006-03-04] [Archant Regional]
Remains of two second world war tanks found on the beach at Titchwell. The exposed rusty remains of the tanks offer an insight into the 1940s when the beach was used by the Royal Tank Regiment as a practice range. The squadrons that may have used the tanks were the A Squadron, the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards, the 13th/8th Hussars and the 27th Lancers.

Massacre in Velke Mezirici - A commando from Hitlerjugend
[2006-03-04] [praguemonitor]
South Bohemian police have ascertained the circumstances of a massacre that occurred at the end of WW2 in Velke Mezirici. The findings would help police uncover persons responsible for the massacre. However, this will not be enough putting the perpetrators to trial since it is still necessary to question possible eye-witnesses living in Germany. During the massacre that happened on May 7, 1945, 63 people died. At the time when the war ended at most places in Europe a commando of young people from Hitlerjugend decided to punish people who joined the new local authorities.

Memoirs of a sailor in Polish Navy
[2006-03-04] [floridatoday]
Kazimierz Kasperek survived 3 Polish Navy ships sunk during WWII and led a German prison camp escape. He was on deck duty Sept. 1, 1939. "About 5 a.m., three German planes flew right over our navy harbor. I sounded the alarm, but it was too late for our artillery." His ship was hit two weeks later: "We went down in minutes. Our little navy was shrinking almost every day." Kasperek was thrilled with the end of the war in 1945, but bitterly disappointed by the treaties that followed: "We did not fight for a Communist Poland."

Battle for the Desert - footage from the frontlines of WWII
[2006-03-04] [smh]
Some of the most famous battle footage from the frontlines of WWII is included in this five-hour marathon of newsreel and documentary film. The highlight of the first disc is Roy Boulting’s Oscar-winning 1943 morale-booster Desert Victory. Using footage shot in North Africa by cameramen of the Army Film and Photographic Unit (4 of whom were killed during the campaign), it tells the story of the Allied defeat of Rommel's Afrika Korps and climaxes with the Battle of El Alamein.

The first American flag during the Battle of Iwo Jima
[2006-03-04] [wcco]
A WWII hero whose accomplishments were forgotten for years may soon have a veterans' health clinic named in his honor. Lindberg helped raise the first American flag during the Battle of Iwo Jima. His accomplishment was later overshadowed when a replacement flag was raised a few hours later.

Quiet WWII hero - From North Africa to Hitler’s Eagle’s Nest
[2006-03-04] [fayettevillenc]
Jimmy Gilbert, a quiet hero from the WW II generation, died. Gilbert didn’t offer many personal details of his war-fighting career, which spanned from the shores of North Africa in the autumn of 1942 to the 3rd Infantry Division occupation of Hitler’s famous “Eagle’s Nest” bunker in the German Alps near Berchtesgaden, in May 1945. His quiet pride was in the 3rd Infantry — the division he served with throughout the war. Gilbert knew Murphy, another quiet young man who became the most decorated soldier of the 3rd Infantry Division and of the entire Army.

France Discovers Two Living WWI Veterans
[2006-03-04] [ap]
France has discovered that two more World War I veterans are still living, bringing to seven the number of French soldiers from the "war to end all wars" known to be alive. Marie-Georges Vingadassalon said she had no immediate details on the names, ages or circumstances of the two newly discovered veterans. But she confirmed their discovery means the office now knows of 7 surviving French veterans. French media reports identified the two "poilus" — as French veterans of the war are known — as Francois Jaffre, 104, and Rene Riffaud, 107.

Bound by memories as prisoners of WWII
[2006-03-04] [myrtlebeachonline]
There are 3 men who share a friendship forged with stories of the horrors and humanity of WWII. "I don't talk about being a prisoner of war unless I'm with these two men right here," said Westfall. Kelly was beaten by a crowd of Hungarian civilians after his B-24 crashed in an open field - and that was before they tried several times to hang him from a nearby tree. Vienna was rated the second most heavily defended target in Europe, after Berlin, of course. Swan, who has 3 Purple Hearts, got half of his teeth knocked out by a German soldier for assisting a comrade whose eyeballs were hanging on his cheeks.

Kamikaze pilot - We were ready to die for Japan
[2006-03-03] [guardian]
The story of a kamikaze pilot: He was 21 and preparing for what was supposed to be his valedictory contribution to the Japanese war effort as a member of the elite Tokkotai Special Attack Squadron - the kamikaze. Late 1944 he was in the Philippines preparing for a suicidal attack on a British cruiser. But for the first time in his flying career, his beloved Zero fighter let him down. When the aircraft developed engine trouble, Mr Hamazono was forced to return to another base in Taiwan. By the time he returned to Japan, doubts were surfacing about the value of the men of the Tokkotai: the 2,000 kamikaze aircraft dispatched had managed to sink only 34 ships.

Reunion of World War II Rangers
[2006-03-03] [ljworld]
Historians argue whether the demise of Darby’s Rangers was the result of faulty intelligence and poor planning on their mission to capture Cisterna, or was due to the German General Field Marshal Albert Kesselring’s strategic deployment of forces. But the fight that ensued was the end of 3 battalions of untested replacements and battle-hardened veterans, most of whom had spearheaded invasions and fought their way through Africa, Sicily and Italy. Only a handful of men from the 1st and 3rd Ranger Battalions escaped after an overwhelming force of German soldiers — equipped with mortars and tanks — surrounded them.

Villains or Victims - the myths about Sudeten Germans
[2006-03-03] [praguepost]
Two different messages about the Sudeten Germans confront Czechs: They are still taught about the German colonialists who turned Nazi and wanted to destroy the country. And yet one cannot escape reports of postwar death marches, expulsions and mass graves, where Sudeten Germans were victims not perpetrators. One myth: Sudeten Germans supposedly all voted for the Nazi puppet Sudeten German Party (SdP) of Konrad Henlein. In fact, the SdP is likely to have received 50% to 55% of the Sudeten German vote.

Little Willy, a Play About Hitler's playboy Nephew
[2006-03-03] [broadwayworld]
"little Willy is a humorous production that tells the little-known true story of the devil-may-care playboy William Patrick Hitler – who also happened to be none other than Adolf Hitler’s estranged nephew. The show exposes William’s life as a skirt-chaser, VW Beetle car salesman and United States Naval soldier and reveals publicly for the first time the secrets that he used to bribe his notorious uncle.

Holocaust victims sue France for theft
[2006-03-03] [reuters]
Holocaust survivors sued France seeking compensation for taking personal property during WW2. The lawsuit filed seeks class-action status for Jews and others imprisoned in holding camps in France including Drancy, where prisoners were stripped of personal property like cash and jewellery before being transported to Nazi camps. 3 defendants are named in the suit: the Republic of France, French national railway SNCF, which assembled trains from holding camps to Auschwitz and Buchenwald, and French state-owned financial institution CDC.

The day Hitler took a King-hit
[2006-03-02] [theadvertiser]
The huge insignia which once adorned the battleship Admiral Graf Spee is a trophy which recalls the vaunting pride of Nazi Germany and its humiliation by the Royal Navy in Dec 1939. The Graf Spee was a dangerous novelty, a hybrid with the broadside of a battleship, the speed of a cruiser and oil bunkers which enabled it to steam 15,000km without refuelling. Such a formidable warship had one purpose: to intercept and sink merchant shipping in distant waters. Together with its sister ships, Deutschland and Admiral Scheer, the Graf Spee was a surface raider which would haunt the world's shipping lanes.

Two stories behind collection of 100 uniforms
[2006-03-02] [dailysun]
Military exhibitor Charles Covucci has a collection of 100 uniforms from WWII. A New York native, he came up with the idea of collecting military uniforms while attending a Veterans' Day dinner-dance. Before the evening was over, he had, or was promised, six uniforms. From there, it mushroomed. I soon had uniforms from all (U.S. military) branches, even added my father-in-law's from WWI. I have Maj. Gen. David Dozier's uniform. You may have heard of him, captured by the Germans during the campaign in Italy, then rescued.

Only four intact WWII German U-boats in museums worldwide
[2006-03-01] [csmonitor]
When the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago recently took the step of relocating its U-boat to a underground exhibit hall, it also revamped the entire exhibition. As with the physical exhibit, the U-505 website guides visitors through a historical context related to the main attraction: the U-Boat Menace in the Atlantic Ocean, the US Navy's response in the form of Hunter-Killer Task Groups, and the role of Intelligence and code breaking in the war against the subs. A 6-part series on Capturing the U-505 follows.

Woman tells of working for resistance
[2006-03-01] [hometownargus]
Mary Rostad worked for the resistance effort in WWII following the occupation of Belgium by the Nazis, who even made up laws on the spur of the moment. One was that the Belgian people could not walk on the sidewalk. "What do you do when you are 15 and someone tells you not to walk on the sidewalk?" she said. "You walk on the sidewalk." Rostad made a sport of doing things to frustrate the Nazis. She would take her small rations of sugar and pour them into the gas tanks of military vehicles. Working as inspector in a factory that made flashlights, she carried nail files and filed the switches so that they would break off after just a few uses.

Watching the enemy from the side of an ice-coated mountain
[2006-03-01] [lompocrecord]
The Japanese had taken over Attu and 4 other islands and were preparing to capture Dutch Harbor when U.S. troops recaptured the islands. Sgt. Anderson arrived at Attu in Alaska just a few months after its return to US control. Living in a wooden shack cut into the side of an ice-coated mountain, Kenneth Ray Anderson shared the only room with 4 other soldiers. The only window was the observation point for a telescope manned day and night to track Japanese ships. To exit the tiny shack during the winter, the soldiers had to dig through ice and snow almost daily.

Irving: Hitler had no systematic plan to exterminate Jews
[2006-03-01] [haaretzdaily]
Historian David Irving, who began serving a three-year prison sentence in Austria, repeated Tuesday earlier claims that he does not believe Hitler systematically worked to annihilate European Jewry. Responding to a question about the whether he thinks there was a systematic plan by Hitler to exterminate all Jews, Irving told the BBC, "That is absolutely wrong and nobody can justify that... Adolf Hitler's own involvement in it has a big question mark behind it. Given the ruthless efficiency of the Germans, if there was an extermination program to kill all the Jews, how come so many survived?"

Soldier a prisoner of his memories
[2006-03-01] [greeleytrib]
Curt Perry is living with memories most men don't want to remember. It was that prison of war camp and the now-infamous Bataan Death March that Perry carries in his memory. He was already in the Philippines when Pearl Harbor was attacked on Dec. 7, 1941. Just months later, after being outnumbered, outgunned and with his troops starving, Gen. Edward King surrendered his troops at Bataan on April 12, 1942. The general thought his troops would be treated under the laws for prisoners of war, but he was wrong. By the end of the war, of the 10,000 men captured 6,000 were dead. They had been starved, beaten, burned and beheaded.

Most causalities of any military branch - Merchant marines
[2006-03-01] [tauntongazette]
The Wall of Honor at the Berkley Town Hall lists the names of those who served in the Army, Navy and Marines during WWII. But two men are excluded: Merchant Marine veterans Alexander Trzcinski and Joseph John Trzcinski Jr. The merchant marines transported everything: Tanks, planes, ammunition. You always wanted to have diverse cargo on each ship, because then the Germans would have to sink ten ships to get it all. The merchant marines were non-combatants and suffered the most casualities of any other military branch. The government wouldn't announce the true casualties because then nobody would go to sea. We were the only way to get supplies through. You needed 15 tons of supplies for one soldier per year.

Life getting better for former tail gunner
[2006-03-01] [messengernews]
A former POW in Nazi Germany, Dyvig is one of the dwindling numbers of WWII veterans still alive today. Dyvig and his crew were hit 3 times while flying over enemy territory and had to jump out of the plane at 26,000 feet. Ironically, cigarettes may have helped save his life that day. After convincing the German soldiers to let him reach into his coat pocket, Dyvig pulled out several packs of cigarettes and began passing them out. The hostile gun muzzles were lowered and Dyvig began his imprisonment at Nazi prison camps. The Stalag Luft IV camp was liberated by Gen. George Patton, and Dyvig remembers the general’s entrance: he looked around and said, "I bet you sons of bitches are glad to see me."

Reunion of the "light brigade" - secret project of WWII
[2006-02-28] [azcentral]
During WWII the Butler Valley was the site of a secret government training camp the Army had declared the middle of nowhere. Their mission was to conduct experiments on one of the most secret projects of WWII, second only to the atomic bomb. Soldiers who talked about it were threatened with death. The secret weapon was the Canal Defense Light, a high-intensity light mounted in the turret of an M3 tank. Its purpose was to exploit Germany's vulnerability in night combat. U.S. troops hoped to disorient the enemy. "It was considered to be the decisive weapon of the war," says professor Roger Baty.

Distributed computing cracks Enigma code
[2006-02-28] [news.com]
More than 60 years after the end of WWII, a distributed computing project has managed to crack a previously uncracked message that was encrypted using the Enigma machine. The M4 Project began in early January, as an attempt to break 3 original Enigma messages that were intercepted in 1942 and are thought never to have been broken by the Allied forces. These messages were encrypted using a four-rotor Enigma. That version was considered by Germany to be completely unbreakable. Cryptologists at Bletchley Park managed to break Enigma through their development of early computers, led by Alan Turing.

Soldier's memoir relates Russian Front horrors
[2006-02-28] [charleston]
The Inhumanity of War: Russia, 1941-44. By Willy Peter Reese. On his 21st birthday, Willy Peter Reese was drafted to fight for his Fuehrer and the Fatherland. For almost 3 years, he survived fleas, frostbite and food rationing while completing four tours of duty on the Russian Front. In 1944, on his fifth deployment, he was killed. While on home-leave, Pvt. Reese turned his war memories into this manuscript, which outlines depraved conditions for the foot soldier and the inhumanity of war.

Luftwaffe maps hold key to hidden UXBs
[2006-02-28] [telegraph]
Original maps of Luftwaffe raids on Britain are being used to protect building workers from unexploded Second World War bombs. Researches revealed a Luftwaffe bomb plot indicating at least 24 bomb strikes on the site, 49 high explosive bombs recorded, and details of some 4,000 incendiary bombs landing within the site boundary. Many German bombs were never found and others were "abandoned" as too difficult to recover and left where they lay. The Luftwaffe maps were used during checks on a site in the Midlands that was heavily bombed in 1940-41.

Soldier Hid For 60 Years After Burma Horror
[2006-02-28] [dailyrecord]
A traumatised former POW has finally emerged from his home after 60 years hiding. The 100-year-old British veteran was left a broken man after being part of the slave labour force used to build the Burma railway. When he was freed at the end of WWII, his devoted wife cared for him at their house. After she died, their spinster daughter carried on looking after him. It was only after the daughter's death that the old soldier's plight was uncovered. He finally explained his story to the ex-servicemen's mental illness charity. Officials described it as the most extreme example of battlefield stress they had ever encountered.

WWII Ace, Author Robert L. Scott Dies
[2006-02-28] [ap]
Retired Brig. Gen. Robert L. Scott, the WWII flying ace who told of his exploits in his book "God is My Co-Pilot," died. His death was announced by Paul Hibbitts, director of the Museum of Aviation where Scott worked in recent years. The Georgia-born Scott rose to nationwide prominence during WWII as a fighter ace in the China-Burma-India theater, then with his best-selling 1943 book, made into a 1945 movie. He shot down 22 enemy planes with his P-40 Warhawk, though he recalled some were listed as "probable" kills.

U.S. veteran scours Okinawa's caves for relics of bloody 1945 conflict
[2006-02-28] [asahi]
For the past 21 years, Ron Fuller has been digging into the past. His mission is to find remains of Japanese victims who perished in the fierce Battle of Okinawa. But the relics are not keepsakes. Here in the deep caves, where Imperial Japanese Army soldiers and Okinawan civilians fled for their lives, Fuller tries to imagine what they thought and felt during those frantic last moments. The so-called Typhoon of Steel raged across the island for 3 months. About 200,000 Japanese were killed. Many of them were terrified civilians who committed group suicide in caves rather than be taken prisoner by U.S. soldiers.

So the soldier did not want Eric to see him as a Nazi monster
[2006-02-28] [miami]
By 1943, German soldiers were patrolling the streets. The Germans came with artillery and half-track tanks, fascinating to a 13-year-old boy. So Eric took a ride with them. "I remember my mother standing there, just ashen white." Eric knew nothing then of extermination camps. The Germans seemed like great guys. Eric helped them get around. They had canned fruit, chocolate, whole chickens and they liked to share. There was one german soldier in particular: One day he came to visit and walked out some distance with me. "I understand you're Jewish, not all Germans are alike", he said. So the soldier did not want Eric to see him as a Nazi monster.

A new book of Grossman’s war writings
[2006-02-27] [newyorker]
In 1941 the war came. Like many others, Grossman rushed to volunteer for the front... A new book of Grossman’s war writings—a collection taken from his notebooks and his published pieces has appeared in English as "A Writer at War", translated by Antony Beevor. Halted outside Moscow in December, the Germans resumed their offensive in the south as soon as the snow melted. The Red Army reeled again until it reached the very edge of European Russia, at a large industrial city on the Volga that had been renamed Stalingrad. When Grossman arrived, the city had already been laid waste by the same Luftwaffe commander who, during the Spanish Civil War, had bombed Guernica.

Ivan's War - LIfe and Death in the Red Army, 1939-45
[2006-02-27] [timesdispatch]
The observations, words, thoughts and feelings of Russian soldiers were lost amid the patriotic zeal of the Cold War. The cause of the Russian soldier was never popular in the West. Turns out, it wasn't popular in Russia, either. Joseph Stalin's idea of the perfect war hero was Joseph Stalin. In the recently unsealed documents, Catherine Merridale found a story of absurdity. In interviews with veterans, she found a reluctance, even today, to speak against the state. It's not an American-style history. There is no Band of Brothers, no Private Ryan worth saving. The romance of the battlefield didn't exist in Russia.

First museum honoring Stalin in 50 years
[2006-02-27] [upi]
Even though he was responsible for killing millions, many Russians view Joseph Stalin in a positive light and look forward to a new museum in his honor. Polls show almost 50% of Russians view the former dictator in a positive or very positive light. In May, the first major museum dedicated to Stalin in 50 years is scheduled to open in Volgograd, formerly named Stalingrad. It is expected to contain telegrams from Stalin to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. "He was a great man with a great personality," said curator Valentina Klyushina, even though her mother was jailed for 7 years during Stalin's rule.

Only living black WWII veteran to receive the Medal of Honor
[2006-02-27] [wyomingnews]
When Vernon Baker went to join the Army in the 1940s the recruiter told him they didn't have quotas for his kind of people. What he meant was black people. 50 years later, Baker, a native of Cheyenne, stood with tears streaming down his face as President Clinton hung the Medal of Honor around his neck for his heroic actions. Baker is the only living black WWII veteran to receive the Medal of Honor. Struggle between the all black platoon and white officers created enormous hardships. That left them really fighting two wars, one against Nazi Germany and one against racist commanders.

03-12-2006, 05:54 AM

The Eva Braun story: Behind every evil man...
[2006-03-12] [independent]
She was a good Catholic girl. Her ordinariness was her defining quality. So why did she devote herself to Adolf Hitler? As a major new biography is published, Frances Wilson looks at her strange life - and death. It wasn't much of a wedding; just the bride and groom and a few of his colleagues. Appropriately for a workaholic, the ceremony was held in his office without ceremony, but there was plenty of champagne in the store, so they drank a hearty toast to the bride. She would have preferred to wear a different dress of course, so it was all a bit disappointing, but she wasn't going to let silly things ruin the moment she had waited 15 years for.

Special tribute to Swazi Army - Swazi Unit at Anzio
[2006-03-12] [observer]
The Swazi contingent that fought on the side of the Allies during the WW2 last weekend received an unexpected accolade when it was remembered in the South African broadsheet ‘The Sunday Times’, 62 years after the war. Headlined ‘Swazi Unit at Anzio’ the paper wrote in 1944, about the exuberance our lads carried themselves about as they did their bit for the Empire. Excerpt: ‘The only African natives in the Anzio (Italy) beachhead are members of a Swazi smoke company that landed on January 21 and also participated in the landing at Salerno (Italy) last year.

The Brilliance of the Lend-Lease Act
[2006-03-12] [americanheritage]
65 years ago today the US Congress passed a bill that altered the course of the Second World War. By a vote of 60 to 31 in the Senate and 317 to 17 in the House of Representatives, Congress Passed HR 1776, “A Bill Further to promote the defense of the US, and for other purposes”—the Lend-Lease Act. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was authorized to “sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, [or] lend” arms and other equipment to countries whose well-being he judged “vital to the defense of the US.” By the end of the war, the Lend-Lease Administration provided more than $50 billion in aid to 50 allies. In 1941 approximately 1% of British arms were obtained through Lend-Lease. Over the course of the war that number leaped to a remarkable 17%.

D-Day training beach remembered
[2006-03-11] [walb]
More than 250,000 US troops trained for the D-Day invasion just 60 miles south of Tallahassee. This weekend they'll celebrate the 61st anniversary of that training. And for many of them, it's an emotional trip back in time. Each year the group of Veternas that return to the amphibious soldier camp shrinks but the stories of those soldiers only grow. "We'd get in these boats and go out to Dog Island, make invasions of Dog Island, and one time you may have noticed, 16 men from our batallion drowned," said Martin Kruse.

The only Filipino soldier who was awarded the Medal of Honor
[2006-03-11] [thenewstoday]
During WWII, the only Filipino soldier who was awarded the Medal of Honor was Sgt. Jose Calugas. His award reads: "For conspicuous gallantry and interpidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy at Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands. When the battery gun position was shelled and bombed until one piece was out of action and casualties caused the removal of the remaining canoneers to shelter, Sergeant Calugas, voluntarily and on his own accord proceeded 1,000 yards across the shell-swept area to the gun position and joined the volunteer gun squad which fired effectively on the enemy."

Gathering of Mustangs and Legends — the Final Roundup
[2006-03-11] [dispatch]
Rickenbacker Airport is attempting to land a historic gathering of P-51 Mustang fighter planes and pilots for 2007. The show is significant, because of the aircraft’s popularity and because it could be the last major gathering of P-51 pilots from WWII. P-51 Mustangs were the aircraft of choice to escort American bombers during World War II. The show would be called "Gathering of Mustangs and Legends — the Final Roundup."

A convoy under air attack
[2006-03-11] [tribune-democrat]
Retired Army Capt. W.W. Wilkins Jr. is on a mission to win the Bronze Star for retired Cpl. James F. Weyandt, an ambulance driver. A convoy – part of the 4th Armored Division of the 3rd U.S. Army under Gen. George Patton – was strafed several times by a German plane, which then dropped anti-personnel bombs that rained down shrapnel. "They explode in the air, there are no foxholes there, so you’d just lay down. Many guys got hit in the back." Weyandt loaded two men on stretchers into his ambulance and helped 7 men who could sit up. Weyandt drove off to the nearest field hospital. The ambulance drew fire on a road through enemy territory. Three times, the vehicle came under rifle fire. Then, a German plane zeroed in on the lone ambulance...

A battle plan that made the Germany the focus of the Allied airpower
[2006-03-11] [dcmilitary]
On March 6, 1942, Lt. Gen. Henry H. Arnold had won approval for a battle plan that made the European theater the focus of the majority of Allied airpower, with minimal airpower in the Pacific theater. 3 days later, the Army released Circular 59, War Department Reorganization. The plan streamlined the Army's resources into three major commands, defining the Army Air Forces as an autonomous command within the Army. The technology gap between "us" and "them" had never been so pronounced as during the Nazi Luftwaffe's siege of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War in 1937.

What happened to the British led anti-Nazi resistance in Hungary
[2006-03-11] [prweb]
“Sword of the Turul,” by Catherine Eva Schandl, tells the true story of how the British-led anti-Nazi resistance in Hungary was secretly imprisoned by the NKVD and abandoned by the British intelligence service after WWII. The only thing missing from the book is names. The author is now disclosing the real names of: the Hungarian leader of her father Karoly’s resistance group, one of the group members who also ended up in Vladimir prison, and the arrested Dutch lieutenant who was working for Raoul Wallenberg.

Second Marine Division Were Warriors
[2006-03-10] [virginiamn]
Bob Cary remembers their wartime stories of weathering artillery fire and howling bombs, of antics activated in the name of survival, and the firm friendships formed among the fearless fighters. Once his battalion was overlooked for food supplies: There was no way to requisition supplies through the Army, so Cary was recruited to devise a solution. With two trucks, smeared with mud to hide their identity, Marines set out on their looting mission. Approaching the supply docks, Cary improvised, stating they were with the 33rd Engineers. The trucks were soon filled with canned beef, corn, beans and peaches.

Nazi Govt. Wanted to Deport Jews to Soviet Union
[2006-03-10] [mosnews]
A document found in a Moscow archive suggests that the Soviet leadership rejected a Nazi proposal to deport Jews to the Soviet Union. The letter discusses a German proposal - maybe written by Adolf Eichmann and Alois Brunner - to move more than 2 million Jews to the Soviet Union. But the Soviet leadership rejected almost immediately the idea: "We cannot take these Jews. We have an awful lot of our own already," Chekmenyov wrote in the letter to Molotov. Nazi officials had also proposed other ways of evicting Jews, such as deporting them en masse to the island of Madagascar, as a territorial solution to what the Nazis referred to as the “Jewish question”.

MI5 saved goddaughter of the late king George V from jail
[2006-03-09] [bbc]
MI5 documents now reveal Dowager Viscountess Dorothy Downe had her mail intercepted at her home but was not interned. She was noted in official files as a "most fanatical admirer of Hitler" but not involved in pro-Nazi propaganda. However, unlike some other fascist aristocrats, she avoided jail. The newly released file records that Lady Downe was also said to have "for some time almost entirely supported the National Fascists out of her own pocket".

Neil Lambell flew in the most successful Lancaster during WW2
[2006-03-09] [yourguide]
There were only 35 Lancasters out of 6500 that were successful in achieving 100 or more operational missions. The most successful plane was Lancaster ED888, which achieved 140 ops. ED888 arrived at 103 Squadron's base and began operations on May 4, 1943. The Lancaster became known as "Mother Of Them All". Neil was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for gallant service. On one occasion during an attack on Berlin he was hit on the face by a piece of shrapnel whilst making his bombing run, but undeterred, he released his bombs at the correct time.

Pilot asked me if I would go on a secret mission with him
[2006-03-09] [sun-herald]
"The major asked me if I would go on a secret mission with him," Sgt. Pete Chisholm recalls. When we were airborne, the major told we were flying into Burma to pick up Merrill's Marauders. We landed our C-47 on a "awfully short" bamboo runway. The minute we landed the major said, "Pete, get those Marauders in here! They're out there in the bushes." I hollered for them to come out. Nothing! Finally I called them every name I could think of, and they came out of the tall grass and climbed aboard. We weren't off the ground when we reached the end of the bamboo runway - but the major kept right on flying through the bamboo until we were off the ground. "That was when my trouble really began..."

Plaque To the only German air raid on Londonderry
[2006-03-09] [Century Newspapers ]
The victims of the only German air raid on Londonderry are to be commemorated with a memorial plaque. While Belfast was blitzed by Nazi bombers, causing widespread death and destruction, only once was Londonderry targeted by the Luftwaffe, even though it had been a strategic sea and air base. On April 15, 1941, two parachute mines were dropped from a single German bomber, aimed at the ship repair base on the River Foyle. No-one was hurt when one of the bombs fell near St Patrick's Church, but the second landed on nearby Messines Park, killing 13 people and injuring 33.

Exhibit will feature vintage posters from World War II
[2006-03-09] [wtrf]
A new exhibit from the Smithsonian Institute featuring home front posters is about to make its way to Elkins. The poster exhibit, titled "Produce For Victory" is only one part of the traveling exhibit. It will feature vintage posters like the now classic "Buy War Bonds" posters seen so much throughout the war. Before the exhibit arrives in November, the Smithsonian is looking for folks who have local WWII memorabilia to display along side the posters.

Auschwitz escapee and leader of Belgian Resistance - William Herskovic
[2006-03-08] [ap]
William Herskovic escaped from Auschwitz and helped inspire Belgium's resistance to the Nazis during the Second World War. Three months after being sent to Auschwitz, Herskovic escaped by cutting through a chain-link fence with two other prisoners. The three hopped a train to Breslau, but a local rabbi threw them out when they tried to tell him about the horrors at Auschwitz. In his prewar home of Antwerp, Herskovic delivered one of the earliest firsthand accounts of the atrocities of the Holocaust. The resistance swiftly mobilized, placing bricks on railway tracks to stop a train bound for the camps.

The French Croix de Guerre and a Purple Heart with 4 clusters
[2006-03-08] [chieftain]
His heroism in France brought him the French Legion of Honor. Pete Jimenez was a squad leader in the 29th Infantry Division, going ashore on D-Day at Omaha Beach. Among his decorations were the French Croix de Guerre, the Bronze Star and a Purple Heart with 4 clusters - signifying the 5 times he was wounded in combat. Sept. 17, 1944, he led a small squad of GIs to try and recover some American soldiers who were taken prisoner near Brest. Fighting off several counter-attacks by German infantry units, his small group found themselves in a heavy firefight with German soldiers entrenched in a subway tunnel.

Letters Offer Glimpse of Life in Nazi Labor Camps
[2006-03-08] [npr]
The New York Public Library opened an exhibit of 300 Holocaust-era letters saved by Sala Garncarz, a Jewish woman who spent 5 years in the labor camps. Garncarz was interned in 7 different Nazi labor camps between 1940 and 1945. Although conditions at labor camps were often harsh laborers could sometimes receive mail. Over the next 5 years she kept every piece of mail she received, more than 300 letters, postcards, drawings and photographs. These letters are more than a family's chronicle of survival: They document a vast network of Nazi slave labor camps.

British POW death march is marked by heritage trail
[2006-03-07] [telegraph]
One of the most brutal episodes of the Second World War, the Sandakan death march in Borneo, has been commemorated with a heritage trail. Tourists will be able to trek the same route taken by the POWs, who were forced to walk 155 miles. The Japanese soldiers guarding the ragged column were ordered to execute all those who faltered. Even those who made it were not safe. They were later shot by Japanese commanders who wanted to cover up the atrocities. Some were executed 12 days after the war had officially ended. Of the 2,434 British and Australian POWs, only 6 escaped, all Australian.

Museum acquired a rare M-36 Jackson tank destroyer
[2006-03-07] [newstimeslive]
Tank destroyers were meant to combat the big-gunned, heavily armored German Tigers and Panthers that "badly outclassed" the American Sherman tanks during the war. They were basically fast, lightly protected gun platforms firing shells that could penetrate the German armor. Their survival — and that of their crews — depended on speed and elusiveness, rather than heavy armor. Only about 1,500 M-36s were manufactured, and they reached the front in 1944, replacing older, smaller tank destroyers like the M-10 Wolverine and M-18 Bearcat.

The ten lessons of Winston Churchill
[2006-03-07] [msnbc]
In May of 1940, the same day Hitler’s panzers began their blitz across Europe, Churchill became prime minister. With Holland, Denmark, and Belgium quickly overrun and France, England’s last fighting ally, about to sign an armistice, with a quarter of a million British troops, the country’s entire army, stranded at the French port city of Dunkirk, Churchill refused to quit. "Of course, whatever happens in Dunkirk," he told his cabinet, "we shall fight on."

Berlin: Nazi rallying with giant swastika banners
[2006-03-07] [spiegel]
An alarming sight in Berlin: The city's central "Lustgarten" square transformed into a Nazi rallying ground complete with giant swastika banners and a ranting Führer. But Germany's first comedy film about Hitler was bound to break taboos. Tourists stared open-mouthed at the scene in central Berlin: huge red banners bearing the Nazi swastika fluttering in the winter sun outside the city's cathedral, Wehrmacht soldiers in their steel helmets standing guard between the imposing pillars of the Old Museum and a crowd of hundreds cheering their Führer with enthusiastic Hitler salutes and chants of "Sieg Heil!"

27th Air Transport Group - goods to the battle front
[2006-03-07] [jacksonholestartrib]
Joseph W. (Bill) Stevens was assigned to the 27th Air Transport Group. A primary duty was ferrying goods to the battle front, gasoline for Patton's tanks, ammunition, and other goods. Return flights were usually filled with wounded headed. Most flights were uneventful - one wasn't. They were descending through a layer of clouds when they were hit by flak. One engine was damaged, the throttle and prop control were useless. A burst hit one wing just outboard of a fuel tank. Others hit the fuselage. The only passenger, a Frenchman was systematically destroying the documents he was carrying as the crew struggled to keep the aircraft flying.

The pencil "too slow" to ridicule Hitler
[2006-03-07] [calendarlive]
John Heartfield found the pencil "too slow" to ridicule Hitler, so he made his point with photo montages, as illustrated in a Getty show. In his effort to secure power, Adolf Hitler engaged in a fierce propaganda war. He not only had a minister of propaganda, the notorious Joseph Goebbels. He also had some shiny new tools at his disposal: public radio broadcasts and the new wide-circulation, photographically illustrated magazines. Hitler's opponents had a powerful weapon too, and his name was John Heartfield, who's most searing works were the 237 photomontages he made for the magazine Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung (Workers Illustrated News).

P-51 Mustang in WWII as a bomber escort
[2006-03-07] [centralohio]
They called it a search and destroy mission, the perfect way for a P-51 fighter pilot to wrap up a day's work over Nazi Germany. "It was a plane that changed the whole course of the war," George Valentine said. Until the Mustang appeared, American bomber crews were on their own during missions over the Third Reich. But the Mustang was the fighter plane that could go all the way with them and fend off enemy fighter attacks. Until jet fighters made their appearance at the very end of WWII, the Mustang was the fastest, nastiest thing in the air.

Pearl Harbor attack a strategic failure for Japan
[2006-03-06] [news-record]
Japan's two-year "window of opportunity" resulted in its decision to go to war in the Pacific. Japan needed resources to become the world power, and the resources in the south were too great a magnet. The only power that could oppose it was the US. So strategic plan was formed: With a massive first strike, Japan would destroy the US Navy based at Pearl Harbor. The battle plan: In late Nov 1941 sail a huge Imperial Japanese Navy fleet across the northern Pacific. When the fleet was 200 miles north of Hawaii, aircraft carrier planes would be sent out to bomb the US naval base, sinking as many of the ships as possible.

Prince Philip talks frankly about his family's links with the Nazis
[2006-03-06] [dailymail]
Prince Philip has broken a 60-year public silence about his family's links with the Nazis. He said they found Hitler's attempts to restore Germany's power 'attractive' and admitted they had 'inhibitions about the Jews'. The revelations come in a book about German royalty kowtowing to the Nazis, which features photographs never published in the UK. They include one of Philip at the 1937 funeral, flanked by relatives in SS and Brownshirt uniforms. Another one shows his sister Sophia sitting opposite Hitler at the wedding of Hermann and Emmy Goering. "There was a lot of enthusiasm for the Nazis, the economy was good, we were anti-Communist and who knew what was going to happen to the regime?"

WWII airman lost over Himalayas
[2006-03-06] [thenewstribune]
Gerard Rugers Jr was a 24-year-old radio operator in the U.S. Army Air Corps. He flew the treacherous Hump missions over the Himalayas that between 1942 and 1945 would claim more than 1,000 U.S. fliers. Rugers had been missing and presumed dead since March 27, 1944. His remains were identified after a U.S. military forensics team trekked to the long-hidden crash site along the Tibetan frontier. Rugers’ long journey home began when the Chinese government sent a team to investigate villagers’ reports of a crash site on Meiduobai Mountain in Tibet. The team found wreckage of a U.S. C-46 Commando, tail number 124688.

From bombs to bronze, WWII veteran tells of his Army life
[2006-03-06] [insidebayarea]
Aubrey "Bob" Jolly managed to save 22 lives while serving in Italy. A member of the 109th Engineer Battalion, Jolly specialized in clearing minefields, and building and blowing up bridges. A newly appointed lieutenant sent a squad through the wrong road. Accompanied with 3 trucks loaded with 200 pounds of TNT and anti-tank mines, Jolly and his squad were engaged by enemy fire and were forced out of the trucks to take cover. If hit, each truck carried the potential to kill everyone nearby. Realizing the soldiers were too close to the explosive-laden trucks, Jolly ran toward the vehicles dodging bullets, got inside each truck and drove them 350 yards away.

Descendant of Goering converts to Judaism
[2006-03-06] [independent]
"I used to feel cursed by my name. Now I feel blessed", said physiotherapist Matthias Goering, a descendant of Hermann Goering. He says he did not have a happy childhood. His great-grandfather and Hermann's grandfather were brothers, and that was enough to ensure problems after the fall of the Third Reich. His father, a military doctor, was a Soviet POW, but returned with his anti-Semitic views intact. "When times were hard our parents would say to us, 'You can't have that, because all our money's gone to the Jews.'" Other descendants of Nazis have trodden the same path. Katrin Himmler, who's uncle was the SS commander Heinrich Himmler, married an Israeli.

The only Gestapo spy to evade capture in Britain in WWII
[2006-03-05] [ap]
The only German spy to evade capture in Britain first surfaced in London in 1940 and set off a panicked search amid fears he was an advance man for a Nazi invasion, security service documents show. Wilhelm Morz had operated first in Czechoslovakia, followed by Holland, and both countries fell to German forces not long after he vanished. Then in June 1940 he was spotted in Britain for the first time. The Security Service began a frenzied hunt for Morz. "He is in fact one of the cleverest secret agents the Gestapo has," a Sept 1940 document says.

The Nazi bid to poison Shetland
[2006-03-05] [scotsman]
British secret service documents reveal that Hitler wanted to introduce lethal bacteria to Shetland. The plot began in Jan 1943 when 3 exhausted Norwegians staggered ashore from Nazi-occupied Norway. Alarm bells rang when MI5 intercepted a German signal saying the boat had left Norway on a mission for German intelligence. Captain Lieutenant Klein, the new head of German intelligence in Trondheim had ordered the Reidar to be sent as a "feeler". MI5 discovered that if the Reidar trip succeeded, spies would be sent on subsequent journeys "and these would also be equipped with the necessary material for spreading bacteria in this country".

German-born Jewish refugees trained for a very special mission
[2006-03-05] [Contra Costa Times]
During WW II German-born Jewish refugees were recruited and trained by U.S. forces for a very special mission. Their objective? Going behind enemy lines to wage an intellectual and psychological battle in the hopes of stopping the senselessly brutal bloodshed. They were called the Ritchie Boys. What must it have been like for these German-born Jews to return to Germany to fight against the very people who persecuted them? "You know, it really didn't mean much anymore," was Habermann's quiet but emphatic response. "I was no longer a German. The Nazis had told me so either get out or get killed."

The Spitfire - Tribute To Warplane That Saved Britain
[2006-03-05] [thisisbristol]
An aviation expert has published a new book which pays tribute to Britain's most famous warplane - the Spitfire. The fighter aircraft which helped to change the course of the WWII celebrates the 70th anniversary of its first flight. Peter R March's book is a picture-led account of the history of the Spitfire - from its first flight to its role in the war. When it first flew at Southampton 70 years ago, the Air Defence ministry ordered 310 aircraft straightaway. It meant the plane could go into production in time to be operational for the WWII. Without it, the outcome of the WWII would undoubtedly have been different.

Secret files reveal WW2 problem of Nazi nobles
[2006-03-05] [scotlandonsunday]
Newly-released papers show the scale of suspicion and fear around the British High Command during the Second World War. It has emerged that intelligence chiefs faced a dilemma over how many aristocrats with Nazi sympathies they should arrest, amid fears that interning too many would inflate their importance. MI5 spied on a god-daughter of the late King George V, Dowager Viscountess Dorothy Downe, noting her as a "most fanatical admirer of Hitler" and intercepting her mail.

The Complete Correspondence of Franklin D Roosevelt and Joseph V Stalin
[2006-03-05] [guardian]
Joseph Stalin did not like to travel, a trip to his dacha outside Moscow, was about as far as he was willing to venture. But, in his wartime letters to Franklin D Roosevelt, Stalin gave the impression that he was constantly on the move. "I have frequently to go to the different parts of the front," he wrote in August 1943, fully two years after his last such expedition. There could be no clearer indicator of the failure of the industrialisation of the Soviet Union than its inability to produce even the basic requirements for war. By winter 1941 lacked even the leather for the soles of its boots.

Female racing ace hoarded pictures of Hitler
[2006-03-05] [independent]
The celebrated female racing driver Fay Taylour hoarded a cache of pictures of Adolf Hitler during a 3-year prison spell in the WW2, British Security Service files have revealed. In a letter to a friend, the Irish-born driver said: "I love Nazi Germany and the German people and their leader and this war seems terribly unfair." A memo from the detention camp authorities, revealed the extent of her devotion to the Nazi cause. It said: "She is in the habit of hoarding pictures of Hitler and had in her possession a hymn in which his name was substituted for God's."

Auschwitz photographer worked with Dr. Josef Mengele
[2006-03-05] [ap]
Brasse was sent to Auschwitz as a political prisoner for trying to sneak out of German-occupied Poland. Because he had worked in a photography studio, he was put to work in the photography and identification department. One day in 1943 his boss, an SS officer Bernhard Walter, called him into his office. An immaculately uniformed SS officer was waiting. The stranger politely addressed Brasse as "sir." It was Dr. Josef Mengele, the infamous camp doctor and practitioner of cruel medical experiments. He said that he was going to send some Jewish girls for pictures, and that I had to take pictures of them naked. For years afterward Brasse saw them in his dreams: emaciated Jewish girls, herded naked in front of his camera. Eventually, his dreams stopped. But he never took pictures again.

Former P.O.W. reveals nasty side of the French Resistance
[2006-03-05] [standard-journal]
Canadian Jack Fairweather temporary worked with the French Resistance, earning one of France’s highest honors. He was part of the June 6 D-day landing in Normandy. On the second day he was taken as a POW. Train transfering him was bombed by the Allies, he wasn’t hurt, but the explosion allowed him to escape. He was picked up by French resistance fighters after the escape. "The leader of the group was an outlaw of sorts named Lecoz. The guy was pretty much out for himself. Anyone that got in his way he’d have them either executed or beaten to death." While with the group, Fairweather helped to liberate the small French town of Loshes. Once the town was liberated, Lecoz rounded up many of the residents and executed them for no reason other than he found them undesirables.


03-19-2006, 09:51 AM
World War II Lasted Longer for China
[2006-03-19] [Deutsche Welle]
In its resistance to Japan, China became one of the four leading powers fighting fascism. Although its role in WWII is often underestimated in the West, the war in the Pacific broke out first and lasted the longest in China. For the Chinese, WWII started on July 7, 1937, when Japanese troops seized control of the Marco Polo Bridge near Beijing after a heavy exchange of fire with the Chinese. In the West historians occasionally cite the war as having started and ended in China, after 8, instead of 6, years. But their opponents contend that this view risks minimizing Germany's guilt for having unleashed WWII.

Failed strategy of Neville Chamberlain led world back to war
[2006-03-19] [wausaudailyherald]
Neville Chamberlain, Britain's prime minister 1937-1940, symbolizes the failed policy of "appeasement," which more than any other policy, allowed Adolf Hitler to plunge Europe into war. Chamberlain proposed to acquiesce to Hitler's ever-increasing territorial demands rather than stand up to him and risk war. The irony was that as Hitler gained more territory -- the Rhineland, co-opted Austria, the Czech Sudetenland and the rest of Czechoslovakia -- he became more powerful and confident that he could start, and win, a war. Appeasement was a popular belief in Europe in the 1930s because Europeans remembered what the WWI had cost them, and they were determined not to repeat it.

Author believes US was testing atomic detonator at old N.S. site
[2006-03-19] [herald]
For Betty O’Toole the world changed in 1942. A car came and the 3 men in it wanted to speak to her father. Politely but firmly, the they offered him a choice: sell us the land across the road, or we’ll have it expropriated. Next day they bulldozed the old houses. That same week, 3 new buildings went up. Everything was controlled by U.S. Naval Observation Laboratories, a branch present at the actual testing of the nuclear devices in 1945. Their experiments involved an aircraft dropping bomb- and mine-shaped devices into Cobequid Bay at high tide. "They didn’t want the bomb to fall freely. They wanted it held back, so they’d know when to detonate. So the bombs on Japan detonated above ground, " she explains.

A commander of airborne forces - Brigadier "Speedy" Hill
[2006-03-19] [telegraph]
In 1942 Hill took command of the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment, which was dropped at Souk El Arba, deep behind enemy lines in Tunisia. To impress the French commander with the size of his unit, Hill marched the battalion through the town twice, first wearing helmets and then changing to berets. On learning that a mixed force of Germans and Italians, equipped with a few tanks, was located at a feature called Gue, Hill put in a night attack. But a grenade in a sapper's sandbag exploded, setting off others, and there were heavy casualties when the element of surprise was lost.

4000 German corpses stored in a Czech factory for 3 years
[2006-03-18] [bbc]
The exhumed bodies of thousands of German soldiers killed in World War II have been stored in a Czech Republic factory for three years, reports say. The remains include soldiers who fought across eastern Europe during the war. The remains have been stored in containers in the town of Usti-nad-Labem until the German association draws up final plans for their permanent burial.

Ex-SS legionary's new book "Latvian legionary in true light"
[2006-03-18] [regnum]
On the eve of Day of Latvian Waffen SS legionaries, famous public writer and ex-SS legionary Visvaldis Latsis presented his new book "Latvian legionary in true light." The author tried to collect all "justificatory" arguments of the presidential historical commission, and stress the importance of their deeds in patriotic education of youth. He said that he wanted to prove that Latvians fought for their freedom, but were naive. Latsis himself is a contradictory person: Loyal soldier and commander of Latvian SS Legion Strike Force.

Auction: Wartime relics like Third Reich German boot knives
[2006-03-18] [whitehaven]
For Sale: A World War One German officer’s helmet A WEST Cumbrian collector of war relics has attracted massive international interest to an auction at Cockermouth on March 23 and 24. The sale is just part of the vast collection of bayonets, guns and steel helmets. Among the items are a rare German officer’s Pickelhaube helmet with the characteristic spike from the Great War, expected to sell for more than £1,000. There will be Third Reich German boot knives, SS and SA army bayonets among the hundreds of items for sale.

Submariner hero of the Tirpitz raid - Richard Kendall
[2006-03-18] [guardian]
Former naval diver Richard Kendall was one of the bravest participants in the Royal Navy's most daring operational success of the WWII - the midget submarine attack on the Tirpitz, Hitler's mightiest warship, in its Norwegian base in autumn 1943. At 53,000 tones and armed with eight 15-inch guns, the battleship had been the bane of the British home fleet since Jan 1942, threatening allied convoys taking munitions to Murmansk. British air attacks on the battleship at anchor failed, but from May 1943 the navy began to develop the X-craft, a midget submarine only 51ft long and displacing 35 tonnes. Its only armament was a pair of detachable mines.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose did not die in aircrash
[2006-03-18] [rediff]
One of India's longest-running political controversies, and one of history's 'mysteries', is about to return to centrestage. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is believed to have died in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945. Incidentally Justice Mukherjee confirmed to the media that the Taiwan government had denied any such crash on that day in 1945. Netaji, one of India's greatest heroes, rebelled against Mahatma Gandhi's Indian National Congress, raised the Indian National Army with Japanese help to overthrow colonial British rule in India, and is believed to have died in a freak crash in Taihoku airfield when the Japanese were evacuating Rangoon.

English army veterans who didn't get a single penny
[2006-03-18] [ndtv]
Indian soldiers who fought under the British flag during the WW2 gathered together in Jammu for a reunion. It was also a chance for old friends to remember a time when Indian soldiers formed the backbone of the Royal British army. "Fighting all the way from Kohima we went up to Rangoon and after that English army sent us back home. They did not pay us even a single penny," said Chand. There are about 80 soldiers living in Jammu and Kashmir who fought in the WW2. After the war got over, all of them were forced to retire. Now they are fighting a different battle, one for retirement benefits including pension.

A virtual tour of Hitler's "New Chancellery" is causing an uproar
[2006-03-17] [Deutsche Welle]
In late Jan 1938, Hitler called in architect Albert Speer. "I have meetings with important people and I need grand halls and rooms with which to impress them." And a year later, the testament to Nazi power was finished. The New Chancellery's stern exterior was sparsely decorated and featured a statue of a nude soldier carrying a sword. Inside, the corridor was 300 meters (328 yards) long. There was a court of honor, a mosaic hall, a round hall and a marble gallery. The reception hall was 146 meters long, twice that of the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles. Hitler's office was a staggering 400 square meters with 10-meter high ceilings. The chancellery was Hitler's pride.

Russia's Top Female Fighter Ace With 12 Luftwaffe kills
[2006-03-17] [flightsim]
Lily Litvak is the most famous female fighter pilot of all time. Stunningly beautiful with blonde hair and gorgeous grey eyes, Lily was known as the White Rose of Stalingrad. With 12 Luftwaffe kills to her credit, she was the Soviet Union's top female ace fighter pilot. In September, 1942 flying a Yak-1 with white roses painted on both sides of her cockpit, Lily shot down a Junkers JU-88 and a Messerschmitt Bf-109 during her second combat mission while flying with the 296th IAP. The day of her final mission, Lily had already flown 4 previous sorties. She was escorting a flight of Soviet bombers when her Yak was jumped by a flight of 8 Bf-109s.

Green Nazi silk robe with a gold eagle and a swastika
[2006-03-17] [charleston]
Someone donated a strange silk robe to the American Military Museum last month. The robe is green with a gold eagle and a swastika on the right breast. It is undoubtedly cut for a woman. A couple of weeks ago, a German tourist was making his way through the Military Museum, and he recognized it immediately - it was, he said, a robe from a Nazi state-sponsored brothel. Despite the Nazi regime's condemnation of prostitution, by 1939 the government itself had opened several brothels for the troops' morale. Given the naval eagle on this robe, it would seem every branch of the military had its own home port.

Latvian Waffen SS Vets Honor Their Dead
[2006-03-17] [themoscowtimes]
Dozens of aging veterans from a Latvian Waffen SS unit celebrated Mass in Riga's Dome Cathedral before heading to a WWII cemetery to honor 50,000 comrades who died in battle. Some Latvians regard the Latvian Waffen SS as heroes who fought not for the Nazis, but for Latvian independence against Soviet occupiers. Some of the veterans say they regarded the Nazis at the time as the lesser of two evils. Soviet forces occupied the Baltic states of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia in June 1940 but were driven out by the Germans a year later.

Expedition to recreate heroic Arctic trek of Norwegian commando
[2006-03-17] [icwales]
A former Welch Guard will lead a team in a bid to recreate the epic journey of one of the WW2's bravest resistance heroes. Baalsrud was a Norwegian commando who survived against all the odds when his boat was blown up near the Norwegian port of Tromso in 1943. He escaped alone into the icy wilderness north of the Arctic Circle after German troops had killed all his compatriots. His struggle to survive led to an trek across northern Norway, Finland and Sweden during which he killed a German officer with a single shot, survived an avalanche, lived in a snow-hole for almost a fortnight and was forced to cut off his own toes to avoid gangrene after he contracted frostbite.

Untold story of U.S. Merchant Marine
[2006-03-17] [townonline]
During WW II, the first American service to see combat was the Merchant Marine. TheSS City of Flint was captured by a German Nazi battleship in October 1939 and taken to Murmansk in the Soviet Union before eventually being freed with the help of Norway. Under the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, the members of the Merchant Marine, called mariners, are civilians except during time of war or national emergency, at which time the Act mandates the Merchant Marine function as a naval and military auxiliary.

Aryans on the Altar; Swastikas on the Church Bells
[2006-03-16] [spiegel]
A Protestant parish in Berlin has grabbed an ethical dilemma by the horns with an appeal for funds to save Germany's last Nazi era church. The building's interior is full of Third Reich symbols. The aim is to turn it into a place of remembrance. The stark entrance hall is lit by a black chandelier in the shape of an iron cross. The pulpit has a wooden carving of a muscular Jesus leading a helmeted Wehrmacht soldier and surrounded by an Aryan family. The baptismal font is guarded by a wooden statue of a stormtrooper from Adolf Hitler's paramilitary Sturmabteilung (SA) unit clutching his cap.

A copy of "Mein Kampf" personally belonged to Hitler?
[2006-03-16] [greenbaypressgazette]
Gentile's students had written the German government in researching whether a copy of "Mein Kampf" personally belonged to Hitler. The leatherbound book reportedly was taken as a souvenir when American troops advanced into Berchtesgaden, at the close of WWII. A Wisconsin soldier from the 101st Airborne had loaned the book to Gentile's students. Janssen possesses the book and now wants to sell it. The letters could help boost the book's value, he said.

Enigma project cracks second nazi code
[2006-03-16] [bbc]
Online codebreaking enthusiasts working to solve a series of German WWII ciphers have cracked the second of 3 codes. They were sent in 1942, during a period when the Allies were unable to crack German codes because of the introduction of a new code book and a more complex version of the Enigma machine. The first code was cracked on 20 Feb, and was confirmed as a message from the commander of a German U-boat, Kapitanleutenant Hartwig Looks. The second resolved code was less dramatic than the first, which detailed the aftermath of a clash with an Allied vessel.

Special Forces officer who won the Military Cross
[2006-03-16] [timesonline]
Lieutenant David Sutherland and Royal Marine John Duggan were the only two to return from Operation "Anglo", a raid on the Italian-occupied island of Rhodes by the Special Boat Service in Sept 1942. The SBS team was pursued relentlessly; it had attacked two airfields and destroyed aircraft positioned to support Rommel’s threatened advance on Cairo and to bomb supply convoys to beleaguered Malta.

Leading ladies of the Third Reich
[2006-03-15] [haaretz]
Austrian historian Anna Maria Sigmund succeeds revealing the brutal insensitivity of the leaders of the Third Reich. She writes about Magda's fury upon discovering that the fuehrer had brought his mistress, Eva Braun, to the Nazi party convention in Nuremberg in Sept 1935. Magda had always thought of herself as the only woman worthy of Hitler's attention. Three months earlier, miserable over Hitler's indifference toward her, Braun had attempted suicide for the second time. She swallowed 20 sleeping pills, but was saved by her sister, Ilsa Braun, who was returning a dress she had borrowed.

China Hails a Good Nazi who shielded more than 200,000
[2006-03-15] [nytimes]
69 years ago the courtyard of two-story brick building was filled with Chinese seeking refuge from Japanese troops who were rampaging through the China's capital. The invaders subjected Nanjing to a 6-week reign of terror, killing large numbers of unarmed Chinese soldiers and murdering and raping thousands of civilians. The property was the home of John Rabe, a Nazi Party member and employee of Siemens. In addition to sheltering people in his own compound, Mr. Rabe led a score of other foreigners in the city to form an international safety zone that shielded more than 200,000 Chinese.

Boy's pancake breakfast delayed the end of WWII
[2006-03-15] [usatoday]
On Aug. 14, 1945, Jones, a 16-year-old messenger in Washington, D.C., was entrusted to deliver to the White House the cable announcing Japan's surrender to the United States to end WWII. Unaware of his cargo's import, the boy, in cavalier teenage fashion, put work on hold to eat pancakes at a diner, hang out with his friends and flirt with waitresses. Meanwhile, President Truman and his inner circle waited for the note that would change history.

FBI Returns German Paintings US troops Stole in WWII
[2006-03-15] [nyjtimes]
They were casualties of war—three nineteenth-century oil paintings that went missing from a German air-raid shelter during the waning days of WWII. September 19, 1945: The Pirmasens Museum reports that "about 50 paintings which had been stored in the air-raid shelter at Husterhoh School during the war have been lost during the arrival of the American troops on March 22, 1945." The works were later smuggled to the U.S. by unknown individuals.

Nazi's secret atom bomb project - Ferry with a cargo of "heavy water"
[2006-03-14] [nowplayingmag]
The outcome of WWII was in doubt in 1942 and ’43, and would certainly have been influenced by a Third Reich with atomic weapons capability. One of the most daring resistance operations was the 1944 sinking of a Norwegian ferry with a cargo of so-called "heavy water" destined for the Nazi’s secret atom bomb project. Hitler’s Sunken Secret documentary includes first-person interviews with survivors aboard the ship and the sole living Norwegian saboteur who helped to sunk it. A salvage expedition team explores the bottom of a Norwegian lake with a remote-operated vehicle in order to find the sunken ferry and haul up one of its long-lost barrels.

Film examines religious leaders’ support of Nazi Party
[2006-03-14] [columbiamissourian]
In 1933, when Adolf Hitler rose to power, many of Germany’s religious leaders viewed the Nazi Party as a vehicle for the country’s spiritual revival. Three men in particular *— all prominent Protestant theologians — saw Hitler’s ascent to power as God’s blessing. Paul Althaus, Gerhard Kittel and Emanuel Hirsch eventually joined the Nazi Party and to varying degrees rationalized Hitler’s killing of millions of European Jews. The movie is based on Robert P. Erikson’s book “Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust.”

Patton: Black soldiers cannot fight - ended up needing them
[2006-03-14] [clarionledger]
Laurel, James B. Jones joined the U.S. Army and became a part of one of the few black combat units fighting Nazis shortly after the June 6, 1944, D-Day landings at Normandy. The German POWs were treated better than black soldiers: "They could ride on buses and were accepted much more quickly than we were." Gen. George S. Patton who lost so many tanks trying to break out of Normandy during the weeks following the invasion, ended up calling up the all-black tank battalion, 761st. This was despite the outspoken general's earlier assertion that black soldiers couldn't fight.

The Port Of Last Resort - The free city of Shanghai
[2006-03-14] [blogcritics]
Documentary - The Port Of Last Resort: In 1938, as the noose began to tighten around them, German Jews began casting about for anyplace where they could find refuge. For about 20,000 of them that place turned out to be the city of Shanghai. Up until 1941, prior to Japan's entry into WW2, Shanghai remained a free city, which meant there was no need of passports, visas, or entry stamps, to gain admittance. All you had to do was be able to get there. Shanghai's unique situation came about as a hold over of colonial times.

Tug of history - Supporting the invasion of Iwo Jima
[2006-03-14] [baltimoresun]
Glenn Fox joined the Navy in 1943 and was assigned to the Zuni - one of 67 fleet tugs the Navy commissioned to tow, salvage and rescue other ships. Fox was on board for all the action the Zuni saw in WWII: supporting attacks on Luzon and Formosa; rescuing the USS Reno after it was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; Iwo Jima, where it would assist huge landing ships (LSTs) ashore to unload their tanks. At one point the Zuni's tow cable got caught in its propeller, causing it to wash up on shore sideways, and on top of a tank. During those days Fox saw Marines raising the U.S. flag on Mount Suribachi, a photograph of which would become the war's most lasting image.

In the bowels of Berlin's past - Nazi-era bunkers
[2006-03-13] [aljazeera]
Under modern buildings shooting skywards from Berlin's avenues and squares, the layered history of the city is being unpeeled by historians and archaeologists - with sometimes controversial results. From Nazi-era bunkers to Cold War nuclear fallout shelters, underground Berlin is now breaking surface - and serving as a growing tourist attraction. "Every time, the numbers we show round are growing," says Michael Foedrowitz, a historian and consultant with the Berliner Unterwelten, a group of historians, archaeologists and urbanists which has been opening up underground Berlin to visitors.

Stalin's shame wiped WWII's greatest battle from history
[2006-03-13] [theaustralian]
Few Westerners have heard of the greatest battle of WWII, fought on a scale never matched in western Europe. The Russians wrote the battle of Moscow out of their history books after their suicidal bravery smashed the myth of German invincibility. More than 7 million combatants took part, compared with the 4 million at Stalingrad and the 2 million at Kursk. The Soviet Union lost 926,000 soldiers killed, more than the British lost in all of WWI. Initially, the blitzkrieg attack left the Russians in disarray. The Red air force lost 1200 aircrafts on the first morning. Stalin retreated to his country house for 36 hours until his commanders demanded his return.

The hell of loving Hitler - Eva Braun
[2006-03-13] [timesonline]
She was Hitler’s lover for 14 years. But few know the truth about Eva Braun. Now, private diaries reveal a woman in her sexual prime tortured by her passion for the Führer. Erich Kempka, Hitler’s personal chauffeur, called Eva Braun "the unhappiest woman in Europe". Albert Speer said: "Eva Braun will be a great disappointment to historians." Chroniclers of the Third Reich have followed like sheep. There has been little research into her life and until now she has been dismissed as a lightweight who was not worth investigating. As a result, Eva Braun has never been given credit for the skill with which she managed her role at the heart of Hitler’s private life.

226,000 people living who served in the siege of Leningrad
[2006-03-13] [strategypage]
The mayor of St Petersburg has reminded the local legislature that there are still 226,000 people living who served in the siege of Leningrad during WWII. The 900 day siege by German and Finnish troops was unsuccessful, and Leningrad's defenders secured the northern flank of the Russian lines. 73 of these veterans are older than 100 years, but most were actually children during the siege. While 60% of the veterans are 70 years and older, 40% are younger. Everyone inside the city during the siege was under fire, and everyone helped with the defenses, even little children. Over a million Leningrad residents died during the siege, in addition to 300,000 soldiers.

Sisterhood of Spies - Women of the Office of Strategic Services OSS
[2006-03-13] [potomacnews]
A train will be carrying Japanese passengers and it is agents of the Office of Strategic Services' job to convince the Chinese to plant explosive coals before bailing out. It was one of the few experiences former OSS agent Elizabeth McIntosh shared at her book signing for "Sisterhood of Spies: The Women of the Office of Strategic Services." Women, she said, played an integral role in the intelligence agency, helping keep records and answer telephones and encode and decode messages. But there were handful that worked behind enemy lines.

With the U.S. Army’s 10th Infantry Regiment
[2006-03-13] [enewscourier]
Cliff Wilford’s military training included a 1941 march from Ft. Custer to Nashville, about 500 miles carrying 60-pound field packs. He traveled To Iceland in a 150-ship convoy in Sept 1941 shadowed by a "wolf pack" of German submarines. "I observed two of the torpedoes running side by side near the surface, missing by about 10 feet." In June 1944, Gen. George Patton came to North Ireland to give the troops a "pep talk." He made it plain that it was either kill or be killed. Wading ashore in Normandy, German artillery fired intermittently 24 hours a day. After being relieved by the Royal Scots Light Infantry Brigade, Wilford’s unit was ordered to relieve the 2nd Infantry Division, which was in danger of being overrun.

Anna Marly wrote the anthem of French Resistance
[2006-03-13] [nytimes]
Anna Marly, who wrote the melody to the song that became the anthem of the French Resistance in WWII and whose whistling and singing on the radio were an inspiration to the anti-Nazi underground, died on Feb. 15 in Alaska. She wrote the melody to "Chant des Partisans," or "Song of the Partisans," which became an unofficial French anthem in the last years of WWII. Gen. Charles de Gaulle called Miss Marly the "troubadour of the Resistance."

03-26-2006, 01:18 PM

Red Army phrasebook hints at plans to fight Hitler on British front
[2006-03-26] [scotsman]
A newly discovered relic of the WWII shows how the Red Army was expected to take a no-nonsense attitude if they ever encountered English speakers. The Russian-English military phrasebook told officers how to interrogate English-speaking soldiers and civilians. But the date of the phrasebook's publication, summer 1940 - a year before the Soviets published their German phrasebook - is seen as highly significant. Some historians believe it adds weight to a controversial theory that Stalin would have sent troops to Britain if the Nazis invaded in order to open up a "Second Front" against Hitler.

Embarking on Hitler’s trail in Munich
[2006-03-26] [deccanherald]
Konigsplatz, in Munich, was Hitler’s favourite parade ground, a place to mass and strut helmeted troops in uniforms, military bands and swastika flags. Munich is intimately connected with Adolf Hitler’s youth and his life as a Nazi leader. Places in Munich associated with Hitler are quite popular with tourist. Visitors are curious to know where he lived, the restaurants he frequented, places where he delivered his fiery speeches, the place where the historic but failed political coup (the Putsch) took place and his Munich headquarters. In his autobiography, Mein Kamph, Hitler writes fondly about Munich.

Government not to deal with German war dead
[2006-03-26] [ceskenoviny]
The solution to the situation around the remains of German soldiers from WW2 that have been kept on the premises of a construction company in Usti nad Labem, north Bohemia, is within the remit of Usti Mayor Petr Gandalovic, Prime Minister Jiri Paroubek told. The government will not deal with the problem, said Paroubek. President Vaclav Klaus Klaus sent letters to the local development and defence ministers, as well as to the Prague and Usti nad Labem mayors, asking them to "jointly solve the intolerable situation."

Out of the ruins of Stalingrad - Life and Fate
[2006-03-26] [guardian]
Through the winter of 1942-43, Vasily Grossman reported from the craters and cellars of the Stalingrad front line as the besieged Russians turned the tide and encircled Hitler's forces. His writings made him a national icon. After the German surrender, Grossman rode west with the Red Army, providing the first and most authoritative eyewitness report from Treblinka. In May 1945 Grossman was at the Brandenburg Gate as Berlin fell. In Hitler's bunker he pocketed stationery from the Führer's own desk for souvenirs.

Massachusetts Man Who Participated In Liquidation of Warsaw Ghetto
[2006-03-26] [Newswire]
A federal appeals court has affirmed a lower court ruling revoking the naturalized U.S. citizenship of a Massachusetts man Vladas Zajanckauskas based on his service during WWII in a Nazi unit that participated in the destruction of the Warsaw Jewish Ghetto in 1943. "The brutal destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, made possible by the active participation of Vladas Zajanckauskas and others, was one of the most infamous Nazi crimes of the Second World War," said OSI Director Eli M. Rosenbaum.

"Enigma Secret" - Fascinating account of Nazi code
[2006-03-25] [mlive]
The Nazis seemed to have it made with their Enigma Machine. It was a highly complex communication device that made it impossible for the good guys to decipher communications of the Third Reich. At least that's what the Nazis thought. In fact, three Polish mathematicians figured out the encoding device in 1933 and managed to keep their secret under wraps even after the invasion of Poland. The Poles supplied a duplicate of the Enigma to the British and French, and continued to decode vital information while moving around Poland and France to avoid detection. This documentary is an fascinating story of geniuses who also were extremely brave.

The only Medal of Honor recipient who refused to carry a weapon
[2006-03-25] [ap]
The only conscientious objector to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor as a noncombatant in WWII has died. Desmond Doss Senior refused to carry a weapon during his wartime service as a medic. He was the subject of a 2004 documentary, "The Conscientious Objector," and a previously published book, "The Unlikeliest Hero. In 1945, Doss was invited to the White House to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor from President Harry Truman for his bravery on May 5th, 1945. The 24-year-old medic stayed atop a cliff on the island of Okinawa, lowering down soldiers under Japanese attack.

D-Day invasion and Battle of the Bulge - 10 medals 60 years later
[2006-03-25] [suburbanchicagonews]
Leslie Harris parachuted through a hail of bullets in the morning darkness of D-Day — the pivotal invasion of France in WWII. The American soldier landed in an irrigation canal, found his Army regiment, and went on to fight for the liberation of France from Nazi Germany. Then came the invasion jump into Holland, where Harris was wounded by shrapnel. Then came the Battle of the Bulge. And then came a wait, nearly six decades long, for his medals. On Thursday Harris finally received 10 medals and awards for his service in WWII.

Woman recounts life in Hitler's Nazi Germany
[2006-03-24] [macon]
Kristallnacht shattered what had been a near idyllic childhood for German-born Maria Jackson. "We got up the next morning and saw people going from shop to shop looting the stores. We were amazed that so much damage could happen over night. And from that day on, the Jews had to wear the yellow Star of David on their sleeves." Later Virtually everything became rationed - food, clothes, gasoline. Membership in the Hitler Youth was mandatory. There was an initial sense of security throughout the country largely because of the Siegfried Line, an almost 400-mile link of fortifications, bunkers and tank traps running along western border.

Ferocious fighting at the bunkers of Siegfried Line
[2006-03-24] [hernandotoday]
Joseph Pitas was an Army infantryman in the 103rd Division, he landed in France the day after the Normandy invasion. From there, it was a two-year slog through Germany. He remembers walking much of the way. Pitas was wounded, suffering shrapnel wounds to his hand during ferocious fighting at the Siegfried Line, a defensive system of bunkers and tank traps. "We were pinned down for two months," Pitas recalled. A shell went off close enough to Pitas to burst his eardrums. He bled from the ears and suffered permanent hearing loss, but remained in battle.

Life after wartime - Photos and writing reveal the emotions
[2006-03-24] [calendarlive]
John Swope's photos and writing reveal the emotions of the victors and the vanquished in post-WWII Japan. WWII ended Aug. 15, 1945, when, reeling from the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Emperor Hirohito announced Japan's surrender. Two weeks later, the U.S. Navy, deployed its first boat to the Japanese shore to begin the liberation of prisoners of war. Among the handful of officers aboard this boat was photographer John Swope. Swope's record of this landing and of the three weeks he spent touring camps around the country are resurfacing now in an exhibition at the UCLA Hammer Museum — "A Letter From Japan: The Photographs of John Swope."

Yankee Samurai who was wounded during a kamikaze attack
[2006-03-24] [ap]
In Jan 1942 Spady A. Koyama walked into Selective Service office, and was told: "Go home. We're at war, you know." He was told that he "looked like the enemy." Koyama was allowed to enlist when the Army learned that he wrote and spoke Japanese fluently. He went into Army intelligence and he interrogated Japanese prisoners in General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters. He became a member of the "Yankee Samurai," U.S. soldiers of Japanese descent in WWII. In 1944, Koyama took part in the invasion of the Philippines and was badly wounded during a kamikaze attack.

Fighting Past Battles: documentary about Baltic Nazi collaborators
[2006-03-24] [themoscowtimes]
Nazism, Baltic-Style - Is a controversial russian documentary about the Baltic pro-German collaborators. The Latvian Waffen SS (the Latvian Legion) was formed while the country was occupied by Nazi Germany. In 1943-44, about 150,000 Latvians were conscripted in a last-ditch effort to stave off the Red Army. In interviews mixed with archival footage, the film examines the 15th and 19th police divisions, voluntary units that were integrated into the legion. The film features testimony from former volunteers, one of them says: "I have never been a member of the Waffen SS. When I enlisted, I was told I would serve in the Grenadier Guards."

Americans during Battle of the Bulge: "We figured we’d end up in the North Atlantic"
[2006-03-23] [muscatinejournal]
A 358-foot-long barge docked at the port of Antwerp, after dodging torpedoes 60 days across the stormy ocean. But Barton Smithey and Glen Alleman Jr. didn’t think they would be staying in Antwerp for long. On Dec. 16, 1944 – just a week earlier, Adolf Hitler had thrown the last of his armed forces into a last-gasp battle. At the start of the surprise attack, dozens of U.S. Army units were pushed back west to the English Channel by German panzer tank battalions. At the time, in the midst of confusion, panic and the fog of war, there was no relief in sight. "We just figured we’d end up in the North Atlantic," Smithy said. Alleman nodded his head silently in agreement.

The world’s most famous living Nazi hunter - Serge Klarsfeld
[2006-03-23] [cjnews]
Serge Klarsfeld is probably the world’s most famous living Nazi hunter, credited with having brought to justice war criminals ranging from Maurice Papon to Klaus Barbie; convinced the president of France, Jacques Chirac, to acknowledge his country’s complicity in the deaths of some 80,000 Jews. Klarsfeld and his equally motivated wife, Beate, a German convert to Judaism, are best known for their quest in tracking down "desk murderers" – French and German officials who signed orders to arrest and deport Jews in France during the German occupation.

German ex-politician and Wehrmacht officer on trial for war crimes
[2006-03-23] [expatica]
Klaus Konrad is accused of taking part in the so-called "Massacre of San Polo", in which German soldiers rounded up and murdered 61 civilians from two small villages as part of a reprisal against partisan resistance fighters. The victims of the 1944 massacre reportedly included a sexually- abused pregnant woman, children and elderly people. Also facing murder charges in the same trial is former Wehrmacht officer Herbert Handsck. The former Nazi major, who along with Konrad and a third man is accused of ordering the massacre.

Mussolini's villa, secret bunker go on display
[2006-03-22] [seattletimes]
Villa Torlonia, the 19th-century Villa of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, opens to the public for the first time, allowing visitors to see his elegant frescoes, intricate chandeliers and his hidden bunkers and anti-gas chamber. Mussolini, who lived lavishly and entertained guests at the Rome residence, built the underground chambers to protect himself and his family from possible air raids. Mussolini dug the bunker 23 feet deep, burying a 10-foot thick concrete box with bare cylindrical corridors and multiple escape routes.

The only American to rise from private to four-star general
[2006-03-22] [madisoncourier]
Four-star Army Gen. Walter Krueger will be recognized for his heroism during Memorial Day weekend. The only American to rise from private to four-star general, Krueger was one of the major heroes of WWII, commanding the 6th Army under General of the Armies Douglas MacArthur in the most extensive series of amphibious operations in the history of the world. MacArthur declared Krueger to be “my very finest general” in the campaign to defeat the Japanese, who triggered WWII with their sneak attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941.

Search of Nazi leader Hermann Goring's private train and safe
[2006-03-21] [washingtonpost]
Alden Todd was a writer and WWII parachute infantryman whose wartime exploits included a search of Nazi leader Hermann Goring's private train. Because he spoke fluent French and knew some German, he was assigned shortly after V-E Day as a driver-interpreter in southern Germany, where Hitler and several high-ranking Nazis maintained vacation estates. A captain inspecting Goring's private train ordered Private Todd to translate documents found in the Nazi leader's safe. He told the captain that the documents were difficult to understand but that they had something to do with Germany's attempts to split the atom, an almost meaningless concept to the young soldier.

Lithuanian volunteer of secret police on trial for WW2 killings
[2006-03-21] [Reuters]
Algimantas Dailide, who could spend the rest of his life in prison if convicted, admits volunteering for Lithuania's Nazi-backed secret police, the Saugumas, but says he was a mere clerk. His accusers say he is one of the last surviving links with the genocide which all but wiped out Lithuania's more than 200,000 Jews. Only 6%t of the country's Jews are estimated to have survived the war. "I never conducted interrogations but sometimes I was sent out to buy snacks," he told the court.

The Myth of US Prosperity During World War II
[2006-03-21] [antiwar]
The main reason most people, including economists, think that the U.S. entry into WWII was good for the economy is that they compare the economy during the war with the economy during the Great Depression. On its face, this reasoning is plausible. But let's look more carefully at those numbers, beginning with the unemployment rate. The U.S. government imposed military conscription in 1940 and got the draft machinery moving early in 1942. Of the 16 million people who were in uniform at some time during WWII, fully 10 million were conscripted. In other words, they had "jobs" because the alternative was jail.

Currant - One of the RAF's most successful fighter pilots
[2006-03-21] [telegraph]
Wing Commander "Bunny" Currant was twice awarded the DFC during the Battle of Britain when he was one of the RAF's most successful fighter pilots, being credited with destroying at least 13 enemy aircraft. Currant achieved his first success on August 15 1940, the day the Luftwaffe mounted its biggest raid against the north of England. In a co-ordinated attack, large formations of bombers attacked from Norway and Denmark and were intercepted by the few RAF fighter squadrons. Currant shot down two Heinkel bombers and probably destroyed a third. The Luftwaffe's losses were so high during this raid that they never returned in force to the north.

Merchant Marine: Memories from Murmansk and Antwerp
[2006-03-21] [centralohio]
"Our convoy to Russia consisted of 32 cargo ships; 40 destroyer escorts, two cruisers, a battleship and an aircraft carrier and we still lost 5 ships during the crossing," Perman said. On top of that, as the convoy pulled out of the Russian port of Murmansk, the Germans managed to sink two more cargo ships in the harbor entrance. All the way to and from Murmansk, our convoy moved along the Norwegian coast, trying to lure the Graf Spee out to fight - it stayed away but German submarines made the trip dangerous. "I saw a lot of our ships take torpedoes," Perman said. On the trip to Murmansk, we had steam locomotives tied down on the deck to deliver.

Veterans tracked down old plane used by his regiment
[2006-03-21] [hattiesburgamerican]
WWII paratroopers Elmo Bell and Daryle Whitfield have known each other for years and shared stories about their harrying experiences over the beaches of Normandy on D-Day. "We knew the rusting shell of a plane was there, but the likelihood of it carrying someone from my company seemed impossible," Bell said. Wise believes the plane was assigned to the 309th squadron of the 315th Troop Carrier Group that flew the 1st Battalion of 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment into Ste. Mere Eglise. That was the same battalion Bell was with.

A huge Nazi gun filled 16 rail cars
[2006-03-20] [shelbystar]
Ed Smith and his buddies weren’t the ones who stopped a huge Nazi railway gun that could have wiped out London, but they recognized history when they saw it. Soldiers in the Army’s "C" Battery, 182nd Field Artillery Battalion, came upon the behemoth — so large it filled 16 rail cars — in Northern France, after an Allied air attack had stopped it in its tracks. If it had been installed as planned on the French seacoast and aimed at England, its 50-mile range could have destroyed that city.

David Seymour photographed war damage more than battles
[2006-03-20] [ap]
Never aspiring to be a battlefield photographer like his friend Robert Capa, David Seymour instead often focused his lens on those left in the wake of war. He covered the Spanish Civil War from the losing side, landed in France soon after D-Day and died when his jeep was attacked in 1956 near the Suez Canal. Born David Szymin in Warsaw, Seymour acquired the nickname Chim - pronounced Shim - from French efforts to pronounce his family name. He gained U.S. citizenship during the WW2 and changed his name to Seymour, fearing Nazi reprisals against his parents. They died in a Jewish ghetto in German-occupied Poland.

Oswald Mosley was a financial crook bankrolled by Nazis
[2006-03-20] [telegraph]
Oswald Mosley and his British Union of Fascists received huge sums of money from Hitler to fund their pre-war activities, a book to be published reveals. In his book, Blackshirt, Mr Dorril shows that Mosley received money in cash, carried in by a man known as "Agent 18", who was almost certainly Franz Wrede, a henchman of Josef Goebbels. Mr Dorril quotes extracts from the recently published diaries of Goebbels. "Mosley needs money," Goebbels recorded in 1937. "Wants it from us. Has already had £2,000 [£78,000 at today's prices]. £100,000 [£3.4 million] necessary. £60,000 [£2.04 million] promised. Must submit to Fuhrer."

Japanese Corporations Turning a Blind Eye to History
[2006-03-20] [hnn]
Just as Nazi Germany did in Europe during WW II, Imperial Japan made extensive use of forced labor across the vast area of the Asia Pacific it once occupied. Today, however, Japan’s government and corporations are dealing with the legacy of wartime forced labor very differently than their German counterparts. This article examines the corporate counter-offensive to reparations claims for Chinese forced labor in Japan.

Paintings recall California internment camp
[2006-03-20] [peninsuladailynews]
The Lost Mountain resident made some of his most evocative paintings as a teenager in a camp known as Tule Lake. The Modoc County, Calif., compound was hastily built during WWII, after President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, forcing the evacuation of 120,000 Japanese-Americans. More than two-thirds were U.S. citizens. Tamura was among the children sent to what would later be called "America's concentration camps." He was 13 when he went with his family to Tule Lake, a desolate 26,000 acres of barracks, barbed wire and guard towers.

D-Day + 62 Years: Rhode Island Veterans Return to Normandy
[2006-03-20] [projo]
Richard Fazzio invades France for the third time. "Remember the beginning of Saving Private Ryan?" he asks. "It was exactly like that, only worse." He is one of five men from Rhode Island who will go back to France this week with Tim Gray and cameraman Jim Karpcichik to talk about what they did there on and around June 6, 1944. And on D-Day, he says, he won the "lottery." He was sent in in the first wave. And he saw soldiers shot down all around him before he was shot in his armpit. The bullet went out through his back.

American in a Canadian artillery unit in 1916
[2006-03-20] [grandrapids]
In 1916, while the young men of Europe were in the trenches, the US remained at peace. However, some Americans volunteered to serve in the armed forces of Great Britain, France or Canada. One such individual was Paul Didier who served in a Canadian artillery, First brigade. 1916 edition of the Herald Review carried the following story: "Paul N. Didier is home from the battlefields of ‘somewhere in France,’ for a six week furlough. Mr. Didier was injured by having a transport wagon run over him, crushing some of his ribs and otherwise injuring him."

04-02-2006, 05:15 PM

Germany’s Foreign Intelligence Agency Turns 50
[2006-04-02] [dw-world]
The Germany's foreign intelligence service, BND, says it delivers information that others don't. Over its 50-year history, it has employed former Nazis and received much bad press, but has often proved it does good work. Even the birth of the BND 50 years ago provides grounds for critique. Originally designed as an agency to help American secret services, it was first called the Gehlen Organization, named after the former Nazi-era Major General Reinhard Gehlen, who led the agency at the start.

Survivor to speak at Holocaust event
[2006-04-02] [miningjournal]
In 1941, at the age of 13, Martin Lowenberg and his family, including his 7-year-old twin brothers, were taken from central Germany to Riga, where they were interned in a ghetto for two years until Lowenberg and his sister were taken to the Kaiserward concentration. Lowenberg said it was at the Auschwitz concentration camp that his twin brothers were "most definitely" handed over to the infamous Dr. Josef Mengele, also known as the "Butcher of Auschwitz," and the "Angel of Death."

Okinawa - Often overlooked final battle of World War II
[2006-04-02] [bgdailynews]
Veterans of all military branches gathered to celebrate what they all had in common: memories of the Battle of Okinawa, an 82-day battle in which more than 250,000 civilians and troops lost their lives. "Once a Marine, always a Marine. The love for (my) comrades and our nation keeps me returning every year," William Henry Honchell said. L-Day was the day 183,000 US troops stormed the beaches of Okinawa. A faked landing by the Second Marine Division drew Japanese troops to the southern tip of the island. One problem during the 82-day battle was rain: 10 inches fell in 10 days during early May. The thick mud meant many supplies had to be delivered hand-over-hand.

Warplanes' farewell to last operational Battle of Britain airfield
[2006-04-02] [thisislondon]
Three of the 20th Century's greatest war planes flew in tribute as pilots bade farewell to one of Britain's most famous RAF bases. RAF Coltishall, near Norwich, is the country's last operational Battle of Britain airfield. RAF Coltishall - motto Aggressive in Defence - was built in 1939 and became a fighter station the following year. It has been in the front line of Britain's air defences ever since. The station is due to close later in the year. The RAF had also planned flights by a Spitfire and Hurricane - but officials said high winds made it unsafe for the vintage aircraft to take off.

For sale: Car given by Mussolini to Hitler's Third Reich
[2006-04-01] [afp]
Two history-laden cars will be auctioned, including the only official vehicle used by the two presidents of France's post WWII fourth republic and a car given by Mussolini to Hitler's Third Reich. Lovingly maintained and in perfect working order is a 1938 Lancia Astura, one of four vehicles ordered by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini as gifts for Germany's Third Reich government. This car was used by Magda, wife of Joseph Goebbels, Adolf Hitler's propaganda minister, who sent it to Mercedes to have the original cream-coloured interior changed to red.

Veteran's spy tales have left him out in the cold
[2006-04-01] [smh]
Reg Newton claimed a colourful military past -- serving as a secret agent during the Cold War, being decorated by King George VI and throwing one Military Cross into the Thames -- but he has gone to ground as his record comes under scrutiny. Many still do not know, after evidence emerged that Reg Newton was never a major, never won a Military Cross and never served overseas. His service record shows he spent 1149 days in the Citizens Military Forces, enlisting and leaving as a private.

WWII Diaries - New Book by Reveals War's Daily Impact
[2006-04-01] [yahoo]
Based on diaries kept by the author Irene Zarina White, Fire Burn tells in vivid detail the events that happened in Latvia and Germany between September 1939 and May 1946. Just two days after her graduation from the University the Soviet Union invaded her country, inflicting chaos and destruction. Irene and her mother "escaped" to Germany where they survived four terrifying years of Nazi oppression, injustice, bombing, and hunger. Within a six-year span they lived under four different governments: the Republic of Latvia, the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and the United States Occupation.

Auschwitz escapee who alerted the world dies
[2006-04-01] [afp]
Rudolph Vrba, one of five Jews who escaped from Auschwitz and delivered the first report about the shocking reality of the Nazi concentration camp to the Allied forces, has died in Canada at the age of 82. He managed to escape past Nazi guards in April 1944 with his compatriot, Alfred Wetzler. They then delivered a detailed, eyewitness account about Auschwitz, considered the first document to have alerted the outside world and Jewish leaders about the workings of the death camps. The report was was initially given to Hungarian Jewish leaders and was in the hands of the Allies by June 1944.

Diary fragment: Meetings with Hitler, Mussolini and future Pope Pius XII
[2006-03-31] [chicagotribune]
In May 2003, a Washington lawyer was cleaning her basement when she came upon fragments of an old diary. Where was the rest of the journal? It would take an archivist at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum months to find the answer. Stephen Mize discovered a treasure trove: more than 10,000 pages of meticulous entries chronicling one man's desperate attempts to help Europe's Jews escape the Nazis. McDonald diaries details meetings with Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini as well as with Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, the man who would become Pope Pius XII, Mize said.

Documentary: Jewish refugee who became a translator at trials
[2006-03-31] [heraldtribune]
It couldn't have been easy for Howard Triest to keep his emotions in check as he questioned Hermann Goering, Joachim von Ribbentrop and the other Nazi leaders in their Nuremberg jail cells. After all, if Triest had not fled Germany as a teenager in 1939, he likely would have been sent to a death camp, as his parents were. In 1945, Triest was hired to serve as a translator during the Nuremberg war crimes trials. Triest never lost his composure during his many conversations with the defendants. Not when Julius Streicher, the founder of the notorious anti-Semetic newspaper Der Stuermer, mistook Triest for an Aryan and told him that "I can smell a Jew from a mile away."

Time to remember the Hurricane - Overshadowed by Spitfire
[2006-03-31] [expressandstar]
France had surrendered. Britain stood alone. Hitler's invasion barges were massing across the Channel. Once the German Luftwaffe had knocked out the RAF, the Nazi invasion could begin. Hurricanes equipped more squadrons, scored more "kills," and brought more wounded pilots safely home than any other RAF fighter. And yet then, as now, the Hurricane was overshadowed by the glamorous Supermarine Spitfire.

UK plans to "forcibly" employ German scientists after WWII
[2006-03-31] [bbc]
The UK drew up plans to "forcibly" employ leading German technicians and scientists after WWII to prevent them working for the Russians. There were fears the Germans could help the Soviet air force become the most powerful in the world, papers released by The National Archives reveal. About 100 ended up agreeing to work for the UK government in 1946 and 1947. The so-called denial policy was first drawn up in the summer of 1946 and highlighted over 1,500 German scientists and technicians formerly involved in wartime research.

S. Korea Blasts Japan Over WWII History Whitewashing
[2006-03-31] [washingtonpost]
The South Korean government denounced Japan for "whitewashing, distorting and glorifying" its militarist past after Japanese officials ordered a series of controversial new changes to high school textbooks. Japan's Education Ministry requested revisions to 55 textbooks in an effort to avoid student "misunderstandings." The revised books clearly label disputed territories as Japanese territory. Also, references to the 1937 Nanjing Massacre were changed to indicate the number of people killed by the Japanese may have been less than the 300,000 victims claimed by China.

Auction for a wartime German Enigma encoding machine
[2006-03-31] [cnn]
Bidders in an Internet auction are offering more than 13,000 euros ($15,600) for a wartime German encoding machine, similar to ones whose messages were cracked by British code breakers in WWII. The portable Enigma encryption machine made in 1941 has a keyboard and a series of rotors designed to scramble messages. "We've had it inspected by an expert who said that due to its good condition it looks very likely to have been in German state ownership at the time."

Hitler's British Slaves - Slavery under the Third Reich
[2006-03-30] [ichuddersfield]
The Third Reich was not famous for following the rules, but what is not widely known is that under Geneva Convention Article 27 all able-bodied prisoners below the rank of corporal were obliged to work. And boy did they work: in farms, factories and mines, and clearing bombsites under conditions of unimaginable severity! That was the fate of 200,000 Commonwealth men captured between the defeat of the British Expeditionary Force and the war's end. George Marsden of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment: "A slave is someone who is made to work under threat to his life. We were given a bowl of soup and bread made from sawdust. It you didn't do as you were told you were shot."

Saving the Auschwitz Oven Factory - Holocaust History
[2006-03-30] [spiegel]
For years, the Topf & Söhne factory which manufactured the Auschwitz ovens has been sinking into disrepair. The major hurdle to creating a memorial -- which would be the first such monument to industrial involvement -- is likely to be money. Topf & Söhne began life in 1878 as a company producing industrial ovens and brewery equipment, and later crematoriums. During WWII the Nazi SS needed an efficient method for the disposal of the corpses piling up as the mass murder accelerated. Soon, Topf & Söhne engineers were busy calculating the most efficient way to burn thousands of dead bodies -- some employees even visited camps to assist in the installation of the ovens.

Legendary soldier who led Canadian paratroopers on D-Day
[2006-03-30] [Canadian Press]
Brigadier James Hill, a legendary British soldier, died at the age of 95. Hill was one of the last men evacuated from the beaches of Dunkirk and he was in the vanguard when the allies returned. On D-Day, Hill's 3rd British parachute brigade was scattered wide by contrary winds during the parachute drop. He gathered a group, which was strafed by their own aircraft under the illusion that anyone walking toward the landing zones would have been German. He was wounded in the right bum cheek. When asked why he wasn't evacuated to hospital, he said he hadn't trained the brigade for all that time in order to leave it in the midst of the action.

Ben Ferencz prosecuted the largest murder case in history
[2006-03-30] [radionetherlands]
In 1947, Ben Ferencz prosecuted the largest murder case in history: the trial of the Nazi mobile murder units in Nuremberg. When US entered WWII, Ben fought as a foot soldier, but his background in law brought him to the allied forces tasked with liberating the camps. "We'd come into the camps with the tanks, the inmates are lying everywhere; you don't know if they are dead or dying. The inmates are catching the guards and beating them and burning them to death. It was my job to get in there and gather evidence." Ben realised that while the Nazis were to blame - ultimately war itself was the real cause of these atrocities. And the only way to avoid them was to make war illegal.

The Flying Typewriters - William Warren Wade
[2006-03-30] [sfgate]
William Warren Wade was a war correspondent during WWII. Long before journalists were embedded with troops, he was among a group of 8 distinguished reporters selected in 1943 to fly with the 8th Air Force on bombing missions over Europe. The group was initially called "The Legion of the Doomed" and "The Flying Typewriters," but the reporters eventually settled on "The Writing 69th." Although the Writing 69th reporters were scheduled to fly on several missions each, the program came to an abrupt end when a reporter died in a midair explosion after his plane was attacked by German fighters.

Triumph of the Will: Special Edition
[2006-03-29] [digitallyobsessed]
"One people! One leader! One Reich! Germany!" - crowd during the Reich Labor Service review. Leni Reifenstahl's 1934 Triumph of the Will, is considered a propaganda masterpiece. Featuring powerful cinematography and editing, the film builds an image of a charismatic leader contradictory to his later actions. We see the adoration of his public, the respect by his subordinates, and the strength with which he would lead Germany into their future. The techniques and imagery would serve as example, and her influence can be found in many modern productions, from political campaign ads to the closing ceremonial scenes in Star Wars.

Tale of a dark genius: Riefenstahl drama does justice to her talent
[2006-03-29] [edmontonsun]
Hitler called her, "My perfect German woman." Her works are still studied in film courses all over the world. Leni Riefenstahl stands as one of the great figures of ambiguity of the 20th century. As Hitler observes in Mieko Ouchi's powerful new play, The Blue Light, "You made a masterpiece that even our enemies must admire." Riefenstahl was a dancer who became an actress after an accident ended her dancing career. She brought a ferocious dedication to her new craft, moving quickly to become a director - Her most famous film was The Blue Light. Hitler loved the film and sought her out to chronicle the rise of the Nazi party.

Pilot who escaped 7 times from prisoner of war camps died
[2006-03-28] [telegraph]
A Second World War pilot who escaped seven times from prisoner of war camps has died aged 102. Friends said Sqn Ldr Eric Foster was part of the inspiration behind Steve McQueen's character in the film The Great Escape. As a flight lieutenant with 38 Bomber Squadron, Mr Foster was shot down over Paris while flying a Wellington bomber in 1940 and captured by German troops. Over the next four years he escaped seven times from prisoner of war camps, sometimes in a German officer uniform. At Spangenberg Castle, which was surrounded by a moat, he sneaked out disguised as a member of the Hitler Youth.

As child in Nazi-occupied Europe - Family friend of Anne Frank
[2006-03-28] [kansascity]
Pieter Kohnstam vividly recalls when his family was fleeing Europe that he once slept in a place where Nazis tortured people. "It was full of blood and it was smelly and stinky. We slept on our raincoats and there was no place to clean our coats, and they were covered in blood." Kohnstam recounted how his parents fled to Amsterdam in the mid-1930s. While in Amsterdam, The Kohnstams became good friends with the family of Anne Frank, who at the time was living in the same building. It was Kohnstam's mother who suggested to Frank that she write her memories in a diary, he said.

Bernt Balchen: Rescue missions from Greenland
[2006-03-28] [norway]
Norwegian Bernt Balchen was America's greatest Arctic expert of modern times, most notably he was the first pilot to fly across the South Pole. In WWI he served as a cavalryman in the Finnish Army, which fought against the Russians. In 1921, he became a pilot in the Norwegian Naval Air Force. At the beginning of the WWII, he spent the next two years building air bases in Greenland so that aircraft being ferried from the US to Great Britain would have airports to refuel. From a base in Greenland he flew many spectacular rescue missions, saving the lives of numerous U.S. flyers whose planes had gone down on the icecap.

"French Eichmann" Louis Darquier - Villain of Vichy France
[2006-03-28] [Reuters]
By focusing on Louis Darquier, an overlooked villain of the Vichy regime who acted as Commissioner for Jewish Affairs, biographer Carmen Callil says she used the "underbelly of history" to expose the truth. In 1978, Darquier gave an interview to "L'Express" in which he called the Holocaust a "Jewish invention" and said the reason for the gas chambers was to get rid of lice. In the end the Vichy state deported 75,000 Jews. Of 70,000 sent to Auschwitz only 2,500 survivors returned to France.

Lithuania: Nazi helper convicted, released
[2006-03-28] [ap]
An 85-year-old Lithuanian deported from Florida was convicted of helping Nazis murder Jews during WWII, but the judge said the man was too frail to serve prison time. The Court said Algimantas Dailide helped round up Jews for the Nazis as a member of the Vilnius security police. "The defendant was fully aware he was committing crimes against Jews but did not personally take part in killings or torture," Judge said. Efraim Zuroff, from Simon Wiesenthal Center, criticized the court's decision: "Once again Lithuania proved that it is totally incapable of punishing its own Nazi war criminals."

Members of Waffen SS among Wehrmacht troops remains in Usti
[2006-03-27] [praguemonitor]
Members of the Nazi SS are among the German troops buried in the Czech Republic and probably also among the remains of the soldiers temporarily buried on the premises of a construction company in Usti nad Labem, north Bohemia. "Along with Wehrmacht members, we have also exhumed and buried members of the Waffen SS," director Martinic told. He stressed that only remains of the Waffen SS members had been found, not those of the SS guards who were notorious for their brutality in extermination camps.

The Lost Life of Eva Braun - Frau Hitler for a mere 36 hours
[2006-03-27] [independent]
Eva was - apart from Hitler's niece Geli Raubal, who, unable to cope with her uncle as both Führer and lover, killed herself - the only woman he allowed himself to love. She gave Hitler no children because he officially refused to marry because he was married to the Party, and, in reality, refrained from marriage because marriage in his society dictated children and he refused to breed because, while he disapproved of degeneracy and brought in eugenic laws to stamp it out, he knew his own family history was dangerously prone to a madness he did not wish to pass on or perpetuate.

Germany's war children scramble to find their American GI fathers
[2006-03-27] [boston]
They were offspring of romance in the occupation era, born to German women who had flings with American GIs -- sometimes for love, sometimes for a moment's passion, and sometimes, in the hardest days immediately after WWII, for a few packs of cigarettes or a pair of nylon stockings. Johnny went marching home, often leaving no forwarding address or even a full name. Perhaps unaware of the pregnancy. His lover was left to face disapproving parents and neighbors. Or a German soldier-husband returning from the front.

Battle of Okinawa mass suicides recalled, debated
[2006-03-27] [tiscali]
Masahide Ota fought as a member of a "Blood and Iron Corps" of students mobilised to defend the southern Japanese island against American invaders. As many as one-third of Okinawa’s inhabitants were killed in the battle, described by many historians as a doomed sacrifice ordered by Japan’s military leaders to delay an invasion of the mainland. Many civilians, often entire families, died in mass suicides, by some accounts at the order of fanatical Japanese soldiers. Ota and others argue that whether or not there was a direct military order to commit suicide is not the point.

04-08-2006, 02:35 PM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles.

Nazis had "Einsatzgruppe Egypt" ready for Palestine
[2006-04-08] [Reuters]
Nazi Germany planned to expand the extermination of Jews beyond the borders of Europe and into British-controlled Palestine during WW2, two German historians say. In 1942, the Nazis created a special "Einsatzgruppe," a mobile SS death squad, which was to carry out the mass slaughter of Jews in Palestine. They say "Einsatzgruppe Egypt" was standing by in Athens and was ready to disembark for Palestine in the summer of 1942, attached to the "Afrika Korps" led by the famed desert commander General Erwin Rommel. The Middle East death squad was to be led by SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Walther Rauff.

Trooper of the Japanese Imperial Army - Battlefield Kuala Pak Amat
[2006-04-08] [bernama]
At midnight on Dec 7, 1941, Japanese transport ships carrying 5,300 men had anchored off Kuala Pak Amat and Sabak beaches. By 12.25am the next day, the first wave of Japanese shock troops had landed and they were met by fierce resistance by the British units. The onslaught against Kuala Pak Amat was one and half hours before Japanese dive-bombers attacked on the US naval fleet at Pearl Harbour. "The battle was fierce ... to the extent that the water turned red due to blood from the bodies of dead soldiers." A monument to mark the first landing of Japanese invaders in the country may be be constructed soon, along with the conservation of 7 British war-time bunkers in area.

With the aim of wiping Hamburg from the map of Europe
[2006-04-08] [washingtonpost]
In the summer of 1943, the Bomber Command of Britain's Royal Air Force began Operation Gomorrah, "5 major and several minor" aerial attacks on the city of Hamburg, "with the aim of wiping Hamburg from the map of Europe." Most of the bombs it dropped were incendiaries, "small bombs filled with highly flammable chemicals." The result was "the first ever firestorm created by bombing, and it caused terrible destruction and loss of life," almost entirely among civilians. At least 45,000 human corpses were found in the ruins, and more than 30,000 buildings were destroyed. Air Marshall Sir Arthur Harris "wanted to make a tremendous show" (the words are his own) in Hamburg.

Hit the silk: Tail gunner's harrowing story of B-17 combat
[2006-04-08] [azcentral]
Nelson B. Brode Jr. was a tail gunner on a B-17 bomber in his 26th mission. The crew was to bomb the Japanese base of Gasmata and take some photographs. As the plane closed in on its target: "The ack-ack and pom-poms were filling the sky around us," Brode wrote. The plane jerked violently and turned up on one wing. A side gunner reported a large hole in the wing. The plane dived and the electrical system quit working, but then the Flying Fortress leveled out. About 10 minutes later, Brode saw 12 Japanese fighters. The Zeros formed into 3 groups of four planes, and they attacked the B-17 in waves, riddling it with bullets...

Twin tyrants - Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Russia
[2006-04-08] [jpost]
The book "The Dictators: Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Russia" culminates in the explanation of how the industrial might of Russia (supported by Allied material aid) outstripped Albert Speer's vaunted miracles of wartime production. As the war proceeded, Hitler took control of virtually all of Germany's tactical and strategic decisions, divesting himself of experienced generals like Manstein and hamstringing his general staff. Stalin, on the other hand, realized the military arguments put forward by a Marshal Zhukov were sounder than his own judgments and left the conduct of the war to his many talented generals.

War Lives On at Museum of the Biological warfare experiments
[2006-04-08] [washingtonpost]
Exhibit shows Japanese biological warfare experiments carried out on thousands of Chinese prisoners from 1939 to 1945. Researchers estimate 3,000 Chinese were killed and 300,000 sickened by the hideous wartime experiments. In the case of Unit 731 much of the picture was blurred until the 1980s and 1990s, when documents uncovered in Japan, China and the US gave scholars a better idea of what went on. Some Chinese prisoners were dissected live and without anesthetic, for instance, while others were cremated before they were dead.

"German Village" in Utah may soon collapse
[2006-04-07] [deseretnews]
Franklin D. Roosevelt suggested building it. It was designed to match structures in Nazi Germany. Utah prisoners helped construct it quickly. Then the Army hit it for years with incendiary bombs, flame-throwers and chemical-agent tests. Now, "German Village" — where the Army tested how weapons would work on German architecture and materials during WWII — is finally about to collapse. The Army is proposing to let it do so, rather than repair it to allow its inclusion on the National Register for Historic Places.

Auschwitz escapee who provided the first eyewitness evidence
[2006-04-07] [nytimes]
Rudolf Vrba, who as a young man escaped from Auschwitz and provided the first eyewitness evidence not only of the magnitude of the tragedy unfolding at the death camp but also of the exact mechanics of Nazi mass extermination, died. His greatest importance is as an author of diagrams of gas chambers and crematories. With specificity gained from camp jobs that gave him unusual access to various corners of Auschwitz, Dr. Vrba told the unknown truth about it. The report became known as the Auschwitz Protocol. When parts of it were released in the summer of 1944, the US government endorsed it as true.

Pope became priest because of Nazis
[2006-04-07] [ap]
Pope Benedict XVI said he became convinced he should become a priest to help confront what he called the "anti-human culture" of the Nazis in his native Germany. Benedict was enrolled in the Hitler Youth as a teen and later deserted from the German army near the end of World War II.

Sketches capture the raw emotions of 19-year-old infantry serviceman
[2006-04-07] [pacpub]
There is a famous drawing by Bill Mauldin, where two officers are gazing at spectacular mountain scenery and one turns to the other and says, "Beautiful view. Is there one for the enlisted men?" Sergio Bonotto laughs so hard remembering the cartoon that tears start to flow. He and his fellow GIs witnessed equal opportunity misery — waiting around for something to happen or trudging through the mud, rain and cold and early spring near Dusseldorf. Because his Army experience was so intense, he carried a notebook and pencils with him, and whenever he could he sketched scenes that recaptured moments of his life in the infantry.

Maori Battalion Voices Heard Again - Historic CD
[2006-04-07] [scoop]
It could have been called 'the singing Battalion'! When the soldiers of the Maori Battalion sailed for the Second World War, they took with them songs that embodied the love and prayers of those at home. The National Library of New Zealand will soon release an historic CD featuring recordings of the Battalion while it was overseas. Also included are rare recordings by the Battalion's 1st Reinforcements during a farewell concert, including a message previously not known to have existed from Princess Te Puea Harangi.

Remains of Wehrmacht soldiers to be transported from Usti soon
[2006-04-06] [praguemonitor]
The remains of the German Wehrmacht soldiers that have been deposited in a construction company's store in Usti nad Labem, will be transferred to some of the Czech military districts in the days to come, Usti Mayor Petr Gandalovic told. Representatives of the Usti municipality, the Defence Ministry and the German People's Association Caring for German War Graves have agreed on the transfer. Some of the Usti remains are those of soldiers who were members of SS units.

Building model airplanes for 70 years, including Hitler's yacht Griselle
[2006-04-06] [sun-herald]
John Muro's tiny workshop is filled with model airplanes. There are squadrons of P-51 Mustangs, along with a number of B-25 Mitchell bombers, a couple of B-26 Martin Marauders, Corsair F4Us and P-47 Thunderbolts. He has built many German ME-109 fighters and a number of Folk-Wolf 190 fighters. In his living room is the creme de la creme of his models: Adolf Hitler's yacht, "Griselle," which he made from the original plans. It was built in 1934 at the Blohm & Voss shipyard, and used as a training ship for German naval cadets before it became Hitler's yacht. After the war it was sold to a Lebanese businessman George Arida. Eventually the vessel was sold for scrap.

Hitler's eight Nazi spies in the US during the summer of 1942
[2006-04-06] [phillyburbs]
Transported by submarine, eight Nazi spies swept across the United States in the summer of 1942, targeting a series of rail lines, water channels and factories. The nearly successful terrorist attacks of 1942 have become a modern day obsession for Richard Cylinder. The FBI said the grandiose plans nearly succeeded, but a turncoat German agent George John Dasch sold his countrymen in exchange for a reprieve from execution. On the morning of June 17, 1942, Nazi spy Dasch placed a call from his Washington, D.C., hotel room to FBI headquarters, relealing the plot.

Art treasures and the Gestapo - The casket and the Nazis
[2006-04-06] [independent]
For 25 years, this exquisitely enamelled medieval casket had been on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum. The casket was designed to hold the relics of Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury famously murdered in Canterbury Cathedral. Until one day Metropolitan police from the art and antiques squad arrived at the V&A Museum and seized it. This police action was prompted by a claim submitted by an aristocratic Polish family, the Czartoryskis, to the British Spoliation Advisory Panel, which is an independent body set up to help resolve cases involving cultural property lost - stolen or seized - during the Nazi era and later acquired by British museums.

WWII fighter pilot of the Wolf Pack soared into the record books
[2006-04-06] [bostonherald]
In the world of flying aces, Fred Christensen soared. Flying his P-47 Thunderbolt in WW II, Christensen scored 21.5 confirmed aerial victories. "His feat was matched by only a handful of U.S. Air Force aces," said Bill Deane. An ace, a fighter pilot who downed five or more enemy aircraft in air combat, Christensen shared one victory with another allied fighter. Christensen set many records, such as shooting down 6 German transport aircraft as they approached a Luftwaffe airfield in western Germany one day in July 1944. He flew with the 56th Fighter Group - nicknamed the Wolf Pack - under Col. Hubert "Hub" Zemke.

Tank battalion honored - Part of Bataan Death March
[2006-04-06] [montereyherald]
WWII veterans, including members of the Salinas tank company who fought in the Philippines and survived three years in Japanese prison camps, will gather to dedicate a monument to C Company of 194th Tank Battalion. The monument consists of a WWII vintage armored half-track and a plaque. With no chance of rescue or resupply, Bataan's 11,000 American and 66,000 Filipino troops were ordered to surrender by their commander, Maj. Gen. Edward P. King. Those who obeyed the surrender orders were marched 63 miles to a prison camp. An estimated 10,000 died on the way. Troops who weren't taken prisoner, fought as guerrillas in the Philippine jungle for the next 3 years.

Austria: 6,292 artworks looted by Nazis may be returned to owners
[2006-04-06] [AP]
An Austrian advisory panel handling claims for paintings, sculptures and other items looted by the Nazis during the Second World War has recommended that 6,292 artworks be returned to their original owners, the culture minister said. Only about a dozen of the requests received through March 31 have been rejected. A website would be set up by the end of the year to help owners track down works they claim were confiscated by the Nazis. Austria's first postwar government also effectively confiscated hundreds of paintings from Jewish owners and their heirs, using a 1923 law preventing the export of artworks.

The ski industry came from the 10th Mountain Division
[2006-04-06] [vaildaily]
The portrait of a soldier with skis slung over his shoulder autofeeds to one's memory when thinking of ski pioneers. And, according to veterans, it wasn't until the WWII success of the 10th Mountain Division that skiing really skyrocketed in the US. -- "Living outdoors at 30-below-zero in six-foot snow drifts was rather difficult," **** Over said. "We had a series of simulated battle conditions at Camp Hale called the D series. Six feet of snow and 30 below. We were out for six weeks at a time living in that."

Who owns war loot of Gen. George Patton and Allied leaders?
[2006-04-05] [calendarlive]
Huntington's display: Original copies of the three Nuremberg Laws, signed by Hitler, including the infamous Blood Law of the Third Reich. The claim to ownership of the documents rests on the fact that they were a gift from Gen. George Patton. But the documents are war loot, a prize that wasn't his to take or give, and a piece of history whose own history needs to be cleaned up. Collecting battlefield trophies was common during WWII on all sides. Former President Hoover had a man in Germany seeking documents for him. Rabbi Judah Nadich, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower's advisor, took home a couple of Joseph Goebbels's swords. But Patton acquired more than most people.

P-51 Mustang ace: Shooting down Messerschmitt 262 jet fighter
[2006-04-05] [columbian]
WWII fighter ace Clayton Kelly Gross has published a memoir about his adventures shooting down six German airplanes as a P-51 Mustang pilot. His flight leader assigned Gross to fly low, luring German attackers so the rest of his outfit could shoot down the enemy fighters. On April 14, 1945, flying at 12,000 feet, Gross plunged his P-51 into a dive so he could boost his speed enough to catch a 100 mph faster Messerschmitt 262 jet fighter cruising below. The plummeting P-51 was shaking so badly that Gross almost couldn't control it. Nearly colliding with the 262, Gross squeezed the trigger in his control stick and shot it down.

Sweden's Lutheran church applied Nazi race laws
[2006-04-05] [SA]
Sweden's Lutheran church applied Nazi race laws to stop Germans living in Sweden during WWII from marrying Jews. The Swedish state church applied German laws that forbade "Aryan" German citizens from marrying Jews, and stopped at least 5 such marriages from taking place. The church acted on the recommendation of the foreign ministry as Sweden, which was officially neutral, sought to appease Germany to stave off an invasion. More than 400 Swedes who married "Germans of so-called Aryan heritage" were forced to sign a written assurance that their parents or grandparents did not have Jewish roots.

Nina von Stauffenberg - Widow of Hitler "assassin" dies
[2006-04-04] [cnn]
Nina von Stauffenberg, widow of the aristocratic Nazi army officer who tried to kill Adolf Hitler with a briefcase bomb, has died. She was 92. Col. von Stauffenberg was one of the best known internal German resistance fighters during WWII, leading the failed attempt to kill Hitler with a briefcase bomb placed under a conference table on July 20, 1944. Four people died in the bombing, but Hitler was only superficially wounded after an aide moved the briefcase before it exploded. Von Stauffenberg, along with other members of the resistance, were shot and their families arrested by the Gestapo.

WWII relics fetch 180,000 euros at car auction
[2006-04-04] [staugustine]
A French collector snapped up the only presidential car of France's Fourth Republic paying EUR 180,000 euros at an auction and keeping the vehicle in the country. A second car, given by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to Germany's Adolf Hitler, was bought for the same sum by an anonymous US collector at auction. The car was used by Magda, wife of Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's propaganda minister before being requisitioned at the end of the war by French General Francois de Linares, commander of the 2nd Mountain Infantry Division.

The United States Army's First Division -- the Big Red One
[2006-04-04] [mywebtimes]
The United States Army's First Division -- the Big Red One -- has fought from the slaughter of WWI through the current carnage in Iraq. The division's museum at Cantigny Park in Wheaton, honors the Big Red One's record. The WWII displays had several uniforms, a few rifles and some helmets, but too many video screens and walls filled with dry text.

Photographs of Victims of UK's post war torture camp
[2006-04-03] [guardian]
Photographs of victims of a secret torture programme operated by British authorities are published for the first time after being concealed for almost 60 years. The pictures show men who had suffered months of starvation, sleep deprivation, beatings and extreme cold at one of a number of interrogation centres run by the War Office in postwar Germany. Believing that war with the Soviet Union was inevitable, the War Office was seeking information about Russian military and intelligence methods. Dozens of women were also detained and tortured, as were a number of genuine Soviet agents, scores of suspected Nazis, and former members of the SS.

How Lots of Little Nazis Turned Germany Into the Third Reich
[2006-04-03] [bloomberg]
Look at the little schoolgirls on the side of the road, crowding off the curb, waiting for the parade. See how happy they are. They are waiting for someone, who is probably riding in a big, open car. Perhaps it is Dr. Goebbels. Maybe it is the Fuhrer himself. The little schoolgirls are waving swastika pennants. It's hard to imagine a more perfect cover for "The Third Reich in Power" - the second volume of a planned trilogy on the Third Reich by historian Richard Evans.

Exhibit notes that German Americans were interned during WWII
[2006-04-03] [madison]
An unusual museum is rolling around Wisconsin with a little-known story from wartime. Housed in a dark green bus, exhibits tell the tale of thousands of German Americans who were arrested and interned in Wisconsin and elsewhere during WWII. In Milwaukee German-born Anna Schafer was arrested on Dec. 9, 1941, with her infant son and taken away. Her husband Karl, a naturalized U.S. citizen, was investigated while she remained detained until April 1942. Although many people testified to the Schafers' patriotism and loyalty, she was embarrassed by her arrest and rarely discussed internment with her family.

Of all the Gaul: The mystery of the French
[2006-04-03] [theprogress]
The French complain of everything. And always. No, George W. Bush didn’t say that – and neither did Winston Churchill. The author of that remark was a chap who knew les gens de la Republique better than most. His name was Napoleon Bonaparte. It seems that being a leader of the French is even more exasperating than merely observing them from afar. Somebody else once moaned "how can anyone govern a nation that has 246 different kinds of cheese?" His name was Charles de Gaulle.

04-16-2006, 09:53 AM

Man seeks answers to mystery gun
Shrapnel rained down on James Aguilar as he furiously shoveled a foxhole in the woods of northern France. His orders were shouted by an Army sergeant: "Dig in! Dig in!" Clunk. His shovel hit something hard. Aguilar unearthed a strange package, quickly tossing it aside. It spilled open to reveal the dull gleam of a muzzle. Forgetting the bomb blasts for just a second, Aguilar pocketed a gun unlike any he'd seen before.

Amber Room hunt makes lake Toplitz the Tsar attraction
It was the most opulent of Tsar Peter the Great's rooms, brought to his new capital of St Petersburg on 18 horse-drawn wagons in 1716, a present from the King of Prussia. The fabulous Amber Room contained six tonnes of the precious resin and took 10 years for some of Europe's top craftsmen to complete. But more than 60 years ago it was plundered by Nazis as they stormed across Europe, never to be seen again. Now, after years of searching, a team of treasure hunters believe it is at the bottom of an Austrian lake. A group of American divers will today begin a £7 million project searching the 338ft-deep Lake Toplitz situated in the heart of Austria.

Kalashnikov, still selling weapons at 86
His most famous creation has sold 100 million copies, but at 86 Mikhail Kalashnikov, father of the assault rifle that bears his name, is still a busy man. Automatic weapons had been banned for the Red Army shortly before WWII by the deputy defence minister and in the climate of fear imposed by Stalin nobody dared challenge the ban. The prohibition went some way to explaining the defeat of the Red Army in Finland and its huge losses during the German offensive in 1941. He fought in WWII and was wounded in 1941. He was evacuated to the rear and began designing the assault rifle that in 1947 became the AK-47.

Even Hitler had to get expert help from Norway with his genocide
Historically, Norway has a gruesome track record of human rights violations. Prime victims have been the Sami people, the Romani people, War prisoners, children of German soldiers, the mentally ill and orphans. Even Adolf Hitler had to get expert help from Norway in implementing his genocidal programme. The Nazi’s had a problem killing the people on their hate list fast enough. The Norwegian company Norsk Hydro came to Hitler's rescue and manufactured the Zyclone B gas which was used in Nazi gas chambers. It was this methodology that increased the speed of Nazi genocidal programme. The majority shareholder of Norsk Hydro -- The Norwegian Government.

He launched daring escapes from German PoW camps 8 times
War hero Alfred Passfield launched daring escapes from German prisoner-of-war camps eight times in WW II. The courageous Digger told that he was constantly running escape plans through his mind while in captivity. Despite making friends in the camps, his escapes were all solo ventures. But Mr Passfield never made it out of Germany, though he was once on the run for three weeks and used stolen bicycles to make his escapes.

Toll the bell for 52 U.S. submarines lost during the war
The river turned another tale when about 30 people, including members of U.S. Submarine Veterans of WWII, gathered at the Southeast Missouri to dedicate a commemorative storyboard and toll the bell for 52 U.S. submarines lost during the war. Vance Combs said his reasons for volunteering to be a submariner were simple: ego and hazardous duty pay. Because only the top 5% were picked from U.S. Navy Radio School, it was an honor to be a part of this elite group responsible for "special missions," including conducting reconnaissance, landing guerrillas, laying minefields, searching for enemy minefields and rescuing aviators.

German teens ashamed of Nazi past
The atmosphere in the two-hour history class is more serious than usual. Today's lesson is National Socialism. My German classmates have a lot to share about the subject. We discuss the apathy of many German citizens of the WW II generation and many of my classmates refer to their own grandparents in examples. They speak about the Holocaust with shame, although they personally had nothing to do with it. They discuss the guilt German youth of today feel for simply being born German. Many think they should feel guilty as a means of preventing their nation's dark past from ever repeating itself.

Chechen Heroes of the Great Patriotic War
Almost 400 Chechens and Ingush took part in the heroic defence of the Brest Fortress. Machine –gunner Khanpasha Huradilov was posthumously awarded the "Gold Star Hero of the Soviet Union" having personally destroyed 920 fascists. Khakim Ismailov hoisted the banner above the Reichstag in Berlin. Cavalryman Movlid Visaitov was the first Soviet soldier to meet the American allies on the Elbe. There were around 20,000 – 40,000 Chechen front-line soldiers. However, today almost any Russian resident will tell you that the Chechens were traitors, that they waited for the arrival of the Wehrmacht and even got a white horse ready to present to Hitler.

An Enigma Machine For Every Budget
Cryptology and history buffs who missed a chance to buy a World War II-era Enigma machine on eBay have the option of building their own codemaking machine at home, from a kit. The Enigma-E Kit sells for about $210, and is available through the Bletchley Park Web site. Bletchley Park is the British National Codes Centre, where allied forces broke the German Enigma code during the Second World War. The machine auctioned on eBay sold for more than $30,000, substantially higher price than other recorded sales dating to the mid-1990s.

When orders for the battalion to withdraw were not received
In 1944 Major Tasker Watkins won the Victoria Cross - only the second Welshman in the WWII to do so. While commanding a company of the Welch Regiment, the battalion was ordered to attack objectives near Balfour. Company had to cross open cornfields in which booby traps had been set. The company came under fire, and the only officer left, Major Watkins, charged two posts in succession. When he found an anti-tank gun his Sten gun jammed, so he threw it in the German's face and shot him with his pistol. The company had only some 30 men left and was counter-attacked by 50 enemy infantry, and orders for the battalion to withdraw were not received by company...

Black Sunday - The greatest non-combat aviation loss in WWII
On April 16, 1944, Capt. Thomas Paschal and his B-24J crew vanished in the clouds. Paschal's Liberator and more than 300 other planes were returning from a bombing run over Dutch New Guinea during WWII when they ran into what one pilot called the "worst storm I ever saw." The bad weather gave the American planes a tougher fight than they had gotten from the Japanese, claiming 54 crew members and 37 aircraft. It was the Army Air Forces' greatest non-combat aviation loss in WWII. Thirty fighter and bomber crew members are still missing.

Protests over plan to honor Bavarian bishop with Nazi ties
Plans by the German Protestant Church to honor a former bishop known for his close ties to the Nazis have angered the country's Jewish community. The Church wants to hold a memorial service on June 8 for Hans Meiser, who historians have said made repeated anti-Semitic and racist remarks before and during the Nazi era. Meiser was leader of the Bavarian Protestant Church from 1933 until 1955.

German town postpones tribute to Nazi-era engineers
A German town has postponed plans to honor German aviation engineers Willy Messerschmitt and Claude Dornier -- known for their aircraft production in the Nazi era -- after protests. Dornier died in 1969; Messerschmitt in 1978. Historians say both aircraft engineers had close ties to the Nazi regime. The Luftwaffe used the Messerschmitt Bf 109 in the "Battle of Britain" while later models were used at the Eastern front against the Soviet Union.

For sale: 70 military vehicles and artillery pieces
When John Belfield takes his pride and joy for a cruise down his driveway, his neighbour complains that his house shakes. A 50-tonne Centurion main battle tank will have that effect. His arsenal includes WWII Matilda tanks with flame-throwers, an AC1 Sentinel and AC3 Thunderbolt tank, an M3 A1 Stuart tank, anti-aircraft guns, a mobile radar unit, a white half-track armoured vehicle and a Saracen armoured personnel carrier. His weapons are surrounded by searchlights, bugles, uniforms and gas masks. Plastic soldiers fight historic battles within glass cases.

The Master Plan: Himmler's Scholars and SS Ahnenerbe
"Nazi Science": the phrase sounds absurd. But for Heinrich Himmler, the stargazing Reichsfuhrer who ran the SS, Hitler's elite praetorian guard, Nazi science was going to build a future world full of genetically pure Aryans. Himmler insisted that science had to serve the Nazi party. He set up the SS Ahnenerbe institute to scientifically prove Nordic racial superiority. Himmler brought together a motley collection of fanatics, madmen and opportunists under the auspices of the Ahnenerbe. In its early stages, the institute sent archaeologists to search the globe for documentation of the origins of Nazism in a mythical ancient Aryan civilization.

Britannica Preps in-depth multimedia Holocaust Web Feature
As another Holocaust Remembrance Day rolls around April 25, Encyclopedia Britannica announced they were unveiling a new Web feature to "probe the history of the Holocaust, in which six million Jews and millions of others were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime during World War II." Dubbed "Reflections on the Holocaust", this multimedia loaded Web feature will debut in five parts later.

Escape maps and stamps for PoWs were hidden in prunes
An extraordinary collection of materials used to help prisoners of war and French Resistance fighters in occupied Europe is to go under the hammer. It includes two prunes of the original thousands used by the Special Operations Executive, Churchill's secret army of undercover agents, to smuggle miniature documents into PoW camps. The documents included intricate maps of continental railway networks, allowing PoWs to plan their escape. There were also accurate forgeries of official German rubber document stamps and elaborate plates used to forge "camp money" used by PoW officers to buy a limited range of goods.

They may have been shot by MI5 as a precaution if the Nazis had landed
Italian cafe owners, leaders of the Welsh Nationalist Party and an elderly nun were blacklisted as potential collaborators with Adolf Hitler in Wales. Historian Ivor Wynne Jones says the 156 people on the list would have been arrested and some might even have been shot as a precaution if the Nazis had landed in Britain. His book, Hitler's Celtic Echo, also suggests former Prime Minister David Lloyd George may have hoped to become Britain's puppet leader. The book features the full Welsh list of people regarded by MI5 as potential threats to British security after an invasion.

Bravery under fire - 7:40 a.m. Kiel, lots of flak, some fighters
A smudged and faded pocket calendar from 1944 bears evidence of the close encounters with death 1st Lt. He flew 33 missions over Germany, France and Normandy as the pilot of a B-17 bomber. Rudolph Smith experienced during WWII. "Over Paris we ran into heavy resistance both on the ground and in the air. When we got back to our base we counted 45 holes on the underside of our plane. Some of the holes were big enough to stick your hand in. It wasn't unusual for us to return from our mission with one or two engines out."

Unseen Anne Frank letters on show
A special exhibition of private letters written by Anne Frank has opened at the Amsterdam Historical Museum. Almost everyone is familiar with Anne Frank - the girl whose diary of life in hiding in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam made her world famous. But now her private letters reveal more about her independent spirit. The exhibition shows photos of the Frank family home in Amsterdam before the Nazi occupation.

Commander who won a Military Cross at the Battle of Cassino
Lieutenant-Colonel Monty Ormsby, who has died aged 89, was a fighting commander of a very high order and won a Military Cross at the first Battle of Cassino and a Bar in Malaya. On the night of February 17 1944, the 1st Battalion (King Edward VII's Own) 2nd Gurkha Rifles was ordered to launch an attack in the hills north of Monte Cassino. The monastery had been destroyed by Allied bombing the previous day, but the Germans still held the area in strength. They were equipped with automatic weapons concealed in well-defended posts and covered by machine guns firing from enfiladed positions on both flanks.

Marlene Dietrich DVD: The Glamour Collection
With Marlene Dietrich: The Glamour Collection Universal taps into one of the biggest stars of the 1930s and one of the truly most glamorous women of the 20th century, a mysterious creature of a million male daydreams. Marlene Dietrich became the Trilby to Josef Von Sternberg's Svengali for a series of exotic romances. And she was one of the most beloved figures of WW2, reportedly associated with the song Lily Marlene by soldiers on both sides of the conflict in Europe.

WWII ace who flew with black cat dies at 84
To make a point to fellow fighter pilots in WWII, Col. Fred J. Christensen always flew with Sinbad, a stray black cat he had found. Seeing him return safe from combat missions — black cat and all — helped motivate the other pilots. And counter to traditional superstitions, Sinbad was very good luck for her father, who shot down 22 Nazi planes during the war, including six in a two-minute span of one air battle. Though he flew 107 combat missions against the German Luftwaffe, "he was a very humble man," his daughter said. "He didn't want to be known as a war hero."

Dodging depth charges aboard the U.S. Submarine Thresher
Unlike the air-and-ground war in Europe, the war in the Pacific was more a naval war. All the U.S. Pacific Submarine Fleet reported to headquarters in Hawaii. Due to the lack of advanced communication, the sub commander had a lot of autonomy. Patrols could last weeks, depending on fuel, torpedoes and damage sustained. On one patrol, the Thresher sank a big Japanese freighter. Unknown to the sub crew, a group of Japanese destroyers was nearby, soon pursuing the sub. For 18 hours the Thresher evaded the depth charges. On another mission, the Thresher was carrying 25 rangers, when it ran aground on a sand bar on the way and wouldn't come off...

Kokoda tale of the 39th Militia Battalion hits big screen
64 years ago, Australian soldiers from the 39th Militia Battalion carried their weapons and the hopes of their homeland into the Papuan jungle to confront a vastly superior Japanese force along the Kokoda Trail. At the start of the campaign, these militiamen were derisively called "chocolate soldiers". By the end, they were known as "ragged bloody heroes" for their part in stopping the Japanese advance. The world premiere of a film dramatising a small part of the Kokoda campaign finally reaches the big screen. But the movie's release has sparked a fresh skirmish over whether it really captures the spirit of Kokoda.

Veteran recalls cavalry, bombardier experiences
John Fisher found himself assigned as a cavalryman at Fort Riley, Kan. "Many of the guys in our unit didn't know one end of the horse from another," he said. ... "We had a wire-haired little puppy named Squinty who was our unit mascot. When a Dalmation dog attacked him one day, I skidded a garbage can lid at the bigger dog and chased him away." Unfortunately, the Dalmation belonged to Gen. Marshall and he had watched the whole scene from up on a hill. Fisher lost his stripes.

Bletchley Park Review - Project with the highest security rating
You may have read Robert Harris's book Enigma and seen the film of the same name, but to really appreciate the role of Bletchley Park in World War II, you need to actually visit the site. Bletchley Park was the most closely guarded and enduring secret of WWII. Code - named Station X, it was responsible for the interception and decoding of encrypted German military radio communication, including the famous Enigma code. The work at the Park was of such importance that it was given the highest security rating - ultra secret. Only four people, including Winston Churchill knew the entire truth.

Poland's bid to rename Auschwitz stirs controversy
A controversy has erupted over Poland's request to officially specify that the death camp Auschwitz was built and run during the WW2 by Nazi Germany. The Polish government's request to UNESCO for the name of the World Heritage Site to be changed to the "Former Nazi German Concentration Camp Auschwitz-Birkenau" has met with criticism from both the international Jewish community and Germany's Berliner Zeitung newspaper. Poland's request comes after a string of incidents over the last decade in which international media have mistakenly referred to the camp as "Polish" due to its location in Poland.

Hunting submarines during World War Two
Willis Vanasdale recalls when The USS Solomons went submarine hunting in the South Atlantic. In the summer of 1944, the Solomons' planes managed to locate and sink a German submarine. Vanasdale said he can actually see the photos of that attack when he calls up the history of the Solomons on his home computer. There are even photos of the submarine's 20 survivors being brought aboard the carrier after being plucked out of the sea by the Solomons' destroyer escorts. Later he was transferred to his final ship, which helped to train Navy pilots in the newest submarine detection system.

61st anniversary of Soviet storm of Konigsberg being marked
Kaliningrad is marking the 61st anniversary of the Soviet storm of Konigsberg. The third Belarussian front led by Soviet Marshal Alexander Vasilevsky defeated a 130,000 fascist force and seized the presumably invincible German fortress Konigsberg on April 9, 1945. Thousands of servicemen, who stormed Konigsberg, settled down in that city, which was transformed into Russia’s Kaliningrad.

The Search for the Long Island Hitlers - The Führer's half-brother
In "Little Willy," which Mr. Kassen researched and wrote over the course of six years, he plays William Patrick Hitler, born in 1911 to the Führer's half-brother, Alois, and an Irish woman named Brigid Dowling. Accurate as far as the evidence goes, and astutely imagined when evidence is lacking, "Little Willy" dramatizes the young man's attempts to trade on his family name, first as a salesman in prewar Germany, where he played up his closeness to the chancellor, and then on American lecture tours that advertised "his daring exposé of intrigue among the enslavers of Europe."

NZ World War II hero accused of murdering German soldiers
A New Zealand war hero has been accused of war crimes by murdering German soldiers in WWII while disguised as a Nazi paratrooper. Clive Hulme, who was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest British and New Zealand bravery award, killed German soldiers while dressed in a German paratrooper's smock duringthe 1941 Battle of Crete. Hulme's daughter Anita said that accusing her father of war crimes was unfair to his memory. She said the family was aware that her father had worn a German uniform as a way of infiltrating the enemy. "I didn't know it was against the rules of war. You do what you need to survive, don't you?"

War hero killed German soldiers while disguised as a Nazi paratrooper
A New Zealand war hero broke the international rules of combat by killing German soldiers in WWII while disguised as a Nazi paratrooper. The claim appears in a newspaper report about a new book. Alfred Clive Hulme was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest British and New Zealand bravery award, for his actions in the 1941 Battle of Crete. It is there that he killed 33 German snipers and other soldiers while dressed as a German paratrooper.

Stalin's strange victory - Moscow 1941: A City and its People at War
The Russian victory over the Germans was one of the most unexpected, almost preposterous, outcomes of the Second World War. Underprepared in every sense, Russia was completely overwhelmed. During the summer of 1941, the German army advanced 400 miles towards Moscow within three weeks. By the end of the year, it was within 15 miles of the Kremlin. Within days, however, it had retreated in defeat. Hours before German forces attacked, Stalin was convinced that there was no prospect of war: he threatened to shoot any of his generals who prepared for it.

Tribute to heroes of a top-secret cowboy-style rescue mission
For 45 years, nobody visited this small village where 2nd Cavalry Regiment soldier Pfc. Raymond Manz was killed in action during a top-secret mission. The mission, Operation Cowboy, was designed to rescue 600 Allied POWs and save the famed Lipizzaner horses in April 1945. Operation Cowboy began after a German veterinarian contacted advancing U.S. soldiers under Gen. George S. Patton and asked them to rescue the Lipizzans. The horses were being held with Allied POWs who cared for them. A task force was organized to break through a line of German SS troops, rescue the horses and drive them back to U.S. lines cowboy-style.

"Lost Diary" recalls horror of Bataan
Lewis C. Beebe tried to stay upbeat after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, despite the near-daily bombing runs that rattled his windows at headquarters in Corregidor, despite the fact that food was running out. But on April 6, his trademark optimism was beginning to fade. "Situation doesn't look good in Bataan tonight." Bataan fell two days later, and the infamous Death March ensued. A diary kept by Beebe tells the tale of American soldiers under siege, cut off from supplies, reinforcements and news from home.

France bestows honor on two Wichitans - Helped to save a battalion
[2006-04-09][The Wichita Eagle]
Hank Harvey was a Wichita kid who crawled through French countryside filled with German soldiers to help rescue a battalion of Americans. He served in the 320th Infantry Division, working under fire in the front lines, running wires to units serving under Gen. George S. Patton. He often worked from Patton's headquarters and knew Patton well. In August 1944, Patton personally ordered Harvey to sneak wire to the 30th Division's "Lost Battalion," near Mortain. That unit had fought on a bluff for several days; they were out of food and ammunition. Harvey crawled and walked through a mile and a half of terrain occupied by German troops. They strung telephone wire all the way.

04-22-2006, 06:55 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News

Caught in the middle: part-Jewish Germans served in Nazi army
Filmmaker Price is the director of "Hitler's Jewish Soldiers," a documentary film featuring interviews with five Mischlinge - Nazi term for Germans of partial Jewish ancestry - who served in the German armed forces, Wehrmacht, during WWII. Historian Rigg estimates that at least 150,000 men of Jewish origin served in the German army during WW2. Arno Spitz, a German paratroop officer who was awarded three Iron Crosses for bravery, was raised as a Christian. When captured by American troops at the end of the war, however, he informed them that his Jewish father had fled to the U.S.

British WWII Swordfish Pilot Recalls Bismarck Sinking
Commander John Moffat hadn't seen a Swordfish biplane since 1945, when he was a pilot for the Royal Navy on a mission to sink the largest ship in the German fleet. He visited the London Air Show to see what is now a vintage aircraft, reflecting on the attack that sank the Bismarck and killed all but 115 of the 2,200-strong crew. On May 26, 1941, 15 torpedo-armed Swordfish aircraft were sent from the aircraft carrier Victorious to attack the Bismarck. Moffat's torpedo was one of two, possibly three, which hit the ship. He believes it was his torpedo that jammed the ship's rudder.

Re-creation of one Nazi's day in Nuremberg court
Hugh Taylor knows he doesn’t have grim Nazi eyes and he hasn’t quite nailed the accent, but he did find a uniform. In recent weeks he has been memorizing Nuremberg trial transcripts, practicing his German and hunting down an original Nazi SS uniform. He found it from a WWII collector and promptly drove down to get his picture taken in the outfit. "The photos were primarily for evidence. I thought it would be a nice touch to enter them as exhibits." Taylor’s commitment to detail is typical of the group of lawyers and judges who will re-create the Nuremberg trial of Nazi SS commander Otto Ohlendorf.

The Unfree French and Bad Faith - Two Books
The novelty of The Unfree French is to discuss those forgotten people, dismissed as "collabos", who had to make impossible choices: the ones, for example, who voluntarily went off to Germany as workers, or the women whose heads were famously shaved (les tontes) for sleeping with the enemy, or black market "profiteers". Vinen suggests that sheer survival was frequently a factor, particularly for those escaping histories of abuse or poverty, not sufficiently privileged through contacts, wealth or class.

Totenbuch inside controversial archive reveal Nazis' full horror
The nazi archive managed by International Tracing Service is compiled from tonnes of documents recorded by the Nazis and contains cards relating to more than 17.5 million civilians. Much of it is simple, solemn facts: name, serial and prisoner number as well as the place and date of their birth. "It also shows how they died," said the archival manager, showing a copy of the camp's Totenbuch, or Death Book, from 1942 and 1943. "These prisoners were killed every two minutes with a shot to the back of the head." In a few hours, 300 were executed on 20 April, 1942. "That was Hitler's birthday. The camp commandant did it as a birthday gift for him."

WWII tank killer to be honored later this month
Back in 1942, John "Jack" Francis III was just another young soldier enlisted in the Army tank corps. A year after he found himself in Sicily where Allied troops were fighting the Axis powers. During a patrol Cpl. Francis single-handedly wiped out two heavy German 88-mm cannons with his own 37-mm tank-mounted gun. Cpl. Francis, once handy with a tractor on farm, was "a wizard with the light tank." Having shipped out of Italy, Cpl. Francis participated in the invasion of Normandy, and was seriously wounded after his tank suffered a direct hit by a German bomb. Incorrectly assuming he had been killed, other crewmen in the tank left him behind to make their escape...

I saw both of the atomic bombs and lived
Anyone who survived the world's first atom bomb blast must have felt the worst was past. But Kazuko Sadamaru was caught up in the second explosion too. That she did so and is still alive today is perhaps the most uniquely improbable story of all. This unassuming woman is among a handful of people alive who witnessed both the Hiroshima bomb and the obliteration of Nagasaki three days later. "I cannot forget the events on 6 and 9 August 1945. I saw the flashes and the mushroom clouds of both A-bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. So many were exposed to the A-bomb but I am one of the few people who have experienced the two bombs, and still I am in good health."

Secret Nazi Weather Station in Newfoundland
The U-537 made the only armed German landing on North American soil in WWII. U-537 left Kiel, Germany on September 18, 1943. The boat went on patrol in the western North Atlantic under Kptlt. Peter Schrewe. Its task was to set up an automatic weather station on the coast of Labrador. The station was a secret known only by a handful German seamen and scientists. The story became known in the late 1970s, when an retired engineer found photographs of one weather station and a U-boat that did not fit in with the installations he had previously been able to identify.

Assault on Axis convoys in Malta At War
In the autumn of 1941 the aircraft, ships and submarines from Malta were causing havoc among the convoys transporting men and material between Italy and Libya. The issue II of volume four of Malta At War covers extensively the operations of September 1941, including the arrival of the Halberd convoy. The merchant ships were escorted by heavy units, including battleships, totalling a force of 27 warships. A series of photographs never before published record the drama of their arrival. 17 of the escorting warships were to be lost within a year, the carrier Ark Royal, the new battleship Prince of Wales and the destroyer Cossack within a few weeks.

Merchant Marines Want Benefits: Branch of the highest casualty rate
They served beside other military branches, they suffered the highest casualty rate of any service branch during WWII. However, Merchant Marine veterans have not gotten the same benefits as other veterans. Some in Congress say it is time to make up for lost benefits with monthly cash compensation. Merchant Marines who served in WWII were not given veteran status until 1988, causing many of them to miss out on earlier veterans benefits.

Fear of invasion by Japan was a reality for Australians in early 1942
Fear of invasion by Japan was a reality for Australians in early 1942. Darwin had been bombed and the only remaining garrison outside Australia, at Port Moresby was under grave threat. By the end of 1941, most of the experienced soldiers of the all-volunteer Australian Imperial Force (AIF), were in the Middle East or Malaya, leaving only 168,800 troops to defend Australia. Of these, 132,000 were members of the Australian Military Forces (AMF), a militia of generally older citizen soldiers and new conscripts seemingly to be stationed on the home front. The AIF men called the AMF "chockos" - chocolate soldiers who would melt in the sun.

Tribute to women in uniform - Shows also resistance to the idea
[2006-04-20][Vintage Views]
The Harwich Historical Society is preparing an exhibit featuring Harwich women who served in WWII. Women by their military service helped to win the war and make a permanent place for women in the U.S. military. "Ladies in Uniform from WWII," opens June 25 and will display uniforms, photos, recruiting materials and the keepsakes of these pioneering women who forever changed women’s role in society. The exhibit will also show some of the resistance by both the military and civilians to women in uniform, despite the patriotic fervor following the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Hitler's love book to Eva Braun for sale
A book of Bavarian poetry Adolf Hitler gave his girlfriend Eva Braun in 1940 with a sentimental inscription is up for auction with an asking price of $175,000. The copy of "Josef Filsers Briefwexel" is inscribed in German with the words: "My darling Eva. A gift of love from the heart. Adolf Hitler. Berlin Jan. 19, 1940." The German adjective Hitler used for darling indicates a sincere, tender affection. It is the only known written indication of affection Hitler showed for Braun. The pair later married, and committed suicide together in a Berlin bunker.

Germany agrees to open World War II archive
Germany will drop its long opposition to opening a vast WWII-era archive to public inspection, Justice Minister announced. Her government had argued that the collection, used for decades by the Red Cross to trace victims of the Nazis, should remain under tight control to protect the privacy of millions of people named in the papers. Representatives of the 11 countries that oversee the 50 million-record archive are scheduled to hold an annual meeting. Workers at the archive have already scanned many of the documents into digital form.

"Suicide squad" vet gets medal for aiding troops in WWII
The U.S. Navy Armed Guard was an outfit no one had heard of, a WWII "suicide squad" that protected cargo ships from Axis forces. A gunner during the war, McConley has been awarded the Russian Medal of Honor for taking vital supplies to Russian troops on the Euphrates River in 1944. Along the way, he faced German U-boat attacks and strafing from enemy warplanes. The Naval Armed Guard was a division of the U.S. Navy that served aboard U.S. Merchant Marine and other supply ships -- They were the subject of the documentary "Forgotten Valor.". Of its 150,000 members, 1,800 were killed in action.

Buchenwald and its records kept by the SS Oberführer in charge
Records kept by the SS Oberführer in charge show the deaths at the Buchenwald camp near Weimar numbered 6,477 in January, 5,614 in February, 5,479 in March, and 915 in April. The April toll was only up to the 10th of the month. The next day the American Third Army overran the area and brought release to the 21,000 inmates at this resort of starvation, torture, hangings and shootings. When the sound of gunfire from the approaching Americans was heard, thousands of the inmates were marched off by 600 SS Guards to an unknown destination.

Touring Third Reich in 1938 and seeing the man himself
"It was the 29th of August, 1938. I had been touring Europe with a friend, and we were in Freiburg im Breisgau. So we sat down in the beer garden. Moments later, a big open-topped Mercedes fishtailed to a stop near us. Top brass in Wehrmacht uniforms stepped down and had the SS arrange everyone on the street in a row. Blackshirted men stood at six-foot intervals beside our hedge watching the citizenry, hands on pistols. Everyone was aware that some big shot was coming, but we did not expect the man himself. Then Hitler came through, fanning his signature sloppy salute to the crowd. In preparation for the coming war he was inspecting the Rhine fortifications."

Japanese WWII Imperial Army soldier found alive
A Japanese ex-soldier who disappeared after WWII and was officially declared dead in 2000 has turned up alive in Ukraine. Ishinosuke Uwano was serving with the Japanese Imperial Army in Russia's Sakhalin Island when the war ended. He lost contact with his family in 1958. The 83-year-old has now reappeared, in Ukraine, where he has a family. He was one of thousands of Japanese soldiers and civilians who were left stranded across the Pacific and in parts of China and Russia after the war ended.

Family offered more than $1m for Victoria Cross
A world record price of more than $1 million has been offered for the double Victoria Cross awarded to New Zealand military hero Charles Upham during World War Two. Only three people have been awarded two Victoria Crosses, which is likely to make it very attractive to collectors. Captain Upham's is the only one awarded to a combat soldier.

Netaji's Indian National army as seen by a Ceylonese recruit
It was in 1945, the year of the decisive defeat of the Japanese Imperial Army and its auxiliary, the Indian National Army (INA) founded by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Netaji's dream of freeing India from the British yoke, lay shattered. Angry with the INA, the first thing that the returning British did was to blow up the 15 ft monument for the dead of the INA, which, to the Indians, was the hallowed Azad Hind Fauj or the Free Indian Army. But the shocking part of the blowing up episode was that the British had got the job done by the Indian troops under their command!

Bridge Busters - WWII veteran recalls bombing
After basic training, "Jim Bob" Williams was sent to the Glen L. Martin aircraft factory school, where the B-26 Maurader medium bombers were built. The intensive training there would enable him to survive several harrowing experiences during some of his 59 bombing missions in Europe. There the 397th bomber group was known as the “Bridge Busters” because of their ability to knock out highway and railroad bridges that were important to the German Wehrmacht. The Group supported Gen. Patton's Third Army. On a mission calling for very close support, their bombs fell 300 yards from his command post.

Young Jewish woman who fell in love with a Nazi Officer
As a young Jewish woman on the run from the Gestapo Mrs Hahn Beer survived by assuming an Aryan identity. She also fell in love with a Nazi official. In 1942 she was convinced that she had signed her own death warrant when she confessed all to Werner Vetter. Instead of turning her in, Vetter was determined to marry her. "He loved me. I trusted him," recalled Mrs Hahn Beer. The extraordinary tale of their courtship and marriage is the subject of a film to be coproduced by David Parfett. The film’s working title is The Nazi Officer’s Wife.

Drexel A. Sprecher: Prosecutor vs Hitler Youth Baldur von Schirach
Drexel A. Sprecher, who prosecuted Nazis during the Nuremberg war-crimes trials, edited the official 15-volume report of the trials and wrote his own two-volume work on the topic, has died. A labor lawyer before WW II, Sprecher was a prosecutor in Nuremberg from 1945 to 1949. He made the principal presentation against two of the 22 highest-ranking defendants in the first trial: Hans Fritzsche, a Nazi radio propagandist who was acquitted, and Baldur von Schirach, the head of the Hitler Youth, who was convicted.


04-22-2006, 09:33 PM
A German town has postponed plans to honor German aviation engineers Willy Messerschmitt and Claude Dornier -- known for their aircraft production in the Nazi era -- after protests. Dornier died in 1969; Messerschmitt in 1978. Historians say both aircraft engineers had close ties to the Nazi regime. The Luftwaffe used the Messerschmitt Bf 109 in the "Battle of Britain" while later models were used at the Eastern front against the Soviet Union.

Rather silly in my opinion...both designers made civilian aircrafts also, with this line of thinking the makers of the atomic bomb should be denigrate.

04-23-2006, 05:53 AM
Rather silly in my opinion...both designers made civilian aircrafts also, with this line of thinking the makers of the atomic bomb should be denigrate.

I agree. Line should be drawn somewhere, or soon we will be accusing the sun because it shone during nazi-era.

There's a difference just doing your regular common day job, or planning a war of aggression.

04-29-2006, 05:17 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

Film crew to document WWII training
There isn’t much about this military base that resembles the way it looked in 1942. The technology is new and the men who trained here with the First Special Service Force are mostly gone. But next week, a film crew will begin producing a documentary that chronicles the arduous training that shaped an elite group of soldiers 64 years ago. The outfit went on to achieve fighting fame in World War II and to serve as a model for the Army’s modern Special Forces. "We’re looking at recreating some of the training the First Special Service Force did at Fort Harrison and the Helena area back in 1942."

Rokossovski's hedgehogs: Stopping advancing German panzers
Moscow 1941: The Russian capital in its darkest hour. At the roadside from the airport is a unique set of metal "hedgehogs", towering obstructions embedded in the ground in summer 1941. Their purpose was to stop the advancing German tanks. Operation Barbarossa had been launched on June 22. Moscow quickly came within the Wehrmacht's artillery range. The inhabitants trembled with fear, and hundreds of thousands tried to flee. They had been told that if any state invaded the USSR the Red Army would counterattack and take the conflict back on to enemy soil. Instead the Third Reich won a crushing series of victories. The overthrow of Stalin seemed imminent.

Call for UN protection of Shanghai refugee district
Survivors from among the 30,000 European Jews who found a haven in Shanghai from Nazi persecution are calling for their old refugee district to be recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Shanghai was an open city in the 1930s under mixed Chinese and colonial governance, making it one of the last places to which Europeans could flee without a visa. Almost all departed after the end of World War II and the 1949 establishment of communist rule in China.

One of the first people to photograph the Buchenwald camp
Quite by accident in April 1945, a 21-year-old soldier with a Leica camera became one of the first people to document the outrages in the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald. It was the defining moment in Howard Cwick's life. His 22 black-and-white snapshots showed emaciated bodies and haunted eyes, piles of bones, ashes and bodies abandoned by fleeing Nazi SS men, "like luggage left at a railway station," he said. NOTE: Article includes separate 10 photo gallery.

Striking World War II photo exhibit at Grout
A young French girl lays flowers at the grave of an American soldier in Normandy on June 12, 1944. Nazi soldiers round up terrified women and children at gunpoint in Warsaw, Poland, in 1943. A young, ragged and scalded Japanese boy stands amid the ruins of Hiroshima in August 1945. Those and other images await visitors to the Grout Museum exhibit, "Memories of World War II," on display now through June 11. The exhibit contains 126 photographs from WWII from the archives of The Associated Press. Many of them were taken by AP photographers and the U.S. Army Signal Corps.

French movie rescues forgotten history of Africa's WWII soldiers
A handful of Allied troops stare at the barrels of Nazi panzers, hurling grenades that bounce harmlessly off the vehicles' armoured skin. The Germans aim squarely at the Allied hideout and fire. These soldiers, giving their lives to defend a deserted village, are Africans - and the subject of a new French movie. Les Enfants du Pays (Hometown Boys) is the story of the so-called Senegalese Infantrymen, soldiers from France's former colonies in Africa who fought in Europe's wars. Formed to bolster France's dwindling ranks, colonial men fought in both World Wars. 300,000 soldiers from French colonies fought in the WW2.

War heroine Nancy Wake honoured - Led an army of 7,000
The Australian WWII heroine dubbed the 'White Mouse' by the Gestapo because they could not catch her has finally been honoured in the land of her birth, New Zealand. Nancy Wake has been awarded the NZ Returned Services Association's highest honour, the RSA Badge in Gold, as well as life membership for her work with the French resistance during the war. She is the first woman to be awarded the Badge in Gold. The RSA said as a saboteur and resistance organiser and fighter, the feisty woman led an army of 7,000 Marquis troops in guerrilla warfare against the Nazis in France.

Battle alone Rhine River - 8th Armored Division
For U.S. Army Pfc. Angelus Mendoza Vasquez and others of the 8th Armored Division, getting across Germany’s Rhine River seemed impossible in the closing months of WWII. "The Germans would shoot mortar shells, tank shells, 88mm shells and machine guns at us. Once we were stationed along the Rhine River, we had to fight 3 times before we finally got across it." One day, while winding its way through Holland, the 8th Armored Division came under surprise mortar shell and artillery attack. Vasquez and many others barely escaped the brief German onslaught.

June 1941: Hitler and Stalin
John Lukacs deploys his knowledge with the historical sources and newly uncovered Soviet documents to explore the fraught relations between the two dictators — Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin — leading up to the German invasion of the Soviet Union. His reasons for his focus: "There was a fateful condition of the Second World War that not enough people comprehend even now. This is that the Anglo-American alliance, for all its huge material, financial, industrial and manpower superiority, could have conquered Third Reich without Russia. That is why 22 June 1941 was the most important turning point of the WW2."

Alameda man tells of WWII submarine experiences
"One time when we came out of the shipyard after an overhaul we discovered the Navy did something wrong with our valves. Our tanks were flooding out of control and it scared the heck out of the crew. And we were running out of control, straight down. We turned the screws in reverse and the whole submarine shuddered but we still kept going. We finally reversed by it shifting everybody aft to raise the bow of the ship," Stohr said. A book dedicated to former shipmates of author Charles Fielder is a narrative of comradeship, victories and terrible losses of a group of men who survived sea battles. It details the daily activities of the submarine USS Searaven, SS196.

Aerial combat with enemy aircraft: Outcome wasn't always good
It was D-Day and the 22-year-old fighter pilot was providing close ground support for the invasion, firing his eight .50-caliber machine guns and rockets and dropping bombs on the German strongholds. By war's end, Harry “Bud” Bristol had logged 105 combat missions with the 366th Fighter Group, 391st Fighter Squadron. His days were spent in aerial combat with enemy aircraft, and the outcome wasn't always good. He was shot down three times by anti-aircraft flak. He belly-landed off the side of the runway of his group's airstrip in Thruxton, 70 miles southwest of London, and bailed out over Belgium.

Public thinks Holocaust sparked World War II
Report: Dutch people know more about WWII than is often thought. But the level of knowledge about the war among under 25s is a cause for concern. People aged 65 and older knew more than younger people. Men also knew more about the period than women, but this might be because men are more interested in war. 83% thought incorrectly that the Holocaust led to war between the Axis and the Allied powers. The Final Solution has become synonymous with the war itself. There was ignorance about how many died during WWII. The highest combined civilian and military losses were the Soviet Union (25M), China (11M), Germany (7M), Poland (6.8M) and Japan (1.8M).

Exhibit features newspaper clippings from 1940-54
In the newspaper's Oct. 14, 1944, edition, readers got a glimpse into the thoughts of Lt. Matthew Hasbrouck, a fighter pilot from Stone Ridge, on the eve of the southern invasion of France. And another article in that day's newspaper provided readers with some insight into war in the Pacific, through a letter written home from Lt. John A. Martin of Hurley. "While we were on shipboard, we were attacked by torpedoes, but the Japs were poor shots; they missed. We saw a Jap plane shot down. Good for the Yanks."

On the Run - After the order to surrender in Battle of Crete
When the order to surrender was given after the Battle of Crete in 1941, more than 6000 Australian, British and New Zealand soldiers were left behind. Some escaped immediately on abandoned naval barges or took to the hills. But the majority was marched back over the White Mountains to makeshift POW camps. Many escaped, relying on Cretan mountain villagers to shelter and guide them. Ian Frazer’s father was a survivor of the Battle of Crete, an Australian soldier who successfully evaded the Nazi occupiers for a year. He kept a meticulous diary.

Skeleton of a Wehrmacht soldier Found In Garden
A Croatian man sifting through some fresh soil, found the remains of a Nazi soldier while working in his garden. Bruno Marincic claims he purchased the soil from construction workers. "I was shocked and scared at first. When I took a closer look and saw some metal with the bones I realized they were identification plates showing the bones were those of a Wehrmacht soldier." Military historians believe the tags show the soldier was a member of the Nazi army's 188th division, which fought in the area under the command of General Ludwig Kibler.

Nazi atrocities on full display - Posters and artifacts
The simple poster on an easel at Papyri Books was in Ukrainian from World War II. A translation overhead said the poster was a warning to a village that Jews would be rounded up and deported, and troublemakers would be shot. The poster was on display at the shop on Main Street along with dozens of artifacts. The items are part of the collection of Darrell English of North Adams. Several passports and Gestapo files were on display, along with a Bakelite button shaped like a Star of David.

Former Mossad agent Eitan recalls Eichmann capture
It was the appendectomy scar that gave the Holocaust mastermind away. After grabbing Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in 1960, former Mossad agent Rafi Eitan was only certain he had the right man when he rubbed the fugitive Nazi leader's stomach and felt the scar. Eichmann, who was in charge of implementing the Nazi extermination plans, was captured in 1960 and put on trial - executed two years later. Eitan recounted holding Eichmann's head in his lap after snatching him from his hideout and bundling him into a waiting car. Eichmann was told in German not to talk or he would be harmed. Eichmann answered "jawohl."

Pilot Charley Fox recalls how he wounded the Desert Fox
This is the story of how a quiet, unassuming Canadian air force pilot named Charley Fox wounded Germany’s greatest field marshal, the Desert Fox. Fox, who flew over Normandy three times during D-Day, told his story. The Guelph native, who is 86, was “looking for targets” on July 17, 1944 in Normandy, when he spotted a car carrying Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and a number of his aides. Fox described how he fired from his Spitfire and struck the car carrying one of Nazi Germany’s top military men.

Italy marks 61st anniversary of liberation from fascism
Italy commemorated on Tuesday the 61st anniversary of the country’s liberation from the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini and German occupation. On April 25, 1945, an armed insurrection was launched in the north of Italy. Within a few days the resistance moved took back control of several cities from Mussolini’s fascist regime, which was backed by the German army. Southern Italy was liberated during World War II by the Allied forces.

Gen. George Catlett Marshall
George C. Marshall demanded honesty of himself. And he expected no less from those around him. At the beginning of WWII, Marshall was Army chief of staff to President Franklin Roosevelt, who told him to build up the Army after the attack on Pearl Harbor. The appeasement movement of the 1930s had ravaged U.S. armed forces, and the size of the Army was smaller than Bulgaria's. In addition to needing men and materiel, the war effort would need the best generals. So Marshall sought them out. "It was George Marshall who really pulled Dwight Eisenhower and Omar Bradley from obscurity, and then put them in positions of power."

Guernica honours Times man for telling its story
George Steer, the journalist for The Times whose report of the German bombing of Guernica outraged the world, is honoured in the Basque town where the massacre happened. Exactly 69 years after the Luftwaffe Condor Legion squadron attacked the civilian population of the Basque town on a busy market day, a bronze bust of Steer will be unveiled and a street named after him. Steer was among the first journalists to reach Guernica just hours after more than 1,600 civilians were killed by the bombing and subsequent firestorm on April 26, 1937.

The fascist invasion of Abyssinia
Abyssinia had been one of the few states to survive “the scramble for Africa” by the major European powers in the late 19th century, having defeated Italy at the battle of Aduwa in 1896. Now Benito Mussolini, Italy’s fascist dictator, dreamed of taking revenge and carving out a “New Roman Empire” in East Africa. The Abyssinians were left isolated in the face of fascist Italy’s far more technologically developed war machine. The Italian military used poison gas to terrorise the Abyssinian civilian population. The Italians bombed civilian targets, hospitals and even the International Red Cross.

Hitler's last relatives lead quiet life in a New York suburb
Three brothers living an uneventful life on Long Island, New York, have decided to write a book about their family. Their famous relative: Adolf Hitler. Alexander, Louis and Brian Hitler are direct descendants of the Nazi German leader's paternal side. A fourth brother, Howard, died in a car accident in 1989. The three are also childless, suggesting that Hitler's bloodline may die with them. Their father, William Patrick Hitler, is the subject of a play called 'Little Willy'. William is the son of Alois Hitler Jr, half-brother of the Nazi dictator because they shared the same father.

Military to relocate remains of German soldiers
The remains of some 4000 German Wehrmacht soldiers will be removed from the unsuitable storage place in Usti nad Labem, north Bohemia, on Wednesday and provisionally stored in the Brdy training grounds by Thursday. On Wednesday, the Defence Ministry will sign an agreement with the People's Association for Care for German Wartime Graves, under which the military will deposit the remains in the Brdy training grounds by 2008. The media published the information about the remains of Germans, which allegedly include Sudeten civilians and SS members, in the unused production hall in Usti nad Labem in March.

Poles take Russia to court over 1940 Katyn massacre by NKVD
Relatives of Polish soldiers, executed by Joseph Stalin's secret police in one of the WW2's most infamous massacres, are to take Russia to the European Court to make it disclose the full truth about the killings. In the Katyn atrocities, personally ordered by Stalin in 1940, the NKVD killed 21,587 Polish Army reservists on the grounds that they were "hardened and uncompromising enemies of Soviet authority". Russia has refused to prosecute surviving suspects or reveal their names. It is keeping 2/3 of the files classified, and has classed them as an ordinary crime whose statute of limitations has expired.

A Polish publisher wants to publish an edition of Mein Kampf
A Polish publisher wants to publish an edition of Adolf Hitler's anti-Semitic book "Mein Kampf." But he may be in violation of copyright laws. The German state of Bavaria, where Hitler once lived, owns the rights to the title -- and is doing what it can to defend them. "Mein Kampf has to be published, because there's a market for it." The market he's referring to isn't Wroclaw's skinhead community, but the "many students" who have supposedly contacted him to inquire about the book because, as they say, they need it for academic research.

17-year-old girl fighting with the partisans
She dragged herself out of the heap of bodies that had once been her family, shot to death by Nazi soldiers. Alone among the dead in the dark forest of eastern Poland, it would have been easy for a sickly 17-year-old girl to give up, to sink to the ground and die. But she found the partisan fighters in that forest, and convinced them that a girl was strong enough to fight alongside the men. Fighting with the partisans was Gertrude Boyarski's act of resistance. By the summer of 1940 the Nazis had already stolen her family and her childhood. She spent the next four years fighting them.

X marks the spot of town's vital war role in miniature submarines
Huddersfield's crucial role in the battle beneath the waves during the Second World War continues to be remembered. The bravery of those who sailed in miniature submarines known as X-Craft, will never be forgotten. And those who secretly helped to build some of them at the Broadbent engineering works in Huddersfield will also be remembered. The tiny vessels took part in a number of daring raids. Famously, some of the `midget subs' were used to attack the German battleship Tirpitz in Norway on September 22, 1943. They sailed up Altenfjord and planted mines on the mighty ship's hull.

World War Two: The Rewrite
It is one of the most striking scenes in British cinema: Nazi stormtroopers marching through Parliament Square. Clearly designed to alarm and provoke, it is an image that could have been ripped from a WWII Nazi propaganda film. In actual fact, it is a scene from the 1964 British feature film, It Happened Here. The intervening decades have done little to diminish its worrying, subversive power. Made by debutante director Kevin Brownlow, together with his colleague Andrew Mollo, It Happened Here rewrites history to suggest what might have happened if Britain had been occupied by the Nazis.

Another Victoria Cross may go on the market
Another World War 2 Victoria Cross won by a New Zealand soldier could go on the market as the debate intensifies over the future of the only double award given to a combat soldier. Anita Hulme said she had been considering selling the Victoria Cross her father Sergeant Clive Hulme won on Crete in 1941. Ms Hulme said today she would not hand over the VC to the Queen Elizabeth II Army Museum in Waiouru in perpetuity as other families had done and was considering selling it the way the daughters of Charles Upham were considered selling his VC and Bar.

WWII air ace Johnny Checketts dies
Johnny Checketts, one of New Zealand's greatest fighter pilots of WWII, has died aged 94. During the war he flew at least 418 sorties, many of them over Nazi occupied Europe. He shot down 14 and a half German aircraft (one victim shared), two V1 flying bombs, and destroyed two German E boats. On top of this tally were four probable "kills" and at least 11 damaged German aircraft. Twice he was shot down in hair-raising brushes with the Luftwaffe fighters, both times bailing out. He won the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and US Silver Star and Polish Cross of Valour.

He created the plan for the airborne phase of North Africa invasion
Soldiers paid tribute to a pioneer of modern warfare as Lt. Gen. William P. Yarborough was laid to rest. From the earliest days of paratroop experiments, his hand touched every part of airborne: he worked out the designs for jump uniforms and jump boots. He designed the airborne insignia, the famous jump wings of the parachutist's badge. He developed the initial concept and plan for the airborne phase of the WWII invasion of North Africa, then as executive officer went with that task force on its flight over Spain toward target objectives in Algeria - the longest operational flight ever made by parachute troops.

The Third Reich and Music - Exhibit
Them Nazis sure knew how to roll up a bunch of symbols at once in their propaganda. Above is a poster advertising their 1938 "Degenerate Music" exhibition, highlighting the destructive effects of jazz and “negro music” in general, among others. Schloss Neuhardenberg outside of Berlin is hosting an exhibit called "The Third Reich and Music," combining creepy-kitsch like this poster with the various art forms the Nazis outlawed – principally modern and non-Aryan music (as opposed to classical Wagnerian stuff), plus paintings, letters, sculptures, and historical documents.

Century-Old Nazi Propaganda Still in Use
A century-old forgery used to justify ill-treatment of Jews in Czarist Russia and widely circulated by the Nazis is distributed even today in many languages. Colorfully bound editions of "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" have appeared recently in Mexico and in Japan, where there are few Jews. High school texts in Syria, Lebanon and schools run by the Palestinian authority use the book as history.

The letters US soldiers forgot in the heat of battle
They have lain unopened in a horse manger in a forgotten part of the Belgian countryside for more than 60 years. But now, a set of well-preserved letters, prayer books and cartoons abandoned by American troops days before the Battle of the Bulge have been discovered. The items were left between Oct and Dec 1944, just before Germany launched its final offensive of the war. Soldiers of the US Army's 2nd Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment of the First Infantry Division were resting in farmhouses in Belgium close to the German border. On Dec 16, they were called to the front line for one of the bloodiest encounters of the war.

05-06-2006, 09:33 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress: An icon of a generation
Once there were many, now there are few: Of the nearly 13,000 B-17 Flying Fortresses built perhaps 100 survive today and less than two dozen fly. In 1944 and 1945 the B-17s filled the skies of Northern Europe in bomber streams thousands of planes strong. Visionaries of air warfare had determined that heavy bombers could fight their way to distant strategic targets, drop tons of high explosives from high altitude and return safely to their base. From 1942 to 1945 the task fell to the Boeing B-17 bomber crews to prove the theorists. The base was England and the target was Hitler’s German Reich. Russia’s Stalin was demanding a "second front" to relieve pressure on his Red Army.

Thai firm seeks to search for undersea WWII secret weapons
A Thai marine-supply company based in southern Phuket is seeking permission to salvage what it believes are two British "human torpedoes", or Chariots, that have been lying in the sea near Phuket since World War II. The Chariots sank near Dok Mai Island of Phuket Province during a mission in World War Two. Manned torpedoes were secret naval weapons commissioned during World War II. The British versions were electrically propelled mini-submarines with two crewmen equipped with diving suits riding astride.

The second most decorated soldier - Earned 29 medals
An Akron man who was known as "The Fightingest Man" in the 45th Infantry Division in WWII will be inducted with 20 others into the Ohio Military Hall of Fame. Army Tech. Sgt. Llewellyn M. Chilson, the second most decorated soldier of the war, earned 29 medals, including 3 Distinguished Service Crosses, 3 Silver Stars and 2 Purple Hearts. He talked about funny things that happened to him in the war. Once he took a German machine gun nest and killed some of the gunners and took 8 prisoner. Earlier, he had found a bottle of cognac. During the action, he was wounded and the bottle broke. When medics came, they said they wouldn't treat him because they believed he was drunk.

Military Uniforms, Memorabilia collection displayed at Oregon
The Greater Salem Area Veterans Organizations (GSAVO) is hosting an educational military display in the Galleria area at the Oregon State Capitol. The display is an historic collection of military uniforms, artifacts, and memorabilia. The extensive collection has received recognition and numerous compliments for its educational value. "Mac" MacDonald, one of the curators, said the display includes complete uniforms from all branches of military service and from different eras. We also have authentic military equipment, handbooks, medals, headgear, and more."

World war two Russia in photographs - Against the Nazi Invaders
The Casa della Memoria e della Storia is hosting an exhibition entitled "The Russian Nation against the Nazi Invaders" from 4-13 May. Around 50 photographs taken by some of the best war photojournalists recount a brief history of world war two in the ex-Soviet Union. Arranged chronologically, the black and white images form an photographic almanac of the most notorious battles fought by the Soviet Army between 1941 and 1945.

Nazi War Criminal Aribert Heim - "Dr. Death" - Chased in Chile
The chase for "Dr. Death," one of the last Nazi war criminals still at large and believed to be on the run in Chile, took a few leaps forward following some court decisions in Germany. Interest in the whereabouts of Aribert Heim was bolstered last year when a mysterious account with over a million U.S. dollars was discovered in Ibiza, Spain and linked by investigators to the "Butcher of Mauthausen." Aribert Heim, the assistant of Adolf Eichmann, was named "the other Mengele" at the Mauthausen camp. The German justice suspects that Heim's wife and daughter have been collecting funds to hide the him since then.

Fringe religions helped propel rise of Nazi Party
The German Faith Movement, an amalgamation of new age ideas and distorted Christian concepts played a pivotal role in paving the way for the rise of National Socialism, in Weimar Germany, according to a new book by emerita professor Karla Poewe, who as a little girl in wartime Germany was forced to flee her home. She attempted to get into the minds of pre-war Germans by variety of archival material. She looked at letters, diaries, lecture notes and newspaper articles, as well as the correspondence between leading intellectuals and religious leaders of the day. "The question I want answered is, Why did Germans support National Socialism in the first place?"

Ethiopia demand Italy's compensation for 500,000 lives lost
Italy paid Ethiopia $5 million after a 1947 peace treaty, although the Emperor Haile Selassie had demanded $600 million. 70 years on, memories are still fresh in Ethiopia of the 1935 invasion ordered by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, whose forces used mustard gas and other chemical weapons in the country then known as Abyssinia. When Addis Ababa fell, Ethiopia formed part of Italian East Africa with Eritrea and Italian Somaliland until its liberation by WW2 allies in 1941. Mussolini's troops torched 2,000 churches and killed 5 million cattle, 70 million sheep and goats, 1 million mules and horses, and 700,000 camels during the campaign.

Shipwreck survivor - Liberty Ship torpedoed by a German u-boat
Ray Laenen's Liberty Ship was torpedoed by a German u-boat in the middle of the Indian Ocean, leaving Laenen and his Army comrade Tom Tschirhart shipwrecked. The next day an officer ordered Tschirhart onto a different lifeboat. Later the two boats drifted apart. Laenen's lifeboat was rescued by a Royal Navy aircraft carrier, but Laenen had no idea what had happened to Tschirhart. One day a new patient in the next bed looked up at him and said, "Ray, Ray." Tschirhart had been adrift for 32 days before a US submarine found his lifeboat. Fate had put his friend in the next bed, but Tschirhart's ordeal had made him unrecognizable to his best friend.

Killing Hilter - The numerous attempts to assassinate Adolf Hitler
Few leaders have been the target of so many assassination attempts. Hitler’s almost 50 would-be assassins ranged from simple craftsmen to high-ranking soldiers, from Resistance fighters to patriotic Wehrmacht officers, and from enemy agents to his closest associates. Explaining why the British at one time declared that assassinating Hitler would be "unsporting," and why the ruthless Joseph Stalin was unwilling to order his death. It is also the remarkable story of the survival of a tyrant against all the odds, a dictator whose repeated escapes from almost certain death convinced him that he was invincible.

Welsh journalist who exposed horrors of Stalin
A young Welsh journalist Gareth Richard Vaughan Jones who exposed the man made famines of the Stalinist Government and was later murdered by Japanese bandits was honoured with the the unveiling of a plaque. Traveling in Soviet Ukraine he wrote a number of articles about the man-made famine orchestrated by Stalin in what had been the "breadbasket of Europe." Many millions perished even as the Soviet authorities denied that a famine was raging, and continued to export grain. They were joined in their cover up by some Western journalists, including the now notorious Walter Duranty of The New York Times.

70% of Japanese have no knowledge about Tokyo war trials
About 70 percent of Japanese voters have little or no knowledge about the Tokyo war crimes tribunal, an event that led to the start of Japan's postwar history. 53% of the respondents were aware the International Military Tribunal for the Far East took place after World War II, but they did not know any further details. And 17% said they didn't even know the Tokyo tribunal was held. Ignorance of the trial was greater among younger respondents.

Working against time - Lodz - The Last Ghetto in Poland
The Lodz Ghetto was the most important of all the ghettos during the Holocaust, but it also stood apart for other reasons. First of all, it was the second largest ghetto in Poland, after the Warsaw Ghetto, with 160,000 residents from the outset. Second of all, it remained in existence for over 4 years. It was the first ghetto to be established, in May 1940, and the last to be liquidated, in August 1944. The remarkable endurance of Ghetto Lodz is largely due to the head of the Judenrat. For many years, Rumkowski was cast in the role of the devil. Unger succeeds in painting a more balanced picture of Rumkowski.

Plague to US troops killed in Operation Cowboy
Local officials unveiled a memorial plague to two US Second Cavalry soldiers, Raymond Manz and Owen Sutton, who were killed in the location during Operation Cowboy, aiming to save pedigree horses, towards the end of World War II in 1945. Rudolf Bayer said that a film was shot about the operation. He added that the film is almost unknown in the Czech Republic. There were hundreds of horses in the Hostoun army stables. "It were famous stables and Germans had been transporting horses from all over Europe to it during the war." The horses included the stallion of Yugoslav King Peter and the horse of Nazi foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop.

Burma campaign ignored: The rarest service medal for Canadians
Of all the WWII service medals, The Burma Star is arguably the rarest for Canadians. Of nearly one million Canadians who wore their country's uniform, only some 7,000 served in the Burma theatre. Burma vets have always been forgotten, not only by the public, but by the media, Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC), and now by the new Canadian War Museum. Most people haven't a clue what The Burma Star looks like. They know about medals awarded for service in Italy, the Africa Star, Atlantic Star, even the Pacific star. But The Burma Star with its red core flanked by dark blue and gold stripes is largely unknown.

May 6, 1937: Hindenburg lands in fiery explosion
Even in newsreels it looks gigantic, and 70 years later it is still the largest aircraft ever to fly. Measuring 3 football fields long, it boasted luxurious staterooms and spacious lounge. It could — and did — travel from Germany to America in two days. Deutsche Zeppelin had one problem: It was almost broke. In Germany in 1937 there was only one institution with enough cash — Nazi government. Because of the zeppelin's military potential U.S. refused to sell Helium needed to keep the Hindenburg safely in the air. Deutsche Zeppelin had only one fuel alternative: Highly flammable, extremely volatile hydrogen. You know the rest.

Me262 Flies Over Germany Once Again
Aero-News has learned that Tango Tango -- the second flying reproduction of the groundbreaking Messerschmidt Me262 WWII jet fighter -- took to the skies over Germany earlier this week. The historic flight marked the first time that an Me262 has flown over Germany since 1945. Upon successful flight testing, the Me262 Project plans to fly and display Tango Tango at the Berlin ILA 2006 Airshow, May 16-21.

75 Years of Porsche Engineering Services: Cars and Panzers
On 25 April 1931 Ferdinand Porsche founded an Engineering Office. The Type 64 racing car built in 1938/39 is the original ancestor of all sports cars to follow from Porsche in the decades to come. 1939 Porsche was requested by the German Army to develop a medium-weight battle tank, but work was discontinued due to greater demand for heavier tanks. So developing the Tank 101 "Tiger", Porsche KG submitted its bid to the Army Armament for the building of a tank in the weight category above 50 tonnes. In 1942 Porsche got the assignment to build a very heavy armoured car - known as the Tank 205 "Maus", but only two prototypes were built.

FBI agent: Medal of Honor impostors outnumber recipients
The Congressional Medal of Honor Society reports there are 113 living recipients of the nation's highest military award, but an F-B-I agent says impostors outnumber the true heroes. Agent Tom Cottone says there are more and more of the impostors, and they are literally stealing the valor and acts of valor of the real guys. Some fakers merely brag about receiving the award - and that's not illegal - but some impostors wear military uniforms and bogus medals.

Brisbane was a Japanese spy centre during World War II
In "Saving Australia, Curtin's Secret Peace with Japan", author Bob Wurth says bureaucratic incompetence allowed Japanese spies to operate under the noses of officials in Brisbane. Wurth's journey to the near-derelict home of the early war-time Japanese Ambassador to Australia, Tatsuo Kawai, unearthed new material about spying in Australia. Interviews with Taijiro Ichikawa, who was secretary to Japan's wartime PM, also revealed a Brisbane-based collaborator was used to transmit intelligence to Japanese. Wurth names the collaborator as oil technologist Harry William Woodfield.

All the news:

SS Tiger
05-06-2006, 06:19 PM
Thanks alephh, I always enjoy reading this thread. :wink:

05-14-2006, 06:05 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

Nazis tested their A-bomb in 1945
According to historian Rainer Carlsch, the Nazi scientists made a secret nuclear test near Ordruff on March 3, 1945. He argues that the Nazis detonated a bomb that had up to 5 kilos of plutonium, using about 700 Soviet PoWs as 'guinea pigs'. "My mom told me a story about some strange things that took place here early March of 1945," says Elsa Kelner, a resident of Ordruff. German scientists headed by Erich Bagge built the first centrifuge back in 1942. But the project deadlocked in 1943 after guerillas damaged a "heavy water" plant in Norway. Heinrich Himmler, the chief of SS and Gestapo, took over the project dubbed the "Miracle Weapon."

Military lab identifies Navy airmen from 1942, Alaska crash
Military lab has identified the remains of seven Navy airmen whose plane crashed on a Japanese-held island in the Aleutians during World War Two. Personnel from Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii excavated the crash site on the slope of Kiska Volcano. The crew was flying from Kodiak Island on June 14th, 1942, to attack Japanese targets in Kiska Harbor. The plane crashed after encountering heavy anti-aircraft fire and bad weather. The remains of all seven were declared unrecoverable until 2002, when a wildlife biologist found the wreckage.

When Latvia was seized by USSR 8 ships stayed independent
Crews of the eight Latvia-flagged vessels refused to obey Soviet orders when Latvia was annexed and incorporated by the Soviet Union in 1940. They kept the Latvian flag flying, legally remaining the sovereign territory of the Republic of Latvia. Shortly after Pearl Harbor, all eight steamers went into the Allied service, sailing both independently and with the Allied convoys and delivering strategic cargo for the Allies. Ironically they found themselves on the same side of the war as the Soviets, who entered the anti-Axis alliance in 1941 after being attacked by Nazi Germany.

Among the Dead Cities - Bombing Third Reich
Among many Germans the bombing campaign waged against the Third Reich by the RAF in 1942-45 is regarded as a war crime. Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur "Bomber" Harris insisted that his bombers could not hit targets accurately without suffering heavy losses. Yet, the American air force used precision bombing. When it wanted to the RAF could hit "pinpoint" targets. Surely bombing tied up German military resources and damaged production. Not so, says Grayling. He claims that the same resources would have been diverted if the British had bombed industrial, fuel or transport targets. Nazi Germany collapsed only after US targeted fuel and transport.

Ardennes Forest was a quiet sector - before German tanks hit
The Ardennes Forest of Belgium was a quiet sector of the front in the late fall of 1944. It was used as a spot to introduce new units to the fighting or for hard-bitten divisions to rest and refit. The Germans had been pushed back to their original borders and many Allied generals thought the enemy was incapable of an offensive. A massive artillery bombardment erupted against US positions throughout the Ardennes on Dec. 16. The GI Joes responded to the German onslaught of heavy infantry and armor with courage. An armored German task force slipped through the gap between two divisions and headed toward Antwerp.

Military men arrested after treasure hunt of WWII gold
A new rush for gold and other treasures believed to have been left behind by Japanese soldiers during World War Two has led to the arrest of a retired air chief marshal and two captains. But more than 10 people fled into the jungle and escaped capture. Police seized a four-wheel-drive vehicle and digging tools as evidence, and found that wide areas of the mountain had been excavated. The area has long attracted Second World War treasure hunters because there are several caves, some of which house monasteries. Local villagers told someone found three gold bars in a cave about 10 years ago.

PoW who improvised camera to snap photos of marines
Terence Sumner Kirk, a former World War II prisoner of war who built a pinhole camera from cardboard scraps and used smuggled-in photo supplies to snap photographs of fellow malnourished Marines, has died. He built the camera, although he could have been killed if Japanese soldiers found out, because he wanted to document the horrors the POWs endured during his four years in captivity. Kirk kept his secret for 38 years after signing a document with the War Department prohibiting prisoners held by the Japanese from telling their stories without government permission.

A blast jolts the u-boat as a torpedo is loaded and fired at museum
A blast jolts the u-boat as a torpedo is loaded and fired at an destroyer, which explodes in a shower of water and debris. Virtually, that is. Thanks to speakers planted under the WWII-era submarine's deck, visitors to Pittsburgh's Science Center can learn the science behind the u-boat and also how it sounded and felt. Hemming, a former machinist on the USS Requin, remembers listening, terrified, as a 900-pound torpedo approached the sub. The Requin had fired a live round but it had missed its target, boomeranging back. "Those torpedo screws are noisy, it's almost like a screaming sound. It went right over top of us."

The rise and fall of British fascists - Review of three books
"Mosley, Hitler, what are they for? Thuggery, buggery, hunger and war," chanted fascism's opponents in the 1930s. Rarely can a mere slogan have been so accurate. Biography of Oswald Mosley traces British fascism back to Guild Socialism mixed with notions of Friederich Nietzsche. As Mosley's New Party transformed itself into the New Movement then the British Union of Fascists, "fascist ideology" foundered on such issues as whether the paymaster was Hitler or Mussolini, who criticised Nazi anti-semitism as it was giving fascism a bad name, so Mosley followed his tune in order to extract £60,000 a year from Italy.

POWs sealed into a ship as it sank off Shanghai
The cruel deaths of hundreds of British POWs, captured in Hong Kong and sealed by Japanese jailers into a ship as it sank off Shanghai, is told in a book about the forgotten WWII incident. Some six decades after one of Britain's worst maritime tragedies, Etiemble is still alive to tell the tale of the Lisbon Maru, he can recall the cries of his comrades moments before the ship slipped beneath the waves on. "Down in the hold there was an Irish gunner and I heard him shout out 'Give them a song, lads' and they started singing out 'It's a Long Way to Tipperary'. That was the end of them. 200 died in that hold."

Myths and Realities of the Great Patriotic War and Red Army
Before rallying to defeat Hitler’s Wehrmacht in Berlin, Red Army suffered numerous devastating setbacks. It nearly collapsed within first weeks of the June 1941 invasion. By October, Red Army defeats caused Third Reich to control more than 90 million soviet citizens. Even during the victorious battle at Kursk, "defections increased from 2,555 in June to 6,574 in July." Tank fright and self-inflicted wounds were two forms of cowardice. Ivan loved to drink samogon (moonshine), which also served as currency. Rape was one form of "People’s justice" that his political officers exhorted Ivan to exact as he advanced into Germany.

A Photographic Diary of a WWII Aerial Reconnaissance Pilot
Joe Thompson wasn’t thinking about future generations as he chronicled his four years in the US Army Air Forces during WWII. He took the photos merely to relieve the tension of his missions. It was only decades later when he saw his experiences in a larger historical context. That led him to write a book, Tiger Joe: A Photographic Diary of a WWII Aerial Reconnaissance Pilot. He could chose some his own favorite photographs in the book. "There’s a picture of what we feared the most of the German planes - Focke-Wulf long-nosed 190. It was a deadly plane: powerful, maneuverable, heavy fire power; you did not want to meet it in the air."

Space Race starts off from the Third Reich missile program
"Space Race" starts off in a small Baltic village in 1945 with a chilling account of the Nazi missile program, Adolf Hitler’s last hope for saving the Third Reich. There, under von Braun 5,000 scientists were developing the V-2 rocket, Vengeance Weapon. The V-2s were manufactured at Mittelwerk, a giant underground factory. At the end of the war, von Braun escaped capture by Soviet troops and moved to the US, along with hundreds of other engineers. US turned a blind eye to von Braun’s past in the Nazi Party and SS. The Soviets sent their own mission to Germany, bringing back equipment, missile parts and thousands of engineers. Korolyov, who took part in the mission, was put in charge of the V-2 design.

UK is to pay off the last of its World War II loans from the US
The UK is about to pay off the last of its World War II loans from the US. On 31 Dec, the UK will make a payment of about $83m to the US and so discharge the last of its loans from WWII from its transatlantic ally. It is hard to appreciate the immense costs and economic damage caused by this conflict. In 1945, Britain badly needed money to pay for reconstruction and also to import food for a nation worn down after years of rationing. The loan was really to help Britain through the consequences of post-war era, rather than the war itself. UK took a loan for $586m, and a further $3,750m line of credit.

Red Army Veteran Recalls Agony and Ecstasy of War
On July 1, 13 days after war had begun, came Altshuller’s first battle. The regiment was located south of Leningrad near Pskov and the men were begging to be sent to a frontline. "Suddenly a shout rang out. Tanks, German! On the left! Confusion set in. The enemy onslaught was so strong that our regiment was falling back. It was impossible to hold out." That evening he arrived at Luga: it was chaos, crying, and terror. In 1943 Volkhov front offensive began, his regiment had to cross Lake Ilmen. They used horse-drawn vehicles pulled by small Mongolian horses. The Germans fired at us and we had losses, but many of our soldiers managed to get by.

Rare war court archives of The Channel Islands to be released
Rare wartime archives are to be made available to members of public in Jersey for the first time. Details of about 750 cases where islanders were tried by German military courts during World War II are being released. The cases document the ways islanders resisted the Nazi occupation, from breaking military curfews to taking photographs in restricted areas. The Channel Islands were the only part of the British Isles to fall into Nazi hands during WWII.

The German Anti-War Movement, 1943
In "The German Opposition to Hitler", Hans Rothfels reports that a Gestapo officer said in 1939 that over 2,000 boys and girls were organized into opposition to the Third Reich. Neuweid camp was exclusively reserved for boys. 1943 Gauleiter of Bavaria took female students to task for wasting their time in the classroom when they should be doing their duty to bring forth sons for the Fatherland. If they were not pretty enough then he would provide them with willing studs. At this point, a number of women made for the exit doors. When the gauleiter ordered them arrested, an even larger group of men rose to their feet and secured their release.

Nazi treasure may be hidden under well - Nazi items found
The secret of a deep well in the Zbiroh chateau, west Bohemia, may be soon uncovered. Experts found a false bottom in the well where a Nazi treasure is allegedly hidden. War survivers mentioned the existence of the false bottom. Historical sources claim that there is a secret medieval passage under the well bottom, where members of the Nazi staff kept stolen valuable items. Owner Oldrich Selenberk told his team has not searched the bottom thoroughly since it may be risky. Last year they uncovered Nazi documents there, and a week ago 20 weapons. They have been digging in the filled-up well for over a year.

Tank sale brings out the big guns
Bonham's auction attracted nearly a thousand spectators. Featuring more than 50 military vehicles including tanks, APCs, armoured cars, trucks and motorcycles, Belfield's sale also had 20 artillery pieces and a diverse range of other militaria. Top lots were a Churchill Mk VII tank, a Centurion main battle tank, Australian WWII prototype tanks, a Buffalo amphibious landing craft, a Saladin armoured car, a BSA M20 Solo motorcycle and a Diamond T recovery truck. For those with difficult neighbours, there was a 3.7 inch heavy anti-aircraft gun, a 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun, field guns, howitzers, mortars, and an impressive display of more ordinary projectiles.

Legion of Honor - They fought the Nazis around Normandy
More than 10,000 Americans have received the Legion of Honor award. One of them, Joseph Biehler, landed on Omaha Beach on D-Day, June 6, 1944. His job as a corporal in the 35th Division, 320th Infantry Regiment was to drive jeeps containing the machine guns and equipment soldiers needed on the front line. On D-Day, the jeep was lowered onto an LST landing craft and headed toward the beach after the paratroopers had gone in. Once on the French beaches, the jeeps moved through the hilly countryside of Normandy toward St. Lo. "Everybody was nervous. Plain English: scared."

Munich government buildings adorned with swastikas
61 years after the fall of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II there are still swastikas that adorn a central government building in Munich. Swastikas are displayed on a building that houses the economic, infrastructure and technology departments of the state of Bavaria. It is the most important government building of the southern state, in which the Nazi party began its way during the 1920's. The massive building with a facade stretching 250 meters (820 feet) was built between the years 1936-1938 and was used during the Second World War to house headquarters of the Luftwaffe – the German Air Force.

Claremont author details link of royals to Nazi regime
Jonathan Petropoulos has broken the silence. What he discovered 7 years ago had been hidden for way too long: Many members of European royal families were part of the Nazi party. He could have written some kind of book with the information he had, but he was hoping for more. He wanted insight from an insider. Reluctanty, England's Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, opened up the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle and Petropoulos wrote his book, "Royals And The Reich: The Princes von Hessen in Nazi Germany." Since WWII, there has been a conscious effort upon princely families not to reveal this history.

Map may reveal Churchill secrets
Mystery surrounds a map which experts believe may provide new information about plans to defend England from invasion in WW II. Auctioneers want help to verify claims made for the document, thought to have been used by Winston Churchill. A label on the back says it was "reputedly used in 1940 in connection with the defence of SE England". Mullock Madeley, which is selling the map next month, has drawn a blank so far in verifying the map's history. Experts are appealing for information about the map. The label claims the map was used by Churchill at "Tall Trees" in preparation for the expected German invasion.

Under Attack: World War II Balloon Bombs Dropped on U.S.
In one of the best-kept secrets of WWII, bombs were dropped on the mainland U.S., by Japanese hydrogen balloons. The federal government enlisted the help of media in keeping quiet about the shrapnel-filled balloon bombs. According to declassified documents, 9,000 balloons were sent, beginning in late 1944. Most didn't survive the 3-4 day journey but 285 did reach the U.S. At least 22 reached California and 40 dropped in Oregon. Most were found in the Northwest but at least one was recovered as far east as Michigan. After the war, newsreel film taken on the island of Honshu, one of 3 secret launch sites in Japan, described the balloon bomb attack.

One Man's Crusade - Honoring Battle of the Bulge
In WWII Stan Wojtusik was forced to surrender to the Germans along with his entire regiment. Since then the former private first class has been on a mission to build monuments to the Battle of the Bulge, the greatest conflict in U.S. military history. He was a member of the 106th Infantry Division, an unit that had been on the front lines for only a few weeks when Nazi Germany launched a surprise offensive on Dec. 16, 1944. The initial assault pitted 200,000 Germans against 83,000 Americans. Wojtusik, who had only an M-1 rifle to fight tanks, scrambled from foxhole to foxhole until officers decided to call it quits. Two whole regiments lay down their arms.

As museum prepares to open Russians debate Stalin's legacy
May brings out some of Russia's best traditions - and one of its fiercest debates: the legacy of Josef Stalin. The ghost of Stalin, who led the Soviet Union to victory over the Nazis but whose rule cost millions of lives, always lurks to spoil the mood. All the more so this year in this city where the opening of the Josef V. Stalin Museum has renewed the argument between those who glorify Stalin as a genius and those who detest him as a bloodthirsty tyrant. The debate is especially bitter in this city, which as Stalingrad bore the dictator's name until in 1961, when Soviet officials renamed the city Volgograd.

Infantry regiment's casualties were high in Italy
Dante Salamone fought in the U.S. Army on the front lines in Italy for more than 300 days during WW2. He watched men fall all around him in the 350th Infantry Regiment of the 88th Division. More than 15,000 soldiers in the division were killed or injured. "It was hard to make friends with new replacements because I saw so many come and go." The first body he saw changed his life. "I realized that this is not a John Wayne movie. People were trying to kill me. Living in a foxhole was kind of unique: I mean that was home. Italy was low priority... guys were suffering because of a lack of support."

DNA tests to solve if a man is a descendent of both Hitler and Himmler
A Spanish university is making DNA tests on a man who is trying to prove he is a descendent of both Adolf Hitler and the Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler. The man's claim is based on physical similarities and childhood memories. A photograph shows a resemblance to a image of Himmler, whom he believes is his maternal grandfather. Guillermo also claims his father is the son of Hitler, born in 1931 of a affair between the Führer and Geli Raubal. Should DNA tests validate his claims, he hopes to show that high-ranking Nazis did more than pass through Spain on route to South America. Spain gave more than 100 Nazis asylum and new identities, according to unclassified documents.

The only prime minister of nazi occupied countries to be executed
Alois Elias, former prime minister of the wartime Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, whom the Nazis executed in 1942, was buried, in the National Memorial with full military honours. Elias was the only prime minister of all occupied European countries to be executed. While the protectorate government head, Elias helped organise the domestic resistance and at the same time maintained contacts with the Czechoslovak exile. The Nazis arrested him in the autumn of 1941 and sentenced to death for "treason and espionage." He was executed at the military shooting range in Prague-Kobylisy in June 1942.

Suspected discovery of lost WWII u-boat
The U.S. government was so secretive about its submarines patrolling the Pacific Ocean that family members got little information whenever a crew was lost. But after 60 years of lingering uncertainty, those who lost loved ones aboard the USS Lagarto have received unexpected news: The wreckage of the submarine built and commissioned in Wisconsin apparently has been found. Divers have reported finding the sunken vessel in the South China Sea off the coast of Thailand. If confirmed, the discovery would resolve decades of unanswered questions about how crew members perished during the final months of WWII.

Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union - Decisive moment in history
In June 1941 Lukacs tackles Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union, one of the truly decisive moments in history. The real turning point in geopolitical terms came later that year, in December, when the Wehrmacht was halted before Moscow and Hitler took the demented step of declaring war on the US, but there can be no doubt that the invasion itself was almost certainly the most momentous event in the history of the world. Operation Barbarossa was already the most ambitious invasion ever known, yet Hitler proceeded to increase the odds against himself - He cut back on conventional military output.

Stalin's World theme park a hit in a country once occupied by the Red Army
A Soviet prison camp may not sound like the ideal place for a good time. Even less so in a country that was occupied by the Red Army for half a century. Yet Grutas Park, a quirky theme park dotted with relics of Lithuania's communist past, has become a major tourist attraction in this former Soviet republic. Statues of Vladimir Lenin, Josef Stalin and other Soviet leaders glower at visitors, and the barbed wire fences and guard towers surrounding the park help give it the feel of a Soviet gulag.

Peter Jackson is working on WWII film The Dam Busters
Film director Peter Jackson is working on a spectacular £100million remake of the classic Second World War film The Dam Busters, complete with stunning special effects. Jackson will have to work with Sir David Frost, who last year bought the rights to Paul Brickhill's 1951 book about 617 Squadron's daring low-level bombing of German dams. Jackson, a selfconfessed 'war buff', has a lifelong interest in British military history after being inspired by a childhood visit to London's Imperial War Museum. He owns replicas of two WW1 fighters and a tank and spent £50,000 of his own money restoring the only film of Anzac troops at Gallipoli.

SS Tiger
05-14-2006, 06:35 AM
Nazis tested their A-bomb in 1945
According to historian Rainer Carlsch, the Nazi scientists made a secret nuclear test near Ordruff on March 3, 1945. He argues that the Nazis detonated a bomb that had up to 5 kilos of plutonium, using about 700 Soviet PoWs as 'guinea pigs'. "My mom told me a story about some strange things that took place here early March of 1945," says Elsa Kelner, a resident of Ordruff. German scientists headed by Erich Bagge built the first centrifuge back in 1942. But the project deadlocked in 1943 after guerillas damaged a "heavy water" plant in Norway. Heinrich Himmler, the chief of SS and Gestapo, took over the project dubbed the "Miracle Weapon."

This quite interesting, I wonder if there is any truth to this?

Diagram of Nazi Nuke

05-14-2006, 09:09 AM
Nazis tested their A-bomb in 1945
This quite interesting, I wonder if there is any truth to this?

They did some soil tests on the area but...

"A statement said radioactive material was found at the site, but this could be explained by the fallout all over Europe from the 1986 explosion of a nuclear reactor at Chernobyl. The PTB stressed that it found no evidence to disprove the Karlsch hypothesis either."

... Who knows. Maybe they did some basic tests, but overall they were far away from "finished product", so to speak.

05-14-2006, 09:32 AM
This quite interesting, I wonder if there is any truth to this?
Nope. Even he in his book admits there isn't actually any evidence for it.
Incidentally, he claims that the Germans were building a "mini-nuke" (similar claims have been made about the Japanese at a site in modern North Korea). Unfortunately for the theory, it is actually a lot harder and requires far more advanced technology to make small nuclear weapons than it does to make 20kT or so size weapons (as were used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki).
Oh, and if I remember that diagram correctly (that version seems to be too small to check) it shows a gun-type Plutonium weapon. While such a thing is theoretically possible, in practice it would have to be immense and AFAIK nobody has ever built one.

05-20-2006, 07:28 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

West Coast trenches and fortifications to stop Japanese invasion
The Japanese air raid on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, produced devastation in Hawaii -- and panic on the West Coast. Anything seemed possible. The attack had come out of the sky without warning. What if Pearl Harbor was only the first target? What if the Japanese navy was off California ready to strike? On the night of Dec. 7, the Army assigned every available soldier at the Presidio of San Francisco to get to work digging slit trenches and field fortifications to stop a Japanese invasion. Trenches were dug on the bluffs above the Golden Gate. Machine guns were sited to cover Baker Beach on the western edge of the city.

Profile of Third Reich propaganda minister Josef Goebbels
Documentary "The Man Behind Hitler" offers excerpts from the diary of propaganda minister Josef Goebbels. Parts of it were lost for decades in the Soviet Union. He admired Hitler early, joined his new political movement in 1924. He was soon calling Nazism a religion and expected it to conquer the world. Goebbels told his diary that he loved his new wife Magda more than anyone, but that the party still came first. He did not confide his fervent affair with movie star Lida Baarova, which Hitler ended in 1938. He hated many of his fellow Nazis, SA head Ernst Rohm, SS head Heinrich Himmler and the operatic fop Hermann Goering. But on film he smiles and shakes hands with them.

Former Nazi Removed From Space Hall of Fame
A former Nazi scientist Hubertus Strughold who was linked to experiments on prisoners in the Dachau camp in Germany has been ousted from the International Space Hall of Fame. The German-born scientist was brought to this country by the U.S. military after World War II to work on aerospace projects. Strughold was linked to experiments on prisoners in the 1940s as the Nazi director of medical research for aviation.

Vintage P51 Mustang fighter loses cockpit cover in midflight
The glass cockpit cover of a vintage World War Two U.S. fighter P51 Mustang came off in midflight over Germany and destroyed a carry-out stand. No one was hurt when pieces of the glass covering of the single-propeller plane crashed into the roof of a house and demolished the takeaway stand. The debris missed hitting a woman by about one meter. But the British pilot of the plane carried on another 250 miles to his destination at Berlin's Schoenefeld airport without reporting the loss of the cockpit's glass cover. Aircraft was found parked correctly at the Air Show in Berlin but there was no trace of the pilot. The pilot is wanted for questioning.

Fort Bragg - The largest field artillery post in the world
Fort Bragg started as a field artillery post and for 20 years was home to a few hundred soldiers serving a few dozen guns. In WWII, Fort Bragg became the largest field artillery post in the world. More than a third of the quarter-million field artillerymen in World War II learned their gunnery skills at Bragg’s Field Artillery Replacement Training Center. The center opened in the spring of 1941. 65 years ago in March, a “faculty” of 2,000 artillery instructors, officers and noncommissioned officers drawn from all over the fast-growing Army welcomed more than 10,000 newly-minted soldiers, most of them draftees.

Will of oldest known survivor unbroken despite camps, Gestapo
He was beaten by the Gestapo in Linz, starved by the concentration camp henchmen of Hitler's Third Reich, left for dead by the Nazis and had his life threatened while the steel barrel of a pistol pressed against his temple. Freedom - relief from unspeakable torture - was his for the taking. All Leopold Engleitner had to do was sign a document that said he denounced his faith. "I could not do that. No matter what they did to me." His crime? He was a minister, one of Jehovah's Witnesses.

Film: Suffering of Nazi outcasts Britain sent to Outback exile
The horror experienced by anti-Nazi outcasts shipped to the Australian Outback by the British Government, has been documented in a new film that shows the darker side of Britain's fight against Nazi Germany. The men, scientists, academics and artists who had fled to Britain at the outbreak of the war, were considered a security threat after the fall of France. On the orders of Churchill, they were dispatched on the Hired Military Transport (HMT) ship Dunera in July 1940 - a 57-day journey in appalling conditions. Their arrival was seen as the greatest injection of talent to enter Australia on a single vessel.

Opening of Nazi archive not to cause twist in research
The opening the the Nazi archive from Bad Arolsen including records on 17.5 million victims of Nazism will not cause any shocking twist in the history of WW2, but it will contribute to the Holocaust research. archive opening would definitely deepen historians´ knowledge about the victims. However, no surprising disclosures can be expected. Nazis had worked very thoroughly and kept detailed records. The archives of the International Red Cross and the Vatican still remain closed.

Legitimacy of Tokyo war crimes tribunal still debated
60 years after the Tokyo war crimes tribunal, debate is focusing on exactly what was at issue. Prior WW2 war crimes were considered to be abuse directed at prisoners or civilians. Two new concepts were introduced: Those responsible for planning wars of aggression were tried on charges of crimes against peace while those who should have prevented inhumane acts against civilians were tried on charges of crimes against humanity. In trial it was revealed that the bombing of the South Manchuria Railway at Liutiaogou in 1931 was carried out by the Kwantung Army. One aspect that was not pursued was the biological experiments on humans and chemical warfare conducted by the Unit 731.

Joseph Simmeth fought on the Eastern Front - Stalingrad, Kursk
Joseph Julius "Peppi" Simmeth enlisted in the German army at 17 and fought on the Eastern Front. In 2003 he recounted his wartime, including the winter siege at Stalingrad, where the German 6th army was defeated. Days before Stalingrad fell, he was sent to fight at Kursk, the largest tank battle in the history. He was one of nine in his unit who survived. He was taken captive and for the next six years was a prisoner of war. His Russian captors marched him to a railroad station, put him in a packed cattle car and fed him salted herring and water. "We had no idea where we were going," he said, adding that in a few weeks he was in Siberia.

Berlin photo show reveals politics of soccer
Players are booed as they give the Nazi salute. This is just snapshot of World Cup history on display at a Berlin exhibition. One black-and-white photograph from the 1938 World Cup shows the German team with their arms raised in the Nazi salute. German coach Sepp Herberger was ordered to put five or six Austrians and five or six Germans on the starting roster. He was furious. Hitler's "master race" failed to dominate the pitch, but he may have taken consolation from the fact that the 1938 title went to his fascist ally -- Mussolini's Italy.

The worst WW2 civilian disaster - Rocket testing caused panic
The worst civilian disaster of World War Two happened in the East End, and now a pair of architects wants to mark the tragedy with a huge bronze 'floating' staircase. On March 3 1943, 173 people were crushed to death on a staircase at tube station, after panic broke out. The air raid siren had gone off just after 8pm that evening, and hundreds of people were queuing to get into the station. But it was not a German bomb that caused the disaster. The unfamiliar and terrifying sound of rockets being tested nearby caused the crowd to panic and surge forward, tripping on the dark, wet staircase and creating a deathly crush.

British PM Baldwin's letter praising Adolf Hitler goes on sale
A letter written by the former British prime minister Stanley Baldwin in which he pays tribute to Hitler as "a remarkable man" who made "great achievements" is to go on sale. Mr Baldwin wrote in glowing terms about the German leader in 1936, three years before the Second World War broke out. The letter reads: "Like you, I acknowledge (Hitler's) great achievements since taking over that troubled country. The German people obviously love him, even if that love puts a burden on them both. ... Yes, Herr Hitler is a remarkable man but I feel he must use these gifts wisely or I fear greatly for the consequence."

Ripping open the heart of Hitler's Third Reich - Flooding the Ruhr
On May 16, 1943 16 Lancaster bombers thundered down an runway on a mission that would shake Germany to its core and buoy Britain's war-battered spirits. Within nine hours the squadron had suffered catastrophic losses, with 8 aircrafts down and 53 men dead. But the raid - regarded by many as the most daring of any mounted during WW2 - was an success. It had ripped open the very heart of Hitler's Third Reich, flooding the Ruhr and Eder valleys and crippling canal networks, railways, steelworks and the national grid. The squadron's motto was "apres moi le deluge" - "after me, the flood." To millions it became known as The Dambusters.

Kindertransport - Refugee effort that rescued 10,000 children
At 16, Alfred Batzdorff was the oldest male in Breslau apartment when Nazi storm troopers knocked on Nov. 10, 1938. It was the second night of the Nazi pogrom Kristallnacht (night of broken glass), when Nazis torched 267 synagogues, killed 100 people and took 30,000 into custody. Driven at gunpoint he narrowly avoided a train bound for the Buchenwald, where Gestapo sent hundreds of other captives. Instead, he hid among WWI veterans who were spared that trip. Warned upon release to flee the country, he in December 1938 became one of the first to escape Germany through the Kindertransport, a British refugee effort that rescued 10,000 children by train.

French State May Face Condemnation For WWII Deportations
The French state and the SNCF rail operator may face a fine of 60,000 euros for their role in the deportation of Jews during WW2. If the case succeeds it will be the first-ever conviction of this kind before a French court. In the past they have ruled that the SNCF was commandeered by the occupying German army, while the Vichy government was an aberration for which the post-war French state was not responsible. But Lipietz said the jurispridence had changed since President Chirac in 1995 recognised France's role in the oppression, and the 1997 trial of Vichy official Maurice Papon proved the government participation in the deportations.

Mussolini loses honorary citizenship after 82 years
Council members in the largely German-speaking Italian village of Montagna voted to take away the honorary citizenship given Benito Mussolini in 1924. It's not known why he was awarded citizenship or if he ever even visited Montagna, or "Montan" in German. The province of Alto Adige, where Montagna is located, had been named "Sued Tirol" before WWI when it was still part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. Mussolini subjected the area to "Italian-ization" in which the names of 8,000 German towns were translated into Italian. Most locals, however, still use the German names.

Battle of Arnhem Vet honoured - The largest airborne operation
Austin Brearton was lucky to survive the Battle of Arnhem during the Second World War. He was attached to the First Parachute Battalion and part of the First Forward Observer Unit which took the brunt of enemy fire during the largest-ever airborne operation in Sept 1944. 25,000 paratroopers were dropped in 3 separate areas in order to occupy the bridges from the Belgian border to Arnhem. Only 2,400 returned safely. Just 7 out of 73 men in his unit survived. Realising how fortunate he was, he has devoted much of his time to the Arnhem Veterans' Club, which honoured him with an MBE for his hard work.

Antique weapons of historical value will likely be destroyed
Scott Conley was just doing what his mother told him when he brought two rusty old rifles to the Police Department's gun exchange program. One of the guns was a Japanese rifle used during World War II, replete with the emperor's flowery seal and a stamp from the Tokyo Arsenal. Conley's rifle was one of the several antique guns received during the buyback program. The oldest firearm officers received dated back to 1884. The Springfield model was probably made during the westward expansion. Despite concerns expressed by officers about the historical value of the antique weapons, Bradenton Police Chief said the guns will likely be destroyed.

Latvia: Argument over status of Waffen-SS troops spreads
According to the IPI the Latvian security services started an investigation of the Russian language newspaper Chas, when it suggested that the annual march by Latvian Waffen SS veterans in Riga should be stopped and it published articles on crimes of Waffen SS during the Second World War. In Latvia, March 16 is the day of the memory of Latvian Waffen SS troops, who fought against the U.S.S.R. during World War II.

Rarely-seen art from Auschwitz on show - incl. portraits of Hitler
Paintings made by concentration camp prisoners are being shown for the first time in the UK on Tyneside. The hidden wall murals were created by artists imprisoned in the Auschwitz camp in Poland. The paintings, which range from pictures of a ballerina to stencil portraits of Hitler and Mussolini, are kept in areas of the camp which are not open to the public, and have been seen by few people. "People under extreme circumstances will often turn to popular culture and, as an art form, this deserves wider recognition and discussion."

1943: SS and Wehrmacht units defeat Warsaw uprising
All resistance in the Warsaw ghetto has ended after 28 days of fighting. In his operational report, the SS commander Brigadier Juergen Stroop said the uprising began on 19 April when SS, police and Wehrmacht units using tanks and other armoured vehicles entered the ghetto to take citizens to the railway station. They were repelled by Jews using homemade explosives, rifles, small arms and "in one case a light machine-gun". Troops were in pitched battles day and night with groups of 20 or 30 both men and women. "On April 23 Himmler issued his order to complete the combing out of the Warsaw ghetto with the greatest severity and relentless tenacity."

Death camp survivor became commander of US Green Berets
Sid Shachnow was born in Kaunas, where nearly 10,000 people were killed within a month in 1941. The German tanks were coming but it was Lithuanian partisans who raged and killed in the city. He survived the war and Kovno camp - and walked across Europe to sought refuge in the US sector of Berlin. During the next four years he smuggled black-market contraband to GIs. Then an uncle sponsored them to come US. He joined the Army's Special Forces and served from Vietnam to Germany, where he ironically was based in Berlin becaming commander of U.S. Special Forces and Green Berets. How did he survive? "Fear. Before hope, you have to have fear."

"Library of burned books" to honor nazi-persecuted authors
It has been 73 years since the Nazis instituted their public book burnings in more than 50 cities. About 10,000 so-called "un-German" titles went up in flames and disappeared from public life. Most of the authors were persecuted and had to flee the country and some even murdered. Students in Nazi uniforms celebrated the book burnings while their professors stood nearby, an element the new project aims to explore.

WW2 PoW remembers B-17 crashes and German general
In May 1944, 2nd Lt. Jackson in his new B-17 was to join a bomber squadron in England. The landing gear malfunctioned and he crash landed. Upon joining the squadron, he was told by the airmen that in 90 days he would either be home, dead, or a POW. In his first combat mission the plane was hit by flak and he was forced to ditch in the English Channel. On D-Day his mission was to fly support at Normandy: He was shot down near Paris. He was taken to a three-star German general, who told that he had attended Stanford University, but could not remember the name of the town. 20 years after the war he was able to search the general and the first words he said were "Palo Alto."

The death books seem utterly ordinary lacking Nazi symbols
The death books seem utterly ordinary, their covers inscribed with neither swastikas nor other frightening Nazi symbols. They are just the black-and-white, cardboard-covered composition books. The execution list of Totenbuch runs for pages, each individual receiving a single line -- name, date and place of birth, inmate number, and an epitaph, "By order of RSHA shot," the acronym for the Central Office for Security of the Reich. The cause of death for each was a single bullet to the base of the skull: Genickschuss -- neck shot.

The most decorated unit in the US Army: Japanese Americans
On May 18 Robert Asahina's "Just Americans: How Japanese Americans Won a War at Home and Abroad" will be published. The book is a history of the most decorated unit in the American Army in World War II for its size and length of service - the 442d Regimental Combat Team, a segregated unit of Japanese Americans. About half of the regiment had come out of the "relocation camps." Everyone I spoke knew about the "internment", but no one knew about the 442d. Until I researched I didn't know much about it - or about its predecessor the 100th Battalion, a segregated unit of Japanese Americans from Hawaii.

05-28-2006, 07:19 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

D-Day + 62 Years documentary - Return to Normandy
Five old men are walking through a field of white crosses at the American cemetery in Normandy. The men are D-Day veterans and the image of them is a emotional moment from D-Day + 62 Years: Rhode Island Veterans Return to Normandy. Documentary moves back and forth from past to present, from archival footage of the D-Day invasion to shots of the peaceful Normandy beaches today, with rusted barbed wire and abandoned German gun emplacements as reminders of what happened there. Richard Fazzio, who drove a Higgins boat loaded with troops, wept as he told of soldiers being cut down by German fire as they tried to get off his boat.

Infantry division combat engineers: tank traps, pill boxes, bombs
As a staff sergeant with the 320th Combat Engineers of the 95th Infantry Division, William Creviston's tasks included surveying enemy territory while US troops were advancing and gathering info on bridges, tank traps and "pill box" gun emplacements. When the army was retreating, he would place charges on bridges to make them impassible. The Army honored him with a Bronze Medal and Purple Heart for ferrying supplies and wounded soldiers across river in motorboat while negotiating German artillery and mortar fire and a raging current. A mortar round struck his boat, sending shrapnel into his face and chest, wounds the soldier described as superficial.

Infantry hated being dive bombed - Diary from Monte Cassino
Two things were certain in Charles E. Aubert's world - he hated being dive bombed and guard duty. The World War II combat vet cussed the bombers and his duty officer with equal rancor at times. Italy, May 11, 1944: "2400 guns 1800 tanks in this attack. The barrage is terrific. If we don't take Cassino this time we're thru! ... Air raid last night, one bomb came close; My God but that screaming of the bomb was terrifying." His diary also include the Battle of the Bulge, the Germans' desperate counter-attack (Ardennes Offensive) that stretched, but which did not break, the Allied line.

Heroine kept quiet on war role - with Third Army from D-Day
"I was in the 104th Evacuation Hospital, attached to the Third Army, throughout the European Campaign. We arrived in early July 1944 on Omaha beach. We set up our Hospital, and at the time we were getting casualties from the St. Lo Campaign. We usually were in one location from 10 to 14 days, it depended on the movement of the troops. We would cover about 100 to 200 miles a day moving, and as soon as we arrived in a new location, we would set up and usually ready for patients within 3 hours." During the Battle of the Bulge, Rose Rinella Harmer's hospital was hit 3 times, and her work earned her the Bronze Star.

Relic from a sunken World War II German submarine
Earl King was unaware a relic he retrieved from a sunken World War II German submarine may be an object of interest to the German government and could have a value in the thousands. He managed to recover a gyrocompass from the sunken hull of a German U-58 submarine in a dive off Block Island on July 4, 1973. He did not disclose an exact amount, but said the gyrocompass is a rare object and would have "high value" to the German government, which would want to place the gyroscope in a museum. Under salvage ownership laws King probably has ownership right now, but German officials might see things otherwise.

Hitler’s Leni - She stood out wherever she was
She always wore white clothes. She stood out wherever she was. Passionate and confident, she was queenly and arrogant in nature. German women at that time had to be satisfied with 3Ks: child (Kinder), church (Kirche), and kitchen (Küche). However, she was an exception. She was the only woman who was allowed to pass through the wall of guards surrounding Hitler even without an appointment. Like Hitler, she loved myth. Were Riefenstahl’s movies really propagandas of Hitler’s evil empire? In the court after the war Riefenstahl was judged, "There was no crime to punish her for."

Flag from Nazi Headquarters and souvenir from Hitler's desk
Mike Viechec and his comrades took a flag off of a Nazi Headquarters in World War II, and replaced it with an American Flag. The signatures of his fellow soldiers on the torn down Nazi flag show the pride taken in their country, but one of Viechec's most prized possessions is a letter opener he says he took as a souvenir off of Hitler's desk. "He won't be opening up any more mail," laughed Viechec. The images of human suffering are burned in his memories, and his medals and memorabilia act as a constant reminder of his struggle.

Warhero Donald Rudolph dies - Medal of Honor for bravery
Donald E. Rudolph Sr. received a Medal of Honor for bravery for destroying two Japanese machine gun nests during World War II. On Feb. 5 1945 the young Army sergeant crossed a battlefield on Luzon island alone, protecting himself with grenades, when the company supporting his unit was pinned down. He destroyed two pillboxes before attacking six others. Then, when his unit came under fire from a tank, he climbed onto the tank and dropped a grenade through the turret, killing the crew. "He cleared a path for an advance which culminated in one of the most decisive victories of the Philippine campaign." - US Army Center of Military History.

Historians search for WWII Purple Heart stories
Cpl. Robert Frink was captured in Germany during the final months of World War II. He and two comrades were forced to swap uniforms with their Waffen SS captors, lined up and shot in the back of the head. Miraculously, the bullet entered Frink's neck and exited his cheek. He even felt a German kick him as he lay bleeding. "Believe me, I played dead!" After his captors left, Frink fled, found some Canadian troops, and was saved. The wound earned him a Purple Heart. 61 years later, it is earning him an entry on the "Roll of Honor," a database being compiled for a museum honoring Purple Heart recipients.

WWII Diary Survives - Writing From Battleship
Grayson Lloyd should not have been keeping a diary/journal on board the battleship Wisconsin in 1944-45. Grayson Lloyd was a new seaman, and the USS Wisconsin was a new battleship, when they got together in the spring of 1944. On Dec. 1, 1944, Lloyd reported, "Left Pearl Harbour. Expect this is the real thing." At 7 a.m. on Dec. 14, the Wisconsin opened on Luzon with her big guns. "Got two destroyers. Also countless planes destroyed." The battle went on for three days. On the fourth, the Wisconsin was supposed to refuel, but "have run into a typhoon."

A Writer at War: Vasily Grossman with the Red Army 1941-45
Grossman chronicled the War in a set of Notebooks, which have now been translated. It is a collection of accounts of soldiers’ lives, written by a man who witnessed at first hand the panic retreat in 1941, the defence of Moscow, the battle of Stalingrad and Kursk, and finally the Russian advance into Third Reich. The Notes are antidote to the censured histories and the decades of propaganda that the Red army was prepared for the nazi invasion. "2 May 1945: The day of Berlin’s capitulation. A monstrous concentration of impressions. Fires, smoke... Corpses squashed by tanks. Almost all of them are clutching grenades and sub-machine guns in their hands..."

Third Reich and Music - Nazi attempt to manipulate music
The exhibit "The Third Reich and Music" at the Neuhardenberg Castle Foundation features the Nazi attempt to manipulate music. Two hundred items, including letters, music scores, films and recordings make up the exhibit that illustrates how important music was in National Socialist Germany. The exhibit also shows how the Nazi regime’s music propaganda was contradictory. Monumental music was to accompany monumental projects – from grand-scale architecture to huge military parades. Richard Wagner and Anton Bruckner were Hitler’s favourite composers – their music laden with an ever increasing, slow build-up of glorious sounding, awe-inspiring crescendos.

Ghouls loot war graves and battlefields for medals, helmets
Thieves are looting graves of German soldiers killed in World War II and selling body parts on the internet. The ghouls are digging up Russian battlefields where many of the two million dead are buried in hope of a military memorabilia. And a sinister black market has grown on US auction websites for uniforms, medals, bones and even helmets with the skulls still inside.

Lasting images of the 82nd Airborne Division in World War II
The heroic deeds of the soldiers of the 82nd Airborne Division come to life through the stories and photos in "The All Americans in World War II". The book documents the 82nd’s soldiers from the early years at Camp Claiborne, to their first combat operation in Sicily. On July 9, 1943, paratroopers boarded 226 C-47 planes and took off for Sicily to spearhead the beach landings. Several images throughout the book illustrate key battles and events during the war. Maps are included to help the reader understand the units’ movements. Often the casualties were high and the soldiers were outnumbered, but the men of the 82nd accomplished their missions.

Relics of Nazi navy battleship Graf Spee stokes controversy
Six decades have passed since the pride of the Nazi navy, the "Admiral Graf Spee", was sunk off the coast of Uruguay, but the once feared pocket battleship stirs up argument. The recovery of a giant bronze eagle from the Nazi ship has triggered a standoff between Alfredo Etchegaray and the German government, which is against a public sale of the WWII-era relic. An imposing Nazi emblem with wings spread out and a swastika under its talons could fetch a huge sum at auction. Teams have raised a gun and a tower which are on display. The recovery of these artifacts has push ahead project of raising the entire battleship from its muddy grave.

Polish henchmen to lose pension - 1500 German PoWs killed
Polish Minister of Defence announced steps to deprive perpetrators of the gravest communist period crimes of their pensions, which are five times higher than regular. The action mostly embraces high military intelligence officers. Salomon Morel, the commandant of the camp for German POWs on whose orders over 1500 prisoners perished after the war. Helena Wolinska who passed the death sentence on general August Fieldorf, one of the legends of the anti-Nazi resistance. Witold Kochan, responsible for bestial torture of hundreds of members of the Home Army fighting against the Nazis during World War Two.

223 photos taken in Hiroshima, Nagasaki after A-bomb donated
The son of a U.S. scientist who took part in a project to develop atomic bombs has donated 223 photographs that the scientist took in Hiroshima and Nagasaki prefectures after the atomic bombings of the cities in 1945. The Radiation Effects Research Foundation will show the photographs on Aug. 5-6 in Hiroshima and on Aug. 8-9 in Nagasaki. The most of the photographs are in color. Photos were taken by Paul Henshaw between 1945 and 1947. Color photographs were rare at the time, and photographs will hopefully help to better understand Hiroshima and Nagasaki after the atomic bombings.

Japanese soldiers competed to be first to behead 100 Chinese
The Tokyo Court dismissed a damages demand for alleged defamation over publications that said two Japanese soldiers competed against each other to be first to behead 100 Chinese soldiers during war in 1937. The Tokyo Nichinichi Shimbun reported in articles in 1937 that the two second lieutenants carried out the "hyakunin giri kyoso" (hundred head contest) to see who could behead 100 Chinese soldiers first, while on their way to Nanjing. The Asahi published a series of articles in 1971 based on accounts of Chinese survivors of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre, mentioning the killing contest by the two soldiers.

Women of WWII Navy - Uniform with white anchors on the collar
The uniform is stashed in the basement, a size 8 with stripes on the shoulders and white anchors on the collar. Bettina Black plans to dig it out of storage someday as proof to her offspring that she really wore Army boots. Well, Navy high heels, anyway. She was proud to wear that uniform when she become a Navy WAVE (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) during World War II. Sexist comments were common in male environment. "One commander came in off a ship and asked one of us to get him a cup of coffee. We were too busy doing our jobs, so one of the WAVES told him, 'Get it yourself.' He was speechless."

Vet's recollections include memorable General Patton
George Keller has a rare distinction even for World War II vets, he served with General Patton. "I sat in his office almost everyday," said Keller, who was tapped by General George S. Patton at the close of WWII to help with the process of sending US troops home. The war ended in May and Keller's division was sent to the Alps to destroy Hitler's Redout, only to find the 45th Division had already been there. "He (Patton) wanted to use something that had been important to Hitler, so he took over his training camp for his headquarters." One of Keller's is of finding and wearing Nazi rings.

Bill Elder recalls memories of D-Day and other invasions
His first choice would have been cavalry, but by the time Bill Elder was of age to enlist it had become mechanized. They had more tanks than horses, and he didn't want to serve in a tank. "Then I saw the sign for the Coast Guard." The Coast Guard was active in the invasions that required landing troops. LCI (Landing Craft Infantry) 89 served first in the Mediterranean in several invasions. Then it was transferred to prepare for the Normandy invasion. On the third of June, 1944, troops boarded LCI 89. "We were supposed to invade on the fifth, but weather delayed the invasion. The Luftwaffe was trying to bomb us and we had all these soldiers on board. It was a mess."

WWII weapons plant where scientists tested a-bomb technology
A former chemical weapons factory where British scientists contributed to early atomic bomb technology should be preserved, experts are to say. The Valley Works at Rhydymwyn produced hundreds of tons of mustard gas in World War Two. The work included evaluating the atomic bomb research, codenamed Operation Tube Alloys, which made the site one of Britain's greatest wartime secrets. Many of the scientists who worked on Operation Tube Alloys, were sent to work on the Manhattan Project, which developed the first atomic bomb.

As a medic with the First Infantry Division during World War II
Edward J. Klimowicz Sr. was in five major campaigns — D Day [Omaha Beach at Normandy], Northern France, the Ardennes Forest, Battle of the Bulge and in Central Europe. For his service he received the Silver Star, the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart. Once he was in a group of soldiers being trucked to the front line. "One of the new soldiers was arrogant, and kicked him out of his seat, saying 'I want to sit there, pill roller.' The leader of the troop grabbed this kid around his throat and was choking him, and saying, 'Listen pal, that man saved my life, and saved most of the guys in this truck, and some day he might save your life. He'll sit where he wants.'"

Third Reich and the British Royals in Nazi uniforms
One picture stands out among the many photographs included in this book. A teenage Prince Philip is shown in the front row at the 1937 funeral procession in Germany of his sister and brother-in-law (Nazi Party members both), who had died in an air crash. But what grabs the attention is not just the young man in his dark formal clothes, but the contrast Philip presents with the relatives flanking him, all of whom are in Nazi uniform. They are his 3 remaining brothers-in-law, including Prince Christoph of Hesse in SS regalia, as well as Christoph's brother, Prince Philipp of Hesse, decked out in the garb of the equally sinister SA, the Nazi Party's own army.

Artilleryman saw Europe the hard way - under fire
Joseph Luke Jones remembers the day in 1944 near Monte Casino, when he heard the whoosh of an incoming 88 shell and watched it hit the ground only yards away. The shell dug itself deep into the ground and exploded, spewing only dirt. He was then a sergeant in a 40mm battery for the all-black 450th Anti-Aircraft Battalion, the first African-American battalion to see combat in Europe. The unit endured 3 months of constant shelling near Monte Casino. The biggest worry was the 88, a German gun used against tanks, troops and planes. But there also were fighters, "They'd come 3 times a day: out of the sun in the morning, out of the sun at noon and out of the sun in the evening."

Soldier's insights rescued from attic
When Dubuque's Ted Ellsworth came home after WWII, he took time to write out his recollections in "Yank: Memoir of a WWII Soldier (1941-1945)". In 1941 he became an officer and joined the British Army. He fought with the Eighth Army in North Africa and halfway up the Italian peninsula. He was transferred to the US Army and part of the second wave of attack at D-Day. In late 1944, he was captured during the Battle of Sivry. After the chaotic liberation of Poland by the Red Army, Ellsworth spent months walking through war-ravaged Poland and Russia to Odessa on the Black Sea. Stunned US sailors loaded the gaunt soldiers onto their ships and brought them home.

Rangers Battalion played heroic role in camp liberation
By the end of Jan 1945, as Allied forces advanced against Japanese positions, the writing was on the wall for any Japanese military leader who cared to read it. But as US forces neared PoW camps, it became more dangerous for the men. That fact was shown at Palawan when more than 150 Allied POWs were herded into air raid shelters, doused with gasoline and burned alive to prevent them from being liberated. Concerns grew about the 512 survivors of the Bataan Death March. A daring raid by an volunteer force consisting of 120 members of 6th Ranger Battalion, a dozen Alamo Scouts and more than 200 Filipino guerrillas was formed to rescue the POWs.

Rome and The Reich: The Vatican's other dirty secret
Forget "The Da Vinci Code", "God's HQ on earth" has a real ghost in the cupboard - collusion with the Nazis. No wonder then that the church is hiding papers on the dealings of 'Hitler's Pope', Pius XII. Germany's move to open its archive of Nazi records leaves only the Vatican standing all alone in denying them the chance to read what is in its wartime documents. Its refusal to open its secret files has only increased suspicion that it has something it wants to cover up - principally evidence of the alleged pro-Nazi sympathies of Pius XII. The Vatican Secret Archives contain 2 million items, including 40,000 parchments, and take up 80 kilometres (50 miles) of shelving.

Footsteps and motives of Nazi Hunters
Two experiences after the war moved Wiesenthal to become a Nazi hunter, Efraim Zuroff said. After liberation, the Americans left in place a Polish prisoner that the Germans had given authority within the camp. The Polish camp boss, however, treated the Jews as harshly as ever. Seeing Wiesenthal, he said more with disappointment than surprise: "Simon, you’re still alive?" Soon he was contacted to retrieve some books and return them to their rightful place. An inscription in one of the books read: "If anyone finds this book, please give it to ... They are coming now to kill us. Do not forget our murderers."

Radar - top-secret military technology to defeat the Japanese
Long before radar was used to catch speeders, Jim Hoak was using the top-secret military technology to defeat the Japanese in World War II. Every now and then, Hoak tells his experience flying a Northrup P-61 "Black Widow," the first American war plane equipped with radar technology for night missions. As part of the night fighter squadron, Hoak flew high above enemy soil intercepting enemy aircraft. The state-of-the-art radar technology was a heavily guarded secret at the time, and made the Black Widow a fearsome weapon. "A lot of times you go out at night and you come back after hours and you see nothing and you accomplish nothing."

all the news:


06-02-2006, 04:05 PM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

Erich Raeder: Admiral of the Third Reich's Kriegsmarine
This book focuses on Erich Raeder, the Commander in Chief of the German Navy or Kriegsmarine. Raeder is often shadowed by the Nazi Adm. Karl Donitz, chief of Hitler's submarine forces. Raeder's biography is more revealing than Donitz's, because he served under 3 different German navies: the Imperial Navy, the Reichmarine (Weimar Republic) and under Hitler's Kriegsmarine. He oversaw the expansion of the German Navy in preparation for Hitler's entry into WWII and the design of the panzerschiff, or pocket battleships. He pushed for the Plan Z: A Nazi Navy of 500 ships, which included the Nazi's only incomplete aircraft carrier, the Graf Zeppelin.

Bombing campaigns in Germany during World War Two
People have been flocking to the Imperial War Museum to view exhibition "Against the Odds: The Story of Bomber Command". Using film and photographic material it shows the lives of air and ground crews during the bombing campaigns in Germany during World War Two. The display – which shows the devastating effect the bomber raids had on Germany’s major cities and civilians – was opened by Burnage war vet Derek Jackson, a gunner in one of the squadrons that pounded the city of Dresden in Feb 1945 and effectively put paid to Germany’s war effort. The raid passed into military history but has been criticised for the huge death toll it inflicted on innocent civilians.

American Anti-Nazi Spy in occupied France during World War II
You may have never heard the name Virginia Hall and that's probably for good reason. She was an American spy in occupied France during WW2. According to various accounts as well as book "The Wolves at the Door: The True Story of America's Greatest Female Spy", she was dispatched to Vichy where she organized resistance networks under the cover of a reporter. But when nazis became suspicious of her, she was forced to leave the country. She then started working as a spy for the U.S. Office of Strategic Services. She returned to France and continued her work with the French Resistance disguised as a milkmaid.

WWII top secret Marine Corps code talker speaks out
Samuel Holiday was told by white teachers to stop speaking his native Navajo. Yet just six years later, Uncle Sam wanted him to speak only Navajo in his top secret Marine Corps job. "I was told I would learn the Navajo code. I was told it was a very secret code." He is one of the few remaining Navajo Code Talkers employed by the Corps in World War II. Of the 421 trained, only 257 used the code in battle. Of those, fewer than 50 are still alive. He served as a radio operator with the 4th Marine Division. At Iwo Jima, he lost his hearing in one ear during a mortar attack. "I was promised a lot of things by the white man. None of those promises was kept."

King Tiger tank from the Normandy campaign arrives Museum
A rare German tank - a veteran from the Normandy campaign of World War Two - has gone on public display at the Tank Museum for the first time since its capture. The German King Tiger (Sd Kfz 182 Tiger II) was captured after a tank battle in Nothern France in August 1944. It was issued to 1 Kompanie of SS Panzer Battalion 101 in the summer of 1944 and was commanded by an Obersharfuhrer Franz. The King Tiger was the largest and most feared German panzer of World War II. It gained a fearsome reputation as a formidable opponent: Mounting an 88mm gun and with virtually impenetrable armour to its front it has since become recognised as the most powerful tank of the war.

The globe Adolf Hitler gazed highlights new exhibit
The globe Adolf Hitler gazed upon while contemplating world domination is in good condition but for one blemish — the bullet hole directly through Berlin, inflicted by a Soviet soldier after the Nazi dictator's defeat in 1945. The oversized orb is just one highlight of the more than 8,000 artifacts in the German Historical Museum's permanent display on the country's 2,000-year history, which seeks to help Germans rediscover their identity. With World War II still in living memory, many Germans have shunned the study of their own past. The 12 years the Nazis were in power makes up one of the largest sections of the exhibit.

British navy before nazi trial: We had similar tactics
Britain told prosecutors after World War Two not to press charges against Nazis for sinking ships on sight because the British navy had similar tactics. Admiralty voiced the worries in an secret 1945 letter: "We have to bear in mind the fact that ultimately, by way of reprisal, we ourselves adopted a total sink-at-sight policy in prescribed areas. British naval officials were concerned about the trials of German naval commander Erich Raeder and his successor Karl Doenitz: "We have been a little anxious concerning the possibility that the trials of Doenitz and Raeder might involve a controversy concerning legal principles of maritime warfare."

First painting of 400 works looted from Gemaeldegalerie found
A 16th-century Florentine painting that disappeared more than 60 years ago during World War II was returned to a German museum, the Prussian source said. It is the first of more than 400 works that disappeared from the Gemaeldegalerie to be found and returned. The painting has been given back by the Commission for Looted Art, which said it had for decades been in the possession of veteran correspondent Charles Wheeler. He was given the portrait as a gift by a farmer near the eastern German town of Frankfurt an der Oder, who claimed that he got it from a Russian soldier.

General von Kielmansegg dies aged 99: Panzers and blitzkrieg
Johann-Adolf Graf von Kielmansegg was the chief logistic officer of one of the leading German divisions in von Rundstedt’s lightning armoured offensive through the Ardennes in May 1940. In 1941 he published "Tanks between Warsaw and the Atlantic", describing German armoured operations in Poland, the breakthrough in the Ardennes and Calais and Dunkirk campaign. For much of the next 4 years he served in Berlin or in Hitler’s command headquarters. Because he was aware of Colonel von Stauffenberg's plan to assassinate Hitler, he was sent to command a panzer regiment in a division facing the US advance. In 1963 he was appointment as Nato Commander Land Forces Central Europe.

Third Reich era Aryan statues fuel controversy in Berlin
Nazi-era statues depicting muscular, Aryan supermen at a stadium in Berlin, where the World Cup final will be played, fuelled a bitter controversy less than two weeks before the games open. Lea Rosh said the six-metre-high stone statues had "to at least be covered up. Breker was a big Nazi - it's bad enough that the sculptures are on any sort of public display." The sculptures by Third Reich artists, including Arno Breker, are still on display at the Olympic Stadium used by Adolf Hitler for the 1936 Olympic Games. Writer Ralph Giordano said merely covering up the Nazi statues was not enough: "They should be removed and destroyed."

Memorial for SS Reichprotektor Reinhard Heydrich's assassins
Czechoslovak paratroopers Jan Kubis and Josef Gabcik who took part in the assassination of Nazi Reichprotektor Reinhard Heydrich in 1942 will have a memorial in Prague. It will be near a crossroads where the paratroopers fatally wounded Heydrich on June 4, 1942. After the assassination of Heydrich, Gabcik and Kubis, along with another five paratroopers, spent several weeks in hiding but their hide-out was disclosed and they were encircled by elite Nazi units. They either committed suicide or were killed in the fight. Nazis burnt down the villages of Lidice and Lezaky under the pretext of its inhabitants' cooperation with the paratroopers.

Were female Nazis kept within Windlestone walls in Britain?
It has been believed that women were never kept prisoner in Britain during the Second World War - until now. Ruth Atkinson has uncovered evidence that up to 150 female German prisoners were kept at Windlestone. None of the locals she interviewed could remember seeing them. Historians said to her "its absolute rubbish, youre wasting your time." Then came a breakthrough. She heard that the Red Cross in Geneva held inspection reports. There was confirmation that German nurses had been held as prisoners during the war. Reports reveal that the women were dressed in Womens Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) uniforms when being outside prison to hide them from locals.

8000 items memorabilia collection: piece of Hitler's Berghof patio
Rees often is asked why he collects memories of war. The answer can be found on his basement door, which opens into the "Eagle's Nest," a private museum of military memorabilia. The poster on the door reads: "Behold the work of the old, Let your heritage not be lost; But bequeath it as a memory, treasure and blessing, Gather the lost and hidden, And preserve it for thy children." He has more than 8,000 pieces — from posters and uniforms to airplane cockpits and fully functioning vehicles. Smithsonian Officials have called it one of the finest private WWII collections. In one corner is the bullet-riddled vertical stabilizer of a WW2 Luftwaffe Messerschmitt BF-110C.

Museum of Vintage military vehicles used in war movies
Vintage military vehicles used in war movies make their home in Rusk — and belong to Tom Townsend, owner of Toyland Military Museum, East Texas’ largest, privately owned military vehicle collection. Tom, as a tank platoon commander in the 1960s, earned the rank of First Lieutenant. "It all began when I was hired to work on the movie, ‘Courage Under Fire.’ They couldn’t find a whole lot of people who could drive tanks." The museum consists of more than a dozen operational military vehicles from World War II through Desert Storm, plus weapons, uniforms and military artifacts.

Biography of Walther Model - Hitler's youngest field marshal
Walther Model, who at age 53 became Hitler's youngest field marshal, is the subject of a biography "Hitler's Commander: Field Marshal Walther Model." Model led a division in the invasion of Poland, and drove a panzer unit into Russia. When the Russians went on the offensive, he gained Hitler's attention with his rock-ribbed defenses. He restlessly roamed the front, bullying his officers and plugging gaps in the line. He criticized "Operation Citadel," the German offensive at Kursk in 1943, as doomed. When the Russians were victorious at Kursk in the greatest tank battle of the war, his 9th Army suffered heavy losses, but he emerged with his reputation intact.

With the 26th Division - German sniper and 11th Panzer Division
Pvt. Carl Cooley fought with 26th Division which relieved Gen. George Patton's 4th Armored Division. "I was first scout, so I was out in front. I looked down this street, and all of a sudden I was sitting on my can. A German sniper put a bullet between my helmet and my helmet liner." The sergeant spotted the sniper, and fired at him with his M-1 rifle. Later near Siegfried line they were facing enemy forces holding a farmhouse with an 88 artillery piece and a tank on a nearby hill. The 26th was facing the well-seasoned 11th Panzer Division, also known as "The Ghost Division" because of its ability to materialize anywhere along the Western Front.

Mobile US bakery company: Bread and German paratroopers
An army moves on its stomach, the saying goes. Hickey's mobile bakery company fortified the U.S. Third Army. "One night I was on guard duty. I saw when they came out of the plane and thought it was smoke from flak, but it was German paratroopers." It was Battle of the Bulge, Hitler's last-ditch counterattack. Some Germans in US uniforms also tried to infiltrate. US troops were under strict orders to have every button buttoned. "If they caught you with a button unfastened, they'd take you in. They caught a couple of guys, and they asked them some foolish questions. They could speak perfect English. If you didn't know, they looked like GIs."

Horrors of Russian Front - World War II as Red Army soldiers
Memorial Day is a somber time for a group of Minnesotans who saw WWII as Red Army soldiers. They can't help but think about Red Army soldiers who weren't lucky enough to avoid the staggering death tolls of the Eastern Front. Now US citizens, Geykhman and Grichener don't diminish the sacrifices of the 300,000 American troops killed. But for every US soldier killed more than 30 Russians died. Grichener was forced into the Red army as a teenager. "Those giving the orders said it wasn't our job to help, go ahead and fight. An infantry soldier was worth nothing, not a penny. Stalin treated us like slabs of meat and pushed us in front of the enemy until they ran out of lead."

Legendary Marine Corps hero who died on Iwo Jima
The World War II Marine Corps hero, Gunnery Sgt. John Basilone, who died on Iwo Jima after legendary feats has a Navy destroyer and a lot more named for him. A stamp was issued with his image and tales of his courage are a boot camp staple. At Guadalcanal his unit defended against an elite Japanese regiment of 3,000 men. 12 of the 15 men were killed and two others wounded, but he held out and fired away for 3 days from the two machine guns, repairing one mid-battle and making a run for more ammunition. By the battle's end, 200 Japanese lay dead. His Medal of Honor citation credited him "Virtual annihilation" of the regiment.

Combat hero Dietz : Sherman tanks and panzerfaust squads
Elements of the 38th Infantry Battalion, spearheading the 7th Armored Division, approached the town of Kirchain. GI Jankowski in Dietz's 12-man squad was aboard the third Sherman tank in a line when a German soldier "stood up and fired a bazooka at the lead tank. We all scrambled off the tanks. Then I saw Dietz running and firing into the foxholes. He was grabbing the mines and throwing them off the bridge. As he stood up to signal that the route was clear he was killed by an shot from the left flank." Medal of Honor citation credits Dietz with wiping out 3 two-man panzerfaust (bazooka) squads and leaping into the water to disconnect explosives wired to the bridge.

All the WW2 news:


06-10-2006, 07:06 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

21-years-old female spy who assassinated a Nazi SS colonel
A woman who served as an Allied spy in World War II German-occupied France and gathered intelligence for the D-Day invasion has died. After her mother was thrown into a Nazi camp, Peggy Taylor, who narrowly escaped to England, volunteered to work with the French resistance movement. She parachuted back into nazi-occupied areas on numerous missions. In 1942, when she was 21, she assassinated a Nazi SS colonel after earning his trust on a dinner date. "I said 'goodbye' and he just dropped." Before the June 6, 1944, D-Day landings, she was scouting out the German defences: "I cycled along the beach, smiling at the Germans."

Hitler's SS bodyguard Misch attended Bunker sign unveiling
The site of Adolf Hitler's bunker was marked publicly - with a sign bearing graphics, photos and a chronology of events in both German and English - for the first time by a historical group trying to demystify one of the Third Reich's most burdened places. Former SS Staff Sgt. Rochus Misch, a Hitler bodyguard throughout the war, attended the unveiling and recalled his experiences. "During the last 12 days of the war, I was down here with Hitler and the other bodyguards all the time," said Misch pointing to the place where Hitler killed himself on April 30, 1945, as Soviet troops closed in.

Nazi loot web site launches - displaying art stolen by the Nazis
An Internet site displaying art stolen by the Nazis was launched, aimed at reuniting some 100,000 stolen works with their owners. The Swift-Find Looted Art Project displays a vast database of art works that can be consulted free of charge by auction houses and museums. The site already carries details of 25,000 stolen paintings, sculptures and precious objects stolen by the Nazis and still not returned to their owners. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, the Allies sent most of the stolen goods back to their countries of origin. Many unclaimed items were handed to museums.

Black soldiers' World War Two convictions may be reviewed
The 1944 convictions of 28 black soldiers for a riot that resulted in the death of an Italian prisoner of war could be up for review. On Aug. 14, 1944, a riot broke out on the post in what is now Discovery Park. Black soldiers in segregated barracks were accused of sparking the violence due to resentment over treatment of Italian prisoners of war they believed had better living conditions than their own. 32 men were hospitalized and POW Guglielmo Olivotto was later found hanging on wires in a post obstacle course. 42 soldiers were tried in the largest court-martial of World War II.

Why capture of Eichmann caused panic at the CIA
When Adolf Eichmann was captured, US and West Germany reacted with alarm. CIA's nazi agents were beginning to panic. One of them, Otto Albrecht von Bolschwing - who had worked with Eichmann and Heinrich Himmler - asked his old CIA case officer for help. After the war he had been recruited by the Gehlen Organisation, the prototype German intelligence agency set up by the US under Reinhard Gehlen, who had run network on the eastern front. US also had set up "stay-behind networks" to get info from behind enemy lines - riddled with ex-Nazis. Network codenamed Kibitz-15 was run by a former German army officer Walter Kopp, described by US as an "unreconstructed Nazi".

Hitler portrait, wehrmacht daggers, military memorabilia stolen
A portrait of Adolf Hitler and knives and daggers used by his German Army were part of a £25,000 haul of military memorabilia belonging to the Military Antiques dealership stolen. Brass helmets and a white porcelain figure of a mounted cavalry horseman were among the collectables stolen. The portrait was probably a prize for a member of the Hitler Youth (HitlerJugend).

Hitler's Berlin bunker to be marked with sign
The bunker in which Adolf Hitler committed suicide in 1945 will be marked with a sign. Up until now the bunker's location has not been identified due to fears it could become a site of pilgrimage for neo-Nazis. This has led to confusion among many tourists. The bunker ended up in communist East Berlin after the war. Unsuccessful attempts were made to demolish the huge complex in 1947 and 1959. About half the bunker system was destroyed in 1988. Large sections remain, like the headquarters of Hitler's SS guards complete with Nazi murals painted on the walls. No surviving parts of the bunker are open to the public.

CIA knew where Eichmann was: US releases documents
The CIA knew the whereabouts of the Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Argentina more than two years before his capture by Mossad agents, but kept the fact secret to protect its anti-Communist efforts. The documents, among 27,000 pages of CIA records released, indicate that the agency was told in 1958 by then West German intelligence that Eichmann was living under an alias in the Buenos Aires. But the CIA did nothing. In the case of Eichmann, the documents show the CIA was desperate not to compromise Hans Globke, a former Nazi who stayed on in West Germany and helped organise anti-Communist initiatives.

Army Rangers: an elite fighting force - first invasion forces
Army Rangers were a small, elite fighting force referred to as "spearheaders" for being the first invasion forces on beaches. On D-Day the 2nd and 5th Ranger Battalions stormed ashore at Normandy. There were 16 million Americans in uniform during World War II, and 8.3 million of them were in the Army. The six Ranger Battalions totaled 3,000 men; replacements raised that figure to 7,000. The 5th Rangers were diverted to Omaha Beach on D-Day when Lt. Col. Max Schneider did not receive the code word to land at Pointe du Hoc. 2nd Rangers were to scale the cliffs and destroy the heavy German guns that could rake the Omaha Beach and annihilate the invasion force.

Liberation of Axis Capital Rome obscured by D-Day
June 5th, 1944, Rome fell to the Allied forces. The announcement came just a few hours before D-Day. It was the biggest victory of the war to that moment, the first of the Axis capitals to fall. It was a culmination of 270 days of the toughest kind of campaigning by the U.S. Fifth Army and the British Eighth Army, slugging up the Italian boot against an experienced enemy. The landing at Salerno had been a close-run thing, and after victory at Naples, the winter struggles at places like Monte Cassino brought the advance to a standstill. In fact, the battle in Italy was starved for reinforcements while the Allies began the build-up for the Operation Overlord.

French state fined: Not Gestapo but French state took action
In the first case of its kind, the French state and the SNCF national rail operator were fined 62,000 euros for their role in the deportation of two Jewish men in Second World War. Previous attempts to condemn the SNCF in criminal and civil courts have failed, and the current case rested on claims that the French state authorities, the police and the SNCF failed in their duty to provide services to citizens. Lawyer said that "in the round-ups, it was not the Gestapo but the French authorities who took action".

X-ray truck: "I didn't realize there were 5 Tiger tanks coming"
With his hobby of photography the Army made Jack Massey an X-ray darkroom technician. Later he found himself being part of an early experiment at MASH units. One idea was to put X-ray units on trucks so they could be sent near the front. He was in Belgium as the Battle of the Bulge got under way. Alone in his rolling X-ray truck, he found out just how fluid the "front" was. Because of a rise in the road, he didn't at first realize there were five Tiger tanks coming toward him. Deciding "discretion was the better part of valor," he ran and jumped into a large bramble patch, armed with a small machine gun and 100 rounds he'd gotten in an illegal trade.

Hollywood war heroes of WWII - 18 stars received 70 medals
18 movie stars received 70 military medals including: the Bronze Star, Silver Star, Distinguished Service Cross, Purple Heart and the Medal of Honor. David Niven: Served as a lieutenant colonel and a commando during the D-Day invasion. Charles Durning: Served as a U.S. Army Ranger during the D-Day invasion. George C. Scott: Was a decorated U.S. Marine in World War II. Robert Ryan: Enlisted in the U.S. Marines and served in the O.S.S. in Yugoslavia in World War II.

Attic relics reveal one of 300 men who had the invasion plans
Bob Shaw knew that his father, Maj. Leslie A. Shaw, was involved in the Normandy invasion. But what he didn't know was that Leslie Shaw was one of about 300 men who had the invasion plans in advance. He found that out nearly a decade after his father died, when he let a friend look through the major's wartime relics and documents tucked away in two trunks in attic. In the trunks, he found about 600 letters; German money from 1914 to 1945; the major's complete 180-page personnel file; a photographic scrapbook; and maps and drawings of the Normandy invasion. "Then I found overlays with classified information and markings that he made himself during the invasion."

Paratroopers on D-Day - With the 82nd Airborne Division
Operation Overlord was to have begun on June 5, but it was called off because of bad weather. But that night Broughton Hand and other paratroopers loaded aboard C-47 transport planes. "Near the coastline we ran into a lot of fog and flak, and the planes scattered." Hand had 25 pounds of explosive strapped to each leg, and 14 concussion caps, a land mine and a five-pound block of dynamite. "It was a problem trying to get back to where the action was going on. There were Germans everywhere and you couldn’t get far without running into a hedge row. It took 4 nights of running and dodging Germans to get near the Allied lines."

Silent Wings - Film of Glider pilots: do-or-die WWII missions
According to one General, glider pilots were "the most uninhibited individuals ever to wear an American uniform," they had no motors, no parachutes, and no second chances. Once they released from the C-47 tow plane, the glider pilot had one chance to guide the unarmed glider safely behind enemy lines. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, 6,000 daring men volunteered as pilots in the U.S. Glider Corps. Documentary will include interviews with journalists Andy Rooney and Walter Cronkite, who flew into Holland with the 101st Airborne Division. "Silent Wings" reveals the critical role gliders played in WWII offensives through rare archival footage and photographs.

Story of Anton Geiser - assigned to the Nazi Waffen SS
Geiser has lived quietly in the US for 47 years. Nobody knew that he was a camp guard for the German army during World War II. Geiser, assigned to the Nazi Waffen SS, was so ashamed of his service that he kept it to himself. As a teenager he joined the German Youth: "If you didn’t join the rest, you wouldn’t be respected." He was 17 when he got a letter: The Nazis had ordered that all ethnic Germans serve in the German military. He traveled to Breslau and was issued a uniform and an 8 mm rifle with bayonet. Infantry training included use of a rifle, machine gun, pistol and hand grenades, and marching. The new soldiers also attended classes in Nazi ideology.

Sky-high witness to D-Day - Flew twice over the invasion site
Staff Sgt. John Nicholson flew over the Normandy coast of France. It was June 6, 1944 -- D-Day -- and it was his first mission as tail gunner on a B-26 Marauder bomber. "I was looking at what we had to go through -- I missed the people and the boats because my eyes were locked on the Army Rangers and everything that was going on. It was like a movie with people falling off the cliff." About 156,000 Allied troops took part in the historic invasion, storming across the English Channel to open a Western front against the Nazis. As it turned out, the guns Nicholson's crew bombed on that first mission were dummies -- telephone poles set up to look like guns.

Hunt continues for secret Nazi loot in a castle with tunnels
A castle, complete with secret medieval tunnels and hidden treasures, looks set to give up a hoard of goods looted by the Nazis during the second world war. The first attempt to explore some of the secret passageways linked to the well was made in 1965. But the military divers failed to notice the concealed tunnel entrance. They retrieved from a chest full of Nazi documents of a secret outfit that had occupied the castle. The chateau had served as headquarters for a secret SS unit which monitored radio traffic. "Last month, we found German Army documents, which confirm that the bottom conceals a secret passageway used by the Nazis to hide looted treasures."

Nazi Germany: 1944, the British Soldier's Pocketbook
1944 British Soldier's Pocketbook, which was issued to tens of thousands of troops, provided a potted history of the country and a rundown of the national psyche. The 46-page booklet, which will be published by the National Archives, gives a unique insight into how British wartime leaders viewed the enemy. They thought it essential to warn troops that the Germans "don't know how to make tea" and added that "football is entirely amateur". The booklet says: "But for centuries they have been trained to submit to authority - not because they thought their rulers wise and right, but because obedience was imposed on them by force."

An elite group of divers has found an important WW2 wreck
Samir Alhafith, Michael Kalman, Mark Eaves and Tony Keen were descending onto a giant freighter no person had seen since February 8, 1943. On that terrible day, the Iron Knight was sunk by a Japanese submarine. The ship was one of 16 vessels destroyed by Japanese submarines off the NSW coast during World War II. Only 3 of these have been found. Iron Knight was the victim of one of the most infamous Japanese subs - the massive I-21, which also launched a float plane over Sydney during the midget submarine attack in 1942 and shelled Newcastle. The four men belong to the Sydney Project, which is dedicated to finding shipwrecks in deep water.

Son seeks Nazi-stolen collection of 12,500 posters
Collecting poster art was a passion for Hans Sachs, a well-to-do German dentist. Sachs cataloged his collection of 12,500 posters and was credited with elevating commercial graphics to an internationally recognized art form during the first decades of the last century. Then came Kristallnacht, the "night of broken glass," and Sachs lost nearly everything to Nazis. It was Nov. 9, 1938. The Gestapo arrested him and hauled away his collection, which he never saw again. Today, several thousand of his posters — likely worth millions — are stored in a German history museum, and Sachs' son wants them back.

All the news:


06-17-2006, 06:26 AM
Hitler's Third Reich and World War Two in the News
A daily edited review of Third Reich and World War Two related news and articles, providing thought-provoking collection of WW2 information.

WW2 Red Army: Female T-34 tank driver in the battle
When the war began Alexandra Rashchupkina volunteered, but she was rejected. She had her hair cropped, put on man’s uniform and applied again - passing. After driving course she was moved to Stalingrad where she learned to drive a tank. She survived her first air raid: "Instead of being happy to be alive I was worrying about my new uniform, all turned to rags," she smiles. No one in her regiment ever suspected a thing: "You don’t get undressed often on the frontline." In Feb 1945 her secret was revealed. The Soviet tanks were ambushed by Nazi troops. Her tank caught fire, she wounded and a serviceman saved her from the burning machine.

How Hitler Lost a Wager Made in Money, Guns and Blood
The military dramas of World War II have been endlessly told. In Adam Tooze's mammoth study, "The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy," we get the fascinating financial side of the story. Seen in an economic light, Adolf Hitler's behavior becomes more intelligible... In 1938, German industry consumed twice as much metal and oil as in the previous year. The Luftwaffe was key. In 1932 the aircraft-building industry employed 3,200 people; nine years later it was a quarter of a million. Speer kept aircraft manufacturing going, even producing hundreds of Me 262 jet fighters in the chaos of 1945.

Hitler shrine won't go public - threats from Nazi-hunters
Former Nazi Waffen SS officer Ted Junker has told that he will not open his Adolf Hitler shrine to the public. He had planned an opening of the memorial June 25, but he seemed overwhelmed by the mostly negative attention. The Sheriff's Department was monitoring threats to his life that were coming from groups Sheriff Graves described as Nazi-hunters. Junker never sought the kinds of permits that would be needed to run a museum. Unless he applies for and is granted such permits, public events would not be allowed. He would still allow visitors into the shrine: "On your property, you can invite anybody on you want."

Arsenal begins destroying old mortars, WWII rockets
The military has begun destroying hundreds of mortars and German Traktor rockets seized by the US during earlier wars and stored at the Pine Bluff Arsenal. The Army's Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project said about 800 four-point-two-inch mortars and about 900 Second World War Traktor rockets will undergo a process to neutralize chemical fill inside the weapons.

Flag fight with Marines: WWII photograph of five Marines
Eugene Foley is taking on a Leatherneck icon: the famous World War II photograph by Joe Rosenthal of five Marines and a Navy medical corpsman raising the US flag on Iwo Jima's Mount Suribachi on Feb. 23, 1945. Foley says the flag came from his vessel, the USS Eldorado, an amphibious force command ship and the flagship for Adm. Richmond K. Turner, who led the 500-ship invasion fleet. The Marines say the flag came from LST 779, a tank-carrying transport ship that beached at the base of Suribachi. The Navy's official account squares with the Marines', but the Coast Guard has its own version: The flag came from LST 758.

Dieppe raid veteran retells horror of his war
Bob Large knows the casualties suffered by the Essex Scottish Regiment on August 19, 1942. He remembers Red Beach: As the bodyguard for Lt. Col. Fred Jasperson, he arrived on the beach when the sky erupted with mortar bombs and artillery shells. The rocky beach became deadly as the rocks were shattered as the shells struck them, killing men in their path. After following orders, which he first refused -- a mortar bomb landed on the barrel of his gun... Wounded, he was hauled aboard the craft. Large and one American were on deck because there was no room below deck -- when bomb was dropped -- they were blown into the water and were the lone survivors.

Former Waffen SS officer building Shrine to Hitler
Ted Junker seems like an ordinary farmer until he starts to talk about Adolf Hitler. Junker, who says was an SS officer, believes Hitler was a great leader who was misunderstood, so he built a memorial to the Führer. It's a beautiful location for a concrete structure memorial to a man, who most believe started World War II, in which 50 million people died. He paid $200,000 to build the memorial. His father spoke highly of Hitler and that left an impression on Junker. He volunteered to join the German Waffen SS, in 1940 and he served in Russia, where he said he and his countrymen worked to free Russians from communism.

Memories fresh for the last witness of Hitler's final days
For former SS officer Rochus Misch, the last living witness to the final two weeks of Adolf Hitler's life in the fuhrerbunker, the memories are still fresh. But as the Third Reich came to an end, Hitler withdrew to the underground shelter beneath his chancellery and dismissed most of his staff, retaining only those whose services were essential. Misch's account of Hitler's last days is worn smooth from years of retelling. "Hitler was not, as the press writes, from February on down here vegetating. He always came out and went up to his apartment in the flat and I went to my room. He came down when there was an air raid warning and so I came down too."

Not all the ships that sunk in World War II were hit by enemy fire
Not all the ships that sunk in Second World War were hit by enemy fire. Mitchell George Siefe, serving about a Landing Ship Tank in Hawaii, recalled three that were sunk by a typhoon. The big wind struck while ships of the 7th fleet were assembling in a huge armada in the South Pacific preparing for the invasion of Japan. "The storm was so severe three destroyers were sunk and most people on my ship were sick afterward." He and two other crewmen were the only ones who were able to go down to breakfast the next morning. Mitchell saw the devastation of war, as well as that of Mother Nature.

SAS man who wreaked havoc behind enemy lines
On August 19 1944, 60 men and 20 Jeeps from the 2nd SAS landed by Dakota transport at the American held Rennes airfield. It was the beginning of Operation Wallace, one of the most successful post D-day SAS operations, and it was led by Major Roy Farran. He penetrated 200 miles through enemy lines in four days, joining the base set up by the earlier Operation Hardy. His operation, ending on September 17, resulted in 500 enemy casualties, the destruction of 95 vehicles, a train and 100,000 gallons of petrol. SAS casualties were light.

Which Nazis fled to South America - and why?
ODESSA (Organization of Former SS Members) choose South America because many Germans began to immigrate there since the mid-19th century and Germany had long ties with the power structures in these countries - Prussian military officers trained the Chilean army in the early 1900s. During WWII, Argentina declared its neutrality but continued to trade with the fascist regimes. Allegedly, President General Juan Peron sold 10,000 blank passports to ODESSA. Body of Joseph Mengele is said to have been identified on June 6, 1985, but some have doubted this, since posing dead was a ploy often used by fleeing Nazis, as in the case of high ranking SS officer Walter Rauff.

Book defends NZ soldiers' actions during World War II
A new book "Breakout: Minquar Qaim, North Africa 1942" is defending the reputation of New Zealand soldiers during WW2. El Alamein was the turning point in the desert war, but that victory is a contrast to the situation New Zealanders were in a few months earlier, when 10,000 of them were trapped by the Rommel's German Afrika Korps at Minqar Qaim in June 1942. The New Zealanders decided to break out at the point of a bayonet, in the dead of night, an action that remains disputed to this day. The issue was revived when British historian Sir Max Hastings accused the New Zealanders of having massacred medical staff and the wounded.

Armoured and dangerous - Shermans, Panzers, Pattons
When we tumbled at Jacques Littlefield’s 10,000 square foot vehicle restoration facility, we saw several old and battered looking genuine battle tanks sitting outside the facility. Battle tanks are not something everybody collects and there are 220 military vehicles, which reside at Pony Tracks Ranch. A muscular German Panzer IV - which under Rommel's Afrika Korps attacked British forces in the desert of North Africa. A 1944 German Panther tank rescued after 40 years in a Polish bog. Numerous one-of-a-kind prototypes.

For all the news:


07-01-2006, 06:40 PM
Just letting you know, I won't update this news-thread anymore. :-)

SS Tiger
07-02-2006, 06:59 AM
Just letting you know, I won't update this news-thread anymore. :-)

Ok, no worrries mate. Just to let you know, I have been reading your posts and found them very interesting. Thank you. ;)

Regards, Tiger

07-02-2006, 08:48 AM
OK Mate, its a pity though as I always read it. Thanks for all you have done previously.



07-02-2006, 10:49 AM
Thanks alephh!

You force me to visit more often your site!! ;)

(...and I agree with that!)

02-02-2007, 01:53 PM
20 most read World War II News of January 2007:

Seems that Theodor Junker's memorial to Adolf Hitler continues to draw interest...


05-16-2007, 07:26 AM
More about him here:

http://www.xanga.com/ALBERTSPEERFACTFILE?nextdate=5%2f2%2f2007+7%3a28%3 a46.700&direction=n

12-10-2007, 07:02 AM
Pretty cool

colonel hogan
01-06-2009, 08:19 PM
wow great find!!

************************************************** ************************************************** ************************************************** ************************************************** ************************************************** ************************************************** ******************************this is a great web find it was pretty damn cool!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!